• Title, Summary, Keyword: Dual Codebook

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Performance Analysis of Dual-Layer Differential Precoding Technique Using 8-PSK Constellation (8-PSK 성운을 이용하는 이중계층 차분 선부호화 기법의 성능 분석)

  • Park, Noe-Yoon;Kim, Young-Ju
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.38A no.5
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    • pp.401-408
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    • 2013
  • Dual-layer differential codebook using 8-PSK (phase shift keying) constellation as its codeword elements, is proposed for Long term evolution (LTE) and/or LTE-Advanced systems. Due to the temporal correlation of the adjacent channel matrices, the consecutive precoding matrices are likely to be similar. This approach quantize only the differential information of the channel instead of the whole channel subspace, which virtually increase the codebook size to realize more accurate quantization of the channel. Especially, the proposed codebook has the same properties of LTE release-8 codebook that is, constant modulus, complexity reduction, and nested property. The mobile station can be designed by using less expensive non-linear amplifier utilizing constant modulus property. Computer simulations show that the capacity of the proposed dual-layer codebook performs almost 1.2dB better than those of any other non-differential codebooks with the same amount of feedback information.

A Novel Dual-Layer Differential Equal Gain Transmission Technique Using M-PSK Constellations (M-PSK 성운을 이용한 새로운 이중계층 차분 동 이득 전송 기술)

  • Kim, Young-Ju;Seo, Chang-Won
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.26 no.7
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    • pp.627-635
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    • 2015
  • We propose a dual-layer differential equal-gain codebook design methodology for LTE-Advanced(LTE-A), IEEE802.ac, and radar system having multiple transmit and receive antennas, and make computer simulations to evaluate its link-level performaces. M-ary phase shift keying constellation is used as its codeword elements to utilize low-cost power amplifiers at mobile stations. Especially, the proposed codebook can meet radar systems requirement for the high-powered equal-gain transmission property. Due to the temporal correlation of the adjacent channel, the proposed differential codebook can quantize only the differential information of the channel instead of the whole channel subspace, which virtually increase the codebook size to realize more accurate quantization of the channel. The proposed codebook has the same properties of LTE codebook that is, constant modulus, complexity reduction, and nested property. Computer simulations show that the proposed codebook performs better than the conventional 8-ary codebooks with the same amount of feedback information.

Space-Polarization Division Multiple Access System with Limited Feedback

  • Joung, Heejin;Jo, Han-Shin;Mun, Cheol;Yook, Jong-Gwan
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.1292-1306
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    • 2014
  • This paper proposes a space-polarization division multiple access (SPDMA) system that has limited feedback channels. The system simultaneously serves data streams to multiple mobile users through dual-polarized antenna arrays, by using pre-determined sets of precoding vectors that are orthogonal in both space and polarization domains. To this end, a codebook whose elements are sets of the precoding vectors is systematically designed based on the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) matrix and considering the power imbalance of polarized channels. Throughput of the SPDMA system is evaluated and compared to that of space division multiple access (SDMA) system, according to the various parameters including cross polarization discrimination (XPD). The results show that the throughput of SPDMA system outperforms that of SDMA in the environments of high XPD with many mobile users.

A Study on the performance improvement of the CELP coder by the structure of dual codebook (2중 코드북 구조를 통한 CELP 음성부호화기의 성능 향상에 관한 연구)

  • 김종우;김응곤;한승조
    • Proceedings of the Korean Information Science Society Conference
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    • pp.271-273
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    • 1999
  • 본 논문에서는 CELP 부호화기의 계산량을 줄이면서도 고음질의 음성을 합성할 수 있는 코드북 구조를 제안한다. 제안한 코드북 구조는 불규칙 코드북과 희박 중첩형 코드북 두 개의 코드북의 합으로 여기 신호를 표현한다. codebook I에서 잔류신호와 오차가 적은 여기신호열을 구한 후, 이 여기신호열에 codebook II의 여기신호열을 합하여 최적의 여기신호열을 구한다. 또한 이로 인한 전송비트수의 증가를 막기위해 홀수 프레임에서는 두 개 코드북의 index를, 짝수 프레임에서는 codebook I의 여기신호열은 그대로 사용하고 codebook II에서만 검색하여 전송하는 방법을 사용하였다. 이러한 2중 코드북 구조는 두 개의 여신호열의 합으로 표현되고 각각의 서로 다른 코드북 이득을 사용하기 때문에 정확한 이득을 표현할 수 있어 기존의 개선 알고리듬보다 더 나은 음질을 제공할 수 있다. 검색시간이 빠르고, 본 코드북 구조를 갖는 4.8kbps CELP형 부호화기를 설계하여 컴퓨터 모의 실험한 결과, 같은 전송률을 갖는 DoD CELP 부호화기보다 segSNR가 0.53dB 더 높게 나타났다.

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Preceding Scheme for Dual Spatial Multiplexing Systems with Limited Feedback (제한된 피드백 정보를 이용하는 이중 공간 다중화 시스템의 Preceding 기법)

  • Lee, Myoung-Won;Mun, Cheol;Yook, Jong-Gwan
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.1224-1230
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, for spatial multiplexing with limited feedback, a precoding scheme is proposed based on the joint use of minimal instantaneous feedback and long-term feedback of a small number of bits, wherein the long-term feedback is used to convey a selected preceding matrix within a precodercodebook consisting of a number of unitary matrices, and the active column vectors of the selected unitary matrix are conveyed to the transmitter using instantaneous feedback. Focusing on the case of dual multi-input multi-output(MIMO) systems, precoder codebook design for maximizing the average throughput of a spatial multiplexing system with a zero-forcing(ZF) receiver is proposed. It is shown that the proposed scheme provides a considerable throughput enhancement over multi-mode antenna selection and multi-mode basis selection only with the additional long-yterm feedback of a small number of bits. For example, the throughput increases by 11.5 % than antenna selection and 5.1% than basis selection, respectively, when SNR=20 dB.

