• Title, Summary, Keyword: Eating Disorder

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The Prevalence of Eating Disorder High Risk Group and Eating Disorder Among Bariatric Clinic Patients (비만클리닉 내원자 중 식이장애 고위험군 및 식이장애의 유병률)

  • Shin, Hyun-Taeg;Song, Jae-Cheol;Lee, Kyung-Hee;Lee, Jae-Sung
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.13-22
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    • 2004
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of eating disorder high risk group and eating disorder among whom visit bariatric clinic for diet and its relationship with sex, ages and body measurement. Methods: 742 subjects who visit our clinic both at Seocho and Bundang from January to October in 2004 were surveyed by using EAT-26 to assess their eating attitude. Results: The prevalence of eating disorder high risk group was 17.9% and that of eating disorder was 3.2%. Mean score of EAT-26 was higher in females$(13.22{\pm}8.52)$ than males$(8.95{\pm}5.44)$ and was significantly higher in twenties than the thirties in females(p<0.05). Mean weight, BMI and % body fat were significantly lower in eating disorder high risk group than normal group(p<0.05). Conclusions: Eating disorder symptomatology was highly prevalent among whom visit bariatric clinic for diet.

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Weight, Eating Habits and Dietary Self-efficacy of Middle School Girls with Eating Disorder (섭식장애 위험군 여중생의 체중, 식습관과 식이자아효능감)

  • Rhie, Hyo-Jung;Lee, Seung-Gyo;Won, Hyang-Rye
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.283-295
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    • 2008
  • The slimness favored trend made students shape up body image by weight control using restrained eating. Many students especially female ones tend to be in eating disorder status. The aim of this study was to find the relation between weight, eating habits and dietary self efficacy in the selected middle school girl students group with high risk eating disorder (7.9%) and the one with low risk eating disorder (24.1%). This study was conducted by EAT-26 questionnaire method and all the data was analyzed by SAS (Statistical Analysis System) program. The results were as follows; The physical condition of eating disorder students (159.5cm height, 50.7kg weight and 97.4% PIBW) was higher and bigger than that of normal students(158.2 cm, 47.2 kg, and 92.6% PIBW). Weight control experience in the high risk group (69.4%) was significantly more frequent than normal group (p<0.001). The gap between actual body weight and desired weight was higher in high risk eating disorder group than in normal group (p<0.001). Dietary self-efficacy score of middle school female students in the high risk eating disorder group was high when they were in temper, in confusion, and after argument. However, when they were in cooking (p<0.01), with friends (p<0.05), in assembling dishes (p<0.01), and with family (p<0.05) the dietary self-efficacy score of high risk group was lower than that of normal group. In the high risk eating disorder group, eating speed was often faster (p<0.05) and overeating rate (p<0.01) was higher than in normal group. In general, EAT-26 score was correlated positively with gap weight, but negatively correlated with dietary self efficacy score(p<0.01). Gap weight and dietary self efficacy were significantly different in normal group. however, there was no relation in high risk eating disorder group. Under the circumstance of high risk eating disorder, as weight and dietary self efficacy did not affect the relation with eating disorder score, when it is determined as eating disorder some other factors besides weight and diet self efficacy seem to affect the eating disorder score. In conclusion, the factors related with eating disorder were gap weight and some items of dietary self efficacy. Thus, correct understanding of healthy weight and dietary self efficacy enhancement require the development of nutrition education contents and the practice of nutrition education.

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The Relationship Between Eating Disorders, Body Image, Depression and Self-Esteem among College Women

  • Sung, Mi-Hae
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.33-44
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    • 2002
  • This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between an eating disorder, body image, depression and self-esteem amongst a subject group of 282 college women between Jan.,1st and 30th,2002, to provide base data for eating disorder levels of college women and to provide base data for health control. The evaluative instrument was a constructive questionnaire that consisted of 8 items of general characteristics and weight control questions, 24 questions relating to eating disorders, 17 questions pertaining to body image, 10 questions pertaining to depression and 10 questions pertaining to self-esteem. To identify the levels of an eating disorder, body image, depression and self-esteem perceived by subjects, the researcher used means and SDs. To test the significance of a subject's eating disorder, body image, depression and self-esteem according to the BMI, the researcher used the t-test. To test the correlation between the BMI, an eating disorder, body image, depression and self-esteem, the researcher used Pearson correlation coefficient. The results of this study are as follows. The mean score for anorexia nervosa was 31.52 and the mean score for bulimia nervosa was 24.12. Differences between the underweight group and the normal weight group in the level of eating disorders were significant (t=-6.94, p=.000). There were high positive correlations between the BMI and an eating disorder (r=.383, p<.01), between an eating disorder and depression (r=.161, p<.01), between body image and self-esteem (r=.653, p<.01). In addition, there were high negative correlations between an eating disorder and body image (r=-.214, p<01), between an eating disorder and self-esteem (r=-.196, p<.01), between depression and body image (r=-.541, p<.01), and between depression and self-esteem (r=-.537, p<.01). These results indicate that Korean college women need more education and counseling on dietary habits. Also, the systemic efforts reestablish the social standard of the beauty should be taken. Further empirical and experimental studies would be required for investigating for the factors influencing the eating attitude of the college women and discriminating the variables affecting the various specific dimensions of the eating attitude.

