• Title, Summary, Keyword: Displacement sensor

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A Basic Study of Displacement Measurement of Magnetic Bearing System Using Hall Effect Sensor (자기베어링 시스템에서의 변위측정을 위한 홀 효과 센서의 기초 연구)

  • Yang, J.H.;Jeong, G.G.;Jeong, H.H.;Son, S.K.
    • Journal of Power System Engineering
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.72-76
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    • 2007
  • Since the magnetic bearing system has unstability inherently it is necessary to measure the displacement for stable operation. Normally the displacement measurement is implemented by using sensors. The sensor for the displacement measurement is selected by precision, installation space, effect of magnetic field and response speed. And the cost of displacement measurement sensor also is considered. At the cost the hall effect sensor has a large advantage comparing with the others. Therefore this study concern about the basis experimental test for the displacement measurement of the magnetic bearing system that uses the hall effect sensor coupled with a tiny permanent magnet. The experimental results confirm the validity and practicability for this displacement measurement sensor.

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Temperature-Compensative Displacement Sensor based on a Pair of Fiber Bragg Gratings Attached to a Metal Band

  • Kim, Kwang Taek;Kim, Dong Geun
    • Journal of Sensor Science and Technology
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.82-85
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    • 2018
  • This paper proposes a new temperature-compensative displacement sensor with a pair of fiber Bragg gratings (FBG) attached to the inner and outer surfaces of an elastic metal band. The sensor can be also used as a temperature sensor with high sensitivity. The FBG pair shifted Bragg wavelengths in the same direction according to changes in the temperature. However, because the pressure of the metal band shifted a pair of Bragg wavelengths in the opposite direction, the displacement sensor could compensate for the effect of the temperature change in the proposed FBG pair. Results of the experiments showed that the two FBG displacement sensors responded linearly and symmetrically with respect to the displacement, and the displacement could be obtained using the difference between the two Bragg wavelengths.

The Tip Position Measurement of a Flexible Robot Arm Using a Vision Sensor (비전 센서를 이용한 유연한 로봇팔의 끝점 위치 측정)

  • Shin, Hyo-Pil;Lee, Jong-Kwang;Kang, E-Sok
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.6 no.8
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    • pp.682-688
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    • 2000
  • To improve the performance of a flexible robot arm one of the important things is the vibration displacement measurement of a flexible arm. Many types of sensors have been used to measure it, The most popular has been strain gauges which measures the deflection of the beam,. Photo sensors have also been for detecting beam displacement and accelerometers are often used to measure the beam vibration. But the vibration displacement can be obtained indirectly from these sensors. In this article a vision sensor is used as a displacement sensor to measure the vibration displacement of a flexible robot arm. Several schemes are proposed to reduce the image processing time and increase its accuracy. From the experimental results it is seen that the vision sensor can be an alternative sensor for measuring the vibration displacement and has a potential for on-line tip position control of flexible robot systems.

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Displacement Measurement of Multi-Point Using a Pattern Recognition from Video Signal (영상 신호에서 패턴인식을 이용한 다중 포인트 변위측정)

  • Jeon, Hyeong-Seop;Choi, Young-Chul;Park, Jong-Won
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.675-680
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    • 2008
  • This paper proposes a way to measure the displacement of a multi-point by using a pattern recognition from video signal. Generally in measuring displacement, gab sensor, which is a displacement sensor, is used. However, it is difficult to measure displacement by using a common sensor in places where it is unsuitable to attach a sensor, such as high-temperature areas or radioactive places. In this kind of places, non-contact methods should be used to measure displacement and in this study, images of CCD camera were used. When displacement is measure by using camera images, it is possible to measure displacement with a non-contact method. It is simple to install and multi-point displacement measuring device so that it is advantageous to solve problems of spatial constraints.

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Displacement Measurement of Multi-point Using a Pattern Recognition from Video Signal (영상 신호에서 패턴인식을 이용한 다중 포인트 변위측정)

  • Jeon, Hyeong-Seop;Choi, Young-Chul;Park, Jong-Won
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.18 no.12
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    • pp.1256-1261
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    • 2008
  • This paper proposes a way to measure the displacement of a multi-point by using a pattern recognition from video signal. Generally in measuring displacement, gab sensor, which is a displacement sensor, is used. However, it is difficult to measure displacement by using a common sensor in places where it is unsuitable to attach a sensor, such as high-temperature areas or radioactive places. In this kind of places, non-contact methods should be used to measure displacement and in this study, images of CCD camera were used. When multi-point is measure by using a pattern recognition, it is possible to measure displacement with a non-contact method. It is simple to install and multi-point displacement measuring device so that it is advantageous to solve problems of spatial constraints.

