• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Eating Attitudes

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Factors related to Eating Attitudes of Female High School Students (일개 여자고등학교 학생의 섭식태도 관련 요인)

  • Jee, Young-Ju;Kim, Kyoung-Nam
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.40-47
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors related to eating attitudes of female high school students. Methods: Data were collected from 299 high school girls in 2016. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS/WIN 21.0. Results: There was a positive correlation between eating attitudes and anger thoughts, anger expression, perfectionism, depression, and problem behaviors. There was a negative correlation between eating attitudes and body esteem. The predictors of eating attitudes were perfectionism, body esteem, depression, and problem behaviors, which explained 23.7% of the participants' eating attitudes. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that it is necessary to recognize and measure the predictors of eating attitudes in advance and develop school-based health interventions to prevent eating disorders and improve eating attitudes among female high school students.

The Effects of Eating Attitudes on Psychological Achievement and Self Control in Middle School Students (중학생의 식생활 태도가 심리적 성취 및 자아관리에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Sung-Cheon
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.483-489
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    • 2012
  • In this study, a survey was carried out on 208 students at middle schools in Gyeonggi-do through May 1 to July 20, 2011, with the purpose of figuring out how eating attitudes of middle school students affect their psychological achievement and self control. The results were as follows. First, the effect of eating attitudes on the psychological achievement of middle school students demonstrated that regular dietary life, dietary life and health had a statistically significant positive effect on psychological achievement. Second, the effect of eating attitudes on self control in middle school students showed that balanced dietary life, dietary life and health had a statistically significant positive effect on self control. The above findings confirmed that regular and healthy dietary life connected directly with health, which was a factor that makes them think positively about psychological achievement. Besides, for eating self control, as balanced dietary life in eating attitudes was important. And as this had a positive effect on their self control, could improve their eating attitudes. Consequently, the regular eating attitudes and balanced dietary life in eating attitudes of middle school students can make their psychological achievement and eating self control for the nutrition and health care.

Internalization of the Sociocultural Attitudes, Body Shape Satisfaction, Anger and Eating Attitudes in College Women (여대생의 외모에 대한 사회문화적 가치 내재화, 체형만족도, 분노 및 식이태도에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Myung-Sook;Cheon, Suk-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.327-335
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The descriptive study was designed to examine the relationship of eating attitudes to the internalization of sociocultural attitudes, body shape satisfaction, anger and anger expression in college women. Method: 247 women were recruited from one college located in Seoul, Korea. The instruments used were the Internalization subscale of SATAQ-3R, BSQ for body shape satisfaction, Spielberger's state trait anger expression inventory-Korean version for anger and anger expression, and the Eating Attitude Test(EAT-26) for eating attitudes. Results: The score of EAT significantly correlated with internalization, state anger, body shape satisfaction, and anger expression except trait anger. The significant predictors of eating attitudes in college women were body shape satisfaction and anger expression, explaining 55% of the variance in eating attitudes. Conclusion: This study showed that body shape satisfaction is an important predictor for an eating disorder. Therefore, various programs for cognitive changes correcting the understanding about body and weight need to be developed in the future.

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The Effects of Eating Disorder Belief and Sociocultural Attitudes towards Appearance on Female High School Students' Eating Attitude (여고생의 섭식신념과 외모에 대한 사회문화적 태도가 섭식태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jung-Min;Park, Kyoung-Mi
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.65-77
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of the study is to investigate the effects of eating disorder belief and sociocultural attitudes towards appearance on female high school students' eating attitude. Questionnaires regarding eating disorder belief, sociocultural attitudes towards appearance, and eating attitude were administered to 900 1st and 2nd grade female high school students in Gyeonggi Province. Finally 875 questionnaires were collected and statistically analyzed through Cronbach's ${\alpha}$, factor analysis, Pearson's correlation analysis, and hierarchical multiple regression. The main results of the study were as follows: 1) Eating disorder belief, sociocultural attitudes towards appearance, and eating attitude revealed a positive correlation. 2) While control over eating, weight/shape as a means to acceptance, internalization, and awareness were significant predictors of drive for thinness, control over eating, internalization, and weight/shape as a means to acceptance were significant predictors of bulimia. 3) Internalization had a moderating effect on the relationship between eating disorder belief and eating attitude (drive for thinness, bulimia).

