• Title, Summary, Keyword: Duroc

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Comparison of Carcass Characteristics and Meat Quality between Duroc and Crossbred Pigs

  • Choi, Jung-Seok;Lee, Hyun-Jin;Jin, Sang-Keun;Choi, Yang-Il;Lee, Jae-Joon
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.238-244
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to compare the carcass characteristics and meat quality characteristics of Duroc breed and crossbred pigs (Landrace ${\times}$ Yorkshire ${\times}$ Duroc, LYD). Duroc and crossbred pigs did not show differences in carcass characteristics. Crossbred pigs had higher moisture and protein content than Duroc breeds. However, Duroc breeds had a higher fat content than the crossbred pigs. In meat quality characteristics, crossbred pigs showed higher values of drip loss and cooking loss over Duroc breeds, while Duroc breeds showed higher ultimate pH value compared to that of crossbred pigs. However, there were no differences in water holding capacity and shear force value. In myoglobin content, crossbred pigs had higher content compared to that in the Duroc population. In subjective evaluation and sensory characteristics, Duroc breeds showed significantly higher scores in all categories except for tenderness over the crossbred pigs. However, in storage characteristics, Duroc breeds showed reduced tendency relative to crossbred pigs. Crossbred pigs had higher unsaturated fatty acid content than Duroc breeds did. In these results, Duroc breeds showed excellent meat quality characteristics with its higher intramuscular fat content and pH value, lower drip loss and cooking loss and higher juiciness and flavor, compared to the crossbred pigs.

Complete Mitochondrial Genome Sequence and Genetic Diversity of Duroc Breed (돼지 Duroc 품종에서 미토콘드리아 유전체 서열의 특성과 집단의 유전적 다양성)

  • Cho, 1.C.;Han, S.H.;Choi, Y.L.;Ko, M.S.;Lee, J.G;Lee, J.H;Jeon, J .T
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.937-946
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    • 2004
  • Duroc is widely used to improve the meat quality and productivity. To elucidate the phylogenetic relation and the sequence specificity for the maternal property, the complete sequence of mitochondrial genome was determined and the population diversity of Duroc was investigated in this study. The length of mtDNA tested is 16,584-bp. There are several insertion/deletion mutations in the control region and coding regions for tRNA and rRNA, respectively, but not in peptide-coding regions. Four peptide-coding genes(COⅡ, COⅢ, ND3 and ND4) showed incomplete termination codon sequences such as T--, and two(ND2 and ND4L) did alternative initiation codons(AIC), respectively. Especially, the initiation codon sequences of ND2 gene were polymorphic in this population. Polymorphisms were detected in 11-bp duplication motif within control region as well as ND2 and CYTB. Variation patterns observed from the tests on three mtDNA regions were linked completely and then two haplotypes obtained from combining the data dividing this population. Duroc mtDNA is observed at the European pig cluster in the phylogenetic tree, however, the results from the population analyses supported previous opinions. This study suggests that the breed Duroc was mainly originated from the European pig lineage, and Asian lineage was also used to form the pig breed Duroc as maternal progenitors.

Effect of Season Influencing Semen Characteristics, Frozen-Thawed Sperm Viability and Testosterone Concentration in Duroc Boars

  • Cheon, Y.M.;Kim, H.K.;Yang, C.B.;Yi, Y.J.;Park, C.S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.500-503
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    • 2002
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of season influencing semen characteristics, frozen-thawed sperm viability and testosterone concentration in Duroc boars. There were no significant differences in the semen volume and sperm concentration of Duroc boars among spring, summer, autumn and winter. However, the pH of sperm-rich and sperm-poor fractions in autumn and winter season was higher than in spring and summer season in Duroc boars. Sperm motility and normal acrosome of raw semen in Duroc boars did not differ significantly among spring, summer, autumn and winter. However, motility and normal acrosome of frozen-thawed sperm were higher in spring season than in summer, autumn and winter. Serum testosterone concentrations in Duroc were higher in spring than summer, autumn and winter. In conclusion, when serum testosterone concentrations were higher in seasons, frozen-thawed sperm viability in Duroc boars were higher.

