• 제목, 요약, 키워드: ELISA

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유구낭미충증의 혈청학적 진단을 위한 ABC-ELISA와 Protein A-ELISA의 유용성 (Applicability of ABC-ELISA and Protein A-ELISA in serological diagnosis of cysticercosis)

  • 이종현;공윤;유제영;조승열
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.49-56
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    • 1993
  • 현재 유구낭미충증을 혈청학적으로 진단하는 데에는 낭액항원을 이용한 특이항체검사법으로 micro-ELISA를 널리 이용하고 있다. 이 실험은 효소부착 이차항체를 사용하는 micro-ELISA방법 대신 민감도가 뛰어난 것으로 알려진 ABC-ELISA나 Protein-ELISA로 바꾸어 사용하면 검사의 민감도를 보다 개선할 수 있는지를 알기 위하여 실시하였다. ABC-ELISA에 의한 항체검사는 낭액항원 단백질 $2.5{\;}\mu\textrm{g}/ml$, 혈청 희석 1:10,000, biotinylated no-hmn IgG 1:100,000 회석, peroxidase conjugated streptavidin 1:40,000 희석 및 2,2-azino-di(3-ethylbenztlllazoline) sulfnnlc acid발색제를 사용하는 조건으로 실시하였고 415 nm에서 흡광도를 측정하였다. Protein A-ELISA는 항원단백질 $2.5{\;}\mu\textrm{g}/ml$, 혈청은 1:200 회석, HRP-Protein A 1:20,000 희석 및 ABTS 발색제를 사용하는 조건으로 실시하고 415 nm에서 흡광도를 측정하였다. 유구낭미충증 환자 115 명의 혈청을 검사한 바 민감도는 micro-ELISA 81.7%, Protein A-ELISA 82.6%, ABC-ELISA 86. 1%이었다. 다른 기생충성 질환자, 비기생충성 질환자 및 대조군 등 165명 혈청에서 특이도는 각각 88.5%, 93.3%, 93.8%이었다 세 가지 ELISA방법에 의한 항체가 사이에는 상관계수 0.84~0.86의 높은 상관관계가 성립하였다. 이상의 결과 ABC-ELISA는 micro-ELISA에 비하여 민감한 혈청학적 방법이고 실제 유구낭미충 특이항체 검사상의 특이도에서도 차이가 있다는 것을 알 수 있었다. 따라서 ABC-ELISA는 유구낭미충증의 혈청학적 진단에서 혈청 및 뇌척수액 등 검체를 적게 사용할 수 있다는 장점이 있다는 것을 알 수 있었다.

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Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay(ELISA)를 이용한 혈청 및 원유 중의 Mycobacterium bovis 항체 검출에 관한 연구 (Studies on Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay(ELISA) for Detection of Antibody to Mycobacterium bovis in Serum and Milk)

  • 심항섭;국정희;박병옥;김성열;박유순
    • 한국가축위생학회지
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.133-142
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    • 1997
  • In order to supplement a diagnostic method for detection of infectious cattle to bovine tuberculosis, performed ELISA for detection of antibody to if bovis in serum and milk. The diagnostic efficacy of the established ELISA was compared with test of the tuberculin skin test for bovine tuberculosis. The positive corresponding rate of serum ELISA and tuberculin skin test showed 84.3%, milk ELISA and tuberculin skin test showed 75.0%, milk ELISA and serum ELISA showed 75.0% respectively. Comparison of the serum and milk to tuberculin antibody concentration in tuberculin positive cattle, the milk contained 1/100-1/150 concentration compared serum tuberculin concentration. The established ELISA was considered efficient for detection of antibodies to M bovis in serum and milk.

