• Title, Summary, Keyword: ELISA

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Evaluation of Two ELISA and Two Indirect Hemagglutination Tests for Serodiagnosis of Pulmonary Hydatid Disease

  • Eris, Fatma Nur;Akisu, Ciler;Aksoy, Umit
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.427-429
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    • 2009
  • To establish a definite diagnosis for pulmonary hydatid disease, combination of radiology and serology is useful. In this study, 19 preoperative sera from patients with surgically confirmed pulmonary hydatidosis, 40 sera from patients with other parasitosis and pulmonary diseases, and 20 sera from healthy donors were evaluated using 4 different serological tests, i.e., the commercial ELISA (ELISA-kit) test, the ELISA (ELISA-lab) test prepared in our laboratory, the commercial indirect hemagglutination assay kit (IHA-kit) test, and the IHA test using sensitized sheep red blood cells with tannic acid (IHA-TA). The ELISA-kit was the most sensitive (84.2%) and the most specific test (100.0%). The ELISA-kit also demonstrated the highest positive (100.0%) and negative (95.2%) predictive values. The sensitivity of the ELISA-lab test, that we prepared, was found to be 73.6%, whereas the IHA-kit test and the IHA-TA test were found to be 73.6% and 68.4%, respectively. The specificity of these tests was 96.6%, 98.3%, and 83.3%, respectively. When all 4 tests were assessed together, it was found that the sensitivity had risen to 94.7%. When the ELISA-kit was assessed with the IHA-kit and IHA-TA together, it was found that the sensitivity was 89.5% and 84.2%, respectively. Likewise, the combination of the ELISA-lab and IHA-kit or IHA-TA allowed us to achieve a sensitivity of 84.2% in cases of pulmonary echinococcosis. In conclusion, the diagnosis would be imminent if least 2 tests were applied together.

Detection of Cymbidium Mosaic Virus and Odontoglosum Ringspot Virus by ELISA and RT-PCR from Cultivated Orchids in Korea (ELISA와 RT-PCR에 의한 국내재배난에서 심비디움 모자이크 바이러스와 오돈토글로섬 윤문 바이러스이 검정)

  • 박원목;심걸보;김수중;류기현
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.130-135
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    • 1998
  • This study was carried out to detect cymbidium mosaic potexvirus (CymMV) and odontoglossum ringspot tobamovirus (ORSV) in cultivated orchid plants in Korea. The standard double antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were carried out for detection of the viruses in the collected orchid samples. ELISA was suitable for massive-scale diagnostic method for virus detection in orchids. RT-PCR was rapid, time-saving and reliable detective method, and detection limit data showed that RT-PCR was 103 times more sensitive than ELISA. Of the 321 individual orchids representing 5 orchids genera tested by the ELISA, CymMV and ORSV were detected in 15.6% and 22.4%, and mixed infection of the both viruses with 4.9%, respectively. Of the Cymbidium plants tested, cultivated plants showed 52.5% virus infection rate with either CymMV or ORSV and both viruses.

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Use of ELISA for the Residue Analysis of Pesticides (ELISA 기법을 이용한 농약(農藥)의 잔류분석(殘留分析))

  • Lee, Kang-Bong;Suh, Yong-Tack
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.298-308
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    • 1993
  • Immunochemical assay, ELISA for small molecules such as pesticides are rapid, sensitive, cost effective and can easily analyze with large samples. ELISA is one of several powerful biotechnologies immediately applicable to pesticide analysis. This review lists the advantages and disadvantages of the ELISA and elucidate the steps in assay development using examples from this laboratory. The focus is primarily on hapten synthesis strategies, protein conjugation, Immunization, assay format, and assay validation.

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Development of Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for Glyphosate-Tolerant Soybeans (제초제내성 유전자재조합 콩의 검출을 위한 면역분석법 개발)

  • Kwak, Bo-Yeon;Ko, Seung-Hee;Park, Chun-Wuk;Son, Dae-Yeul;Shon, Dong-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.366-372
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    • 2003
  • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for assaying the 5-enolpyruvyshikimate-3-phosphate synthase from Agribacterium sp. CP4 (CP4 EPSPS) in genetically modified soybeans was developed. Polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies (Pab, Mab) specific to the CP4 EPSPS were produced. When using the Pab, the detection limit of sandwich ELISA toward CP4 EPSPS (0.03 ${\mu}g/mL$) was better than that of competitive indirect ELISA(ciELISA) (1 ${\mu}g/mL$). It was found that 2 of 3 monoclonal antibodies, Mab1 and Mab2, recognized the same antigenic determinant on CP4 EPSPS, but Mab3 recognized different antigenic determinant when competitive ELISA was performed using the Mabs. On the other hand, when the sensitivity of sandwich ELISA using combination of Pab and/or Mabs was determined, the sandiwich ELISA using Mab2 as a capture antibody and Pab-HRP as a secondary antibody showed the lowest detection limit of CP4 EPSPS (0.02 ${\mu}g/mL$). The sandwich ELISA developed in this study could be applied to detect glyphosate-tolerant soybeans.