Comparison of Children's Body Weights and Eating Habits by Maternal Parenting Attitudes Perceived by Children (학령기 아동이 지각하는 어머니의 양육태도별 아동의 체중 및 식습관 비교)

  • Choe, Yun-Jung;Min, Hye-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.77-86
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    • 2009
  • Effective parenting attitudes have been known to be associated with children's health practices including dietary intake and physical activity. The objective of this study is to compare children's body weights and eating habits by maternal parenting attitudes. Data were collected at school (N = 396; 4th and 5th grade students) using self-administered questionnaires on maternal parenting attitudes, eating habits and physical activity. Parenting attitudes were categorized as 1 of 4 parenting attitudes (overprotective, authoritarian, democratic, and neglectful) using affection and control median cut points. Children's body weights, frequency of breakfast, eating out and fastfood, and physical activity were compared by maternal parenting attitudes. Children's body weights were related with mother's employment status (p < 0.05) and parenting attitudes (p < 0.01). Children of unemployed mothers were more likely to be overweight. Children of neglectful mothers (p < 0.01) were more likely to be underweight, compared with children of mothers with other parenting attitudes. Since, unfortunately, the number of children of neglectful mothers was very limited in this study, we could hardly assess eating habits of children of neglectful mothers. Children of authoritarian mothers ate breakfast more regularly (p < 0.05), but ate snacks less regularly (p < 0.01). Children of democratic mothers ate fastfood less frequently (p < 0.01) and ate snacks more regularly (p < 0.01). Meanwhile, children of overprotective mothers ate breakfast less regularly (p < 0.05) and ate out less frequently (p < 0.01). However, maternal parenting attitudes were not related to children's physical activities. In conclusion, the maternal democratic parenting attitude was associated with healthy eating habits including regular snack time and less fastfood. On the other hand, the maternal neglectful parenting attitude was associated with high risk of children's underweight. Understanding the mechanism through which parenting attitude is related with underweight risk and healthy eating habits may lead to the development of better interventions.

The Influence of Social Media Affinity on Eating Attitudes and Body Dissatisfaction in Philippine Adolescents

  • Tadena, Shannen;Kang, So Ra;Kim, Shin-Jeong
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.121-129
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study aimed to examine the influence of social media affinity on eating attitudes and body dissatisfaction among adolescents in the Philippines. Methods: The participants were 114 junior high school students enrolled in 7th to 10th grade in Cavite Province, Philippines. The collected data were analyzed in SPSS, using descriptive statistics, the independent t-test, one-way analysis of variance, Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple linear regression. Results: The factors affecting eating attitudes were body dissatisfaction (β=-.47, p<.001), social media affinity (β=.33, p<.001) and grade (10th grade) (β=-.28, p<.001), and the factors influencing body dissatisfaction were eating attitudes (β=-.65, p<.001) and social media affinity (β=.17, p=.041). Conclusion: In order to promote healthy eating attitudes and to improve body satisfaction among Philippine adolescents, educational strategies tailored to social media users will be needed.

A Comparative Study of Nutrition Knowledge, Nutrition Attitudes and Eating Behaviors of Dietitians and Non-Dietitians Working in the Metropolitan Area (수도권 지역 영양사와 비영양사의 영양지식, 영양태도 및 식 행동 비교연구)

  • Han, Soon-Ohk;Jung, Bok-Mi
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.840-854
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    • 2008
  • This study was carried out to compare the nutrition knowledge, nutrition attitudes and eating behaviors of dietitians and non-dietitians. The subjects of this study were 148 dietitians and 195 non-dietitians who are working in the metropolitan area. The general characteristics, nutrition knowledge, nutrition attitudes and eating behaviors of the subjects were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire. The results were as follows: The result of anthropometric data and body mass index showed no significant differences between dietitians and non-dietitians groups. The dietitian group ($16.61{\pm}1.82$) showed a significant difference (p < 0.001) compared to the non-dietitian group ($14.60{\pm}2.17$) in nutrition knowledge scores. Nutrition attitudes of the dietitian group ($36.66{\pm}6.91$) was a little higher than the non-dietitian group ($36.21{\pm}7.95$), but not a significant difference. The dietitian group ($61.52{\pm}9.37$) and the non-dietitian group ($62.50{\pm}11.25$) were no significant difference in eating behaviors. The correlation between nutrition knowledge scores and nutrition attitudes score of dietitians and non-dietitians groups were no significantly difference and also the correlation between nutrition knowledge scores and eating behaviors scores were not statistically significance. Whereas, the correlation between nutrition attitudes and eating behaviors showed a significant difference (dietitian r = 0.40829, non-dietitian r = 0.51914). From these results, we could see the necessity of emphasis of nutrition knowledge by mending the education is necessary to enable dietitians to apply that in real life. Also it is important to guide non-dietitians to adjust their nutrition knowledge, nutrition attitudes and eating behaviors.

