• Title, Summary, Keyword: Displacement

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A Study of Surface Roughness Prediction using Spindle Displacement (주축변위를 이용한 표면품위 예측에 관한 연구)

  • Chang H.K.;Jang D.Y.;Han D.C.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.15-16
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    • 2006
  • In-process surface roughness prediction is studied in this research. To implement in-process prediction, spindle displacement is introduced. Machined surface's roughness is assumed to be expressed in terms of spindle displacement. In-process measurement of spindle displacement is conducted using CCDS (cylindrical capacitive displacement sensor). Two prediction models are developed. One is simple linear model between measured surface roughness and values by spindle displacement. The other is multiple regression model including machining parameters like spindle speed, fee rate and radial depth of cut. Relation between machined surface roughness and roughness by spindle displacement are verified.

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Displacement Measurement of Multi-point Using a Pattern Recognition from Video Signal (영상 신호에서 패턴인식을 이용한 다중 포인트 변위측정)

  • Jeon, Hyeong-Seop;Choi, Young-Chul;Park, Jong-Won
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.18 no.12
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    • pp.1256-1261
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    • 2008
  • This paper proposes a way to measure the displacement of a multi-point by using a pattern recognition from video signal. Generally in measuring displacement, gab sensor, which is a displacement sensor, is used. However, it is difficult to measure displacement by using a common sensor in places where it is unsuitable to attach a sensor, such as high-temperature areas or radioactive places. In this kind of places, non-contact methods should be used to measure displacement and in this study, images of CCD camera were used. When multi-point is measure by using a pattern recognition, it is possible to measure displacement with a non-contact method. It is simple to install and multi-point displacement measuring device so that it is advantageous to solve problems of spatial constraints.

Comparative study on displacement measurement sensors for high-speed railroad bridge

  • Cho, Soojin;Lee, Junhwa;Sim, Sung-Han
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.637-652
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    • 2018
  • This paper presents a comparative study of displacement measurement using four sensors that are being used in the field: they are a ring gauge, a laser Doppler vibrometer (LDV), a vision-based displacement measurement system (VDMS), and an optoelectronic displacement meter (ODM). The comparative study was carried out on a brand-new high-speed railroad bridge designed to produce displacements within a couple of millimeters under the loading of a high-speed train. The tests were carried out on a single-span steel plate girder bridge two times with different train loadings: KTX and HEMU. The measured displacement is compared as raw and further discussion was made on the measurement noise, peak displacement, and frequency response of four sensors. The comparisonsare summarized to show the pros and cons of the used sensors in measuring displacement at a typical high-speed railroad bridge.

Application of Differential GPS for the Displacement Measurement of Self-anchored Suspension Bridge under the Static and Dynamic Loading Cases (DGPS 기법을 이용한 자정식 현수교의 정동적 변위응답 측정 및 분석)

  • Kim, Hyung-Tae;Seo, Ju-Won
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.19 no.11
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    • pp.1126-1132
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    • 2009
  • Bridge structures are designed to support ordinary loadings such as vehicles, wind, temperature and current as well as unexpected loadings like earthquakes and storm. Especially, the displacement of Flexible bridges like an suspension bridge under ordinary loading conditions is necessary to be monitored. In case of long span bridges, there are some difficulties in monitoring the displacement of center of the main span using traditional laser displacement sensors. In this study, the static and dynamic displacement responses due to vehicle loadings were measured by DGPS(differential global positioning system) technique. The displacement response data were compared with data obtained from traditional laser displacement sensors so that the static and dynamic behavior of the bridge under vehicle loadings was examined and the applicability of the displacement response measurement using DGPS technique was verified. The static and dynamic loading test for an self-anchored suspension bridge, So-rok Bridge, was performed using vehicles. The displacement response from DGPS technique and that from laser displacement sensors of the bridge monitoring system were compared. The amplitude of white noise from DGPS based measurement was about 7 mm and that of laser displacement sensor based measurement was about 3 mm. On the other hand, dynamic behavior of the center of main span from DGPS based measurement showed better agreement with influence line of the bridge than that from laser displacement sensors. In addition, there were some irregular and discontinuous variation of data due to the instability of GPS receivers or frequent appearance of GPS satellites. Post-processing via the reference station close to an observation post provided by NGII(National Geographic Information Institute) will be a counter-plan for these defects.

Evaluation of Ductility in Reinforced Concrete Members Using Material Models in Eurocode2 (유로코드 2 재료모형을 사용한 철근콘크리트 부재의 연성도 평가)

  • Choi, Seung Won
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.287-297
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    • 2015
  • In concrete structural design provisons, there is a minimum allowable strain of steel to ensure a ductility of RC members and a c/d is limited for the same purpose in EC2. In general, a ductility capacity of RC members is evaluated by a displacement ductility which is a ratio of ultimate displacement to yield displacement, and it is necessary to calculate accurately a yield displacement and an ultimate displacement to evaluate a displacement ductility. But a displacement in members is affected by various member characteristics, so it is hard to calculate a displacement exactly. In this study, a displacement ductility is calculated by calculating a yield displacement and an ultimate displacement through a moment-curvature relationship. The main variables examined are concrete strength, yield strength, steel ratio, spacing of confinement, axial force ratio and concrete ultimate strain. As results, as a concrete strength is increased, a ductility displacement is increased. But as yield strength, steel ratio, spacing of confinement and axial force ratio are increased, a displacement ductility is decreased. And a displacement ductility is necessary to calculate a response modification factor (R) of columns for seismic design, so it is appeared that it is important to calculate a displacement ductility more accurately.