The Research of Reducing the Fixed Codebook Search Time of G.723.1 MP-MLQ (잡음 환경에서의 전송율 감소를 위한 G.723.1 VAD 성능개선에 관한 연구)

  • 김정진;박영호;배명진
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.98-101
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    • 2000
  • On CELP type Vocoders G.723.1 6.3kbps/5.3kbps Dual Rate Speech Codec, which is developed for Internet Phone and videoconferencing, uses VAD(Voice Activity Detection)/CNG (Comfort Noise Generator) in order to reduce the bit rate in a silence period. In order to reduce the bit rate effectively in this paper, we first set the boundary condition of the energy threshold to prevent the consumption of unnecessary processing time, and use three decision rules to detect an active frame by energy, pitch gain and LSP distance. To evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm we use silence-inserted speech data with 0, 5, 10, 20dB of SNR. As a result when SNR is over 5dB, the bit rate is reduced up to about 40% without speech degradation and the processing time is additionally decreased.

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An Algorithm on Improving a Pitch Searching by Energy Compensation in a Frame for Vocoder (보코더에서 프레임별 에너지 보상에 의한 피치검색 성능 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Baek, Geum-Ran;Min, So-Yeon;Bae, Myung-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.7
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    • pp.3188-3193
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    • 2012
  • It is important to search a pitch for vocoder. The major drawback to vocoders is their large computational requirements in searching a pitch and a codebook. In this paper, a simple method is proposed to improve the pitch searching process in the pitch filter almost without degradation of quality. The period of speech signal is emphasized by using Dual Pulse technique, the same type of autocorrelation method, in pitch search. Sometimes the incorrect pitch can be obtained by halving, doubling and trifling, To solve it, before searching a pitch, we estimate energy rate in a frame and compensate envelop of signal with it. By using the proposed algorithm in pitch search, its required computation are reduced and searching pitch is improved.

Secrecy Performances of Multicast Underlay Cognitive Protocols with Partial Relay Selection and without Eavesdropper's Information

  • Duy, Tran Trung;Son, Pham Ngoc
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.9 no.11
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    • pp.4623-4643
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    • 2015
  • This paper considers physical-layer security protocols in multicast cognitive radio (CR) networks. In particular, we propose dual-hop cooperative decode-and-forward (DF) and randomize-and-forward (RF) schemes using partial relay selection method to enhance secrecy performance for secondary networks. In the DF protocol, the secondary relay would use same codebook with the secondary source to forward the source's signals to the secondary destination. Hence, the secondary eavesdropper can employ either maximal-ratio combining (MRC) or selection combining (SC) to combine signals received from the source and the selected relay. In RF protocol, different codebooks are used by the source and the relay to forward the source message secretly. For each scheme, we derive exact and asymptotic closed-form expressions of secrecy outage probability (SOP), non-zero secrecy capacity probability (NzSCP) in both independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.) and independent but non-identically distributed (i.n.i.d.) networks. Moreover, we also give a unified formula in an integral form for average secrecy capacity (ASC). Finally, our derivations are then validated by Monte-Carlo simulations.

Recent Trend of the Technology Development for Multiuser MIMO based on LTE-Advanced Standard (LTE-Advanced 표준에 바탕을 둔 다중사용자 MIMO의 기술개발 현황)

  • Lee, Byung-Ju;Lim, Chae-Man;Shim, Byong-Hyo
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea TC
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.18-25
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    • 2012
  • As the demand for smart phone user is rapidly increasing in recent years, the development of new mobile communication system which provides more improved quality compared to existing 3G standard is highly requested. In this point, the long-term evolution (LTE) system, which was being developed in mid of 2000's, has attracted a considerable attention. The LTE has been developed continuously to result a release 10 which is called as LTE-Advanced (LTE-A) in 2010. Among various features in LTE-A, the multiuser MIMO (MU-MIMO) design is expected to give better quality for throughput, spectral efficiency, and latency. In this paper, we first review the development process from LTE to LTE-A. We also provide the overview of design challenges and specific solutions for MU-MIMO systems developed in LTE-Advanced standard.

Resource Allocation based on Quantized Feedback for TDMA Wireless Mesh Networks

  • Xu, Lei;Tang, Zhen-Min;Li, Ya-Ping;Yang, Yu-Wang;Lan, Shao-Hua;Lv, Tong-Ming
    • IEIE Transactions on Smart Processing and Computing
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.160-167
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    • 2013
  • Resource allocation based on quantized feedback plays a critical role in wireless mesh networks with a time division multiple access (TDMA) physical layer. In this study, a resource allocation problem was formulated based on quantized feedback for TDMA wireless mesh networks that minimize the total transmission power. Three steps were taken to solve the optimization problem. In the first step, the codebook of the power, rate and equivalent channel quantization threshold was designed. In the second step, the timeslot allocation criterion was deduced using the primal-dual method. In the third step, a resource allocation scheme was developed based on quantized feedback using the stochastic optimization tool. The simulation results show that the proposed scheme not only reduces the total transmission power, but also has the advantage of quantized feedback.

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