• Title, Summary, Keyword: Drone

Search Result 637, Processing Time 0.037 seconds

A Study on Utilization of Drone for Public Sector by Analysis of Drone Industry (국내외 드론산업 동향 분석을 통한 공공분야에서의 드론 활용방안에 대한 연구)

  • Sim, Seungbae;Kwon, Hunyeong;Jung, Hosang
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.25-39
    • /
    • 2016
  • The drone is an unmanned aerial vehicle which has no human pilot. Drones can be classified into military drones, commercial drones, and personal drones by usage. Also, drones can be classified from large-sized to nano-sized drone by size and autonomous, remote controlled drone by control type. Especially, military drones can be classified into low-altitude drones, medium-altitude, and high-altitude drones by altitude. Recently, the drone industry is one of the fast growing industries in the world. As drone technologies have become more advanced and cost-effective, Korean government has set its goal to become a top-level country in drone business. However, the government's strict regulation for drone operations is one of the biggest hurdles for the development of the related technologies in Korea and other countries. For example, critical problems for drone delivery can be classified into technical issues and institutional issues. Technical issues include durability, conditional awareness, grasp and release mechanisms, collision avoidance systems, drone operating system. Institutional issues include pilot and operator licensing, privacy rules, noise guidelines, security rules, education for drone police. This study analyzes the trends of the drone industry from the viewpoint of technology and regulation. Also, we define the business areas of drone utilization. Especially, the drone business types or models for public sector are proposed. Drone services or functions promoting public interests need to be aligned with the business reference model of Korean government. To define ten types of drone uses for public sector, we combine the business types of government with the future uses of drones that are proposed by futurists and business analysts. Future uses of drones can be divided into three sectors or services. First, drone services for public or military sectors include early warning systems, emergency services, news reporting, police drones, library drones, healthcare drones, travel drones. Second, drone services for commercial or industrial services include parcel delivery drones, gaming drones, sporting drones, farming and agriculture drones, ranching drones, robotic arm drones. Third, drone services for household sector include smart home drones.

A Study on Drone's Liability on Flight in South Korea

  • Kwak, Young-Am
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
    • /
    • v.14 no.3
    • /
    • pp.5-10
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose - This paper analyzed the accident of drone and related insurance goods which can be coverable with regard to drone accident. The study range is limited in the owner's care, custody, and the control of drone in South Korea, but military area and law and regulation of the drone would be exceptional. Research design, data, and methodology - With regard to drone's flight, drone can make possible risks and can give severe damage to the people. To carry out this research, literature survey and review such as journal, thesis and publications were adopted. Results - As for the insurance coverage from drone's accident involved in the purpose of business, insurance coverage depends on 'commercial general liability insurance'. However, in case of personal hobby including leasure intention, insurance coverage depends on 'living liability insurance'. Conclusions - From a drone's accident, operator and owner of the drone may face the property damage to the drone itself, and then can give severe damage or loss to the people such as physical injuries and property damage. Peoples should be concerned about having the awareness of drone's accident with insurance coverage.

A Study on Control of Drone Swarms Using Depth Camera (Depth 카메라를 사용한 군집 드론의 제어에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Seong-Ho;Kim, Dong-Han;Han, Kyong-Ho
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
    • /
    • v.67 no.8
    • /
    • pp.1080-1088
    • /
    • 2018
  • General methods of controlling a drone are divided into manual control and automatic control, which means a drone moves along the route. In case of manual control, a man should be able to figure out the location and status of a drone and have a controller to control it remotely. When people control a drone, they collect information about the location and position of a drone with the eyes and have its internal information such as the battery voltage and atmospheric pressure delivered through telemetry. They make a decision about the movement of a drone based on the gathered information and control it with a radio device. The automatic control method of a drone finding its route itself is not much different from manual control by man. The information about the position of a drone is collected with the gyro and accelerator sensor, and the internal information is delivered to the CPU digitally. The location information of a drone is collected with GPS, atmospheric pressure sensors, camera sensors, and ultrasound sensors. This paper presents an investigation into drone control by a remote computer. Instead of using the automatic control function of a drone, this approach involves a computer observing a drone, determining its movement based on the observation results, and controlling it with a radio device. The computer with a Depth camera collects information, makes a decision, and controls a drone in a similar way to human beings, which makes it applicable to various fields. Its usability is enhanced further since it can control common commercial drones instead of specially manufactured drones for swarm flight. It can also be used to prevent drones clashing each other, control access to a drone, and control drones with no permit.

