• Title, Summary, Keyword: ELISA

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Development of Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for Rapid and Sensitive Analysis of Biotin (Biotin의 분석을 위한 효소면역측정법(ELISA)의 개발)

  • 이경애;손동화;고영태
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.1152-1159
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    • 1998
  • In order to develop more rapid and reproducible analysis of biotin known as vitamin H, attempts were made to establish the condition for enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) compared with traditional microbiological assay(MBA). Antibiotin and antiserum were obtained from the immunized rabbits injected with emulsion of biotin KLH conjugate and Freund's adjuvant. The antiserum showed cross reactivity on biocytin, a derivative of biotin, which is converted to biotin in intestine, at the rate of 177%(median inhibitory concentration(IC50)=12.58ppb), but not on other derivatives such as desthiobiotin, diaminobiotin and 2 imino biotin. Specific antibody for biotin was purified from the antiserum through protein A column and desalting column. The conditions of competitive direct ELISA (cdELISA) were established. Detection range of biotin concentration by cdELISA was 0.01∼300ng/ ml(ppb). In the spike test with milk, fruit flake and pine carrot juice, the correlation coefficient between two methods of MBA and ELISA was reliably consistent at the value of r=0.992. But detection of biotin by microbiological assay(MBA) was rather restricted in range and nonspecific. Detection range of biotin by MBA was 0.1∼0.5ng/ml(ppb). It showed cross reactivities on biocytin and desthiobiotin at the rate of 80.1% and 66.7%, respectively. In conclusion, ELISA revealed a significant improvement compared with MBA for the biotin detection in terms of sensitivity, detection range and cross reactivity. In addition, a variety of samples could be analyzed rapidly and conveniently at one time by using ELISA. These results strongly suggest that the ELISA is very promising for the practical application to detect biotin contents in a wide range of food stuffs.

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Development of an Indirect Non-Competitive Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for the Detection of Cronobacter muytjensii in Infant Formula Powder (유아용 조제분유 내 Cronobacter muytjensii 검지를 위한 간접 비경합 면역분석법의 개발)

  • Song, Xinjie;Kim, Myunghee
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.936-944
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    • 2013
  • Cronobacter muytjensii is an important foodborne pathogen as a potential risk in infant formula powder (IFP). To develop a new and sensitive method for the detection of Cronobacter spp. in IFP, an immunoglobulin G (IgG) specific for C. muytjensii (formerly known as Enterobacter sakazakii ATCC 51329) was developed. Further, an indirect noncompetitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (INC-ELISA) was developed by using the anti-C. muytjensii IgG. As a result, this newly developed INC-ELISA method was found very sensitive for C. muytjensii with detection limit of $6.5{\times}10^3CFU/ml$ in pure culture and 1 cell/25 g of IFP. This INC-ELISA method also displayed excellent specificity for C. muytjensii showing no cross-reactivity with other strains of Cronobacter genus and 11 other foodborne pathogenic strains. These results show that the developed INC-ELISA method was very sensitive, efficient, and rapid for the detection of C. muytjensii. Hence, this method could be applied to the development of diagnostic kits for the rapid and easy detection of C. muytjensii.

Assessing the Archaeoparasitological Potential of Quids As a Source Material for Immunodiagnostic Analyses

  • Morrow, Johnica J.;Reinhard, Karl J.
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.54 no.5
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    • pp.605-616
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    • 2016
  • In the present study, quids from La Cueva de los Muertos Chiquitos (CMC) were subjected to ELISA tests for 2 protozoan parasites, Toxoplasma gondii (n=45) and Trypanosoma cruzi (n=43). The people who occupied CMC, the Loma San Gabriel, lived throughout much of present-day Durango and Zacatecas in Mexico. The known pathoecology of these people puts them into at-risk categories for the transmission of T. gondii and T. cruzi. Human antibodies created in response to these 2 parasites can be detected in modern saliva using ELISA kits intended for use with human serum. For these reasons, quids were reconstituted and subjected to ELISA testing. All test wells yielded negative results. These results could be a factor of improper methods because there is no precedence for this work in the existing literature. The results could equally be a simple matter of parasite absence among those people who occupied CMC. A final consideration is the taphonomy of human antibodies and whether or not ELISA is a sufficient method for recovering antibodies from archaeological contexts. An additional ELISA test targeting secretory IgA (sIgA) was conducted to further examine the failure to detect parasite-induced antibodies from quids. Herein, the methods used for quid preparation and ELISA procedures are described so that they can be further developed by future researchers. The results are discussed in light of the potential future of quid analysis.

