• Title/Summary/Keyword: Distance Learning

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A Study on Interaction Pattern, Learning Attitude, Task Performance by Meta-cognitive Level in Web-Based Learning (웹 기반 학습자의 메타인지수준별 학습활동분석 -간호학 대학원 학생을 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Sun-Ock;Suh, Min-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.323-331
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: Level of meta-cognition of students has been regarded as one of the crucial factors on web-based learning. This study aimed to describe interaction type in small group discussion of the nursing graduate students and to investigate learning consequences and interaction types in group discussion on meta-cognition level. Method: Twenty six graduate nursing students attending the class on-line at the K university in Seoul were included in the study. We measured their meta-cognition level and learning attitude. We also scored their individual and group reports as well as analyzed interaction type by reviewing the dialogue of the group discussion. Results: The participants showed low frequency of exploratory interaction and high frequency of integrative interaction in the cognitive interaction category. They showed frequent modification interaction in the meta-cognitive interaction category. Interestingly, the students with lower level of meta-cognition achieved significantly greater scores in the individual assignments. High functioning group consisting of the students with high meta-cognitive level produced greater group report. Conclusion: A new strategy is needed to encourage in-depth interaction in a group discussion of nursing students. Meta-cognitive level of the students should be considered to form a small group for discussion in order to improve group activities.

An Empirical Study on Factors Influencing the Learning Results of Information Technology Using Multimedia (멀티미디어를 이용한 정보기술 교육의 학습 효과에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Byung-Gon;Kim, Jong-Uk
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.37-59
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    • 2000
  • Recently, the rapid development of information technology has brought enormous changes in education. Consolidation of communications and multimedia technologies are enabling the new educational paradigm such as distance learning and virtual education. Furthermore, many studies in the education engineering field report that teaching using multimedia technologies more enhances students' performance than the traditional instructor-teaching method. However, little research regarding the education using multimedia has been done in the MIS filed. None of multimedia-related studies could be found in the top-ranked MIS journals published in Korea for the last five years, and only a few studies were found even worldwide. In this regard, the purpose of this study is to investigate which features of multimedia software are most important to enhance the teaching results of students, From the previous research, we found out the specific features of the educational multimedia software which are considered to affect the students' performance, and defined the research variables related to those educational software features, And, based on the constructivism and motivation theory of the education engineering field, a theoretical research model and research hypotheses were developed. Perceived usefulness of the class and a student's perceived interests in the class were used as surrogate variables to measure teaching performance. Total 277 students participated separately in one of the two multimedia classes which have continued for three weeks. One was C programming language class and the other was multimedia CD-title development class. Each student listened for the multimedia session of the class using multimedia software and, at the end of the multimedia session, answered the survey questionnaire, The results of the study show that motivation to the class and the contents of education were statistically significant to the students' performance in the class. That implies, not only in the traditional instructor-teaching method but also in the multimedia class, that the contents of education itself and student's motivation to the class are most important to raise instructional results.

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A Study on the Usability of University Remote Lecture -Focusing on Zoom and Webex Meetings- (대학 원격강의 프로그램의 사용성 연구 -Zoom과 Webex Meetings를 중심으로-)

  • Shin, Jun;Kim, Seung-In
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.10
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    • pp.403-408
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    • 2020
  • This paper is to evaluate the usability of two representative video meeting services currently used by university for research to improve the quality of university remote lecture. questionnaires based on Kano Model were designed and in-depth interviews were conducted to provide qualitative approaches. Screen-sharing functions, the one-dimensional functions was the most important function. and attractive functions had relatively diverse directions. For essential functions, there was a wide gap in quality due to user-specific equipment. The function in which other platforms exist or business-related was not important. Webex reacted negatively to the aging UI, while Zoom responded negatively to the unilateral mute function. In addition, the development direction was presented in five ways as a result of analysis of these results. under Corona-19 situation, I hope this study will lead to continuous research to make stepping stone for remoted educational development.

Implementation of a Learning Space Navigator for WBI (WBI를 위한 학습공간 네비게이터 구현)

  • Hong, Hyeun-Sool;Han, Sung-Kook
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.175-181
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    • 2001
  • WBI provides new opportunities to realize the flexible learning environment based on hypermedia and to support distance learning with a diverse interaction. The instructors or learners in WBI claim to be able to resolve reluctant fluctuations such as disorientation and cognitive overload. To overcome these phenomena, a supplementary tool able to manage a learning space organized by the instructor's or learner's own way and offer effective navigation techniques is presented in this paper. A learning space management and navigation tool called HyperMap dynamically represents the learning space in the form of a two-dimensional labeled graph. This HyperMap also can be used for an instruction design tool, learners portfolio for the exchange of learning experiences, and the assessment of WBI.

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Design and Implementation of a Hybrid Level-based Instruction Model in Web-based Classes (웹기반 수업에서 혼합형 수준별 수업모형의 설계 및 구현)

  • Kim, Maeng-Hee;Park, Chan-Jung
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.109-120
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    • 2003
  • Recently, as more web-based applications are widely used, various methods for education are developed in practical areas. As a result, in many organizations, virtual educations such as WBI learning. CAI, and distance learning are offered actively. With the advantages of web-based education, in order to achieve feasible and efficient effects on education. a new web-based instruction model that considers the abilities, the interests, and the aptitudes of students individually is required. In this paper, a new web-based instruction model, called a hybrid model, is proposed and implemented. And then, two model - the stepwise model and the hybrid model- are applied to a computer accounting class of a vocational high school. Students attend the web-based class in a computer center for 100 minutes autonomously. After the classes, a questionnaire is made in order to analyze both the effect on that class and the learning fulfillment of the proposed instruction model.

