• Title, Summary, Keyword: Discourse Analysis

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Issues of Discourse Studies in Korean Language Education (한국어교육학에서의 담화 연구 분석)

  • Kang, Hyounhwa
    • Journal of Korean language education
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.219-256
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    • 2012
  • The aim of this study is to observe the trend of discourse study in language education and analyze the main issues by investigating the literatures related to discourse in Korean language education in the last ten years. This study observed the discourse study conducted in Korean language education from the perspectives of study subject, study method and study data. Moreover, based on the results, it estimated the achievements and effectiveness of the discourse study conducted in Korean language education. The subject of discourse study was mainly dealt with discourse function, discourse pattern, discourse marker, discourse structure. In the study methods, analysis of corpus and survey were mainly used as the study methods, and spoken corpus, written corpus and semi-spoken corpus were used as study materials. In particular, the semi-spoken corpus was used at a very high rate among them. This showed that discourse study in Korean language education was mainly focused on spoken corpus study. This study divided the detailed field of Korean language education into four fields of linguistic knowledge, communication function, teaching activities and learning activities, and observed the trends of discourse study in each field. Overall, it was recognized that relatively many studies were focused on linguistic knowledge, particularly in pragmatic perspective. It can be said that the study based on discourse has a language educational effectiveness in that it is based on actual data and improves practical communication skills in the environment of various languages.

A Method of Using Discourse Analysis Activity in Task-based Korean Speaking Class (과제 수행 중심의 한국어 말하기 수업에서 담화 분석 활동의 활용 방안)

  • Kim, Jiyoung
    • Journal of Korean language education
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.29-52
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this paper is to suggest a discourse analysis activity that can be used in the stage after performing tasks in task-based Korean speaking class and show its pedagogical advantages. A discourse analysis activity is an metadiscourse activity in which learners speak what they have spoken. By analyzing discourse and performing tasks again, learners can enhance their fluency and accuracy, make their knowledges in target language more stable and extend them, and develop problem solving skills. Consequently, this facilitates learners' acquisition of Korean language. This paper reviewed theoretical background of proposing discourse analysis activity, suggested the pedagogical advantages of the analysis, and examined discourse analysis activity in Korean speaking class. And it included the discourse sample of learners in actual class.

The Practice of Discourse Analysis for Evaluating and Reflecting of Pre-service Elementary Teachers' Science Classes in Terms of Information Flow (정보 흐름 관점에서 본 초등 예비교사의 과학 수업 평가와 반성을 위한 담화 분석의 실제)

  • Lee, Jeong-A
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.367-378
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    • 2011
  • After pre-service teachers become teachers, traditional patterns of classroom discourse which they had experienced as students affect their classroom discourse implicitly. For this reason, it is needed to get a new insight for evaluating and reflecting a teacher's classroom discourse. In this study, I analyzed the information flow of science classes of pre-service elementary school teachers. The finding showed that teachers' organizational skills for students' information made advanced science classes by maintaining discourse cohesions. And the findings also showed a way how to analyze, evaluate or reflect science classroom discourse. This trial could contribute to find out the characteristics of teachers' science classroom discourse and show the directions to them how to change their classes beyond impressionable evaluations for their science classes.

A New Way of Reading the Science Classroom Discourse: Pedagogical Discourse Analysis (과학수업담화의 새로운 독법: 교수학적 담화분석)

  • Lee, Jeong-A;Maeng, Seung-Ho;Kim, Chan-Jong
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.28 no.8
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    • pp.832-847
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    • 2008
  • This study aims to provide a cornerstone for 'Pedagogical Discourse Analysis' by connecting linguistic theory to science education practice. Pedagogical Discourse Analysis (PDA) focuses its attention on finding educational implications beyond description on classroom language. This study is specially aimed at PDA in terms of the textual aspect, which has not sparked interest in science classroom discourse. For this, we supposed that the framework of PDA composed of two axes: 'thematic flow' and 'information flow'. We presented a case of science classroom discourse in terms of PDA to investigate opportunities in its potential and utilities. This trial crosses the line of traditional science classroom discourse analysis, which has been inclined to linguistics theory. It will also suggest a new horizon for science classroom discourse in an educational context.

Critical Discourse Analysis of '5.18' in 'Honam' and 'Yeongnam' Local Newspapers by Using Corpus (코퍼스를 이용한 '호남'과 '영남' 지역신문에서의 '5.18'에 대한 비판적 담화분석)

  • Lee, Sukeui;Jin, Duhyeon
    • Korean Linguistics
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    • v.76
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    • pp.83-112
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, newspaper articles were collected through '5.18' keyword search results and the news corpus was constructed from the collected data. In the articles of local newspapers 'Honam' and 'Yeongnam', the ideological differences regarding '5.18' were investigated. The ideological differences of local newspaper discourse through objective figures was analyzed.. The subjects of the newspaper articles, the frequency of nouns and predicates were analyzed. The use and meaning of the intended vocabulary were examined. As a result of analyzing the title of the newspaper article, the discourse written in 'Honam' emphasized the necessity of re - recognition of 5.18. In both regions, the word "Gwangju" is often used. However, 'Gwangju' in 'Honam' newspaper means spiritual space, not physical space. In Honam regional newspapers, there are many vocabularies describing the events such as 'shoot' and 'fire', this calls for recollection and memory of '5.18'. In the analysis of newspaper discourse, the analysis of the contrast between the local newspapers was very insignificant, but, this study was conducted to analyze the discourse among local newspapers.

