• Title, Summary, Keyword: ETCS

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A Study on the standardization of ETCS (Focused on RF) (자동요금징수시스템(ETCS) 표준화 연구(주파수방식을 중심으로))

  • Kwon, Han-Joon;Lee, Ki-Hyun;Kim, Yong-Deak
    • The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.62-73
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, domestic standard revision plan of dynamic frequency method which is used both in unmanned automatic toll collection system and manned collection system of the express highway is presented. For such ETCS, the infrared rays (870 nm) of active frequency method and the frequency integrated method (5.8 GHz) are adopted and extended to be operated to the all around the Toll Gate. This standardization plan is based on inter connection reference model between OSI (Open System Interconnection) in process of ITS short range radio communication standardization of 5.8 GHz bandwidth to support traffic information and control system service, and the derived revision plan by starting from physical layer which support interoperability for multiple access between RSE (Road Side Equipment) and OBE (On Board Equipment), in which is categorized into physical layer, data link layer, and application layer. In case of radiation power, existing standard is divided by class1 (within 10 m) and Class2 (within 100 m) according to transmission lengthwhile it is operated with just single standard 'Class1' because of notification of Ministry of Information and Communication in 2004. In the case of the limitation value of incident power in communication area, considering operation plan of ETCS that is on actuality operation the measurements are reflected to the standard. In other wort this paper proposed the improvement standard of incident power, pseudo response in the communication area and radiated power in order to secure stability and compatibility among operator systems about the needed part on ETCS operation.

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A Study on the Balise Failure Analysis & Effects for ETCS Application (ETCS 적용 구간에서의 발리스 고장 분석 및 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Myoung-Chol;Kim, Chang-Hoon;Ji, Jung-Gun;Lee, Jong-Woo
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.717-723
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    • 2011
  • When the Balise(the device to transmit information between the on-board equipment and the wayside equipment) failure occurs, it may not be able to transmit data(Telegram) required for the train running. And in some cases, it may be able to cause an accident. Therefore, both the Balise failure affecting train safety running and the hazard in accordance with Balise failure require some activities to establish them. General failure mode & hazard analysis associated with the Balise are described in UNISIG SUBSET-036 spec & UNISIG SUBSET-088 spec. And, with reference to these specifications, safety activities are being performed. In recent domestic railway, the train control system applying ETCS(European Train Control System) Level 1, 2 is being serviced and is being planned, and as part of this system, the Balise is being applied. The design-method of the Balise device for each manufacturer are different, therefore the Balise failure mode & failure rate are different, either. But the functionalities & transmission-data format(Telegram) of the Balise in ETCS Level 1, 2 application for each manufacturer are identical. Accordingly, the hazard caused by function-fail can be identical, either. In order to establish these hazard, in this paper, we analyzed the detailed functions of the Balise. And we analyzed the Balise failure types & failure effects in accordance with the detailed functions.

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A Study on Traffic Information Service and Collection by the Use of DSRC Technology (DSRC통신 기반 교통정보 제공 및 수집에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Won-Mo;Bang, Jeong-Hyeon;Kim, Gyu-Ok
    • Proceedings of the KOR-KST Conference
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    • pp.399-408
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    • 2007
  • Dedicated Short Range Communications(DSRC) is a block of spectrum in the 5.8GHz band. DSRC is the useful technology of ITS Service. Japan operates ETCS, VICS by DSRC technology and DSRC technology is used ETCS Standard in Korea. There are many kind of utilization of DSRC in ITS. This is a study for traffic information service and collection with DSRC. Traffic management server service traffic information to driving vehicle by RSE(Road Side Equipment). OBU(Onboard Unit) in vehicle send the information to PDA(Personal Digital Assistant). Client S/W show the information to driver by text, pictogram, sound and return PDA H/W ID to OBU. Server make section traffic information by the PDA H/W ID information.

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Headway Analysis in Daejeon Nord section(Daejeon shunting yard-Daejeon station) which high speed train and conventional trains will be run (대전북(대전 조차장-대전역) 고속전철 연계 운행 구간의 운전시격 분석)

  • Kim, Yong-Gyu;Kim, Jong-Gi;Yu, Chang-Geun
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.810-813
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    • 2003
  • The present headway on KNR(Korea National Railway) lines varies from 6 to 10 minutes depending on the each line and by the operation of High Speed line in 2004, the bottleneck would be expected within a few sections such as Daejeon-Daejeon shunting yard which will be the common mute between KTX(Korea Train Express) and conventional trains. Therefore, KNR would like to reduce the headway of the all lines by 4 minutes with the implementation of ERTMS/ETCS on-board system. Where ETCS(European Train Control system), the subsystem of ERTMS, is Automatic Train Protection system for safety train running. This study will be analyze expected braking distance and running time depending on characteristics of conventional passenger and freight trains and high speed train will be operated within electrified conventional line for comparing the headways of ATS(Automatic Train Stop) system and ETRMS/ETCS system within the Daejeon-Daejeon shunting yard section.

