• Title, Summary, Keyword: EPIRB

Search Result 14, Processing Time 0.03 seconds

A Study on Minimize Method of EPIRB's Error Operation by Improve the Seawater Sensing (해수센싱 방법의 개선에 의한 EPIRB오동작의 최소화방안 연구)

  • Lee, Young-Soo;Choi, Jo-Cheon
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
    • /
    • v.10 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1978-1982
    • /
    • 2006
  • The EPIRB overcame the limitations of the conventional marine communication systems, the false distress calls by EPIRB systems internationally account for about 94 percent of the total calls because of the different usages of EPIRB systems with manufacturers, users' errors, and systems' faults. To resolve these problems, international bodies and manufacturers are developing many measures to reduce those error emissions. In conventional systems, the distress call was sent immediately after the EPIRB is removed from the automatic release system. Taking into account the properties of the system, however manufacturers improved the operation so that the distress call is sent only when the EPIRB is released and then immersed into water. In spite of these efforts, the error emissions have not significantly reduced. In this study, the domestic and international technical regulations and standards for the COSPAS-SARSAT and satellite EPIRB systems were reviewed, and a bridge-type water detection sensor was developed to minimize the error emission from EPIRB.

Implementation of the VHF EPIRB using the technique of Digital Selective Calling (디지털 선택호출 기술을 이용한 VHF EPIRB의 구현)

  • 유형열;이헌택;황운택;김기문
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
    • /
    • v.2 no.2
    • /
    • pp.259-266
    • /
    • 1998
  • 406MHz and INMARSAT-E EPIRB facility transmits the distress alerts by the relay of the polar-satellites and INTELSAT, but may cause the probability of delayed transmission because of the orbital period and not compliance with the implementation of GMDSS rules for small ships in A1 area.. Digital Selective Calling forms a critical part of the terrestrial elements of the GMDSS system and ensures the reliability and the efficiency in the system. In this paper, we suggests that new DSC EPIRB in the VHF band to overcome this defect for small ships in A1 area, and analyze the ITU-R recommendations and technical characteristics, design and implement the algorithm of calling sequences, frequency synthesizer for the RF signal and FSK moulation signals.

  • PDF

A Study on Design and Implementation of the Test Bench for Standard Performance Measurement of Satellite EPIRB (위성 EPIRB 표준 성능측정을 위한 Test Bench의 설계 및 구현에 관한 연구)

  • 임종근;김기문
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
    • /
    • v.8 no.3
    • /
    • pp.554-562
    • /
    • 2004
  • It was recommended for all ship engaged in international voyages to carry the Satellite Emergency position Indicating Radio Beacon according to Global Maritime Distress & Safety System but also it is tending to be diffused to require the satellite EPIRB installed in small vessel such as a fishery boat by domestic regulations of each countries. Otherwise the domestic regulation can't evaluate exactly the compatibility with the satellite system and the performance of the equipment itself required by international regulation. And even if it is required the performing of the performance inspection in accordance with international regulation, it is difficult to grasp the characteristics of equipment by a generalized measuring equipment. Hence this study performed the measurement for the matters related with an wave forms, modulation characteristics, frequency and the power, etc through the design and implementation of the test bench capable of ensuring most of test items regulated by international regulation. Through this study, it has been paved the way being capable of preparation of the standard regarding to transmission repetition period, phase variation and frequency stability related with the system compatibility and in conclusion, it is enable to improve the performance of a main distress communication equipment directly connected with the life of a survivor.

A study on the development of 406MHz Satellite Emergency Position-Idicating Radio Beacons(EPIRBs) (406MHz 위성 EPIRB 개발에 관한 연구)

  • 배정철;홍창희
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Navigation
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.85-95
    • /
    • 1996
  • The purpose of this reserch is the development of 406MHz satellite EPIRB terminals which is used on Cospas/Sarsat system. This equipment is essencial facility in all vessel due to should be equipped according to GMDSS. This 406MHz satellite EPIRB needs high technology of complicated. Because, this is designed to operate stably with ultra-stability oscillator and with the low power consumption so that can operate continually for 48 hours by the contained battery. The development of this equipment is significant in the sides of acquirement of new technology on satellite communication fields. In this research, we investigated the international and domestic regulations of needed. Because this equipment is international system concerned with life of man. So, we designed the adequate hardwares and softwares from this research. From this research, we developed the equipment with appopriate capability for productions, and much more research is needed to develop the more small size more chip one for production.

