• 제목, 요약, 키워드: ETCS

검색결과 109건 처리시간 0.04초

알루미늄 합금의 성분원소가 절삭 특성에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Machining Characteristics Aluminium Alloy added Composition Elements)

  • 채왕석;김경우;최현민;김동현
    • 한국정밀공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.857-860
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this research was to study the influence of machining characteristics for aluminum alloys. The effect of metallic microstructural variables on the measures of machinability of aluminum alloys has no been adequately investigated. Machining Characteristics are influenced significantly by mechanical characteristics, composition and structure of material etcs. For improvement of machining characteristics, various studies are reported. In this paper, composition elements add to aluminum alloys within the limit of sustaining mechanical characteristics of metallic material. We have analyzed dynamic characteristics of cutting resistance, tensile strength value, hardness value etcs.

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고속도로 하이패스 시스템의 연료감소효과 평가 (Evaluation on the Fuel Efficiency of Hi-Pass System)

  • 이성관;이기영;최윤환;곽진호;성지나
    • 한국ITS학회 논문지
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.59-66
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    • 2010
  • 일반적으로 고속도로 영업소에서는 요금정산을 위해 차량이 감속, 정지, 가속행위를 행해야 하므로, 차량의 멈춤 없이 요금을 징수하는 자동요금징수체계(ETCS)의 일종인 하이패스차로 이용시보다 추가적인 연료소모가 발생하게 된다. 본 연구는 이를 증명하기 위해 현장 실험구간을 선정하고 연료소모량을 측정할 수 있는 실험용 차량을 제작하여 고속도로 영업소 이용방식에 따른 연료소모량을 비교하였다. 실험 결과, 일반차로를 이용하는 차량이 하이패스차로를 이용하는 차량보다 36.7%이상의 추가적인 연료소모가 발생하는 것으로 나타났다. 이에 근거하여 고속도로 상에서 2009년 1월부터 5월까지 실험차량과 동일한 차량들의 하이패스차로 이용에 의한 연료절감 효과를 추정해 본 결과 약 53.4억원의 연료소모비 절감효과가 나타났다. 실제 차량을 이용한 이러한 실험 방법과 분석결과는 하이패스 시스템의 효율성을 증명하는데 유용하게 활용될 것으로 기대된다.

Safety analysis to derive safety requirement in the railway system

  • Joung, Eui-Jin;Shin, Kyung-Ho;Kim, Yong-Gyu
    • 한국항해항만학회:학술대회논문집
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    • v.1
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    • pp.383-386
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    • 2006
  • The safety of the railway system is important because the system is a mass transit system and the results of the accident are inconceivable. The railway system is operated by train operation system such as train control system. So the train control system requires safety critical characteristics. In the European railway, ETCS (European Train Control System) project has been finished to accomplish the interoperability of each national railway signaling system. According to the interoperability degree, ETCS levels are suggested. As the highest level, ETCS level 3 suggests a radio communication. Also recently urban railway system is operated by driverless and automatic train control system. In this circumstance, more safety is required than before in the railway system. In order to accomplish the safety of a system, the requirements considering safety have to be suggested. The requirement is a set of several functions such as general function, environment, safety etc. For the safety critical system, safety function is more important than any other functions. The safety functions are deduced by safety analysis. In order to perform the safety analysis, the system hazards have to be identified and then risk analysis for each hazard should be performed. The risk is related to the frequency and the severity of each hazard. And then countermeasures for each risk have to be prepared. The summary of the countermeasures is about a kind of safety functions in a system. In this paper, the safety functions for a train control system are presented according to the above procedure.

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DSRC를 이용한 교통정보서비스 인터페이스 표준 구성 (Standard Configuration for Interface of the Traffic Information Service using DSRC)

  • 김경환;조용성;배명환;김상헌;이경임
    • 한국ITS학회 논문지
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2011
  • 현재 DSRC(Dedicated Short Range Communication)를 이용한 통행료자동요금징수시스템이 전국 영업소에 구축 되면서 많은 차량용 단말기가 보급되었다. 이러한 통행료자동요금징수시스템 및 차량용 단말기의 인프라를 이용한 교통정보 수집 및 제공, 신호제어, 대중교통정보제공 및 관리 등 다양한 분야의 ITS 서비스를 위한 연구개발 및 사업화가 추진 중에 있다. 특히 차량용 단말기와 통행료자동지불시스템에 사용되는 노변장치를 이용한 교통정보 수집 및 제공 부분에 많은 연구가 이루어지고 있지만 DSRC의 응용 부분 표준과 교통정보 수집 및 제공을 위한 정보교환 표준이 명확하게 이루어지지 않았다. 이에 국토해양부에서 고시한 "기본교통정보교환 기술기준IV"를 DSRC 통신에서 교환되는 Action 프리미티브를 활용해 DSRC관련 표준의 수정 없이 표준화된 교통정보를 수집 및 제공하는 방안을 제안하고자 한다. 본 연구에서 제안하는 표준적용방안을 현재 ETCS(Electronic Toll Collection System)에서 사용되는 RSE(Road Side Equipment)와 OBE에 적용하여, 실제 도로에서 4대의 차량을 이용한 다양한 주행시험을 통해 시스템의 유효성 및 성능을 확인 하였다. 도로 주행시험 결과 약 97%의 통신 성공률을 통해 본 논문에서 제안한 표준 적용 방안의 유효성을 확인하였고, 약 3%의 실패를 통해 교통정보와 그 외 서비스 부분의 적용을 위해 발생할 수 있는 문제점을 분석하였다.