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Expanding Plan Study of KRTCS-2(Korean Radio Train Control System for Conventional & High Speed Railway) (일반 및 고속철도용 한국형열차제어시스템 확대적용 방안 연구)

  • Lee, Kang-Gyoo;Choi, Jong-gwoan;Sung, Dong-Il;Yun, Hak-Sun;Park, Jong-Won;Kim, You-Ho;Lee, Nam-Hyoung;Yoo, Jong-Cheon
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.66 no.3
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    • pp.533-539
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    • 2017
  • ERTMS/ETCS Level 2 is currently planning, making contract, constructing and operating at several lines in European well-developed railway countries different from past ten years ago, and applying extensively for purpose of its intercompatibility and operational efficiency, and economic feasibility. On the other hand, ATP system correspond to ETCS Level 1, which was domestically introduced in early 2000, has introduced, operated, and planned or constructed in national railwaynetwork, but the lines, which its improvement period is come, are being occurred starting Gyeongbu Line. Therefore, we study the consideration and construction plan by stages if LTE-R Korean Radio-based Train Control System for conventional & high-speed railway under domestic development is extensively applied as the third National Railway Network Construction Plan was announced.

A Study on the PHA of ATP Equipment for the Korean Tilting Train (한국형 틸팅열차 ATP장치 예비위험원분석에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Duc-Ko;Baek, Jong-Hyen;Lee, Kang-Mi;Kim, Yong-Kyu
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1959-1962
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    • 2009
  • In this paper, we derive the hazard which is a criterion of safety assurance by PHA for the ATP equipped in Korea Tilting Train. The ATP onboard equipment in Korea Tilting Train was introduced as ETCS Level l(which is ETCS specification). Also, the ATP trackside equipment was introduced as a ETCS SRS(System Requirement Specification) 2.2.2 and it has a target for commercial operation in 2009 late. In IEC 62278(EN50126), it recommend of PHA to derive a hazard of target system in concept establishment step and estimate if it can control as a tolerable level and then derive safety case to control the hazard by lifecycle. Therefore, we indicate the hazard using criterion of safety assurance by PHA using FRS (Functional Requirement Specification) 5.0. which is a upper criterion than SRS. The hazard of ATP onboard equipment derived in Korea Tilting Train will be able to use as ATP functional hazards of unified onboard equipment in G7 which is a multiple unit and preliminary hazards of ATP onboard equipment in NEL drived by Korail.

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Turning and Metallic Characterization for Piston Materials of Automobile (자동차용 피스톤소재의 금속적 특징 및 선삭 가공 특성)

  • 채왕석;김경우;최현민;김동현
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers Conference
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    • pp.202-206
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this research was to study the influence of machining characteristics for aluminum alloys. The effect of metallic microstructural variables on the measures of machinability of aluminum alloys has no been adequately investigated. Machining Characteristics are influenced significantly by mechanical characteristics, composition and structure of material etcs. For improvement of machining characteristics, various studies are reported. In this paper, composition elements add to aluminum alloys within the limit of sustaining mechanical characteristics of metallic material. We have analyzed dynamic characteristics of cutting resistance, tensile strength value, hardness value etcs.

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Effect of Machining Characteristics Aluminium Alloy added Composition Elements (알루미늄 합금의 성분원소가 절삭 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • 채왕석;김경우;최현민;김동현
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.857-860
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this research was to study the influence of machining characteristics for aluminum alloys. The effect of metallic microstructural variables on the measures of machinability of aluminum alloys has no been adequately investigated. Machining Characteristics are influenced significantly by mechanical characteristics, composition and structure of material etcs. For improvement of machining characteristics, various studies are reported. In this paper, composition elements add to aluminum alloys within the limit of sustaining mechanical characteristics of metallic material. We have analyzed dynamic characteristics of cutting resistance, tensile strength value, hardness value etcs.

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Pharmacetical Characteristics and Analysis of Garlic Extract (마늘 추출물의 약리적 특성 및 분석)

  • Sung, Ki-Chun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.301-308
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    • 2007
  • From the experiment result on pharmacetical characteristics and analysis of Garlic extract, some conclusions were obtained as follows. From the results on extract experiment of Garlic, extraction ratio was about 6.0%, and after dried with dry oven from Garlic extract, it obtained about 50%-Garlic extract of solid state. From results on antimicrobial experiment of Garlic extract, number of staphylococcus and fungus in microbe decreased more and more according to time passage. This phenomenon showed that Garlic extract keeps antimicrobial effect. From results on antioxidation experiment of Garlic extract, DPPH scavenging activity of free radical showed that Garlic extract appears more remarkable reduction ability than reference samples. This phenomenon means that antioxidation of Garlic extract appears higher than Vitamin-C and BHA. From results on instrument analysis, inorganic components of K, Na, Ca, Si, Mg, Zn etcs from Garlic extract were detected with ICP/OES and the fatty and aromatic components of trimethyl sulfide, diallyl disulfide, diallyl trisulfide, 2-mercaptobenzothiazole etcs from Garlic extract were detected with GC/MS.