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of RVS (Retrovirus of Salmonid) (ELISA법을 이용한 연어과 어류의 RVS 검출(Retrovirus of Salmonid) 검출)

  • Oh, Myung-Joo;Yoshimizu, Mamoru
    • Journal of fish pathology
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.169-176
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    • 1996
  • An indirect double antibody enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed for rapid detection of a new virus isolated from abnormally swimming salmonid fish, RVS (Retrovirus of salmonid). Results using brain tissue homogenates, and infected cell cultures are described. The sensitivity of the methods is $10^{2.6}$ $TCID_{50}/100{\mu}l$ of the examined cell culture fluid. The specificity was confirmed by the ELISA inhibition test and virological examinations. Viral antigen could be detected in artificially infected fish tissue homogenates. The assay will allow the diagnosis of RVS-infected fish within a day.

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Changes of maternal antibodies in chicks vaccinated to breeder against infectious bronchitis, infectious Bursal disease, and Newcastle disease virus (모계의 전염성기관지염, 전염성 F낭병 및 뉴캣슬병 백신투여에 따른 모체이행 항체의 변동)

  • 고원석;김태중;이정원;서이원;송희종;오언평
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.133-139
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    • 1998
  • Serum samples collected from 30 breeders and their progeny 30 chicks. The antibodies against infectious bronchitis(IB), infectious bursal disease (IBD) and Newcastle disease(ND) viruses were detected by ELISA using commercial ELISA kit. The breeders were vaccinated against IB, IBD and ND viruses according to general vaccination program. Geometric mean titers(GMT) of ELISA were monitored from 1-day old to 17-day old chicks and compared with breeder chickens. The GMT of ELISA to IB, IBD and ND were declined half level of the breeder antibody titer at 6-, 8- and 7-day old. And, the GMT of ELISA to IB, IBD and ND were declined than that of protective titer at 6-, 1-, and 4-day old. Thereafter, the GMT of ELISA was declined and disappeared according to ages of chicks. Taken together, this study led to conclusion that time-course of maternal antibody titers of chicks from vaccinated breeders, and this is very important data for vaccination to chicks.

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Monoclonal Antibodies to Recombinant Fag e 3 Buckwheat Allergen and Development of a Two-site ELISA for Its Quantification

  • Jeong, Kyoung Yong;Park, Kyung Hee;Lee, Jae-Hyun;Park, Jung-Won
    • Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.417-422
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: Buckwheat is a major cause of anaphylaxis, and Fag e 3 is the key major allergen in buckwheat. However, an immunoassay system for the quantification of Fag e 3 has yet to be developed. Methods: We developed a 2-site enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) produced against recombinant Fag e 3. We applied this ELISA to quantify native Fag e 3 in total buckwheat extract. Results: Four clones of mAbs were produced, and all recognized vicilin allergens not only from buckwheat, but also from peanut and walnut. However, the ELISA using these antibodies was only able to quantify Fag e 3 in the total extract after addition of 1% sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) and heating, which facilitated dissociation of the allergen. The detection limit of the developed 2-site ELISA was $0.8{\mu}g/mL$. The measurement of Fag e 3 in the total extract of buckwheat showed that approximately 12% of protein in total buckwheat extract was Fag e 3. Conclusions: We have developed an ELISA system for the quantification of the group 3 buckwheat allergen, Fag e 3, specifically. This assay will be useful for standardization of buckwheat allergens and monitoring of buckwheat contamination in foods.

Comparison between indirect immunofluorescent antibody (IFA) test and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of antibody to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus(PRRSV) (돼지 생식기호흡기증후군 바이러스항체 검색에 있어 간접형광항체법(IFA) 과 효소면역법(ELISA)의 진단효율 비교)

  • Park, Choi-kyu;Lyoo, Young-soo;Lee, Chang-hee;Jung, Jong-wook
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.314-318
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    • 1998
  • An establishment of effective control measures to PRRSV infection in swine industry depends on a sensitive and specific diagnosis to detect either viral antigen and/or antibodies to PRRSV. Several diagnostic methods are available to detect antibodies against PRRSV, including IPMA, IFA and ELISA tests have been successfully developed. Sensitivity of the indirect immunofluorescent assay in MA-104 cells using Korean field isolate PL96-1 was superior to that of VR-2332 and field isolate PL96-2. Sensitivity and specificity of the IFA test with PL96-1 were comparable to those of commercial ELISA test kit but ELISA test was more sensitive for the detection of declining antibodies to PRRSV in finishing pigs. In this study we concluded that IFA and ELISA test could be utilized to detect antibodies to PRRSV and the results generated from these two tests were comparable and there were no significant difference between these two tests.