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다양한 PRRSV 감염상태에 있는 돼지 혈청을 이용한 PRRS 항체 ELISA 키트들의 비교 평가 (Comparative evaluation of two commercial ELISA kits for detection of PRRS antibodies using sera collected from pigs in various stages of PRRSV infection)

  • 서병주;김현일;김원일
    • 한국가축위생학회지
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.151-156
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    • 2014
  • Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes major economic losses to the Korean pig industry. ELISA tests using recombinant nucleocapsid protein of PRRSV have been most commonly used for PRRS diagnostics. In the current study, two commercial PRRSV ELISA kits (Bionote PRRSV Antibody ELISA and IDEXX 3XR PRRS Antibody ELISA) have been compared using sera collected from 19 swine farms in various stages of PRRSV infection confirmed by professional diagnostic centers. Thus 130 sera collected from 5 different farms with active PRRSV infection, 130 sera from 6 different farms with PRRS-stabilized status, and 140 sera from 8 different farms with PRRS-free status were evaluated to determine the correlation of test results between those ELISA kits. Both ELISA kits showed a good correlation [PRRSV-positive farms ($R^2$=0.6375) and stabilized farms ($R^2$=0.8928)] in sample-to-positive (S/P) ratio va lues. Among the 140 sera from negative farms, one sample was falsely positive by either of the ELISA kits. In conclusion, both of the ELISA kits showed a good correlation when applied on field samples collected from farms at various stages of PRRSV infection. Bionote ELISA or IDEXX ELISA gave a false positive result on 1 out of 140 negative samples so their specificity was calculated as 99.3%. Therefore, Bionote ELISA would be a good complementary and alternative method for IDEXX ELISA kit, and vice versa.

$F(ab)_2$-ELISA for the Detection of Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus of Silk-worm, Bombyx mori L.

  • Sivaprasad, V.;Nataraju, B.;Baig, M.;Samson, M.V.;Datta, R.K.
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.179-181
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    • 2003
  • $F(ab`)_2$-ELISA and direct antigen coating-ELISA (DAC-ELISA) were evaluated in the detection of purified Bombyx mori nuclear polyhedrosis virus (BmNPV) and nuclear polyhedrosis virus infection in silkworm larvae inoculated with BmNPV polyhedra. Although nanogram levels of BmNPV was detected in both DAC- and $F(ab`)_2$-ELISA, similar concentrations of antigen was detected in case of F(ab’)$_2$-ELISA even at higher dilution of antibody (up to 1 : 20 K). One hundred percent nuclear polyhedrosis infection was detected 6 hrs after inoculation in BmNPV infected silkworm larvae by $F(ab`)_2$-ELISA. On the other hand, detection of 100% infection was observed only three days after inoculation in DAC-ELISA. In this study, it was observed $F(ab`)_2$-ELISA was more sensitive than DAC-ELISA in the detection of purified BmNPV as well as nuclear polyhedrosis infection in silkworm larvae.

Nonspecific Mouse Hepatitis Virus Positivity of Genetically Engineered Mice Determined by ELISA

  • Han, Dae Jong;Kim, Hyuncheol;Yeom, Su-Cheong
    • 대한의생명과학회지
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.9-14
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    • 2015
  • Mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) is a major pathogen in laboratory mice that usually leads to fatal diseases, such as hepatitis, multiple sclerosis, encephalitis, and respiratory disease. MHV has a high infection rate, and it needs to be detected as soon as possible to prevent its spread to other facilities. However, MHV detection by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) often gives false positives; thus, it is very important that the results are confirmed as true positives in the early infection stage or distinguished as false positives with more accurate, reliable methods. Under microbiological screening, MHV ELISA-positive mice were found in four GFP-tagging transgenic mice. To verify the detection of the MHV antigen directly, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed, and the mice were determined to be MHV negative. Additional serum antibody-based screening was conducted with three different ELISA kits, and multiplexed fluorometric immunoassay (MFIA) was performed to confirm their accuracy/sensitivity. In brief, the ELISA kit for A59 nucleocapsid protein (MHV-A59N) revealed MHV ELISA positivity, while other ELISA kits (MHV-S lysate and MHV-JHM lysate) demonstrated MHV negativity. In MFIA, only the test for the recombinant A59 nucleocapsid antigen was MHV positive, which was consistent with the ELISA results. These results suggest that the ELISA kit with the recombinant A59 nucleocapsid antigen might induce non-specific MHV ELISA positivity and that confirmation is therefore essential.