A Experimental Study on the Stability Management Method using change of Inclination for Embankment on Soft Clay (연약지반 성토시의 기울기변화를 이용한 안정관리기법에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Ryu, Ji-Hoon;Im, Jong-Chul;Chang, Ji-Keon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.898-905
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    • 2005
  • The settlement of embankment on soft clay includes shear settlement due to shear deformation. Even though the consolidation settlement is not related to lateral displacement, but shear settlement makes the embankment unstable because it deforms ground and decreases the ground strength. In order to determine the shear deformation behaviour during embankment construction, 3 cases (1B, 2B, and 3B) of rapid undrained loading tests on soft clays were performed. Shear settlement is consist of elastic settlement, plastic settlement and viscous settlement. Elastic settlement isn't considered because the range is small, therefore the first is the range of plastic displacement, and the second is that of viscous displacement in the displacement-time curve for each loading stage. After determining that the change in the inclination of the viscous displacement range is larger than in the plastic displacement range after the ground failure occurs for the loading stage, the stability management methods were suggested considering that it is hard to divide the plastic displacement range and the viscous displacement range. The stability management method was based on the ratio of the plastic displacement range's inclination and the viscous displacement range's inclination. A stability management method based on the ratio of the total inclination for each loading stage compared to the whole inclination in the initial loading stage was also recommended.

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CHANGE OF JOINT SPACE ACCORDING TO SIDEWAYS DISC DISPLACEMENT OF TMJ (악관절원판의 측방변위에 따른 관절간극의 변화)

  • Kim, Joon-Bae;Lee, Doo-Hee;Kim, Hyung-Soo;Oh, Soon-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.337-343
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    • 2001
  • Objective. Disc displacement may affect the joint space narrowing between condyle head and glenoid fossa. This study was designed to evaluate the correlation between the joint space change and the directions of disc displacement. Study Design. Two hundreds temporomandibular joints MR images of TMD patients (170 joints) and asymptomatic volunteers (30 joints) were evaluated for this purpose. Anterior disc displacement was divided into 3 stages (normal, little to mild, and moderate to severe displacement) based on sagittal images. And sideways displacement was classified as 3 categories (center, medial and lateral displacement) based on coronal images, then joint spaces were measured at medial, central and lateral parts of condyle head on coronal MR images, respectively. The joint spaces of 7 groups divided according to the severity and the direction of disc displacement were compared. Results. The reduction of the joint space was affected by sideways disc displacement at the opposite side of the condyle head, except the cases accompanied with severe anteriorly and laterally displaced disc. Conclusion. The sideways disc displacement affected on the opposite side temporomandibular joint space width.

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Estimation of Displacement Responses from the Measured Dynamic Strain Signals Using Mode Decomposition Technique (모드분해기법을 이용한 동적 변형률신호로부터 변위응답추정)

  • Kim, Sung-Wan;Chang, Sung-Jin;Kim, Nam-Sik
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.109-117
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    • 2008
  • In this study, a method predicting the displacement responseof structures from the measured dynamic strain signal is proposed by using a mode decomposition technique. Dynamic loadings including wind and seismic loadings could be exerted to the bridge. In order to examine the bridge stability against these dynamic loadings, the prediction of displacement response is very important to evaluate bridge stability. Because it may be not easy for the displacement response to be acquired directly on site, an indirect method to predict the displacement response is needed. Thus, as an alternative for predicting the displacement response indirectly, the conversion of the measured strain signal into the displacement response is suggested, while the measured strain signal can be obtained using fiber optic Bragg-grating (FBG) sensors. To overcome such a problem, a mode decomposition technique was used in this study. The measured strain signal is decomposed into each modal component by using the empirical mode decomposition(EMD) as one of mode decomposition techniques. Then, the decomposed strain signals on each modal component are transformed into the modal displacement components. And the corresponding mode shapes can be also estimated by using the proper orthogonal decomposition(POD) from the measured strain signal. Thus, total displacement response could be predicted from combining the modal displacement components.

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Study on Assessment of Displacement by Wave Force for Rubble Mound Breakwater and its Application to Design (파랑하중을 받는 굴착치환 사석경사식 방파제의 침하량 산정과 설계 적용성에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn, Ik-Seong;Park, Sang-Kil
    • Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.413-420
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    • 2008
  • Wave force is an important factor which gives a direct affect to stability of the rubble mound breakwater. Particularly wave force has been considered as the main cause of displacement for replaced rubble mound breakwater which permits a little displacement to some degree. But the effect on displacement by wave force has not been considered and reflected in design. Therefore in this study, we compared numerical analysis displacement with field measured displacement so that the effect of wave force on displacement can be reflected in design. Result of the numerical analysis displacement was well consistent with field measured displacement data.

Development of an Algorithm for Detecting Angular Bisplacement with High Accuracy Based on the Dual-Encoder (이중 증분 엔코더에 기초한 초정밀 회전각도 변위 검출 알고리즘 개발)

  • Lee, Se-Han
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.25 no.8
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    • pp.29-36
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    • 2008
  • An optical rotary encoder is easy to implement for automation system applications. In particular, the output of the encoder has a digital form pulse, which is also easy to be connected to a popular digital controller. By using an incremental encoder and a counting device, it is easy to measure angular displacement, as the number of the output pulses is proportional to the rotational displacement. This method can only detect the angular placement once a pulse signal comes out of the encoder. The angular displacement detection period is strongly subject to the change of the angular displacement in case of ultimate low velocity range. They have ultimate long detection period or cannot even detect angular displacement at near zero velocity. This paper proposes an algorithm for detecting angular displacement by using a dual encoder system with two encoders of normal resolution. The angular displacement detecting algorithm is able to keep detection period moderately at near zero velocity and even detect constant angular displacement within nominal period. It is useful for motion control applications in case of changing rotational direction at which there occurs zero velocity. In this paper, various experimental results are shown for the angular displacement detection algorithm.