• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ductile Short-fiber

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Reinforcing Characteristics on Volume and Shape of Ductile Short-Fiber in Brittle Matrix Composites (취성기지 복합재료에서 연성 단섬유의 함유량 및 형상에 관한 보강특성)

  • Sin, Ik-Jae;Lee, Dong-Ju
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.250-258
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    • 2000
  • The reinforcing effects of ductile short-fiber reinforced brittle matrix composites are studied by, measuring flexural strength, fracture toughness and impact energy as functions of fiber volume fraction and length. The parameters of fracture mechanics, K and J are applied to assess fracture toughness and bridging stress. It is found that fracture toughness is greatly, influenced by the bridging stress ill which fiber pull-out is occur. For the reinforcing effects as functions of fiber volume fraction($V_f$ = 1, 2, 3 %) and length(L = 3, 6. 10cm), the flexural strength is maximum at $V_f$ = 1% and both fracture toughness.

Effects of Matrix Ductility on the Shear Performance of Precast Reinforced HPFRCC Coupling Beams

  • Yun Hyun-Do;Kim Sun-Woo;Jeon Esther;Park Wan Shin
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.53-56
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    • 2005
  • This paper investigates the effect of ductile deformation behavior of high performance hybrid fiber-reinforced cement composites (HPHFRCCs) on the shear behavior of coupling beams to lateral load reversals. The matrix ductility and the reinforcement layout were the main variables of the tests. Three short coupling beams with two different reinforcement arrangements and matrixes were tested. They were subjected to cyclic loading by a suitable experimental setup. All specimens were characterized by a shear span-depth ratio of 1.0. The reinforcement layouts consisted of a classical scheme and diagonal scheme without confining ties. The effects of matrix ductility on deflections, strains, crack widths, crack patterns, failure modes, and ultimate shear load of coupling beams have been examined. The combination of a ductile cementitious matrix and steel reinforcement is found to result in improved energy dissipation capacity, simplification of reinforcement details, and damage-tolerant inelastic deformation behavior. Test results showed that the HPFRCC coupling beams behaved better than normal reinforced concrete control beams. These results were produced by HPHFRCC's tensile deformation capacity, damage tolerance and tensile strength.

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Unconfined Compressive Strength of Cemented Sand Reinforced with Short Fibers (단섬유를 사용한 시멘트 혼합토의 일축압축강도 특성)

  • Park, Sung-Sik;Kim, Young-Su;Choi, Sun-Gyu;Shin, Shi-Eon
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.28 no.4C
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    • pp.213-220
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    • 2008
  • A study on cemented sand reinforced with short fibers was carried out to improve its unconfined compressive strength and brittle behavior. Nak-dong River sand was mixed with Portland cement and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) fibers. A PVA fiber widely used for concrete reinforcement is randomly distributed into cemented sand. Nak-dong River sand, cement and fibers with optimum water content were compacted in 5 layers and then cured for 7 days. The effect of fiber reinforcement rather than cementation was emphasized by using a small amount of cement. Weakly cemented sand with a cement/sand ratio less than 8% was fiber-reinforced with different fiber ratios and tested for unconfined compression tests. The effect of fiber ratio and cement ratio on unconfined compressive strength was investigated. Fiber-reinforced cemented sand with 2% cement ratio showed up to six times strength to non-reinforced cemented sand. Because of ductile behavior of fiber-reinforced specimens, an axial strain at peak stress of specimens with 2% cement ratio increases up to 7% as a fiber ratio increases. The effect of 1% fiber addition into 2% cemented sand on friction angle and cohesion was analyzed separately. When the fiber reinforcement is related to friction angle increase, the 8% of applied stress transferred to 1% fibers within specimens.

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Flexural and Impact Resisting Performance of HPFRCCs Using Hybrid PVA Fibers (하이브리드 PVA 섬유를 이용한 HPFRCCs의 휨 및 충격 성능 평가)

  • Kim, Young-Woo;Min, Kyung-Hwan;Yang, Jun-Mo;Yoon, Young-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.705-712
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    • 2009
  • HPFRCCs (high-performance fiber reinforced cementitious composites), which is relatively more ductile and has the characteristic of high toughness with high fiber volume fractions, can be used in structures subjected to extreme loads and exposed to durability problems. In the case of PVA (polyvinyl alcohol) fiber, it is noted by former studies that around 2% fiber volume fractions contributes to the most effective performance at HPFRCCs. In this study, flexural tests were carried out to evaluate the flexural behavior of HPFRCCs and to optimize mix proportions. Two sets of hybrid fiber reinforced high performance specimens with total fiber volume fraction of 2 % were tested: the first set prepared by addition of short and long PVA fibers at different combination of fiber volume fractions, and the second set by addition of steel. In addition, in order to assess the performances of the HPFRCCs against to high strain rates, drop weight tests were conducted. Lastly, the sprayed FRP was applied on the bottom surface of specimens to compare their impact responses with non-reinforcing specimens. The experimental results showed that the specimen prepared with 1.6% short fibers (REC 15) and 0.4% long fiber (RF4000) outperformed the other specimens under flexure, and impact loading.

