• Title, Summary, Keyword: Double Jeopardy

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Does the double jeopardy phenomenon work?: Asian-Western cross-cultural validation. (이중위험은 여전히 작동되는 것인가? 아시아-서구권의 교차문화적 연구)

  • Son, YoungSeok;Na, KyoungSoo;Han, Sangpil
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.157-163
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    • 2019
  • This study empirically investigates the double jeopardy phenomenon in a Korean and a New Zealand context. The double jeopardy is that companies with a small market share tend to suffer not only smaller sales volumes but also suffer a lower price than the market leader. The research reported here analyses price and market share data for 14 categories of household goods in Korea and a smaller number in New Zealand. Analysis shows that, in Korea, leading brands do enjoy a price premium as predicted, of around 15%, but that there is little or no evidence of double jeopardy occurring in New Zealand. Based on this study, evidence suggests that market share is a strong valid strategic objective in the East.

Attention Behavior to Mobile Content: Focusing on Exposure and Involvement of Pikicast Content (모바일 콘텐츠에 대한 주목 행동: 피키캐스트 콘텐츠의 노출과 관여 행동을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Eun-Mee;Park, Hyun-Ah;Ihm, Jeniffer So-Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.12-21
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    • 2017
  • In this study, we divided attention to mobile contents into two dimensions (i.e., exposure and involvement), and explored the characteristics of and the relationship between the attention behaviors, using contents data from Pikicast. First, this study investigated the relationship between exposure and involvement in order to examine whether double-jeopardy effects appear in mobile contents as well. In addition, we examined how different attention behaviors differ according to platform and subject attributes(i.e., soft and hard). As a result, we found that there was a positive correlation between exposure and involvement in mobile platforms. Also, we found that the attention behaviors, especially sharing behaviors, were different in each platform. In terms of subject attributes, the attention indices such as the number of comments and sharing, which were immediate responses, were related to the soft content, whereas the attention indices such as the consumption time and the complete-read rate were related to the hard content requiring cognitive effort.This study is meaningful to understand the essence of the attention behavior in the mobile environment from a content - oriented perspective rather than the most existing research with a user - centered perspective.

A Legal Analysis of Identity Revelation of Malicious Crime's Suspect (강력범죄 피의자의 신상공개에 대한 법적 고찰)

  • Jeong, Cheol-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.7
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    • pp.156-168
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    • 2012
  • As the increase of violent crimes such as robbery, murder, and rape has become a social problem, the government is considering institutionalizing the identification of criminals to prevent crime and to guarantee people's right to know. Such an atmosphere led to the approval of the revision of 'Special Law On the Punishment of Specific violent Crimes' in the National Assembly in April 2010. The revision allows the revelation of the profiles of crime suspects including the pictures of their faces at the investigation stage. However, whether the revision had been effective in preventing crime has not been demonstrated empirically. Moreover, identity revelation is a grave intrusion into privacy and an abuse of human rights such as personal rights and the right to a fair trial, since personal information of criminal suspects would be released to the media prior to the court's final judgements. Also it violates the principle of presumption of innocence, the principles of due process, the principle of double jeopardy, the principle of prohibition against excessive, the principles of clarity, and the principle of liability.

A Study on Perceived Time Pressure and Time Use: Focusing on the Employed Men and Women in Korea by Using 1999 and 2009 Time Diary Data (취업남녀의 시간부족인식과 시간활용: 1999년과 2009년의 생활시간자료 비교)

  • Cha, Seung-Eun
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.131-151
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    • 2011
  • This study attempted to estimate the level of perceived lack of time in Korean society, to link it to time management and to identify the possible association that accounts for time shortage. I employed the gender perspective in order to reveal the dynamics and complexity of the perception of a lack of time in the population. The sample for the study was drawn from the 1999 and 2009 Korean time diary data collected by the Korean National Statistical Office. From the original data, I selected a sample of second shift families(men and women who are presently working and raising children) living in metropolitan areas(including Seoul and six major urban areas in Korea). The dependent variable was time pressure measured by a single-item question on a four-point likert scale. The results of the study showed that working mothers perceived a greater time shortage as compared to working fathers. The time use pattern showed change during the periods, indicating that people worked fewer hours in paid labor and enjoyed more leisure hours and personal care hours. However, on average, people seemed to have experienced a greater time lack in 2009 as compared to 1999. The results from the ordered logistic regression model revealed that even though there were similarities in the impact of relevant factors, men's perception of a lack of time was more closely linked with their work role and social status, while for women, this perception was influenced by work and family duties. This indicates that Korean working mothers and fathers are facing a double jeopardy of time shortage in terms of combining their work and family roles. As a result, the level of time pressure by gender is converging toward a "never enough" phase. These findings generated policy implications and detailed suggestions.