Detection of IgG and IgM antibodies with ELISA technique in human trichomoniasis (질트리코모나스 환자에서 효소표식 면역검사법을 이용한 혈청 내 항-질트리코모나스 IgG 및 IgM 항체가의 측정)

  • 이미리;신명헌
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.25-30
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    • 1990
  • The direct wet mount examination of vaginal. secretion, widely applied for the diagnosis of Trichcmonas vaginalis infection in woman patients, is rapi4 and economical, however, the sensitivity of this technique is not so high. In this study enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was employed for the detection of serum anti-T. vaginalis IgG and IsM antibodies from 30 vaginal trichomoniasis patients and 30 non-infected healthy persons. The results were as follows: 1. Serum ELISA-IgG value was $0.37{\pm}0.134(Mean{\pm}S.D.)$ in vaginal trichomoniasis patients and $0.21{\pm}0.054$ in healthy controls(P<0.005), and the sensitivity and specificity of ELISA for serum IgG antibody were 70.0% and 96.7%, respectively. 2. Serum ELISA-IgM value was $0.33{\pm}0.177 (Mean{\pm}S.D.)$ in vaginal trichomonlasls patients and $0.11{\pm}0.051$ in healthy controls (p<0.005), and the sensitivity and specificity of ELISA for serum IsM antibody were 70.0% and 96.7%, respectively. 3, The ELISA-IgG values showed a significant correlation with ELISA-IgM values(r=0.77, p<0.005) , With above results, it is assumed that ELISA is a reliable method for the diagnosis of T vaginalis infection and simultaneous measurement of serum IgG and IgM with this technique is recommended.

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Evaluation of an Enzyme-Linked Imrnunosorbent Assay for the Detection of Aflatoxin $B_1$ from the Imported Cereals (수입곡물 중의 Alfatoxin $B_1$ 검출을 위한 효소면역측정법의 평가)

  • 손동화;박애란;이인원
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.355-361
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    • 1992
  • In order to evaluate an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) for practical use in detecting aflatoxin $B_1(AFB_1)$ from cereals, we compared $AFB_1$ concentrations of samples contaminated artificially or naturally that were quantitated by the ELISA with those spiked or quantitated by HPLC. Cotton seed meals(19 items), rape seed meals(ll), soybean meals(9), and corns(3) imported from foreign countries were used as sample cereals. The standard curves of each cereal class showed that 1-100 ng/g of $AFB_1$ from cereals could be assayed by the ELISA. When artificially contaminated cereals were assayed by ELISA, the average recovery of AFB! from samples spiked to 3 ng/g and more was 138%(68-193%), although that spiked to 1 ng/g was somewhat high(268%). The average C.V. of recovery was 7.0%(0-22.2%). When naturally contaminated cereals were assayed, the concentrations of $AFB_1$ below 10 ng/g especially from rape seed meals quantitated by ELISA were much lower than those determined by HPLC. However, the concentrations of 10 ng/g and more from samples, except a few extraordinary samples. quantitated by ELISA were similar to those determined by HPLC, especially in case of cotton seed meals whose average recovery (ELISA/HPLC) was 153%. In conclusion, the ELISA was elucidated such as a practical tool to detect $AFB_1$ of 10 ng/g and more from cereals.

