• Title, Summary, Keyword: EEC

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Routley-Meyer Semantics for E-R, Ee-R, Eec-R

  • Yang, Eun-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Logic
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.19-32
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    • 2003
  • In this paper we investigate the relevance logic E-R of the Entailment E without the reductio (R), and its extensions Ee-R, Eec-R: Ee-R is the E-R with the expansion (e) and Eec-R the Ee-R with the chain (c). We give completeness for each E-R, Ee-R, and Eec-R by using Routley-Meyer semantics.

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Comparison of EEC-4 Plate Test and Charm II Test in Residual drug Screening Methods on Meats (식육 중 잔류물질 스크리닝법인 EEC-4 Plate Test와 Charm II Test 비교)

  • Ham Hee-jin;Kim Doo-whan;Kweon Taek-boo;Lee Jung-hark
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.198-202
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    • 2004
  • It was carried out to compare the relationship of EEC 4-plate test method and Charm II test method by HPLC. 46 only tetracyclines, 4 only sulfonamides, 4 sulfonamides+tetracyclines, one amphenicols+tetracyclines, and one amphenicols+sulfonarnides+tetracyclines, it was detected on 71 porks of EEC 4-plate positive or Charm II positive by HPLC. In case of sulfonamides and chloramphenicols, two test methods had related with each other, but had no relation in tetracyclines. Also, it was $10.5\%(6/57)$ tetracyclines, $81.8\%(9/11)$ chloramphenicols that were EEC 4 plate positive or Charm II positive, but not detectrd by HPLC. Consequently, EEC 4-plate test method and Charm II test method were suitable by screening test on antibiotics and sulfonamides etc.

Comparison of Detectable Levels for Screening Residual Antibacterial Agents by Bioassay (잔류 항균물질에 대한 미생물학적 간이검사법의 검출감도 비교)

  • JUNG Sung Hee;KIM Jin Woo;SOHN Sang-Gyu
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.256-260
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    • 1999
  • Minimun-detectable levels to 28 antibacterial agents used for the prevention and the treatment of fish diseases were determined to establish optimal detective method of bioassay in fish by the EEC 4-plate method, the modified method of EEC 4-plate and the standard method of analysis in food safety regulation. The test organisms used in the methods of bioassay were as follows: Bacillus subtilis BGA (B. subtilis) and Micrococcus luteus ATCC 9341 (M. luteus) in the EEC 4-plate method, B. subtilis, M. luteus and Bacillus cereus var. mycoides ATCC 11778 (B. cereus) in the modified of EEC 4-plate, and B. subtilis, M. luteus, B. cereus and Bacillus stearothermophilis var. calidolactis C-953 (B. stearothermophilis) in the standard method. The standard method showed predominant sensitivity in the detection of penicillins (PCs), and was also highly sensitive to aminoglycosides (AGs). The sensitivity of standard method in the detection of tetracyclines (TCs), marrolides (MLs), nitrofuran derivatives(NFs) and quinolones (QNs) was very low, and against sulfonamides (SAs), however, was extremely low. The modified method of EEC 4-plate showed very high sensitivity to TCs. Both the EEC 4-plate and the modified method of EEC 4-plate showed competitively high sensitivity in the detection of PCs, MLs, NFs, QNs and SAs. All the methods studied in the experiment showed very low sensitivity against chloramphenicol (CMs). Consequently, the modified method of EEC 4-Plate was the best bioassay method with a wide range of sensitivity for the optimal detection of the residual antibacterial agents in fish.

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E-체계들을 위한 루트리-마이어 의미론

  • Yang, Eun-Seok
    • Korean Journal of Logic
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.69-81
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    • 2003
  • 이 논문에서 우리는 (축약 원리가 없는) 연관 체계 EW은 이웃 체계들을 다룬다. 구체적으로 우리는 확장 원리를 포함하지만 축약 원리를 포함하지 않는 E (Ee-W) 체계, 특수 주장 specialized assertion(sa) 원리를 포함하지 않는 Ee-W (Ee-Wsa) 체계, 자기 배분 self-distribution(sd) 원리를 포함하지 않는 Ee-W (Ee-Wsd) 체계, 그리고 체인chain(c) 원리와 축약 원리를 포함하는 Ee 체계들의 확장 Eec-Wsa, Eec-Wsd, Eec-W, Eec를 다룬다. 우리는 루트리 마이어 의미론을 사용해서 이 체계들을 위한 완전성을 보인다.