천연 오미자 추출물의 약리, 화학적 특성 및 분석 (A study on the Pharmaceutical & Chemical Characteristics and Analysis of Natural Omija Extract)

  • 성기천
    • 한국응용과학기술학회지
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.290-298
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    • 2011
  • Natural Omija belongs to magnoliaceae was known to possess natural odor, taste, color, and various pharmaceutical & chemical characteristics. Omija extraction was extracted using ethanol as a solvent. Omija extract showed a light red-violet color of viscous liquid state. Some conclusions from the result of characteristic experiment were obtained as follows. From the result of antimicrobial experiment, occurrence of staphylococuss aureus and aspergillus niger as microbes was decreased according to the passage of time. This phenomenon could know that Omija component is affected to antimicrobial effect. From the result of dye experiment, fiber dyeing showed with some ivory color after dyed to cotton and silk. This phenomenon could know that Omija component is affected to dyeing effect from observation of scanning electron microscope(SEM). From the result of instrument analysis, inorganic components of K(107.30ppm), Na(2.110ppm), Ca(0.935ppm), Mg(0.891ppm), Li(0.270ppm) etcs from Omija were detected with ICP/OES, and aromatic components of benzene(10.808), a-pinene(13.996), phenol(14.183), ${\beta}$-terpene(15.840), a-terpinolene(17.616) etcs from Omija were also detected with GC/MSD.

천연 강황 추출물의 약리, 화학적 특성 및 분석 (A Study on the Pharmaceutical & Chemical Characteristics and Analysis of Natural Curcumin Extract)

  • 성기천
    • 한국응용과학기술학회지
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.393-401
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    • 2011
  • Natural Curcumin belongs to Zingiber Officinale Roscoe was known to possess natural odor, natural taste, natural color, and other pharmaceutical & chemical characteristics. Natural Curcumin extract was made to use ethanol as a solvent was to show a yellow color having state of solid powder and an active component. Natural Curcumin extract tested pharmaceutical & chemical experiment to dilute in curcumin 1%-water solution. Curcumin extract tested antimicrobial experiment using microbe, and tested dye experiment using fiber. Some conclusions in the result of characteristics experiment was obtained as follow. The result of antimicrobial experiment showed that the growth of staphylococcus aureus (ATCC-001) and aspergillus niger (ATCC-002) as microbes decreased according to passage of time. This phenomenon could know that Curcumin compoment showed influence to antimicrobial effect. Also, the result of dye experiment showed that cotton and sick with fiber dyeing dyed in direction of dark yellow color. This phenomenon could know that Curcumin extract showed influence to dyeing effect in observation of optical electron microscope(OEM.) The result of instrument analysis ascertained inorganic components of K(53.300ppm), Na(1.150ppm), Ca(0.711ppm), Ti(0.351ppm), Li(0.256ppm), Cu(0.233ppm) etcs from Curcumin component with ICP/OES, and ascertained organic components of propanoic acid(1.859), benzene(10.814), phenol(14.194) etcs from Curcumin component with GC/MSD.

천연 생강 추출물의 약리학적 특성 및 분석 연구 (A Study on the Pharmaceutical Characteristics and Analysis of Natural Ginger Extract)

  • 성기천
    • 한국응용과학기술학회지
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.266-272
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    • 2010
  • Natural Ginger extract was extracted from Ginger component using ethanol as a solvent, and we tested various pharmaceutical characteristics in this extract. Characteristics experiment to use natural Ginger extract tested antimicrobial experiment using microbe, and analyzed organic and inorganic component with analysis instrument. From the result of characteristics experiment, some conclusions are obtained as follow. In this experiment, natural Ginger extract was obtained about 22.50 g-Ginger extract(extraction ratio : 1.80%) as liquid state of some viscous yellow-brown color. The result of antimicrobial experiment with staphylococcus aureus and aspergillus niger in microbe decreased more and more according to passage of reaction time. This phenomenon could know that Ginger extract has influenced to antimicrobial effect. In the result of instrumental analysis, aromatic organic components of benzimidazole(1.283), propyl isothiocyanate or isothiocyanic acid(1.477) etcs from Ginger extract were detected with GC/MS and inorganic component of Ca(27.6 ppm), K(24.08 ppm), Mg(6.03 ppm), Na(1.02 ppm), Zn(1.02 ppm), Sb(0.711 ppm) and Li(0.079 ppm) etcs from Ginger extract were detected with ICP/OES.

A Study on the General Characteristics and Instrumental Analysis of Natural Omija Extract

  • Sung, Ki-Chun;Kim, Ki-Jun;Kim, Yong-Ryul;Nam, Sang-Sung
    • 한국응용과학기술학회지
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.225-232
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    • 2013
  • Omija component was known to possess natural odor, taste, color, and various general characteristics. Omija extraction was extracted using ethanol as a solvent. Omija extract showed a red-purple color of some viscous liquid state. Some conclusions from natural Omija extract were obtained as follow. The result of antimicrobial experiment to add Omija extract, the number of microbial population showed negative reaction from 3 days after it cultivated. This phenomenon could confirm that Omija component affected to antimicrobial effect. The result of dyeing experiment to add Omija extract, fiber dyeing effect showed with some ivory color after dyed to cotton and silk. Also, this phenomenon could confirm that Omija component affected to natural dyeing effect from observated dye state with biological microscope(BM). The result of instrumental analysis, inorganic components of K(109.60ppm), Na(3.500ppm), Ca(1.205ppm), Mg(0.900ppm), Li(0.350ppm), Si(0.380ppm), Cu(0.250ppm), Fe(0.125ppm), Zn(0.090ppm), etcs from Omija were ascertained with ICP/OES, and organic components of benzene(10.808), borny lacetate(11.289), phenol(14.183), ${\beta}$-terpinene(15.840), ${\alpha}$-terpinolene(17.616) etcs from Omija were ascertained with GC/MSD.