• Title, Summary, Keyword: Dynamic balance

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The Correlations among the Dynamic Gait Index the Berg Balance Scale and Timed Up & Go Test in people with stroke (뇌졸중 환자에서 Dynamic Gait Index와 Berg Balance Scale 및 Timed Up & Go 검사간의 상관관계)

  • Lee, Sang-Ho;Hwang, Byoung-Yong
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the relationship among the Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), Berg Balance Scale(BBS) scores, Timed Up & Go Test(TUG), and subject characteristics. The subjects were fifteen stroke with hemiplegia were chosen in the Konyang University Hospital. Dynamic balance was measured Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), and balance was measured using Berg Balance Scale(BBS). Timed Up & Go Test(TUG) was used to evaluate functional mobility. Data were analyzed using Spearman correlation. There was significant correlated among Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), Berg Balance Scale(BBS) and Timed Up & Go Test(TUG)(p<.01). The correlation among subject characteristics and Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), Berg Balance Scale(BBS), Timed Up & Go Test(TUG) score was significant result in r = -.527 from Dynamic Gait Index(DGI) and pathogenesis(p<.05). There were no significant statistical differences among the types of spasticity and Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), Berg Balance Scale(BBS), Timed Up & Go Test(TUG). The comparison among the sex, type of hemiplegia, pain, pathogenesis and Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), Berg Balance Scale(BBS), Timed Up & Go Test(TUG) score was significant result in pathogenesis(p<.05). The results of this study showed that there was high correlations among the Dynamic Gait Index(DGI) and balance test of people with stroke.

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Comparison of the Effects of Different Types of Taping on Static and Dynamic Balance in Adults with Chronic Ankle Instability (테이핑의 종류가 만성 발목 불안정성을 가진 성인의 정적 및 동적 균형에 미치는 효과 비교)

  • Kwon, Ohhyun;Kim, Ho;Shin, Wonseob
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.27-36
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    • 2020
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study is to apply kinesiology taping and dynamic taping to subjects with ankle instability and to find out the change of static balance and dynamic balance ability and to use it more usefully in daily life. Methods : The subjects were based on 30 Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool questionnaire scores of 24 or less, and were randomly assigned to the kinesiology taping group (n=15) and the dynamic taping group (n=15) to change the static balance and dynamic balance before and after taping Measured. The eyes were closed for 30 seconds and the average balance was measured three times through the Wii balance board in static balance, and the balance ability was evaluated by measuring functional reach test and star excursion balance test in dynamic balance. Results : As a result, the static balance showed significant results in the dynamic speed and the moving distance in the dynamic taping group (p<.05). However, there was no significant difference in the shaking area and the difference in the kinesiology taping group (p<.05) However, both groups showed significant differences in dynamic balance (p<.05). Conclusion : It was confirmed that the application of taping was effective for static and dynamic balance in subjects with ankle instability, and the application of dynamic taping was more effective than kinesiology taping.

The Effect of Core Program Exercise on Dynamic Balance of the Patient with Post-Stroke Hemiplegia (코어프로그램이 편마비환자의 동적 균형 감각에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kwang-Soo;Seo, Hyun-Du;Lee, Byoung-Hee;Kim, Seong-Yeol;Lee, Jong-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.79-87
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to analyze and to compare the difference and the change between dynamic balance exercise group and dynamic balance exercise with core program exercise group. Also, based on this data, to prescribe effective exercises for hemiplegic patients and the pubis in order to achieve more effective dynamic balance exercise rehabilitation and better dynamic balance exercise in the field of therapeutical exercise. Methods : Twenty subjects(Core program exercise plus Dynamic balance exercise group, CP: 10, Dynamic balance exercise group, NCP: 10) were chosen among hemiplegic patients. Measurements of dynamic balance were evaluated at initial presentation(pretest) and after 4, 8, 12 weeks'. Paired t-test and Repeated measured ANOVA was utilized to detect the mean difference between the groups. Results : Firstly, after 4 weeks' and 8 weeks' and 12 weeks' CP exercise and NCP exercise, there were all significant difference to increase dynamic balance (p<0.05). secondly, after 4 weeks' and 8 weeks' and 12 weeks' CP and NCP exercise, there was significant difference to increase dynamic balance more CP group than NCP group. Lastly, among 4 weeks' and 8 weeks' and 12 weeks' CP exercise, there was progressively significant difference to increase dynamic balance(p<0.05). Conclusions : This study showed that dynamic balance exercise with core program exercise is an effective treatment strategy for hemiplegic patients than dynamic balance exercise rehabilitation.