ELISA를 이용한 우결핵검사 결과에 대한 PPD 접종법 결과 분석 비교 (A comparative study on the diagnosis of ELISA test and PPD test of the bovine tuberculosis)

  • 이종진;김덕순;이종화;이청산
    • 한국가축위생학회지
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.335-340
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    • 2010
  • On the basis of the 2009 business plan, 20,394 Korean native cattle and beef cattle were carried examination of bovine tuberculosis by using ELISA technique from March to December. As a result, 66 cattle tested positive for tuberculosis and showed 0.32% positive ratio. Intradermal tuberculin test about 66 cases of ELISA positive cattle was carried out, and all of 66 cattle were confirmed as negative. However, when 7 PPD-positive cattle derived from slaughterhouse were tested by 20k ELISA kit and MS ELISA kit, 3 (2 suspect) cattle and 5 cattle showed positive results, respectively. As compared to the results of PPD test, the concordance rates were 43% (71% included suspect) with 20k ELISA kit and 71% with MS ELISA kit.

간접 Latex 응집반응과 ELISA에 의한 중추신경계 질환 환자의 혈청 및 뇌척수액에서 Toxoplasmu gondii에 대한 항체 검출 (Detection of Antibodies in Serum and Cerebrospinal Fluid to Tonoplasma gondii by Indirect Latex Agglutination Test and Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay)

  • 최원영;남호우
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.83-90
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    • 1992
  • Toxoplasma증의 혈청학적 진단에 있어서 민감도를 증가시키기 위해 간접 latex 응집반응의 결과와 비교하면서 ELISA를 개발하였으며, 뇌척수액의 검사 시료로서의 가능성을 검토하였다. 아울러 중추신경계 질환환자로부 터기생충질환을 감별하기 위하여 1986년부터 1991년까지 전국 카 병원에서 채취한 혈청과 뇌척수액에 대하여 간접 latex 응집반응(ILA)과 ELISA를 실시하여 Toxoplasma 항체 보유 양상을 비교 검토하였다. 전체 2,016 건의 혈청에 대해 ILA를 실시하여 76건(3.8%)의 양성 (1:32이상의 titer)을 얻었다. 그러나 양성 혈청환자에서 채취한 뇌척수액에서는 낮은 titer의 반응은 있었으나 양성은 나타나지 않았다. 이들 양성 혈청의 양성 혈청 및 음성 혈청에 대하여 ELISA로 항체검사를 실시한바 ILA의 titer가 1 : 32인 군에서 통계적으로 유의한 차이를 나타내는 항체값을 얻었으며, 그 흡반도는 0.40이었다. 뇌척수액에 대한 ELISA로는 ILA의 1 : 64 titer군에서 통계 적으로 유의한 차이가 나타났고 그때의 흡광도 0.27을 양성 판단의 기준으로 사용하였다. ELISA에 의한 항체 검사상 전체 혈청에서 7.0%의 양성을 검출하여 ILA보다 약 2배 정도의 높은 민감도를 보였으며, 뇌척수액에서 는 5.6%의 양성률을 보여 ELISA는 뇌척수액에서의 항체 검출시 유용한 방법이라고 판단하였다. ILA에 비하여 ELISA는 약 2배 정도 높은 양성률을 내었고 양성률은 나이에 마라 40대 이후 급격한 증가를 보였으며, 여성보 다는 남성에서 약 2배 정도 양성률이 높게 나타났다. ELISA에 의한 뇌척수액의 항체 검사에서는 양성률의 성별 차이를 나타내지 않았다. 이상의 결과로 판단할 때, ELISA가 ILA보다 Toxoplasma 항체 검출의 민감도가 높았으며, 뇌척수액은 ELISA의 좋은 검사시료가 되며, 특히 중추신경계 Tocxoplnsma증의 진단에 있어 뇌척수액에 대한 항체 검사에서 ELISA가 유용하다고 판단하였다.