  • PDF

A Study on Technical Characteristics of Float-Free Simplified-Voyage Data Recorder in terms of Radio-communication Equipment (부양형(Float-free) S-VDR의 통신설비 측면에서 기술적 특성 연구)

  • Jang, Dong-Won
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.219-222
    • /
    • 2007
  • 본고에서는 최근에 IMO에서 시행될 VDR(Voyage Data Recorder)에 대해 분석하고 특히 통신설비와 결합된 부양형 S-VDR(Simplified -Voyage Data Recoder)에 대한 통신 기술적 측면에 대해서 기술하였다. 이 장비에 결합된 통신 기술은 기존 EPIRB(Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon) 기술을 S-VDR과 결합한 것으로 통신적인 측면에서 기술적인 변화는 없다. VDR의 경우에도 기능을 단순화하여 경제적인 항행장비인 S-VDR로 변화되었으나 기술적인 측면의 변화는 없다. 부양형 S-VDR은 통신 기능을 포함하고 있으므로 통신설비이며 기존익 조난 구조를 위한 EPIRB를 대신할 수 없다. 그러므로 본고에서는 부양형 S-VDR에 대한 국제 표준화기구(IMO, IEC, ITU, COSPAS-SARSAT 등)의 관련 자료를 분석하고 사용 범위 및 용도 등을 명확히 정리했으며 이 결과가 해상통신 관련 규정에 반영되도록 제안하였다.

  • PDF

Position Fixing Method in Search and Rescue System with an Orbiting Satellite (궤도위성을 이용한 수색.구조 시스템에서 있어서의 조난위치 결정법에 관한 연구)

  • 안영섭;김동일
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Navigation
    • /
    • v.12 no.3
    • /
    • pp.1-21
    • /
    • 1988
  • A Satellite -aided search and rescue system is expected for its many advantage of global coverage, instantaneousness and low cost. In this paper, a calculation method is proposed , by which a position of distress can be determined with doppler frequency received through an orbital satellite. First, an algorithm and program is developed for calculating the position of distress with the received doppler frequency of EPIRB(Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon) with the least square method. Then, position error caused by the drift of the transmitting frequency is evaluated. The evaluation is made by the simulation using NNSS satellite orbital elements and varying position of EPIRB, numbers of Doppler data and magnitudes of various errors. As the result, the availability of this program for a satellite-aided search and rescue system is confirmed and the bounds of expected positioning accuracy is clarified.

  • PDF

AIS 관련기술의 국제기구 동향

  • Im, Jong-Geun;Park, Jeong-Nam;Jeon, Jung-Seong;Kim, Jong-Uk
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.396-398
    • /
    • 2012
  • 선박용 AIS를 비롯한 해양교통시설용 AIS, AIS-SART에 대한 내용을 살펴보고 최근 국제적으로 거론되고 있는 다양한 AIS 관련 응용기술과 국제기구의 논의과정을 살펴본다. 이러한 검토를 통해 국내 AIS 관련 기술의 시장과 국내 관련기관에서의 대응책을 모색하고자 한다.

  • PDF

A Study on the Application of Radar Cross Section Characteristic Based Life Saving Appliance for Search and Rescue Activities (조난승객 구조를 위한 레이더반사체 활용에 관한 연구)

  • Jo, Min-Chul;Kim, Hwa-Young;Lim, Sung-Yong;Kang, Hee-Jin
    • Journal of Korea Ship Safrty Technology Authority
    • /
    • /
    • pp.77-87
    • /
    • 2014
  • 많은 선박 사고에서 해상 조난자를 수색 및 구조하는데 매우 많은 시간이 소요되며, 수중에서 체온저하 등으로 적정 시간 내에 구출되지 못한 조난자의 경우 사망 위험이 매우 높은 실정이다. 이러한 위험을 줄이기 위한 기존 기술로는 발광막대, SOS 부이, SART, EPIRB 등이 있으나, 급박한 상황에서 개인이 활용하는 데에는 한계가 있다. 이에 따라, 이러한 문제를 해결하고 효율적인 수색 및 구조 활동을 위한 새로운 방법을 연구하게 되었다.

  • PDF