• Title, Summary, Keyword: ELISA

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Comparison of a new ELISA with other serodiagnostic tests for bovine brucellosis (소 브루셀라병의 혈청학적 진단법 비교실험)

  • Hur, Jin;Kakoma, Ibulaimu;Jeong, Jae-Myong;Lee, Hyeon-Jin;Baek, Byeong-Kirl
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.385-391
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    • 2007
  • A novel enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is described and compared with other established serologic tests for bovine brucellosis, namely the rose bengal test (RBT), the complement fixation test (CFT), and the tube agglutination test (TAT) approved and used in Korea. A total of 109 bovine serum samples were tested using all the 4 assays and analyzed as to specificity, sensitivity, reproducibility and predictive value. The ELISA showed 100% agreement with the CFT. The least agreement between ELISA was observed with the TAT. The agreement between the ELISA and RBT was not significantly different from that observed between the CFT and the ELISA. It is concluded that the new assay would be a good candidate for routine serologic survey for brucellosis in Korea. A protocol combining the ELISA and the CFT would increase the power for detection of serologically positive individuals and herds.

Detection of Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Fusarium Species by Sandwich Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay Using Mixed Monoclonal Antibodies

  • Kwak, Bo-Yeon;Kwon, Byung-Joon;Kweon, Chang-Hee;Shon, Dong-Hwa
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.385-389
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    • 2004
  • The antibody-mix sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Ab-mix sELlS A) system was developed in order to simultaneously detect the extracellular polysaccharide (FPS) of Aspergillus, Penicillium, or Fusarium species using one detection system. The detection limit and detection range of the Ab-mix sELISA towards EPS of Penicilliun citrinum were not changed, and those towards Fusarium moniliforme EPS were changed a little compared to that of individual sandwich ELISA [9, 10]. The fungal culture filtrates of Aspergillus and Penicillium species showed nearly similar reactivity towards Ab-mix sELISA as that of sELISA using the MAb lB8 alone [9]. Also, the fungal culture filtrates of Fusarium species showed nearly the same reactivity towards Ab-mix sELISA as that of sELISA using the MAb lB8 alone [10]. Thus, this ELISA system showed that the three genera of molds, Aspergillus, Penicillium, or Fusarium, which are three major important molds producing mycotoxins in food or agricultural commodities, could be detected at the same time, using one detection system.

Detection of Antibodies to Classical Swine Fever Virus gp55 in Muscle Fluid (Classical Swine Fever Virus gp55 항원에 대한 Muscle Fluid 항체 측정)

  • Jung, Jae-yun;Jung, Byeong-yeal;Kim, Bong-hwan
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.263-270
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    • 2003
  • The objective of the present study was to investigate the use of fluid released from muscle samples as an alternative to serum for ELISA to detect classical swine fever(CSF) virus antibodies in slaughter pigs. The optimal correspondence between serum 1:20 OD values and muscle fluid OD values was achieved at a muscle fluid dilution of 1:2. Significant correlation was found between serum and neck muscle ELISA ($r_s=0.880$, p<0.0001, ${\kappa}=0.82$; specificity of 97.0% and sensitivity 90.6%). The semimembranous muscle showed similar correlation in CSF ELISA($r_s=0.877$, p<0.0001, ${\kappa}=0.75$; specificity of 94.1% and sensitivity 89.1%). High correlation was obtained between serum and mesenteric lymph node in the CSF ELISA ($r_s=0.937$, p<0.0001, ${\kappa}=0.87$; specificity of 97.1% and sensitivity 93.0%). Measmement agreement between serum ELISA and muscle fluid ELISA was calculated and expressed as limits of agreement. The correspondence of ELISA of serum and muscle fluid indicated limits of agreement. Above 95% of all muscle fluid values were distributed within this limits of agreement. Among the samples used for ELISA for detecting CSFV antibodies, mesenteric lymph node had the most correlation and agreement with serum ELISA. F-test for comparison of variances showed no significant difference between the serum and muscle fluid. In conclusion, muscle fluid is a useful postmortem alternative to serum to detect CSFV antibodies.

Comparison of TIA with ELISA for circulating antibody detection in clonorchiasis (간흡충증에 있어서 항체검출을 위한 Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay와 Thin Layer Immunoassay의 비교)

  • 이용기;유재숙이근태정경일
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.265-269
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    • 1983
  • A comparison was made of a new serological method, thin layer immunoassay (TIA), and an established method, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), in the detection and quantiacation of antibodies in clonorchiasis. Saline extract of Iyophilized Clonorchis sinensis adult worm was used as antigen, and TIA by the method of Elwing et at. (1976) and ELISA by Voller et at. (1974) were performed. Using sera from known clonorchiasis cases,100% of the sera tested were Positive by TIA and 88.35 by ELISA. TIA produced false positive results in 14 out of 36 cases, which were 10 amoebiasis cases, 16 paragonimiasis cases and 10 healthy controls. ELISA. however, produced a small number of false positives, 7 out of 55 cases. There was correlation between Immunoglobulin G level in sera and ELISA value (correlation coefficient, 0.69), whereas no correlation between Immunoglobulin G level and TIA result. The Performance of TIA and ELISA was not correlated in the results using homologous antigen.