Text-Driven Multiple-Path Discourse Processing for Descriptive Texts

  • Seo, Jungyun
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and information Science
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 1996
  • This paper presents a text-driven discourse analysis system, called DPAS. DPAS constructs a discourse structure by weaving together clauses in the text by finding discourse relations between a clause and the clauses in a context. The basic processing model of DPAS is based on the stack based model of discourse analysis suggested by Grosz and Sidner. We extend the model with dynamic programming method to handle various discourse ambiguities effectively and efficiently. We develop the idea of a context space to keep all information of a context. DPAS parses a text by considering all possible discourse relations between a clause and a context. Since different discourse relations may result in different states of a context, DPAS maintains multiple context spaces for an ambiguous text. Since maintaining all interpretations until the whole text is processed requires too much computing resources, DPAS uses the idea of depth-limited search to limit the search space. If there is more than one discourse relation between an input clause and a context, DPAS constructs context spaces one context space for each discourse relation. Then, DPAS applies heuristics to choose the most desirable context space after it processes some more input clauses. Since the basic idea of DPAS is domain independent, although we used descriptive texts to demonstrate DPAS, we believe the idea of DPAS can be extended to understand other styles of texts.

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English Textbook Analysis for Developing the 8th National Curriculum: Focused on Discourse Study Using Discourse Completion Tasks

  • Chang, Bok-Myung
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.9 no.spc
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    • pp.19-38
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    • 2003
  • This paper is aimed to evaluate the communicative competence of Korean EFL learners through the Discourse Completion Tasks(DCT) analysis. The present study has three purposes. The first purpose is to analyse English textbooks on the basis of thanking strategies, apologizing strategies, and requesting and offering strategies presented in Aijmer(1996). The second purpose is to analyse the discourse completion data collected from Korean middle school students and university students. The third one is to suggest the discourse syllabus model for the 8th national curriculum in Korea.

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Investigating Science-Policy Interfaces in Japanese Politics through Climate Change Discourse Coalitions of an Environmental Policy Actor Network

  • Hartwig, Manuela G.
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.90-117
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    • 2019
  • How is science advice integrated in environmental policymaking? This is an increasingly pertinent question that is being raised since the nuclear catastrophe of Fukushima, Japan, in 2011. Global re-evaluation of energy policies and climate mitigation measures include discussions on how to better integrate science advice in policymaking, and at the same time keeping science independent from political influence. This paper addressed the policy discourse of setting up a national CO2 reduction target in Japanese policymaking between 2009 and 2012. The target proposed by the former DPJ government was turned down, and Japan lacked a clear strategy for long-term climate mitigation. The analysis provides explanations from a quantitative actor-network perspective. Centrality measures from social network analysis for policy actors in an environmental policy network of Japan were calculated to identify those actors that control the discourse. Data used for analysis comes from the Global Environmental Policy Actor Network 2 (GEPON 2) survey conducted in Japan (2012-13). Science advice in Japan was kept independent from political influence and was mostly excluded from policymaking. One of the two largest discourse coalitions in the environmental policy network promoted a higher CO2 reduction target for international negotiations but favored lowering the target after a new international agreement would have been set. This may explain why Japan struggled to commit to long-term mitigation strategies. Applying social network analysis to quantitatively calculate discourse coalitions was a feasible methodology for investigating "discursive power." But limited in discussing the "practice" (e.g. meetings, telephone, or email conversations) among the actors in discourse coalitions.

Temporal Structure on Discourse bevel within the Controlled Information Packaging Theory

  • Lee, Min-Haeng;Lee, Ik-Hwan
    • Language and Information
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.91-103
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    • 2002
  • The temporal structure of events on the discourse level has long been of great interest in both theoretical and computational linguistics. In this paper, we offer a unified approach to the temporal relationships related to a hierarchical discourse structure. We apply the method of pronoun resolution to the interpretation of tense. It is based on an analysis within the framework of the controlled information packaging theory. A unique aspect of our account is that temporal interpretation across discourse segments in global discourse is subject to the same principles as the interpretation of global anaphora, and that there is thus no need to postulate independent principles to account for the discourse behaviour of tense. In this way, we can neatly explain the general view that tense parallels the anaphoric nature of pronouns.

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A Corpus-based Analysis of EFL Learners' Use of Discourse Markers in Cross-cultural Communication

  • Min, Sujung
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.177-194
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    • 2011
  • This study examines the use of discourse markers in cross-cultural communication between EFL learners in an e-learning environment. The study analyzes the use of discourse markers in a corpus of an interactive web with a bulletin board system through which college students of English at Japanese and Korean universities interacted with each other discussing the topics of local and global issues. It compares the use of discourse markers in the learners' corpus to that of a native English speakers' corpus. The results indicate that discourse markers are useful interactional devices to structure and organize discourse. EFL learners are found to display more frequent use of referentially and cognitively functional discourse markers and a relatively rare use of other markers. Native speakers are found to use a wider variety of discourse markers for different functions. Suggestions are made for using computer corpora in understanding EFL learners' language difficulties and helping them become more interactionally competent speakers.

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