The Relationship between Dynamic Balance Measures and Center of Pressure Displacement Time in Older Adults during an Obstacle Crossing

  • Park, Seol;Park, Ji-Won
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study examined the relationship between the center of pressure (COP) displacement time during the stance phase and dynamic balance ability when older adults cross a 10 cm obstacle. Methods: Fifteen older adults were enrolled in this study (all ${\geq}65$ years of age). The F-scan was used to measure the COP displacement time when subjects cross a 10 cm obstacle, and the Dynamic gait index. Berg's balance scale and the Four square step test were used to measure dynamic balance ability. Results: The Dynamic gait index, Berg's balance scale and the Four square step test were correlated with each other. Dynamic balance ability was correlated with COP displacement time during the stance phase at an obstacle crossing in older adults. Conclusion: People with higher dynamic balance ability show a smaller COP displacement time during the stance phase at an obstacle crossing. Therefore, dynamic balance ability can be predicted by measuring the center of pressure displacement time.

Evaluation of Balance in Diabetes Patients With Peripheral Neuropathy (당뇨병성 신경병증 환자의 균형기능 평가)

  • Weon, Jong-Hyuck;Lee, Young-Hee;Yi, Chung-Hwi;Cho, Sang-Hyun
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 1998
  • The purposes of this study were to determine the effect of different degrees of severity of diabetic neuropathy on balance function, and to evaluate dynamic balance and functional performance in diabetes patients. Twenty-four subjects with diabetes mellitus were divided into three groups according to results of sensory nerve conduction study. All subjects were evaluated for dynamic balance which was measured using computerized dynamic posturography, and functional performance which was measured using the Berg balance scale. One-way analysis of variance was used to determine whether there were any statistically differences of dynamic balance function and functional performance among the three groups. The Spearrnan's rank correlation was used to determine statistical significance between dynamic balance and age. The results were as follows: 1. Dynamic balance measured using computerized dynamic posturography was significantly lower in the no response group than in the normal amplitude group (p<0.05). 2. Functional performance tested by the Berg balance scale was not statistically different among the three groups (p>0.05). 3. an inverse relationship was found between dynamic balance measured using computerized dynamic posturography and age (r=-0.68, p<0.05). These results suggest that patients with severe diabetic neuropathy have loss of dynamic balance function. Therefore, patients with severe diabetic neuropathy need to have their balance evaluated and receive appropriate education.

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Static and Dynamic Balance Comparison Between the Involved and Uninvolved Sides in Patients Who had Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: One-year Follow-up Study

  • Kim, Jin-seong;Choi, Moon-young;Kong, Doo-hwan;Chung, Kyu-sung;Hwang, Ui-jae;Kwon, Oh-yun
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.286-291
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    • 2020
  • Background: Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) causes a reduction in the balance of the lower extremities. Static and dynamic balance were evaluated separately to confirm the decrease in balance in patients underwent ACLR. The commonly used methods include the Biodex Balance System (BBS) for static balance and the Y balance test (YBT) for dynamic balance. No study has evaluated whether the static and dynamic balance of the involved side recovers as much as the uninvolved side one year after ACLR. Objects: The purpose of this study was to investigate the recovery of static and dynamic balance between the involved and the uninvolved sides. Methods: The BBS (overall, anteroposterior index, and mediolateral index) and YBT (anterior, posterolateral, and posteromedial) of 58 patients underwent ACLR were measured one year postoperation. Both sides of the BBS and the YBT were compared using the paired t-test. Results: All the index of the BBS showed no difference between the involved and the uninvolved sides, while all the scores of the YBT showed a significant difference in both sides. The YBT anterior result was 54.64 ± 5.62 cm in the involved side and 56.90 ± 5.41 cm in the uninvolved side (p = 0.001). The YBT posterolateral results were 90.12 ± 10.51 cm and 92.34 ± 9.85 cm (p = 0.013). The YBT posteromedial results were 93.72 ± 8.84 cm and 96.14 ± 9.37 cm (p = 0.002). Conclusion: A year after ACLR, the static balance showed no difference, while the dynamic balance showed a significant difference in the involved and the uninvolved sides. The static balance of the involved side recovered as much as the uninvolved side, but the dynamic balance did not. Therefore, dynamic balance training should be considered in the rehabilitation program for patients underwent ACLR.

The Effect of Ankle Balance Dual Task Including Motor Training on Static Balance and Dynamic Balance in the Elderly

  • Park, Seoung-Uk;Cho, Yong-Ho;Hwang, Yoon-Tae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.105-109
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    • 2017
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of ankle dual task including motor training on the static balance, dynamic balance in the elderly. METHODS: 30 elderly people were randomly divided into 3 groups: 10 people in the single motor task group, 10 people in the double motor dual task group and 10 people in the motor-cognitive dual task group. In the double motor dual tasks group was performed ankle balance motor task additional motor task. Motor-cognitive dual task group was performed ankle balance motor task additional cognitive task. Single motor task group was performed ankle balance motor task. It was performed three times intervention a week for six weeks. Statistical analysis method was performed using one way ANOVA for comparison between groups, and the paired t-test was used for comparison pre and post intervention. RESULTS: Static and dynamic balance were significant differences between pre and post intervention by three groups (p<.05). In static balance, there was a significant difference among groups (p<.05), but there was not a significant difference between groups in dynamic balance (p>.05). CONCLUSION: The results of the research, the ankle balance dual task including motor or cognitive task was more effective than single motor task on static balance in the elderly.