Effect of Spring and Summer Influencing Semen Characteristics, Frozen-Thawed Sperm Viability and Testosterone Concentration in Duroc Boars (듀록 종모돈의 정액성상, 동결 .융해 후 정자의 생존성 및 테스토스테론의 농도에 미치는 봄과 여름의 영향)

  • 김홍기;한성욱;임재삼;권영안;양창범;이영주;박창식
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.79-84
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    • 2001
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of spring (March~May) and summer (June~August) influencing semen characteristics, frozen-thawed sperm viability and serum testosterone concentration in Duroc boars. Results of this study were as follows: 1. There were no significant differences in the semen volume, pH and sperm concentration of Duroc boars between spring and summer. 2. Sperm motility and normal acrosome of raw semen in Duroc boars did not differ significantly between spring and summer. However, motility and normal acrosome of frozen-thawed sperm were higher in spring season than in summer season(P<0.05). 3. Serum testosterone concentrations in Duroc boars were 2.15 ng/$m\ell$ in spring and 0.65 ng/$m\ell$ in summer. Serum testosterone concentrations in spring were higher thin those in summer (P<0.05). 4. In conclusion, when serum testosterone concentrations in Duroc boars were higher, frozen-thawed sperm viability were higher.

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Study on Reproductive Performance of Imported Frozen Boar Semen (도입한 돼지동결정액의 번식능력에 관한 연구)

  • 정홍기;송우석;박창식
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.22-25
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    • 1987
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of imported pellet frozen semen on sperm motility and NAR acrosomes after thawing, and the farrowing rates, litter sizes and preweaning body weights after artificial insemination. A total of 28 sows of Landrace, Large White and Duroc were inseminated at the Chungnam Provincial Animal Breeding Station. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Landrace andLarge White had higher sperm motility than Duroc by about 20% and had higher NAR acrosomes by about 10%. 2. The farrowing rates of Landrace, Large White and Duroc were 63.6, 55.6 adn 50.0%, respectively. The number of pigs born alive per litter were larger in Landrace and Large White as compared with Duroc (p<.01). 3. Duroc had the highest mean pig weight at birth, followed by Landrace and Large White (p<.01). The mean pig weights at 21 days and 56 days had no significant differences between the breeds.

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Implementation of Efficient Grid Resource Coallocator (효율적인 그리드 자원 동시 할당자 구현)

  • 김영석;장재완;유정록;함재균;맹승렬;이준원
    • Proceedings of the Korean Information Science Society Conference
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    • pp.19-21
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    • 2003
  • 그리드 시스템이란 네트워크로 연결된 자원들을 통합적으로 관리하여 자원의 효율적인 사용을 지원하기 위한 기반 구조이다. 이러한 환경에서는 응용프로그램의 요구사항을 만족시키기 위해 다중의 자원들을 동시에 할당할 필요성이 자주 발생한다 본 논문에서는 효율적인 그리드 자원 동시 할당자인 KGB(KAIST GLOBUS) DUROC(Dynamically Updated Resource Online Coallocator)을 구현하였다. KGB DUROC은 그리드 미들웨어의 실질적인 표준인 GLOBUS의 DUROC을 GLOBUS IO 라이브러리를 사용하여 소스 코드(source code)수준에서의 호환성을 유지하면서 수정, 개선한 것이다 KGB DUROC 과 GLOBUS DUROC 각각에 마이크로벤치마크를 수행시켜 성능을 분석, 평가하였다.

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Comparison of Meat Quality and Fatty Acid Composition of Longissimus Muscles from Purebred Pigs and Three-way Crossbred LYD Pigs

  • Choi, Yeong-Seok;Lee, Jin-Kyu;Jung, Ji-Taek;Jung, Young-Chul;Jung, Jong-Hyun;Jung, Myung-Ok;Choi, Yang-Il;Jin, Sang-Keun;Choi, Jung-Seok
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.689-696
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to find pork quality to meet the needs of consumers. Thus, the meat quality and fatty acid composition of longissimus muscles from purebred pigs (Landrace, Yorkshire, and Duroc) and three-way crossbred LYD pigs were compared and evaluated. Chemical compositions of longissimus muscles were significant (p<0.05) different among pigs. Duroc contained significant (p<0.05) higher fat contents than other pigs, whereas significant (p<0.05) higher moisture contents were observed in Landrace, Yorkshire, and LYD pigs compared to those of Duroc pigs. The values of pH24 h and pH14 d were the highest in Landrace pigs. Myoglobin contents of LYD pigs were higher (p<0.05) than those of purebred pigs. Regarding meat color, Duroc and Yorkshire pigs had higher redness values than Landrace and LYD pigs, while Landrace pigs had the lowest (p<0.05) color values among all pigs. There was no significant difference in shear force or water holding capacity (WHC). Duroc pigs maintained the lowest drip loss during 14 d of cold storage. In sensory evaluation, the marbling scores of Duroc pigs were higher (p<0.05) than other pigs. Regarding fatty acid compositions, total USFA, poly-, n-3, and n-6 contents were the highest (p<0.05) in LYD pigs, while total SFA contents were the highest (p<0.05) in Duroc pigs. Based on these results, purebred pigs had superior overall meat quality to crossbred pigs.