Trends in Low Altitude Small Drone Identification Technology and Standardization (저고도 소형드론 식별 기술 및 표준화 동향)

  • Kang, K.M.;Park, J.C.;Choi, S.N.;Oh, J.H.;Hwang, S.H.
    • Electronics and Telecommunications Trends
    • /
    • v.34 no.6
    • /
    • pp.164-174
    • /
    • 2019
  • This article presents low altitude small drone identification trends at home and abroad. To reduce the dysfunction caused by the proliferation of drones worldwide, there is a growing interest in remote identification technologies that can identify the basic information of the drone. First, this article introduces policy trends in major countries. US, Europe, and China have recently provided recommendations regarding technologies available for the remote identification and tracking of a drone. Next, standardization activities on identification communications and identification systems are introduced. For this, standards organizations for the small drone identification, such as the International Organization for Standardization, IEEE 802, Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics, International Civil Aviation Organization, and $3^{rd}$ Generation Partnership Project, are investigated. Finally, drone identification technology trends are introduced. In the US and Europe, various drone identification technologies have been studied to identify a drone owner and drone registration information with a drone identifier. In South Korea, drone identification technology is still in its infancy, whereas drone detection and physical counterattack technologies are somewhat more developed. As such, major drone manufacturers are also currently studying and developing drone identification systems.

The Proposal for Solution of Problems from Drone Operation by Examine Cases (사례로 살펴본 드론 활용 문제점에 따른 방향성 제시)

  • Choi, Heesik;Cho, Yanghyun
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Digital Industry and Information Management
    • /
    • v.12 no.3
    • /
    • pp.55-64
    • /
    • 2016
  • Recently, unmanned aerial vehicle, also known as drone is being used in variety of areas. Previously drones are used as military purposes. After unmanned technology went abroad to civil, drones are used as multipurpose such as hobby, business and other more. Even though drones are very useful in many areas, problems such as safety and personal privacy infringement raised new social issues. In this thesis it will analyze and suggest solutions to the social problems of personal privacy infringement which occurred by drone filming. This thesis will also suggest that new law of drone safety must legislate quickly. Drone is exploration of new filed. Varies of new technology help to grow drone industries. Drone is able to complete tasks which are impossible or very difficult to do. To constantly grow drone industries, people must have solutions for problems of drone. If people can figure out solutions problem of drone which introduced by this thesis, value of drone will grow even more.

A Study on Dispute Resolution and Policy Problem in the Drone Logistics Industry (드론 물류산업의 분쟁해결과 정책적 과제)

  • Park, Jong-Sam
    • Journal of Arbitration Studies
    • /
    • v.26 no.4
    • /
    • pp.151-179
    • /
    • 2016
  • Emerging as a strategic domain of the service industry, the drone logistics industry is evolving into a zero effort industry, which realizes smart device service ranging from corporate services to daily customer services. The role of the drone industry is becoming increasingly important in strengthening national competitiveness, as well as corporate competitiveness, beyond the strengthening of product competitiveness. Although drones have various strengths and weaknesses for industries, there are plenty of possibilities for diverse disputes and conflicts due to lack of related laws, regulations, and institutional norms, as well as unsolved problems related to technologies and operations; that is, there are still policy tasks and problems to be solved such as unauthorized seizure of drones, hacking, protection of personal privacy, safety concerns, regulation and limitation of flying areas, damage relief, and dispute settlements. Thus, in order to vitalize the drone industry as a future growth engine while responding to the changes in the environment of the drone industry in Korea and overseas and to strengthen national and corporate competitiveness by harmonizing with advanced management innovations, it is necessary to conduct in-depth discussions and review policy issues related to the vitalization of the drone industry. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to review the domestic and overseas realities and statuses of the drone logistics industry and application cases, analyze policies regarding the drone logistics industry of each country, review general theories on the solution of disputes arising out of the transactions in the drone logistics industry, and, as a conclusion, suggest desirable policy issues for the vitalization of the drone logistics industry in Korea.