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The effects of distance learning experiences through an avatar in a virtual world on users' distance teaching efficacy beliefs (가상현실공간에서 아바타를 통한 원격학습이 아바타 사용자의 교수효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Jung-Hwan;Cheong, Donguk
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.1644-1651
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of distance education experience using users' avatars in virtual reality space on their teaching efficacy belief. There were 9 participants who were enrolled in a course in doctoral program of education department in J University for the study. The first class of six sessions was face to face class on how to use Second Life and the 14 classes of 3 sessions were done in a classroom of Second Life. According to the analysis of reflection notes, interviews, researcher's observations of 5 participants, their experiences of presentation and taking classes in distance education using their own avatars in Second Life had positive influence on participants' teaching efficacy belief in their future working for distance education using avatars of Second Life. The implication of this study is to show some conditions for successful distance education as well as to see the potential of distance education in 3D virtual reality space using avatars. This study will contribute to promote the future study in distance education field.

A Study on the Status of Non-face-to-face software education (비대면 원격 소프트웨어교육의 실태 연구)

  • Moon, Juyoung;Shin, Seungki
    • 한국정보교육학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.187-192
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    • 2021
  • The purpose of this study is a method to discover problems and improve them by analyzing the status of software education of A primary school conducted by online class. The coronavirus infection-19(COVID-19) pandemic, which began in early 2020, has continued to delay the start of the new semester. Finally, on April 9, 2020, the first semester began with online class. While progressing non-face to face online class, most students said they had difficulties. Students solved difficulties in class with Internet searches or program hints, not teachers. In the post-class self-evaluation, most students answered that there was no increase in coding skills. To solve this problem, the school rents additional smart devices to student. schools should have real-time interactive classes. After covid 19, online class became a paradigm for classes. Therefore, software education will also require research and development of curriculum and teaching learning methods suitable for online classes.

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An Application and Educational Outcomes of e-PBL (e-Project-based Learning) to University Forest Education (대학 산림교육의 웹기반 프로젝트 학습법(e-PBL) 적용 사례와 학습성과)

  • Lee, Songhee;Lee, Jaeeun;Kang, Hoduck;Yoon, Tae Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.110 no.2
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    • pp.266-279
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    • 2021
  • This study applied the e-PBL (e-Project-based learning) method for "Urban Forest Management" courses in the Department of Forest Science at S University to progress in university forest education. e-PBL effectively motivates self-directed learning, problem-solving, communication skills, and learners' responsibility by enabling them to choose, design, and perform their projects. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, learners were encouraged to use online media to carry out projects and submit presentations for the campus forest. Learners' educational effects were subsequently investigated through a five-point Likert scale. This study discovered a positive effect on learners' motivation and interest (4.17) through e-PBL. Learners responded that e-PBL also helped their understanding regarding the subject (4.17). In addition, this study provided evidence that the e-PBL method was helpful in problem-solving (4.25), communication (4.33), and decision-making skills (4.21). According to learners' responses, there are positive indications that learners were satisfied with e-PBL. Learners responded that interactions and communications with team members could improve their understanding of the subject. Hence, there is scope for improving an efficient and successful e-PBL model suitable for university forest education by providing more efficient instructional time management, e-PBL method guidelines, and institutional support.

Perceptions of Primary Caregivers of Children With Developmental Disabilities on Tele-music Program During COVID-19 (COVID-19 이후 학령기 발달장애 아동 주양육자의 비대면 음악프로그램 참여 현황 및 인식 조사)

  • Kim, So Hee
    • Journal of Music and Human Behavior
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.1-27
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    • 2021
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate how primary caregivers of children with developmental disabilities aged 6 to 18 years perceived on tele-music programs in which their children participated during COVID-19. A total of 83 caregivers who voluntarily agreed to participate in this study responded to a survey either on-line or in person and 67 questionnaires were included in the final analysis after deleting 16 incomplete responses. The results showed that tele-music programs were rated somewhat suitable for distance learning but that there was still a need for adult assistance to help children with developmental disabilities participate in the program. When comparing the perceptions of caregivers who participated in remote general education versus who participated in tele-music program, significantly higher level of program engagement and positive responses from a child were perceived with tele-music program. The caregivers who participated in tele-music program showed significantly greater willingness to participate in tele-music therapy in the future than those who did not. The findings of this study presents information on how tele-music therapy has been implemented to children with disabilities and what can be considered for the the development of a tele-music therapy program.

A Study on the Selection Factors in Credit Cards by the Lifestyle of Elderly Groups (실버층의 라이프스타일에 따른 신용카드 선택요인에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, Kyoung Hwan;Kim, Sook Eung
    • Journal of Service Research and Studies
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.29-50
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the motivation of using and choosing factors in credit cards. These results indicate that considerate of other people factor may emphasize the convenience and safety in using credit cards, while the leisure factor may prefer the real-worth factor as they know that the more they use, the more benefits they would get. As the personality factor and the fashion factor, we can pay much attention to the advertisements, promotions, card designs, the colors, the characters and the social positions of the card holders and that considerate other people factor may like the low annual fees and the accumulating points, buying items on the installments without paying additional interest, which had offered them cash service and card loan. The authors of this paper has suggested an information by which credit card companies can establish the strategies according to the lifestyle of the elderly in silver business market.