The Correlation between Static and Dynamic Balance Index according to the Virtual Reality-Based Squat and Conventional Squat Exercise (가상현실기반과 고전적 스쿼트 운동 방법에 따른 정적, 동적 균형지수 간 상관분석)

  • Yoon, Junggyu
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2019
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between static and dynamic balance according to the virtual reality-based squat and conventional squat exercise. Methods : Twenty four participants were randomly assigned to the virtual reality-based squat (VRS) group (n=12) or conventional squat (CS) group (n=12). The static balance (C90 area, C90 angle, trace length, sway average velocity) and dynamic balance (forward, rearward, leftward, rightward) were measured using a force plate by BT4. The VRS group used the virtual reality system during 4 weeks, while the CS group underwent classical squat training. Independent t-test was used to test the homogeneity of the general characteristics of the subjects. The collected data was analyzed using the paired t-test for static and dynamic balance comparisons before and after exercise in both groups and Pearson's test for the correlation between static and dynamic balance according to the measured time. The significance level was set to 0.05. Results : There was no significant correlation between group and static and dynamic balance related variables (p>.05). There was a significant correlation between measurement time and static and dynamic balance related variables (p<.05). According to the measurement time, the static balance parameter C90 area in the VRS group after exercise was significantly decreased (p<.05). The values of forward, leftward and rightward in the VRS group were significantly increased after exercise (p<.05). Conclusion : It is suggested that 20 normal healthy adult men and women who have normal balance ability can improve their ability to control their posture by improving the balance ability when applying virtual reality-based squat exercise.

The immediate effect standing balance and dynamic activity on barefoot, wearing SPAFO and wearing HPAFO in hemiplegic patients (편마비환자에게 플라스틱 단하지 보조기착용 전${\cdot}$후 선자세 균형과 동적 움직임에 미치는 효과)

  • Lim Ho-Yong;Park Seung-kyu
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.96-107
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    • 2005
  • Objective: The purpose of this study were to investigate the standing balance, dynamic activity in hemiplegic patients according to the types of ankle-foot orthosis(AFO) and to determine the most effective type of AFO for gait training. Method: A prospective study was performed for 16 patients with hemiplegia who was able to walk independently. Static balance and dynamic activity were compared in two condition : 1) barefoot and SPAFO, 2) barefoot and HPAFO. Static balance and dynamic activity characteristics were evaluated by Active Balance while they were standing with in two condition AFO and barefoot. Results: There were significant difference in standing balance between barefoot and wearing SPAFO and HPAFO(p<0.05). There were significant difference in dynamic activity balance between barefoot and wearing SPAFO and HPAFO(p<0.05). There were significant difference in gait speed between barefoot and wearing SPAFO and HPAFO(p<0.05). Conclusion: This study showed that wearing SPAFO and HPAFO gave fair amount of improvement to balance and gait ability of hemiplegic patients.

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The Circadian Effects on Postural Stability in Young Adults

  • Son, Sung Min
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.142-144
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: Few studies have addressed the effect of diurnal circadian rhythms on postural stability, and thus the aim of the present study was to examine circadian effects on static and dynamic postural stability in young adults. Methods: Twenty-four subjects (9 men, 11 women: age=$22.20{\pm}1.77$, height=$167.20{\pm}10.47$, weight=$59.85{\pm}10.66$) from a university community volunteered for this study. Static and dynamic balance testing, which recorded using a Good Balance system (Good Balance, Metitur Ltd, Finland) was conducted at 9:00, 13:00, and 17:00 hours on two consecutive days, and the sequencing of static and dynamic balance tests were randomized. Results were analyzed using the non-parametric one-way repeated Friedman test in SPSS version 18.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA), and variable found to be significant were subjected to Wilcoxon post hoc testing. Results: Static and dynamic balance showed significant difference at the three times assessments (test at 9:00, 13:00, and 17:00) during circadian. In the post hoc test of static (anteroposterior distance, mediolateral distance and COP (center of pressure) velocity) and dynamic balance (performance time), 13:00 was the longer and faster than 9:00. Conclusion: These results indicated that control of postural balance is influenced by diurnal circadian rhythms, and confirm that control of postural balance is more effective and better performance in the 09:00 hours than 13:00 hours or 17:00 hours.