Relation of obesity-related attitudes, knowledge, and eating behaviors with body weight and body shape satisfaction in $5^{th}$-grade Korean children

  • Lee, Seung-Min;Ahn, Hong-Seok
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.126-130
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    • 2007
  • Obesity is a worldwide epidemic problem. The downward trend of an obesity onset age calls for research efforts on how to develop useful nutrition educational programs for children to maintain adequate body weight. Understanding the roles of objective and subjective body status in obesity-related attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors can provide important information. The current study aimed to examine obesity-related attitudes and knowledge and practices of eating behavior guidelines in relation to obesity and body shape satisfaction among children. The gender effect in the relations was also investigated. A self-administered survey was conducted with 260 fifth grade children at 2 public elementary schools in the suburbs of Seoul. Information on demographics, body size, body satisfaction, obesity-related attitudes and knowledge, and eating behaviors was collected. Study findings from one-way analysis of variance tests indicated no differences in mean scores of the attitudes, knowledge, and eating behaviors across the levels of obesity for both gender. The levels of body shape satisfaction was, however, found to be significantly related with the attitudes and eating behaviors in girls, while no such relation was seen in boys. Girls with lower body shape dissatisfaction had significantly more negative attitudes toward obesity which was not translated into practice of healthy eating behaviors. That is, contrary to general expectation, the level of practicing the eating behavior guidelines was significantly lower in those girls. While underlying reasons for this observation is not fully answered, gender-specific, body satisfaction-stratified, and behavior-focused approach in designing obesity prevention programs for elementary school girls is suggested efficient and useful.

Effects of Obesity, Body Image Dissatisfaction and Dietary Habits on the Risk of Disturbed Eating Attitudes among High School Students in Gyunggi Province, Korea (경기지역 일부 남녀 고등학생의 비만도, 체형불만족도 및 식습관이 식사장애 위험도에 미치는 영향)

  • Yim, Kyeong-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.656-669
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    • 2010
  • Rapid shift to western dietary patterns and social drive of thinness would lead to increase the likelihood of developing eating disorders. This study was performed to analyze the associated factors between dietary pattern and self visualization in terms of body shape, which may increase the risk of disturbed eating attitudes among high school students in Korea. A cross-sectional study was conducted from 2009 to 2010 for high school students including both male and female students, from 6 schools in Gyunggi Province, Korea. A total of 766 students self-reported a questionnaire, including weight control practice, perceptions of self body image and ideal body image, dietary habit, and EAT-26 (Eating Attitude Test-26). Logistic regression analysis was used to fine the factors potentially associated with disturbed eating attitudes. Statistical analysis was conducted using SAS program (version 9.1). Results showed that disturbed eating attitudes were found in 8.7% of male high school students, and in 20.8% of female high school students. Experience of body weight control was reported by 56.2% of male students and by 87.3% of female students. According to multiple logistic regression analysis, obesity was independently associated with high risk of disturbed eating attitudes in male students [Odds Ratios (OR) 2.96, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 0.90-9.71]. Body image dissatisfaction (OR 2.77, 95%CI 1.37-5.62) and extended family type (OR 2.70, 95%CI 1.05-6.90) were independently associated with high risk of disturbed eating attitudes, especially in female students. In conclusion, proper efforts in education for obesity and developing self-esteem to reduce the risks of disturbed eating attitudes should be implemented in high school nutrition program.

Relationship between Emotional Labor, Job Stress and Eating Attitudes among Clinical Nurses (임상간호사의 감정노동, 직무스트레스와 섭식태도와의 관련성)

  • Im, Sun-Im;Cho, Eun-A
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.7
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    • pp.4318-4328
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    • 2014
  • This study examined the relationship between the emotional labor, job stress and eating attitudes among clinical nurses. The data was collected from 434 clinical nurses in G city, from February 21 to March 31, 2013 and analyzed using the SPSS 17.0 program. The mean levels of the clinical nurse's emotional labor, job stress and eating attitudes were 3.53, 3.81 and 2.27, respectively. The emotional labor showed a significant positive correlation between job stress (r= .570, p=<.001) and eating attitudes (r= .114, p<.05). In addition, the factors affecting the eating attitude were BMI (${\beta}$=262, p<.001), weight loss exercise (${\beta}$=.203, p<.001), internal medicine (${\beta}$=178, p<.001), surgery (${\beta}$ =.102, p=.043), and emotional labor (${\beta}$=106, p=0.49). These variables accounted for 16.8% of the variance in eating attitudes among clinical nurses. Therefore, working with differentiated departmental programs will be required to improve the eating attitudes and the BMI.