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Studies on Nutrient Intake and Food Habit of College Students in Taegu (대구지역 대학생의 식습관 및 영양섭취상태)

  • 최미자
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.32 no.8
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    • pp.918-926
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    • 1999
  • This study was an investigation of nutrient intake and food habit of college students in Taegu. A total of 200 apparently healthy college students living in Taegu were selected for the study. The 24-hour recall were obtained from subjects. The following anthropometric measurements were made on all participants: weight, height, waist and hip circumferences, and bioimpedence. Dietary habits and energy expenditure were examined through questionnaires. Among the subjects 8.3% were obese and 17.7% were underweight in male and 38.8%, respectively. The average intake of nutrients and energy were below the RDA in male(except protein, vitamin C and phosphate) and female(except vitamin C and phosphate), whereas phosphorus intakes well exceed the RDAs for both groups. Lowest mean intake as percentile of RDA were calcium and riboflavin in male, and calcium and iron in female. The mean adequacy ratio(MAR), an index of overall dietary quality was 0.735 for males and 0.730 for females. The index of nutritional quality (INQ) were under 1.0 for vitamin A(0.91), B2(0.628), Ca(0.074), Fe(0.845) in male students and vitamin B2(0.752), Ca(0.649), Fe(0.594) in female students. The alcohol consumption level was negatively correlated (p<.05)with thiamin, ascorbic acid, carbohydrate, and energy consumption in male students. Also the alcohol consumption was negatively correlated (p<.05) with milk consumption in male students. Thus, unfavorable nutritional patterns of alcohol drinkers put them at double jeopardy regarding micronutrient intake and bone health. In conclusion, this study indicates that nutrient intake in the college student in Taegu is considerably lower than RDA. Another important finding of this study is that an unacceptable calcium and iron status was prevalent in a high percentage of subjects in the college student.

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Ethnic Differences in the Adjustment to Poverty and Disability among Unmarried Elderly Americans : An Analysis of Multi-State Transitions in Living Arrangements from 1984-1990

  • 박경숙;프랜시스골드샤이더;로저애버리
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.123-151
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    • 1999
  • 미국사회에서 노인의 거주지 적응양식은 인종간에 차이가 크다. 일반적으로 소수인종노인은 백인 노인에 비하여 자녀와 함께 사는 경향이 강하다. 이에 대하여 문화적 입장에서는 소수인종은 백인에 비하여 가족부양규범이 강하다고 주장한다. 다른 한편 경제적 입장에서는 소수인종은 그들의 생애를 지배하는 빈곤 때문에 규모의 경제를 통하여 가계비용을 줄이기 위하여 확대가족을 유지할 수밖에 없다고 주장한다. 본 연구는 노인이 질병과 빈곤에 적응하는 방식에 있어 인종간 차이를 검토함으로써 기존의 경제학적 논의와 문화적 논의의 적합성을 검정하는데 목적을 두고 있다. 이를 위하여 노인의 거주지 적응에 대한 문화적 영향과 관련하여 두가지 가설을 검정하고 있다. 첫째, 소수인종 노인은 백인노인에 비하여 빈곤과 질병상황에서 가족으로부터 더 오랜기간 보호를 받는지를 검토한다. 둘째, 소수인종 노인은 백인노인에 비하여 건강이 악화될 때 더욱 신속하게 가족으로부터 보호를 받을 수 있는지를 검토한다. 분석을 위해서 1984년에서 1990년기간 동안 실시된 "고령화에 대한 종단적 조사(Longitudinal Survey on Aging)"를 이용하여 마르코비안 다중생명표 모형과 사건분석을 수행하였다. 본 연구결과에 따르면 소수인종 노인은 가족부양규범의 문화적 이점을 그다지 크게 다지고 있지 않다. 인종간 사망력과 시설입소의 차이를 통제할 때, 소수인종 노인은 백인노인에 비하여 보다 흔하게 자녀동거에서 단독거주형태로 혹은 그 반대방향으로 거주지 변화를 경험하고 있다. 백인 노인은 소수인종에 비하여 질병상태와 관련하여 자녀와 동거하는 경향이 더 강하다. 사망력과 시설입소의 인종간 차이를 통제할 때 소수인종노인이 백인노인보다 쉽게 자녀동거에서 단독거주로 이행하는데 이는 소수인종에서 가족부양체계가 불안정함을 의미한다. 또한 빈곤시에 소수인종 노인은 백인노인에 비하여 쉽게 자녀와 떨어져 살게 된다. 이러한 결과는 소수인종 노인에 대한 가족의 지원은 그 가족의 경제적 제약속에서 매우 안정적이지 못함을 시사한다. 못함을 시사한다.

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On the Cross of Disability and Old Age (장애인에서 노인으로: 장애와 노령의 접점에서 살펴본 장애인의 나이 들어감에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Yu Ri;Kim, Cheong Seok;Kim, Kyung Mee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.68 no.4
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    • pp.143-167
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    • 2016
  • While there have been numerous studies on various issues of aging of the individuals and the population, little is known about the process and consequences of aging of the disabled. Aging is irreversible for the disabled as well as for the not-disabled. With the advances of age, the disabled confront double jeopardy from disability and old age. This study aims to explore the meaning of aging and death for 40s and 50s living with disability for more than 20 years. It utilizes the data set collected through focus groups discussions of the disabled The cases in our analysis are composed of the disabled capable of articulating their feelings and thoughts. Thus, they are selected from the less privileged ones. The analysis shows that aging of the disabled, often involving secondary disability, overwhelms their current disability. Nonetheless, it does not necessary mean that they become an ordinary elderly person. Rather they still feel exclusion from the elderly for their disability. As getting older they turn to face social barrier for both disability and old age. Also, they are trying to live their present lives in full while accepting the presence of death Our findings are hoped to help to understand how the disabled get old and view their death in their own way.

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