The Effects of Eating Disorder Belief and Sociocultural Attitudes towards Appearance on Female High School Students' Eating Attitude (여고생의 섭식신념과 외모에 대한 사회문화적 태도가 섭식태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jung-Min;Park, Kyoung-Mi
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.65-77
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of the study is to investigate the effects of eating disorder belief and sociocultural attitudes towards appearance on female high school students' eating attitude. Questionnaires regarding eating disorder belief, sociocultural attitudes towards appearance, and eating attitude were administered to 900 1st and 2nd grade female high school students in Gyeonggi Province. Finally 875 questionnaires were collected and statistically analyzed through Cronbach's ${\alpha}$, factor analysis, Pearson's correlation analysis, and hierarchical multiple regression. The main results of the study were as follows: 1) Eating disorder belief, sociocultural attitudes towards appearance, and eating attitude revealed a positive correlation. 2) While control over eating, weight/shape as a means to acceptance, internalization, and awareness were significant predictors of drive for thinness, control over eating, internalization, and weight/shape as a means to acceptance were significant predictors of bulimia. 3) Internalization had a moderating effect on the relationship between eating disorder belief and eating attitude (drive for thinness, bulimia).

Eating Disorder (식이장애)

  • Lee, Jae-Sung
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2002
  • Eating disorders are psychiatric disorders characterized by abnormal eating patterns and cognitive distortions related to food, weight and shape, which is in turn result in adverse effects on nutrition status, medical complications, and impaired health status and function. The American Psychiatric Association's DSMIVTR offers two diagnoses to describe disordered eating anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. A third category, eating disorder not otherwise specified(EONOS) include binge eating disorder. The prevalence of eating disorder has greatly increased among adolescence and young adults since 1990's when rapid import of western culture took place. It is likely that patients who ask for weight loss are at high risk of having eating disorder. Severe dietary restriction for weight loss may cause eating disorder. Therefore it is recomendable for doctors to have appropriate understanding and guidelines of eating disorder to help their patients.

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Effects of Body Image and Restrained Eating on Eating Disorder, Dietary Intakes, Self Esteem and Sex Role Identity in College Women (여대생들의 신체상과 다이어트가 섭식장애, 식이섭취량 및 사회심리적 요인에 미치는 영향)

  • 주은정;박숙희
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.399-411
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    • 1998
  • Thinness has become a symbol for beauty, acceptance and competence for women in our society, and pressure to diet because of this unrealistic standard is one factor reponsible for the increasing incidence of eating disorder. Three hundred fifty college women in the Chonbuk area were surveyed from May to June 1998, to investigate the relationship among body image, eating disorder, dietary intakes, self esteem and sex role identity. This study identified a subgroup of women who were relatively satisfied with their body weight and who did not diet. This group was compared with subgroups of women who were dissatisfied with their bodies and either were or were not restrained eaters. The dissatisfied/dieting women had the highest BMI, binge eating disorder and night eating syndrom, had significantly lower calorie, protein, iron, vitamin B$_1$, and vitamin B$_2$ intake compared with the satisfied/non-dieting women. The dissatisfied /dieting women, who had lower self-esteem compared with the satisfied/non-dieting women, but the frequency of sex role identity was similga among the groups of women. BMI and binge eating disorder were positively correlated(r=0.157, p<.01), but BMI and self esteem were negatively correlated(r=-0.202, p<0.01). Especially, binge eating disorder and self esteem were negatively correlated (r=-0.126, p<0.05).

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A Study for the Relationships between the Psychological Soundness, the Eating Attitude and the Eating Disorder among Female college students in Wonju Province (원주지역 여대생들의 이상식이습관과 식행동 및 정신건강의 관계에 관한 연구)

  • Won, Hyang-Rye
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.339-343
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    • 1995
  • This study was made in order to find out the relationship between the psychological soundness and the eating attitude influenced by eating disorder, and the summary of the results are as follows; 1. Almost all of the surveyed girls were in the criteria of standard weight, however they regard themselves more obese than what their actual body shape normally shows. It shows that they want a further slimmer body shape than the standard one (p=0.0000). 2. Tangable relationship was observed between such variables as her own acknowledged body type, eating attitude influenced by eating disorder and the psychological soundness. The more the girls think themselves slim the higher the score of eating attitude becomes (p=0.0000) and the lower the anxiety score becomes (p=0.0044). 3. Significant relationships was found between the obesity and the eating attitude influenced by eating disorder (p=0.0001). For the underweighted girls the high score of eating attitude influenced by eating disorder was observed, and it shows the increasing degree of eating disorder risk for them.