Flexural Performance Evaluation of HPFRCC Using Hybrid PVA Fibers (하이브리드 PVA 섬유를 이용한 HPFRCC의 휨 성능 평가)

  • Kim, Young-Woo;Min, Kyung-Hwan;Yang, Jun-Mo;Yoon, Young-Soo
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.753-756
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    • 2008
  • HPFRCC (High-Performance Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Composites), which is relatively more ductile and has the characteristic of high toughness with high fiber volume fractions, can be used in structures subjected to extreme loads and exposed to durability problems. In the case of using PVA(polyvinyl alcohol) fibers, it is noted by former studies that around 2% fiber volume fractions contributes to the most effective performance at HPFRCC. In this study, therefore, compressive and flexural tests were implemented to evaluate the compressive and flexural capacities of HPFRCC while the total fiber volume fractions was fixed at 2% and two different PVA fibers were used with variable fiber volume fractions to control the micro-crack and macro-crack with short and long fibers, respectively. Moreover, specimens reinforced with steel and PVA fiber simultaneously were also tested to estimate their behavior and finally find out the optimized mixture. In the result of these experiments, the specimen consists of 1.6% short fibers (REC 15) and 0.4% long fiber (RF4000) outperformed other specimens. When a little steel fibers added to the mixture with 2% PVA fibers, the flexural capacity was increased, however, when high steel fiber volume fractions applied, the flexural capacity was decreased.

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The Effects of Steel-Fiber Reinforcement on High Strength Concrete Replaced with Recycled Coarse Aggregates More Than 60% (순환굵은골재 60% 이상 사용한 고강도 콘크리트에 대한 강섬유 보강 효과)

  • Kim, Yoon-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Recycled Construction Resources Institute
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.404-417
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the extent to which the deterioration in strength of high strength concrete of 60MPa replaced by a large amount of recycled coarse aggregates (more than 60% to 100% of replacement ratio) could be recovered with steel fiber reinforcement through material compressive strength test and shear failure test on short and middle beams and then to offer useful data for aggregate supply system of a sustainable resource circulation type. This study first examined the results of previous related tests. The results of the material compressive strength tests confirmed that when using a combination of steel fiber reinforcements of volumn ratio 0.75% and high quality recycled coarse aggregates with an water absorption rate within 2.0%, the strength characteristics of high strength concrete of 60MPa level were not only restored to the strength level of concrete made with natural aggregates, but also showed superior ductility. And the shear failure tests on short and middle beams using recycled coarse aggregates more than 60% with shear span to depth ratio (a/d) of 2 and 4 controlled by shear forces mainly confirmed that effects of superior shear strength increase and ductile behavior characteristics were showed by steel fiber reinforcements.

A Study on the Fatigue Crack Propagation Behavior of $Al_2O_3/AC4C$ Composites Made by Squeeze Casting Process (용탕단조법으로 제조된 $Al_2O_3/AC4C$ 복합재료의 피로균열 전파거동에 관한 연구)

  • Yeo, In-Dong;Lee, Chi-Hwan
    • Journal of Korea Foundry Society
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.388-396
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    • 1995
  • This study has been conducted with the purpose of examining the fatigue crack growth characteristics of $Al_2O_3$ short fiber reinforced aluminum matrix composites made by squeeze casting process with different applied pressure and binder amount. Fatigue crack growth experiments have been performed under constant load amplitude method with a fixed load ratio. The rate of crack propagation was decreased with binder amount as well as applied pressure. Also fatigue crack growth path in matrix was changed from flat to rough mode with an increase of applied pressure. In the composites, fatigue crack was propagated to interface between matrix and reinforcement at 10MPa, but it was propagated to reinforcement at 20MPa. The major reason of thee result was considered that interfacial bonding force and microstructure of matrix were improved due to an increase of applied pressure. Localized ductile striation in the composites was observed at low growth rate region and such a phenominon was remarkable with an increase of applied pressure. At high growth rate region, the propensity of fracture appearance was changed from interfacial debonding to reinforcement fracture with an increase of applied pressure.

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