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The survey of Trichinella spiralis infection in finishing pigs using the pepsin-digestion method and ELISA in Korea (조직인공소화법과 ELISA를 이용한 국내 출하돈의 선모충(Trichinella spiralis) 감염실태 조사)

  • Seo, Hunsu;Woo, Gye-Hyeong;Youn, Hee-Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.269-277
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    • 2004
  • Trichinella spiralis is one of the important zoonotic parasites with a wide variety of vertebrates hosts in nature. The purpose of this study were to analyze ESP(Excretory-Secretory Protein) antigen, to evaluate ELISA for the serological diagnosis of Trichinosis, and to survey T. spiralis infection in finishing pigs using the pepsin digestion method and ELISA in Korea. In the analysis of ESP antigen by SDS-PAGE and Western blot, 4 major bands (70, 55, 52.6, and 49 kDa) were revealed from the ESP antigen. Predilection sites of T. spiralis were the diaphragm, the tongue, masseter muscles, intercostal muscle, and hindlimb in orders in the experimentally infected rats. Sera from 581 swine were tested by ELISA with ESP antigen. The 54 (9.3%) sera were suspected as positive reactors, however, these 54 sera were determined as false positives by the use of Western blotting. This study demonstrated that the ELISA was not suitable for the examination of T. spiralis in pork. The diaphragm muscle samples of 251 finishing pigs were tested by the method of pepsin-digestion for the presence of Trichinella larvae, however, T. spiralis was not detected from the samples. We could not find out T. spiralis infection in pig in Korea pork.

An Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for Detection of Milk proteins in Food (우유단백질의 분석을 위한 효소면역측정법)

  • Shon, Dong-Hwa;Kim, Hyun-Jung;Bae, Gun-Won;Kim, Soon-Mi
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.564-569
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    • 2000
  • An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was developed for the detection of milk proteins in processed foods. The ${\alpha}_{s1}-casein({\alpha}_{s1}-CN)$, a heat stable major milk protein, was immunized into rabbits to produce specific antibodies. When competitive indirect ELISA(ciELISA) using $anti-{\alpha}_{s1}-CN$ antibodies was established, its detection limit was $0.1\;{\mu}g/mL$. The reactivities of the specific antibodies toward ${\alpha}_{s1}-CN$, skim milk, ${\beta}-CN$ and whey protein isolate(WPI) were 100, 37, 0.14 and 0.04%, respectively, as determined by ciELISA. However $anti-{\alpha}_{s1}-CN$ antibodies did not have any reactivity to other milk proteins such as ${\beta}-lactoglobulin,\;{\alpha}-lactalbumin$, bovine serum albumin, and isolated soy protein. When sandwich ELISA was established, its detection limit was $0.01\;{\mu}g/mL$ which was 10 times more sensitive than that of ciELISA. In the spike test which was performed by adding 1-10% of whole CN to market milk, mean assay recovery as determined by sandwich ELISA was 94.8%(CV, 8.2%). Food stuffs and dairy products were assayed by sandwich ELISA to show 29, 0.13, 0.25, and 6.9% of whole CN in skim milk powder, WPI, semi-solid yoghurt, and processed cheese, respectively.

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An Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for $Aflatoxin\;M_1$ in Cow's Milk without a Cleanup Procedure (희석에 의한 우유 중 $Aflatoxin\;M_1$의 효소면역측정법)

  • Shon, Dong-Hwa;Lim, Sun-Hee;Lee, Yin-Won
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.1184-1187
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    • 1996
  • A simple and rapid detection system for $aflatoxin\;M_1\;(AFM_1)$ in cow's milk by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed. Specific antibodies against $AFM_1$, conjugated to bovine serum albumin $(AFM_1-BSA)$ were raised in rabbits and purified. The cross-reactivities of the antibodies against aflatoxin analogs were less than 29.9%. When a competitive direct ELISA (cdELISA) for $AFM_1$, established by use of the antibodies was applied to the spike test of $AFM_1$ onto uncontaminated cow's milk, the assay recovery was unstable unless cow's milk was diluted to 40% (2:3) with phosphate buffered saline (PBS). In that condition of sample dilution, the mean ELISA recovery of $AFM_1$, from the cow's milk was 113% (coefficient of variation (CV) of each recovery percentage, 8.2%) in the range of $0.3{\sim}3.0\;ppb$. These results showed that the ELISA system could be a convenient tool to monitor the contamination of AFM1 more than 0.5 ppb in cow's milk (FDA allowance limit) easily.

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