• Title, Summary, Keyword: Doenjang

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The Nutritional Analysis in Fish/Meat/Doenjang and Wild Herbs/Fish/Meat Doenjang (어육장과 산채어육된장의 영양성분 분석)

  • An, Eun-Ju;Park, Won-Jeong;Lee, Je-Hyuk;Kim, MyungHee
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.171-177
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    • 2016
  • The objectives of this study were to nutritionally evaluate Korean traditional fermentation food, Doenjang, and compare the nutrients in fish/meat-Doenjang and herb/fish/meat-Doenjang. In Doenjang, sugar, protein, fat, dietary fiber, and minerals, such as sodium and calcium, were analyzed using HPLC and the ICP analysis method authorized by the Korean Food Standards Codex. Doenjang is known to prevent arteriosclerosis, cancer and hypertension, and to aid liver function, as well as serving as a protein source. Doenjang, fish/meat Doenjang, and wild-herb/fish/meat Doenjang were made according to the original recipes in antique cookbooks. The highest levels of calories, carbohydrates, and sugar were contained in wild-herb/fish/meat Doenjang. Carbohydrate in the fish/meat Doenjang was higher than in ordinary Doenjang, and ordinary Doenjang had the lowest amount of sugar. Fat was shown to be the most abundant in fish/meat Doenjang, and the least abundant in ordinary Doenjang. Fish/meat Doenjang contained the most Na content, while wild-herb/fish/meat Doenjang had the lowest Na content. In terms of dietary fiber, ordinary Doenjang contained the most, while a wild-herb/fish/meat Doenjang contained the least. Ca content was shown to be most abundant in Doenjang, and the least abundant in fish/meat Doenjang.

Consumption Pattern and Sensory Evaluation of Traditional Doenjang and Commercial Doenjang (재래식 된장과 시판된장의 관능적 특성 및 소비실태)

  • Ahn, Sun-Choung;Bog, Hye-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.633-644
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    • 2007
  • The study results regarding the ingredient differences, sensory characteristics, purchasing type, usage and improvement direction for home-made traditional doenjang and factory produced commercial doenjang are as follows. The L-value indicates that home-made traditional doenjang has a higher value in average than the factory produce done, and the a-value indicates the opposite. Home-made traditional doenjang had higher water content than commercial doenjang ; however the pH values of commercial doenjang and home-made were 5.34 and 5.32 respectively, which was very similar. Factory produced commercial doenjang showed higher protein content than the home-made traditional doenjang. Regarding the correlation between ingredients, there was a significantly negative relationship between the L-value and a-value but a significantly positive relationship between the L-value and b-value. There were no significant relationship with water content, pH and protein content. For the color and taste, which are the sensory characteristics, commercial doenjang showed higher value than the traditional doenjang, but for smell, the values were similar. Regarding grittiness, the factory produced commercial doenjang had bigger particles than the traditional doenjang. Preference was a bit higher in the traditional doenjang. Of the 380 study subjects, most were from 40 to 49 years old (65.5%), and the most family type were nuclear families which was a total of 400 people (69%). Moreover, the most residential type was apartment which was 355people (61.2%), and for the monthly income, more than 2,510,000won was 48.3%. For the educational background, college education was 304 people (52.4%), and high school education was 199 people, 34.3%. In the usage, most of the people eat doenjang more than once a week, and usually their parents make the doenjang. People used both commercial doenjang and home-made traditional doenjang >home-made only >factory produced commercial doenjang only in that order. The reasons for using the home-made traditional doenjang aredelicate taste and flavor>more nutritious> anti-cancer ingredients in that order. The reason they use the factory produced commercial doenjang is because they don't know how to make it at home. The things that needed to be improved in the home-made traditional doenjang are bad smell> entire quality> flavor> color in order, indicating that studies for reducing bad smell are required. The things that needed to be improved in the factory produced commercial doenjang are taste & flavor> entire quality>bad smell> color in that order, indicating that people are more concern about it tasting like home-made than the smell. From the above results, we can see that better functional doenjang should be developed for family health and to increase the consumption of the doenjang, which has good functional psychological activities, also more various types of foods that use doenjang and scientific studies to reduce the home-made doenjang smell should be continuously studied. Moreover, studies on how to make the factory produced commercial doenjang taste more like traditional doenjang should be performed.