A Study on a Signal Processing Method for Detection of the Weld seam by Using Laser Displacement Sensor (레이저 변위센서를 이용한 용접선 검출에서 신호처리에 관한 연구)

  • ;;Kim, J. W.
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.65-74
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    • 1995
  • The weld seam tracking sensor is indispensable to improve the flexibility of automatic arc welding systems. Among the position sensing methods available, a laser displacement sensor is one of the most prevailing methods. In this study, a laser displacement sensor was examined on detecting the weld seam of lap joints in sheet metal arc welding. The output signal of the laser displacement sensor may ontain severe fluctuation from the effect of arc light, spatters, fume, etc. So a variety of signal processing methods was applied to smooth the output signal of the sensor. And then the weld joint was determined by using the central difference method. It was revealed that the quadratic mean method plays an important role in detecting the weld seam during welding especially.

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Development of Optical Fiber Coupled Displacement Probe Sensor with a New Compensation Method (보상법을 적용한 광섬유 변위센서의 개발)

  • ;;;P. Sainsot;L. Flamand
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.19 no.12
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    • pp.27-32
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    • 2002
  • The intensity modulated type (reflective method) optical fiber sensor is a well -known method and widely applied to the displacement measurements and other industrial purposes. This type sensor has the advantages of relatively cheap cost, small sensor size and easiness of operation. The sensitivity of the sensor is very dependent of several error terms; the variation in the intensity of the light source and the changes in the surface reflectivity of the object. An optical fiber coupled displacement probe with a new compensation method is presented in this paper. The proposed displacement sensor can measure the displacements of the target surface independent of surface reflectivity error that is caused by the materials and surface processing grade.

Development of a Sensor System to Measure Real Time Vibro Displacement of Civil Structure (레이저 센서를 이용한 구조물의 변위 측정 장비 개발)

  • O, Heung-Il;Kim, Hui-Sik
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.823-825
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    • 2003
  • A sensor system was designed to measure real time vibro displacement of civil structure. The He-Ne laser is used for the displacement measuring method, because it guarantees short time stabilization, long time output power stability. Also, it guarantees simple maintenances and repairs under actual using condition. The line CCD image sensor(Tcd-142d) is used to detect the displacement of Ne-Ne laser responding to the vibro of civil structure. For accurate measurement and comparison, CDP-50 is used. Usually CDF-50 (Strain type displacement device) is used for the standard correction device of optical measurement equipments. The data processing part is consists of Optical sensor part, Wireless data transmission device, DAQp-1200, and LapView program. The displacement data of vibro from optical sensor part inputted to wireless data transmission device and then transmitted to DAQp-1200 in main control room. DAQp-1200 performs A/D conversion for the receiving data. After that the converted data inputted to computer system using LapView program for user display. The significance of this paper is to develope a convenient, accurate and lost saving real time displacement measurement system for the civil structure.

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Displacement Measurement by Multiplexed Optical Loss -based Fiber Optic Sensor (다중화된 광 손실형 광섬유 센서에 의한 변위의 측정)

  • 권일범;김치엽;유정애
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.556-565
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    • 2003
  • Light losses in optical fibers are investigated by a fiber optic OTDR (Optical Time Domain Reflectometry) sensor system to develop fiber optic probes for structural displacement measurement. The displacement sensitivity was determined by the measurements of fiber-bending loss according to the gage length changes of the displacement sensor. The fiber optic displacement probe was manufactured to verify the feasibility of the structural displacement measurement.

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A Study on a Capacitance Displacement Sensor for the Ultraprecision Measurement (초정밀 측정용 정전용량 변위센서에 관한 연구)

  • An, Hyung-Jun;Jung, Yoon;Jung, Sung-Chun;Jang, In-Bae;Han, Dong-Chul
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.291-295
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    • 1996
  • This paper discusses several design factors of a capacitance displacement sensor with a numerical method and several experiments and describes guide lines of the design of this type sensor. We introduce the charge density method for the analysis of this type sensor, which has feasible accuracy and efficiency. The analysis of this type sensor with the charge density method agrees with displacement sensitivity experiments of a circular plate capacitance sensor with the sensor amp based In the charge transfer principle.

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