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Detection of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri on Citrus Fruits Using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay

  • Jin, Kyoung-Sik;Kang, Ik-Beom;Ko, Kyoung-Il;Lee, Eun-Seob;Heo, Jong-Young;Kang, Young-Kil;Kim, Byung-Ki
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.62-66
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    • 2001
  • Detection of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri (Xac) on citrus fruits for exporting is usually made by bacteriophage test (BPT) to demonstrate the pathogen-free status. BPT has rather time-consuming and complicate procedures for dealing with massive samples to be inspected. In this study, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was applied to detect Xac on fruits, and compared with BPT. In ELISA, positive reactions occurred in the bacterial densities of $3\times10^5$ cells/ml or more. To detect the bacterial infection on citrus fruits with a density of lower than $3\times10^5$ cells/ml, the bacterial suspensions were mixed with fruit rinse water and incubated in broth medium. Ordinary peptone sucrose broth (PSB) was not a proper medium for increasing Xac density specifically enough to be detect by ELISA. On the other hand, modified PSB (MPSP) amended with Fe-EDTA (0.25 g/$\ell$) and 2.5% potato-dextrose broth sufficed to differentiate uninfected and infected citrus fruits by ELISA after 24 h incubation of the fruit rinse water. Using various citrus samples from infected and uninfected fields, efficiencies in detecting Xac on fruits were compared between ELISA and BPT. For infected fruits samples, ELISA detected Xac by 100%, while BPT by about 44%, indicating that the detection efficiency was improved by 23.5% by ELISA, compared to BPT. In addition, ELISA has simpler procedures for testing and is less time-consuming than BPT, suggesting that ELISA may be accurate and simple method to detect Xac on citrus fruits.

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Screening of zearalenone-producing strains by ELISA method (ELISA법에 의한 zearalenone 생성균주의 검색)

  • Kim, Sung-Young;Chung, Sun-Hee;Chung, Duck-Hwa
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.7-10
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    • 1993
  • ELISA method was applied for the screening of zearalenone producing strains. The developed ELISA was as follow: $125\;{\mu}l$ of diluted solution (1 : 500) of antibody was added to each microtiter well and incubated overnight at $40^{\circ}C$. For direct competitive ELISA, samples and zearalenone-peroxidase conjugate were mixed in a 1 : 1 ratio, and a $100\;{\mu}l$ of aliquot was then added to antisera-coated wells. Plates were incubated for 30 minutes at $37^{\circ}C$, and wells washed 6 times, and $100\;{\mu}l$ of ABTS substrates was added. Plates were incubated for antother 15 minutes at $37^{\circ}C$, and $100\;{\mu}l$ of stopping reagent was added to the wells and absorbance was recorded at 410nm on ELISA Reader. Among 19 strains showed zearalenone-producing ability by ELISA, 3 strains (R-5, C-46, S-134) produced more than 50 ng/ml of zearalenone.

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Production of Group Specific Monoclonal Antibody to Aflatoxins and its Application to Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay

  • Kim, Sung-Hee;Cha, Sang-Ho;Karyn, Bischoff;Park, Sung-Won;Son, Seong-Wan;Kang, Hwan-Goo
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.125-131
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    • 2011
  • Through the present study, we produced a monoclonal antibody against aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) using AFB1-carboxymethoxylamine BSA conjugates. One clone showing high binding ability was selected and it was applied to develop a direct competitive ELISA system. The epitope densities of AFB1-CMO against BSA and KLH were about 1 : 6 and 1 : 545, respectively. The monoclonal antibody (mAb) from cloned hybridoma cell was the IgG1 subclass with ${\lambda}$-type light chains. The $IC_{50}s$ of the monoclonal antibody developed for AFB1, AFB2, AFG1 and AFG2 were 4.36, 7.22, 6.61 and 29.41 ng/ml, respectively, based on the AFB1-KLH coated ELISA system and 15.28, 26.62, 32.75 and 56.67 ng/ml, respectively, based on the mAb coated ELISA. Cross-relativities of mAb to AFB1 for AFB2, AFG1 and AFG2 were 60.47, 65.97 and 14.83% in the AFB1-KLH coated ELISA, and 59.41, 46.66 and 26.97% in the mAb coated ELISA, respectively. Quantitative calculations for AFB1 from the AFB1-Ab ELISA and AFB1-Ag ELISA ranged from 0.25 to 25 ng/ml ($R^2$ > 0.99) and from 1 to 100 ng/ml ($R^2$ > 0.99), respectively. The intra- and inter-assay precision CVs were < 10% in both ELISA assay, representing good reproducibility of developed assay. Recoveries ranged from 79.18 to 91.27%, CVs ranged from 3.21 to 7.97% after spiking AFB1 at concentrations ranging from 5 to 50 ng/ml and following by extraction with 70% methanol solution in the Ab-coated ELISA. In conclusion, we produced a group specific mAb against aflatoxins and developed two direct competitive ELISAs for the detection of AFB1 in feeds based on a monoclonal antibody developed.