Properties of Doenjang (Soybean Paste) Prepared with Different Types of Salts

  • Shim, Jae Min;Lee, Kang Wook;Yao, Zhuang;Kim, Hyun-Jin;Kim, Jeong Hwan
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.26 no.9
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    • pp.1533-1541
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    • 2016
  • Samples of doenjang (a fermented soybean paste) were prepared with different types of salts; purified salt (PS), 3-year-aged solar salt (SS3), 1-year-aged solar salt (SS1), and bamboo salt (BS, 3rd processing product). For starter doenjang samples, selected starters comprising two bacilli, one yeast, and one fungus were inoculated, whereas for non-starter doenjang samples, microorganisms present in rice straw were inoculated after enrichment. The doenjang samples were fermented for 13 weeks at 25℃. During the fermentation period, SS and BS doenjang samples showed higher bacilli counts as well as much lower yeast counts than PS doenjang. At 13 weeks, yeast counts of starter doenjang samples were 7.75, 5.69, 6.08, and 4.74 log CFU/g for PS, SS3, SS1, and BS doenjang, respectively. For non-starter doenjang samples, counts were 7.17, 5.05, 5.92, and 4.54 log CFU/g for PS, SS3, SS1, and BS doenjang, respectively. SS and BS promoted growth of bacilli but inhibited growth of yeasts compared with PS. Debaryomyces hansenii was the dominant yeast in PS doenjang, whereas Candida guilliermondii and Pichia sorbitophila were dominant in SS and BS doenjang. In the sensory evaluation, SS and BS doenjang scored better than PS doenjang. In conclusion, SS and BS seem better than PS for production of high-quality doenjang.

Quality Characteristics of Doenjang containing Astragalus membranaceus water extracts (황기 추출액이 함유된 된장의 품질 특성)

  • Min, Sung-Hee
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.514-520
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    • 2006
  • The quality characteristics of doenjang which contained Astragalus membranaceus water extracts were investigated in this study. The contents of moisture, crude protein, and crude fat were not significantly different in the doenjang which contained Astragalus membranaceus water extracts. The crude ash content was significantly higher in the doenjang which contained Astragalus membranaceus water extracts. The doenjang which contained Astragalus membranaceus water extracts showed higher a-value. Antioxidative activity was evaluated by using the thiobarbituric acid reaction products assay and peroxide value. Antioxidative activity and hydrogen donating activity were increased in doenjang which contained Astragalus membranaceus water extracts. Doenjang which contained Astragalus membranaceus water extracts showed no differences with traditional doenjang in sensory profiles of taste, color, flavor, and overall quality. These result showed the applicability and higher quality of doenjang which contained Astragalus membranaceus water extracts.

Physicochemical Quality Comparison of Commercial Doenjang and Traditional Green Tea Doenjang (전통식 녹차된장과 일부 시판된장의 이화학적 특성)

  • 정복미;노승배
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.132-139
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    • 2004
  • This study was peformed in order to compare general components, color, free amino acid, fatty acid and organic acid contents between commercial doenjang (C-1, C-2, C-3) and green tea doenjang (GT). The moisture content in green tea doenjang was higher than that in commercial doenjang, but the contents of crude protein, carbohydrate and energy in commercial doenjang were higher than those in green tea doenjang. The crude lipid and fiber contents of commercial doenjang were similar to green tea doenjang. Catechin content of green tea doenjang was 2.3%. The total content of free amino acids in commercial doenjang ranged from 2,739∼6,380 mg% in which it showed wide variation among samples and the total content of free amino acids in green tea doenjang was 3000 mg%. Glutamic acid was almost high in commercial doenjang except one product but green tea doenjang was low. Linoleic acid (51%) was the highest content among the fatty acids. The major organic acid in both commercial and green tea doenjang was oxalic acid and its content in commercial times higher than in green tea doenjang. The antioxidant activity of green tea doenjang was higher than that of commercial doenjang.

Changes in Odor Characteristics of Doenjang with Different Preparing Methods and Ripening Periods (제조방법과 숙성기간에 따른 된장의 향기특성 변화)

  • Choi, Mi-Kyung;Sohn, Kyung-Hee;Jeon, Hyeong-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.265-274
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    • 1997
  • This study was conducted in ordor to find the most suitable conditions for producing the Doenjang with optimal odor compound contents. Three sample groups with the different preparing methods -Doenjang that has not gone through the soy sauce separation process (Doenjang A), Doenjang that has gone through the soy sauce separation process; Meju-20% salt water ratio of 1 : 4 (Doenjang B), and that with the ratio of 1.3 : 4 (Doenjang C)- were tested during different ripening periods. Odor compound contents were analyzed through Solvent Extraction Method and Simultaneous Steam Distillation Extraction (SDE). The number of odor compounds was greatest in Doenjang A and during the mid to late stage in each groups. In the sensory evaluation of Doenjang odors, Doenjang A received the highest scores in the categories of overall preferences, while Doenjang C got the lowest scores. Individual odor didn't vary significantly during ripening periods, but the overall odor and taste preference was highest in the samples ripened for 75 to 120 days. Stepwise multiple regression analysis of major odor compounds of Doenjang revealed that benzeneacetaldehyde is the major explanatory variable for offensive odor. Benzeneethanol, 3-methylthio-propanal and 4-methyl-phenol are the explanatory variables for salty odor, nutty odor and rancid odor, respectively. Odor compounds that contribute to the overall odor preference varied from the compounds that affect the taste preference.