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Classification of Eating Disorder Patterns of Female Middle School Students and their Association with Self-body Image, Weight Control Behavior, and Eating Behavior (여자 중학생의 섭식장애 패턴 분류와 이에 따른 체형인식, 체중조절행태 및 식습관과의 관계에 대한 연구)

  • Lee Ji-Eun;Lee Lil-Ha
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.89-103
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    • 2006
  • This study was performed to provide sources of nutrition education for female adolescents by identifying eating disorder patterns and their relationships with self-body image, weight control, and eating behavior. A total of 329 female middle school students were recruited and completed a general characteristics survey, the Eating Attitudes Test(EAT-26), a perception of self-body image survey, a concern for weight control survey, an eating behavior survey, and the Mini Dietary Assessment Index(MDA). Eating disorder patterns were identified to be obesity stress and weight control(OW), risk of binge eating(RB), and dietary restraint(DR) by factor analysis. OW pattern was related with stout body shape, body dissatisfaction, experience of weight control, skipping of dinner, and low MDA score. RB pattern was associated with lean body shape, body satisfaction, indiscreet snack behavior, and the eating time of snacks. The DR pattern was associated with normal body shape, regular meal times, desirable snack behavior, and high MDA scores. The results indicated that the eating patterns of adolescent were not identical to existing diagnostic categories. Furthermore, each eating pattern displayed different characteristics of perception on self-body image, concern for weight control, and eating behavior. In conclusion, nutrition education for female middle school students could reflect the different characteristics of each eating disorder pattern.

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Perception of Body Image, Eating Disorder, Eating Behaviors and Subjective Health Status of Female High School and College Students in Daegu Area (대구 및 대구근교지역 여대생과 여고생들의 체형인식, 섭식행동 및 건강상태 비교)

  • 류호경;박정아
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.69-80
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    • 2002
  • This study was conducted to investigate the relationship among body image Perception, eating behavior and health status in young females. The survey was carried out by self-questionnaires for 293 female high school students(HS) and 164 female college students(CS) living in Daegu and suburbs of Daegu. For the perception of body image, 9-grade body figure drawings were used based on average Korean body size. EAT-26 and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were used to measure the tendency of eating disorder and self-esteem. It appeared that 40.5% of the subjects were off the normal range of body weight; especially 34.2% of the subject were underweight. The subjects' perception about current body image was within normal range. Almost of all the subjects believed that the ideal body image was thinner than their own current body image, and they wanted to be thinner than their current body image. The change of eating behaviors related to weight control of CS was significantly higher than that of HS students. EAT-26 score, self-esteem score, and subjective health status score were no difference between groups. The cut-off point of the eating disorder in this study was equal to or greater than 20 in EAT-26 score. The rates of the eating disorder were very high as 9.6% of HS and 8.5% of CS. Eating disorder was positively correlated with BMI, current body image, dissatisfaction of body image and the change score of eating behavior. But eating disorder was negatively correlated with health status. From the results of this study, we suggested that one of causes related to the eating disorder behaviors in adolescent females was resulted from misperception about ideal body image. There is a great need to provide nutrition educations concerning appropriate perception of body image and weight control among adolescent females.

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A Study on the Correlation between Middle School Students' Eating Disorder Behavior and Scholastic Adjustment (중학생의 섭식장애행동과 학업적응도의 관계 연구)

  • Yoo, Joo-Yeon;Jin, Yang-Ho;Bae, Se-Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.707-713
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to verify the difference of middle school students' eating disorder behavior and scholastic adjustment according to the gender and weight group and evaluate correlations between their eating disorder behavior and scholastic adjustment. A survey was conducted in middle school second graders attending five schools located in Seoul. Results from 355 questionnaire sheets were utilized for statistical analysis, and the results were gained as below: With regard to eating disorder behavior by gender, female students showed more eating disorder behavior than male students (p < 0.01); however, scholastic adjustment did not indicate significant differences by gender. According to the result of analyzing scholastic adjustment according to the weight group, the obese group showed lower scholastic adjustment (p < 0.05) and adjustment to studying (p < 0.01) than other groups; however, the eating disorder behavior, attachment to school, and adjustment to school did not indicate significant differences. According to the results of analyzing scholastic adjustment by eating disorder group, the normal group showed higher adjustment to studying than the risky group (p < 0.01). And scholastic adjustment, attachment to school, and adjustment to school did not indicate significant differences. The eating disorder behavior showed negative relationship with adjustment to studying. They showed more eating disorder behavior, their adjustment to studying became lower. Therefore, it is necessary to provide nutritional education at home and at school for them to have appropriate dietary habits as well as health education for them to maintain normal weight.