A survey on diseases to improve productivity in 1-day-old chicks of broiler farms (농가 생산성 증대를 위한 육계 초생추 질병 실태조사)

  • Koh, Won-Seuk;Um, Sung-Shim;Cho, Bum-Jun;Kim, A-Rum;Lee, Byong-Jong;Lee, Seong-Hyo;Bae, Joung-Jun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.329-338
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    • 2007
  • Samples collected from 15 broiler farms(47 flocks, 920 1-day-old chicks) during March to December, 2006, To survey serum antibody titers of NDV, IBDV and MG/MS, the antibodies of ND viruses were detected by HI test and ELISA, against antibodies of IBD viruses and MG/MS by ELISA. The antibody titers of NDV showed 6.4, HI and 6,968, ELISA, respectively. The rate to below protective antibody levels(${\ge}5$, HI and ${\ge}1,000$, ELISA) were 8%, HI, 5%, ELISA, specially, Baeksemi were 22%, HI, 14%, ELISA. The rate of positive by ELISA showed 99%(914/920). The ELISA titer of IBDV showed mean titer 3,890. The rate of positive were 93% (857/920), specially, Baeksemi were 84%. The ELISA titers of MG/MS showed mean titer 5,666. The rate of positive were 78% (715/920) and 100%, Abor-Acre, 97%, Baeksemi, respectively. The antibodies not detected from 18%, ELISA titers was varied from 500 to 20,000. At antimicrobial susceptibility of E coli, Staphylococcus spp and Salmonella spp isolated from 1-day-old chicks, E coli were susceptible to AmC, AM, NOR, SXT, ENR, CIP, Staphylococcus spp were susceptible to AmC, SXT, AM, ENR and Salmonella spp were susceptible to AM, AmC, SXT and P.

Standardization of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of antibody to avian reticuloendotheliosis virus (세망내피증 바이러스 항체검출을 위한 ELISA 표준화)

  • Sung, Haan Woo;Lee, Su Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.569-574
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    • 2005
  • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detection of antibodies to reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) at single serum dilution was standardized. REV HI, one of the Korean field isolates, was inoculated into chicken embryo fibroblast (CEF) cells and was harvested from the culture fluids and cells after 10 to 12 days. Viruses were purified by centrifugation at the $107,000{\times}g$ for 12 hours on 20, 30, 45% (W/V) sucrose gradient. Virus specific fraction was collected and used as ELISA antigen. To standardize ELISA, the optimal concentration of coating antigen ($1{\mu}g/well$) and conjugate (1/1000) was determined by corrected OD (OD value of positive serum-OD value of negative serum) and P/N ratio (OD value of positive serum/OD value of negative serum). To calculate ELISA titer by measuring absorbance at 1/400 single serum dilution, serum titrations were carried out for various sample sera together with standard positive and negative sera. The observed titers of serum samples were plotted against sample/positive (s/p) ratios at 1/400 serum dilution. From the above data, the ELISA titers could be calculated by the equation of $log_{10}$ ELISA titer = 2.2763 ($log_{10}$ s/p) + 3.482 (r = 0.93). For evaluating the sensitivity, the standardized method were compared with conventional agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) test method using serum samples collected from REV infected field chicken flocks. Fifty seven of 60 samples (95%) were positive for REV by ELISA, whereas only 11 (18.3%) samples were positive by AGID test. This results suggested that the ELISA tests developed in this study could be used for detection of antibodies to REV with high sensitivity.

Development of an Indirect Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent assay for Rapid Detection of Adulteration of Food Allergen Mackerel in Processed Marine Foods (수산가공식품 중 알레르겐 고등어 혼입여부 신속 검출을 위한 간접효소면역분석법의 개발)

  • Lee, Jeong-Eun;Kim, Ah-Yoon;Kim, Sol-A;Kim, Hyo-In;Park, Ji-Hye;Shim, Won-Bo
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.185-192
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to develop an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (indirect ELISA) based on a monoclonal antibody (MAb) that is specific to mackerel thermal stable-soluble protein (TSSP), that can be used for the rapid detection of mackerel in processed marine foods. Among the four MAbs (3A5-1, 2, 9, and 12) developed in previous studies, the 3A5-2 MAb that showed high specificity and sensitivity were selected and used to develop the indirect ELISA method. The detection range of the indirect ELISA was 0.02%-0.001% and the detection limit of 0.001% was shown. No cross-reaction to other marine products and food ingredients was observed by the indirect ELISA. Processed marine foods containing mackerel with ${\geq}0.3$ O.D. value at 405 nm were estimated as positive samples by the indirect ELISA. Therefore, the indirect ELISA can be used as a rapid and sensitive method to identify mackerel authenticity and adulteration in processed marine foods.