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Detection of residual antibiotics by TLC and EEC-4 plate method in slaughtered pigs (도축돈에서 TLC와 EEC-4 plate법을 이용한 항생물질 잔류조사)

  • 권오성;김순태;김영욱;손재권
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.313-321
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    • 1997
  • The antibiotic residues of the urine, the liver, the lung, the kidney and the spleen in slaughtered pigs at Kyongbuk province were detected by TLC(505 kit) and EEC-4 plate method. 1. The positive rate of residual sulfamethazine which was detected by 505 kit in the urine (n=200) was 0.0%. 2. The positive rate of residual sulfamethazine which was detected by EEC-4 plate in the urine (n=126), the liver(n=98), the kidney(n=72), the spleen (n=68) and the lung(n=48) were 63%, 49%, 36%, 34% and 24%, respectively. 3. By EEC-4 plate method, the positive detection rates of the urine were 53.0% in BS(pH 6.0), 29.0% in BS(pH 7.2), 11.5% in BS(pH 8.0) and 13.0% in ML(pH 8.0) medium, that of the liver 41.5% in BS(pH 6.0), 22.0% in BS(pH 7.2), 6.5% in BS(pH 8.0) and 5.0%, in ML (pH 8.0) medium, that of the lung 21.0% in BS(pH 6.0), 9.5%, in BS(pH 7.2) and 8.5% in BS(pH 8.0) medium, and that of the kidney 31.5% in BS(pH 6.0), 14.5% in BS(pH 7.2), 20.0% in BS(pH 8.0) and 3.0% in ML(pH 8.0) medium. In the spleen, only in BS(pH 6.0) medium the positive rate was detected as 33.5 %. 4. The positive rates of samples which shown TLC-positive detected by EEC-4 plate method were 53.9% in no band, 77.8% in one band, 80.9% in two bands, 66.7% in three bands, respectively. In conclusion, the EEC-4 plate method could be applied for the detection of residual antibiotics in samples which shown as out of standard Rf values by TLC-method (SOS kit).

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Detection of residual sulfamethazine in serum, urine and muscle of slaughtered pigs (도축돈의 혈청, 뇨 및 근육에서 sulfamethazine 잔류 조사)

  • 추금숙;오언평;최인열;송희종;채효석
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.161-168
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    • 1997
  • This study was undertaken to determined the sulfamethazine residues In urine, serum and muscle of slaughtered pigs(n: 230) by the method of TLC, EEC-4-plate and HPLC. 1. Inhibition diameter characteristics of reference bacterial substance by EEC-4-plate method and antibacterial inhibition zone was appeared sulfonamides in BS pH 7.2 2. Residual sulfamethazine was detceted from 7 serum(3.04%) and 10 urine(4.35%) by TLC test and concentration of residues was higher In urine than serum. 3. Residual sulfamethazine was detected from 9 muscle(3.91%) by EEC-4-plate method. 4. Positive samples by TLC test and EEC-4-plate method were exceed 0.1ppm quantitative analysis from 7 muscle(3.04%).

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Improvement on the Antioxidant Activity of Instant Noodles Containing Enzymatic Extracts from Ecklonia cava and Its Quality Characterization (감태 효소 추출물을 이용한 즉석 국수의 항산화성 개선 및 품질 특성)

  • Heu, Min-Soo;Yoon, Min-Seok;Kim, Hyung-Jun;Park, Kwon-Hyun;Lee, Jong-Hyun;Jo, Mi-Ran;Lee, Jung-Suk;Jeon, You-Jin;Kim, Jin-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.391-399
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to improve the antioxidative activity of instant noodles containing enzymatic extracts from Ecklonia cava (EEC). EEC has relatively better antioxidative activity than extracts from other indigenous plants in Jeju Island. The EEC (2.5 mg/mL) had 82.5% for the hydroxy radical, 78.4% for the DPPH radical, and 64.9% for the superoxide anion radical scavenging activities, and 65.2% for the cell viability (100 ${\mu}g/mL$). According to the texture of the dough, the DPPH free radical scavenging of uncooked instant noodles, sensory evaluation of cooked instant noodles, and turbidity of the cooking drip, the optimal EEC concentration was 1.8% for the instant noodles. The major amino acids in the instant noodles with EEC were glutamic acid (24.2%), proline (10.2%), valine (10.0%), and isoleucine (12.3%). The zinc and iron in the instant noodles were enhanced by adding 1.5-1.8% EEC. The antioxidant activity of instant noodles with EEC was 75.4% for the hydroxy radical, 74.1% for the DPPH radical, and 51.2 % for the superoxide anion radical scavenging activities.