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Characterization of Soybean Paste Doenjang with added Ulmi cortex (유백피를 첨가한 된장의 품질 특성 연구)

  • Son, Dae-Yeul
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.518-523
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    • 2008
  • This study sought to prepare Doenjang with added Ulmi cortex, to improve functionality and flavor, while retaining the original Doenjang scent. Ulmi cortex powders were added during fermentation. The Ulmi cortex-containing Doenjang showed lower pH and less salinity than did the Doenjang prepared without Ulmi cortex. Sensory evaluation data showed that Doenjang with Ulmi cortex tasted sweeter, and less salty, and was preferred over Doenjang without Ulmi cortex. In the DPPH assay, Doenjang with Ulmi cortex showed much higher free-radical scavenging ability (IC50 of 29.16 g/mL)did Doenjang without Ulmi cortex(IC50 of 155.67 g/mL), indicating that Ulmi cortex Doenjang has higher antioxidant levels. Doenjang prepared with 1%(w/v) Ulmi cortex powder was best in terms of consumer preference and functionality.

Analysis of Quality Characteristics of Regional Traditional and Commercial Soybean Pastes (Doenjang) (지역별 전통된장과 개량된장의 품질특성)

  • Park, Sun-Young;Kim, Seulki;Hong, Sang-pil;Lim, Sang-Dong
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.686-695
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the quality characteristics of traditional and commercial soybean pastes (Doenjang) for development of traditional soybean pastes. Methods: Proximate compositions, amino acid nitrogen contents, pH, acidity, salt contents, chromaticity, viable bacteria and inorganic substance contents of nineteen traditional and three commercial Doenjang were investigated. Results: Analysis of proximate compositions indicated a significant difference between samples. In moisture content, D10 did not meet the standard of food codex. The contents of moisture, fat, protein and ash were slightly higher in traditional than commercial Doenjang. However, the carbohydrate content was 2-fold higher in commercial than traditional, and thus, the calories were also higher. The amino nitrogen content was lower in commercial than traditional Doenjang. pH, acidity and salt contents of Doenjang were pH 4.67-6.15, 1.53-3.29%, and 9.01-18.78%, respectively. pH and acidity showed no significant differences between traditional and commercial Doenjang, however, salt contents were significantly higher in traditional than commercial Doenjang. In case of chromaticity, the averages of L, a, b values were higher in traditional Doenjang. In microbiological analysis, total bacteria counts were higher in traditional than commercial Doenjang. The number of Bacillus cereus in D12 and D19 exceeded the standard of food codex. Staphylococcus aureust was undetected in all samples. The number of fungi varied widely between samples, with no detection in five traditional and all commercial Doenjang. Results of inorganic substance analysis indicated that contents of inorganic substances in Doenjang were in order of Na, K, Mg and Ca. Overall, Na content was higher in traditional Doenjang. Contents of inorganic substances showed wide variations in traditional Doenjang. Conclusion: For the development of traditional Doenjang, quality standardization and ensuring safety are considered necessary.

The Effects on the Rheological Properties of the Bread Flour containing Doenjang and Chunggukjang (된장과 청국장 첨가가 강력분의 물성 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Kun-Og;Hwang, Seong-Yun
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.440-450
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    • 2015
  • Effects of Doenjang and Chunggukjang on rheological properties of bread flour were investigated based on falling number, RVA, farinogram, colorimeter, rheofermentometer and SEM. The falling number of bread flour was highest among all samples, and mixed flours containing Chunggukjang showed lower falling number than Doenjang. RVA showed that initial pasting temperatures of the control mixed flour of Doenjang and Chunggukjang increased sequentially, whereas peak viscosities were reversed and final viscosities showed similar results. In the farinogram, consistencies and water absorptions decreased with increasing quantity of Doenjang and Chunggukjang. Developments, stabilities, time to breakdowns and farinogram quality numbers of the mixed flour containing Doenjang were higher than those of Chunggukjang and greater addition decreased values. In the rheofermentometer test, height of maximum dough development of mixed flours containing Chunggukjang were lower than that of flours containing Doenjang. Total volumes, retention volumes and retention coefficients of mixed flours containing Doenjang and Chunggukjang were lower compared to the control. For features, SEM showed that mixed flour containing Chunggukjang showed a faded boundary compared to flour containing Doenjang. All of results showed that the various activities of Chunggukjang were more potent than those of Doenjang.

Compilation of volatile flavor compounds in Cheonggukjang and Doenjang (청국장과 된장의 휘발성 향기성분 데이터베이스)

  • Baek, Hyung Hee
    • Food Science and Industry
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.24-49
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    • 2017
  • Volatile flavor compounds of cheonggukjang and doenjang, which are the most representative Korean soybean fermented foods, were compiled throughout literature review. Total of 225 and 404 volatile flavor compounds were found in cheonggukjang and doenjang, respectively. The most characteristic volatile flavor compounds in cheonggukjang are thought to be pyrazine compounds. In addition, acids, such as 2-methyl propanoic acid, butanoic acid, 2-methyl butanoic acid, and 3-methyl butanoic acid, contribute to aroma characteristics of cheonggukjang. On the other hand, ester compounds are the most predominant volatile flavor compounds in doenjang. Ninety six ester compounds were detected in doenjang while 22 ester compounds were identified in cheonggukjang. Pyrazine compounds and acids also play an important role in the flavor of doenjang. Compilation of volatile flavor compounds from cheonggukjang and doenjang will provide basic information to food industry to understand and improve aroma characteristics of cheonggukjang and doenjang.