Exploring the Social Proxemics of Human-Drone Interaction

  • Han, Jeonghye;Moore, Dylan;Bae, Ilhan
    • International journal of advanced smart convergence
    • /
    • v.8 no.2
    • /
    • pp.1-7
    • /
    • 2019
  • Drones will evolve from military to personal or social purposes. How can people socially interact with a drone that is familiar to them? This study explored the social proximity of human drone interaction with safety glass wall between participants and drone. The experiment results showed that drone's altitude, size and gender factor did not significantly affect social proxemics as to what extent participants got closer to hovering drones by the limitation of the distance from the safety wall. However, it shows a tendency that participants more closely approached an eye-level drone compared with an overhead drone, and females tended to approach more closely males. This study consequently demonstrated that most participants are nearly ready to allow a near field operation of social drone under safe conditions.

Heuristic Method for Collaborative Parcel Delivery with Drone

  • Chung, Jibok
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
    • /
    • v.16 no.2
    • /
    • pp.19-24
    • /
    • 2018
  • Purpose - Drone delivery is expected to revolutionize the supply chain industry. This paper aims to introduce a collaborative parcel delivery problem by truck and drone (hereinafter called "TDRP") and propose a novel heuristic method to solve the problem. Research design, data, and methodology - To show the effectiveness of collaborative delivery by truck and drone, we generate a toy problem composed of 9 customers and the speed of drone is assumed to be two times faster than truck. We compared the delivery completion times by 'truck only' case and 'truck and drone' case by solving the optimization problem respectively. Results - We provide literature reviews for truck and drone routing problem for collaborative delivery and propose a novel and original heuristic method to solve the problem with numerical example. By numerical example, collaborative delivery is expected to reduce delivery completion time by 12~33% than 'truck only' case. Conclusions - In this paper, we introduce the TDRP in order for collaborative delivery to be effective and propose a novel and original heuristic method to solve the problem. The results of research will be help to develop effective heuristic solution and optimize the parcel delivery by using drone.

Development of Simulator for Weight-Variable Type Drone Base on Kinetics (무게-가변형 드론을 위한 동역학 기반 시뮬레이터 개발)

  • Bai, Jin Feng;Kim, Jung Hwan;Kim, Shik
    • IEMEK Journal of Embedded Systems and Applications
    • /
    • v.15 no.3
    • /
    • pp.149-157
    • /
    • 2020
  • Regarding previously-developed drone simulators, it was easy to check their flight stability or controlling functions based on the condition that their weight was fixed from the design. However, the drone is largely classified into two types that is the one with the fixed weight whose purpose is recording video with camera and racing and another is whole weight-variable during flight with loading the articles for delivery and spraying pesticide though the weight of airframe is fixed. The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the structure of drone and its flight principle, suggest dynamics-model-based simulator that is capable of simulating weight-variable drone and develop the simulator that can be used for designing main control board, motor and transmission along the application of weight-variable drone. Weight-variable simulator was developed by using various calculation to apply flying method of drone to the simulator. First, ground coordinate system and airframe-fixing coordinate system were established and switching matrix of those two coordinates were made. Then, dynamics model of drone was established using the law of Newton and moment balance principle. Dynamics model was established in Simulink platform and simulation experiment was carried out by changing the weight of drone. In order to evaluate the validity of developed weight-variable simulator, it was compared to the results of clean flight public simulator against existing weight-fixed drone. Lastly, simulation test was performed with the developed weight-variable simulation by changing the weight of drone. It was found out that dynamics model controlled various flying positions of drone well from simulation and the possibility of securing the optimum condition of weight-variable drone that has flying stability and easiness of controlling.

The Effect of Local Residents' Recognition Factors on Drone Capability on Industry Revitalization - On the basis of demand satisfaction - (지역주민의 드론 역량 강화요인 인식이 산업 활성화에 미치는 영향 - 수요만족도를 매개로 -)

  • Han, Gab-Su
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
    • /
    • v.10 no.11
    • /
    • pp.125-130
    • /
    • 2019
  • The utilization and value of drones are increasing throughout society. However, there was a lack of government support and investment such as lack of technology of domestic drone companies, regulation of loans and lack of technology evaluation items. Therefore, this paper conducts statistical analysis to derive what drone capacity should be strengthened for the drone industry activation in Daegu. As a result, the demand satisfaction(price, quality, service) of drones leads to revitalization of drone industry when the physical, social, and policy factors among drones are strengthened. In conclusion, drone capacity to be strengthened in order to revitalize the drone industry in Korea is based on physical factors(drone demand, development, number of registrations, number of businesses and workers), social factors(national level public relations, establishment of public education institutes, correct understanding of drone occupation, preception), policy factors(privacy measures, government funding, legislation and system easing). As for the three factors, the government, industry, and drone operators are expected to have a bright future when the trinity is improved and complemented.