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Diagnosis of swine sarcoptic mange(Sarcoptes scabiei var. suis) by ELISA (ELISA를 이용한 돼지 옴 (Sarcoptes scabiei var. suis) 감염증의 진단)

  • Jee, Cha-Ho;Lee, Sam-sun;Chang, Lai-hun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.565-570
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    • 2001
  • The diagnosis of swine sarcoptic mange (Sarcoptes scabiei var. suis) was investigated by ELISA in order to replace current diagnostic methods such as skin scraping, scratching index, or lesion score of dermatitis. The current methods need many efforts and much times and cost much. They can not handle many samples simultaneously. Therefore, in this research we developed ELISA that can handle many samples at a time. The antigens of swine sarcoptic mite were isolated and examined by 12.5% SDS-PAGE and silver staining. The antigenicity of antigen was confirmed by Western blotting using the swine from the artificailly-infested swine with swine sarcoptic mite. The optical density (OD) values of the artificailly-infested positive sera and the naturally-infested positive sera of sows were measured and read in order to confirm the stability of antigens, the reproducibility and validity (sensitivity and specificity) of the manufactured ELISA of swine sarcoptic antigens. In above results, the developed ELISA would be possible to use the diagnostic tool of sarcoptic mange if OD values of piglets, fattening pigs and sows are interpreted reasonably and classified as mange-free and infested.

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Survey on the distributions of swine pleuropneumonia antibodies by ELISA in Kyongbuk western area (효소면역흡착시험을 이용한 경북서부지역의 돼지 흉막폐렴에 대한 항체분포조사)

  • 서희진;배성수;김대원;김봉환
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.289-299
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    • 2000
  • The study was performed to investigate the distributions of swine pleuropneumonia in Kyongbuk western area by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Sera collected from 400 slaughtered pigs in 3 slaughter houses during the period from May 1999 to october 1999 were tested to detect antibodies against A pleuropneumonie serotype 2 and 5. The optimal dilution of CBE antigen, conjugate and serum for this ELISA were determined 1 : 400, 1 : 20,000, 1 100, respectively. The optimal dilution of OW antigen, conjugate and serum for this ELISA were determined 1 : In, 1 : 20,000, 1 : 200, respectively. Cut-off value in this ELISA was determined by mean absorbance (at 492 nm) of negative control sera added with the triple value of the standard deviation. Cut-off value in ELISA by CBE and OMP antigen were 1.134 and 1.217, respectively. By the ELISA, positive reaction rates to A pleuropneumoniae serotype 2 and 5 for CBE antigen were 38.8% and 18.8%, and for OMP antigen were 42.8% and 23.5% of the 400 samples, respectively.

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Development of monoclonal antibody capture ELISA for the detection of antibodies against transmissible gastroenteritis virus

  • Oh, Yeonsu;Tark, Dongseob
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2019
  • Transmissible gastroenteritis (TGE) is a disease confined to pigs of all ages, and can be a significant cause of economic loss in breeding herds, primarily because of the very high piglet mortality. The causative agent is a coronavirus, an enveloped positive strand RNA virus and closely related but non-enteropathogenic porcine respiratory coronavirus (PRCV). Although the TGEV has declined with its innocent relative, PRCV, further genome changes could not be excluded. Therefore, the herd-level immunity against this virus is important for the prevention of disease and should be carefully monitored. The aim of this study is to develop monoclonal antibody capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (MAC-ELISA) which can rapidly and accurately determine a large numbers of serum samples for surveillance purpose, and to compare the ELISA with a TGEV-specific serum neutralization test. The MAC-ELISA was sufficiently achieved, and the comparison with the virus-specific serum neutralization assays for 713 sera from pig farms showed a high correlation ($r^2=0.812$, P<0.001). The specificity and sensitivity of MAC-ELISA for the serum neutralization test 91.9% and 91.6%, respectively, which means that the antibody detected by the MAC-ELISA could be said to be protective antibodies. In conclusion, the developed MAC-ELISA would be very helpful in evaluating protective antibodies against TGEV.

Studies on enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) for detection of antibody to Brucella abortus (효소면역법을 이용한 Brucella abortus 항체 검출에 관한 연구)

  • 심항섭;국정희;정봉수;고태오;조중현;박유순
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.107-115
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    • 1998
  • In order to establish a rapid, sensitive and specific diagnostic method for detection of antibody to Brucella abortus, a enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was adapted. The diagnostic efficacy of the established ELISA was compared with that of the standard tube agglutination test for B abortus. 1. It was found that the optimal concentration of antigen for this ELISA was 5$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml, the optimal dilution of conjugate was 1 : 2000, and the optimal dilution of serum was 1 : 200, respectively. 2. Cut off value in this ELISA was 1,102 that was determined by mean absorbance(at 492nm) of tube agglutination test negative serum added with the triple value of the standared devation. 3. The relationship between the tube agglutination test and ELISA was showen high corresponding rate with sensitivity(96.3%) and specificity(98.1%). 4. The efficacy of the ELISA for detection of B abortus antibody was compared with tube agglutination test In brucellosis outbreak farm. The sensivity of ELSIA was higher than tube agglutination test.

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