Changes of Frozen-Thawed Semen Characteristics in Miniature Pig and Duroc (Miniature Pig와 Duroc 종간의 동결-융해 후 정액 성상 비교)

  • Lee, Y.S.;Choi, W.C.;Lee, S.H.;Cheong, H.T.;Lee, S.Y.;Yang, B.K.;Park, C.K.
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.263-271
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was undertaken to compare ability of frozen-thawed sperm characteristics between two strains (miniature pig and Duroc). The semen was collected by gloved-hand method into a pre-warmed ($37^{\circ}C$) thermos bottle. The semen was diluted with same volume extender and added to LEY solution for freezing. The diluted semen was placed in 0.5 ml straws, and freezing was initiated by exposing the straws to liquid nitrogen ($LN_2$) vapours for 10 min before placing them into $LN_2$ for cryopreservation. The frozen-semen straw were thawed at 20, 37 and $50^{\circ}C$ for 1 min, 45 sec and 10 sec within water-bath. The semen sample were evaluated at 0, 3, 6, 9, and 12 h after incubation at $37^{\circ}C$ for analysis of sperm ability. Abnormality of spermatozoa in miniature pig was significantly (p<0.05) higher than that in Duroc at 0, 9 and 12 h of post-thawing incubation after frozen-thawing. The percentage of F-patterned spermatozoa in miniature pig was significantly (p<0.05) lower, while the percentage of AR (acrosome reacted spermatozoa) pattern was higher in the miniature than in the Duroc. On the other hand, there was no significant difference in the viability of spermatozoa thawed at different temperature ($20^{\circ}C\;and\;37^{\circ}C$) between two species, but the viability in miniature pig was higher (p<0.05) than in Duroc when sperm was thawed at $50^{\circ}C$. In conclusion, this study suggest that suitable freezing method for miniature pig semen is required for increasing post-thawing viability and fertilization capacity.

Effects of Duroc Breeding Lines on Carcass Composition and Meat Quality

  • Choi, Jung-Seok;Jin, Sang-Keun;Choi, Yang-Il;Lee, Jae-Joon
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.80-85
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    • 2015
  • This study was performed to investigate the carcass composition and pork quality of Duroc breeding lines in Korea. A total of 200 Duroc pigs were used, and those were originated from four different great-grandparent (GGP) breeding stock farms (L1: N farm, L2: W farm, L3: S farm, L4: R farm). The carcasses of pigs from these farms were collected, and meat quality traits were evaluated. L1 and L2 had smaller carcass weights and thin backfat, whereas L3 and L4 had heavy carcass weights and thick backfat. L3 and L4 had higher contents of fat and protein than L1 and L2. For the meat quality characteristics, L1, L2, and L4 had higher pH values than L3. In addition, L4 had higher water holding capacity than the other lines. L4 had the highest sensory evaluation scores with regard to both juiciness and flavor. Consequently, the study results indicate that pork quality information from domestic Duroc breeding stock lines could be used to effectively improve pork quality in Korea.

Association of a Single Nucleotide Polymorphism in the 5'-Flanking Region of Porcine HSP70.2 with Backfat Thickness in Duroc Breed

  • Chen, Ming-Yu;Huang, San-Yuan;Lin, En-Chung;Hseu, Tzong-Hsiung;Lee, Wen-Chuan
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.100-103
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    • 2003
  • Higher environmental temperature affects the economic performance of pigs. Heat shock protein 70 has been shown to play an important role in thermoresistance. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of a single nucleotide polymorphism in the 5'-flanking region of porcine HSP70.2 on growth performance in Taiwanese Duroc. The genotype of this nt 393 polymorphic site could be verified by digestion with Bsa WI restriction enzyme of a PCR product. Pigs with TT and TC genotypes have thinner backfats than those with CC type (p<0.05). The result suggested that the polymorphic Bsa WI site in the 5'flanking region of porcine HSP70.2 may be used as a marker for the early selection of ultrasonic backfat thickness in Duroc pigs.