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ELISA 방법을 이용한 요중 아플라톡신 M1 측정 (Application of Competitive ELISA Method for Estimation of Urinary Aflatoxin M1 Level)

  • 김용대;김헌
    • 생명과학회지
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.306-310
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    • 2013
  • 본 연구는 요중 아플라톡신 M1 (AFM1)의 농도를 측정할 수 있는 competitive ELISA 방법의 특성을 HPLC-fluorescence detector (HPLC-FLD) 방법과 비교하여 평가하였다. ELISA 방법에서의 AFM1의 회수율은 105% (73-124%)였고 측정의 변이계수는 6.85%로 나타났다. ELISA 방법에서의 검출한계와 정량한계는 각각 0.20 pg/ml과 0.62 pg/ml로 조사되었으며, 두 방법을 이용하여 측정한 요중 AFM1 농도는 상관계수 0.96의 매우 높은 상관성이 있는 것으로 확인되었다(p<0.01). 그러나, 이렇게 높은 상관성에도 불구하고, ELISA 방법을 이용한 요중 AFM1의 농도는 HPLC-FLD 방법으로 측정한 값에 비해 상대적으로 높게 나타나는 경향을 보여 ELISA를 이용한 방법이 단시간에 많은 시료를 분석할 수 있는 장점은 있으나 그 결과는 HPLC-FLD 방법을 이용해서 얻은 회귀식을 이용하여 보정을 한 후 제시할 필요가 있는 것으로 판단된다.

가금인플루엔자 바이러스 항체검출을 위한 혈청학적 진단법 비교 (Comparison of serological methods for detection of avian influenza virus antibodies)

  • 한명국;박경윤;권용국;김재홍
    • 대한수의학회지
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.73-80
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    • 2002
  • An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using purified hemagglutinin of swine influenza virus (H1N1) as antigen was developed for detection of antibody to avian influenza virus (AIV). The sensitivity and specificity of a developed and commercial available ELISA kits were compared with those of agar gel precipitation (AGP) test and hemagglutination inhibition (HI) test using sera collected from chickens under condition of field exposure. The concentration of antigen, serum dilution and concentration of enzyme-conjugated secondary antibody in developed ELISA (S-ELISA) were 0.5ug/100ul, 1:200 and 0.03ug/100ul, respectively. The correlation coefficients between S-ELISA and commercial ELISA and HI titers were 0.419 and 0.533, respectively. A significant correlation (p < 0.01) was not found between HI and ELISA titers. The S-ELISA was found to be as more sensitive and specific than the AGP test, showing 86.8% sensitivity and 85.3% specificity. It is suggested that the ELISA using the SIV as antigen may be useful method as an investigating tool for AIV serological surveillance.

돈군의 Salmonella 모니터링을 위한 림프절 추출액 사용에 대한 평가 (Evaluation of the extract from lymph nodes for Salmonella monitoring in pig herds)

  • 정병열;추지훈;김지훈;정재윤
    • 대한수의학회지
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.119-125
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    • 2006
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the use of extract from mesenteric lymph nodes as an alternative to serum for ELISA to detect Salmonella antibodies in slaughter pigs. Among 324 slaughter pigs, 65 (20.1 %) were positive in the serum ELISA and 76 (23.5%) were positive in the ELISA with extract from lymph nodes. A total of 24 (7.4%) Salmonella representing 6 serotypes were isolated from mesenteric lymph nodes and 35 (10.8%) Salmonella belonging to 2 serotypes were also recovered from cecal contents of slaughter pig samples, respectively. The most prevalent serogroup was B (55.9% of isolates) and serotype was Typhimurium (52.5% of isolates). In the comparison of the results of between the serum ELISA and Salmonella isolation, kappa value was 0.28 with mesenteric lymph nodes and 0.37 with cecal contents, respectively. However, the extract ELISA had sensitivity of 98.5%, specificity of 95.4% and kappa value of 0.88 as compared with the serum ELISA. Because high degree of concordance between the serum ELISA and the extract ELISA was observed (P=0.24), extract from lymph nodes could be used as an alternative to serum for the detection of Salmonella antibodies in the ELISA.