• Title, Summary, Keyword: Eating Disorder

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The effect of female adolescent body-relation variables, body esteem, and self-control on eating disorder behavior (여자 청소년의 신체관련변인, 자기통제, 신체자존감이 섭식장애 행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Sun Young
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.1403-1414
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the factors that affect eating disorder of female adolescents. Collecting data from 297 female adolescents, we carried out logistice regression on SPSS Win 20.0. The significant predictors of eating disorder for female adolescents were BMI, body-shape satisfaction, subjective body-fatness, experience weight control (diet control and exercise), self-control, and body esteem. The results of this study may help to design a school health nursing program which treats female adolescents eating disorder.

Awareness of Body Shape, Weight Control, and Eating Disorders in Female Adolescents Living in Seoul (서울에 거주하는 청소년기 여학생들의 체형인식도, 체중조절 및 식이장애 실태)

  • Kim, Yeon-Kyum;Yoon, Ki-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.232-252
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    • 2009
  • This study investigated dieting behavior, awareness of body shapes, and eating disorders in female adolescents according to age and BMI. The Eating Attitude Test for Korean Adolescents (EAT-26KA) and sociocultural standards were used to measure eating disorders and sociocultural attitudes related to appearance, respectively. In addition, the BDI (Beck Depression Inventory) scale was used to measure the correlation between disordered eating and depression. The data were collected from 390 female adolescents living in Seoul and were analyzed using SPSS15.0. The results indicated that subjects wanted to be thinner despite having a normal body weight (BMI 19.35${\pm}$2.73). They also thought of themselves as fat and with desires to be slimmer, and viewed "diet and exercise" as the best way to lose weight. About 67.4% of the respondents had tried a diet and had experienced dizziness, anorexia, and general exhaustion while dieting. Also, 5.1% of the subjects were classified as eating disorder and suffered from stress to be thin. In addition, 85.0% of the subjects with eating disorder had tried a diet due to "appearance". They thought that "being underweight" was an ideal body image and considered themselves fat, although their BMIs were in the normal range (19.94${\pm}$2.02). In terms of symptoms during dieting, many of the subjects dealing with an eating disorder felt dizzy, had low energy, and were depressed. In conclusion, we must educate young females about healthy eating and positive body image to prevent the development of adolescent eating disorders.

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Study on Association between Risk of Eating Disorder and Self-Esteem on Body Image (일부 대학생의 체형 만족 정도와 식사 장애 위험 정도의 관계 연구)

  • Nam Hee-Jung;Kim Young-Soon
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.115-126
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    • 2005
  • This Quantitative study was investigated to examine the relationship between self-esteem on body image and disordered eating patterns in some university students. This study used a cross-sectional study design. Total 347 students participated in this study (88 male and 259 female) among three universities. The assessment of eating disorder was conducted by Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), a score of >or=20 identified individuals likely have an eating disorder, including anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Ideal body weight and current body weight were completed with self-evaluation. A distorted body image was independently related to the eating problem in the Logistic regression analysis. There were stronger relationships between their EAT-26 scores and their expected weight changes and weight control behaviors. Compared with the men, women showed highly wishful to loss for current body weight. In the relationship between score of EAT-26 and BMI distance by sex, levels of eating disorder showed linearly elevated toward increased BMI distance (Ideal BMI-Current BMI) (F-value=18.794, p<0.0001) in women, but there were not significant in men (F-value=2.028, p>0.05). In estimate on state-trait anxiety inventory according to quartile of BMI distance by sex, levels of state-trait anxiety were not significant difference by degree of body dissatisfaction in all sex. In addition, higher distorted body image was significantly increased numbers of weight control method and experience of side effects in female, but there were not showed significant relation between two variables in male.

The Relationship between Eating Disorders and Parent-Adolescent Communication in Middle School Students in Rural Areas (농촌지역 중학생의 섭식장애와 부모-자녀 의사소통과의 관계)

  • Kim, Kye-Ha;Yang, Kyoung-Mi
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.55-63
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between eating disorders and parent-adolescent communication in middle school students. Method: There were 267 adolescents taken as participants from two middle schools in rural areas. Data were collected from June to July 2005, using the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 questionnaire (23 items) and Parent-Adolescent Communication Inventory (10 items for open family communication, 10 items for problem in family communication). The SPSS Win version 12.0 was used for descriptive analysis, t-test, and partial correlation coefficient. Result: The mean score on the eating disorder was 2.74 (range: 1-6). Meanwhile, the mean scores on the parent-adolescent communication was 3.37 (range: 1-5). There were significant differences in eating disorders according to gender, age, negative perception of the participant's body weight, family's perception of obesity, diet experiences, and BMI. Eating disorders showed a significant negative correlation with parent-adolescent communication. Conclusion: In this study, there was a significant negative correlation between eating disorders and parent-adolescent communication. In order to prevent an eating disorder, education and training to enhance communication skills should be provided to adolescents and their parents as well.

Qualitative Case Study on Theraplay Application of Children with Eating Disorder : Focusing on Polyvagal Theory (섭식장애아동의 치료놀이 적용에 대한 질적 사례 연구 : Polyvagal 이론을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Seyoung;Yoo, Meesook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.601-612
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    • 2018
  • This study is a clinical single case study of the application of Theraplay approach for the treatment of children with eating disorder based on Polyvagal Theory. The first research question is how children with eating disorder change through Theraplay. The second research question is to analyze what the therapeutic factors are for changes in children with eating disorder. To do this, I used a qualitative case study method that explores a small number of cases closely and reveals the case deeply. As a result, the client has a sense of security in Theraplay session, expands the window of tolerance and develops a social engagement system. Through these, client become increasingly adaptable and overcome eating disorder. The results of this study can contribute to neuroscience validation of the counseling effect.

Changes of Appetite and Eating Behavior in Bipolar Disorder Patients : Measurement with General-Food Craving Questionnaire-Trait and the Drug-Related Eating Behavior Questionnaire (양극성 장애 환자에서 나타나는 식욕 및 섭식 행동의 특성 : 일반적 음식갈망-특질척도(G-FCQ-T)와 약물 관련 섭식행동 설문지(DR-EBQ)를 이용한 평가)

  • Lee, Sunny;Ryu, Seung-Hyong;Ko, Hyo-Jung;Hong, Kyung-Sue;Nam, Hee-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.245-253
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    • 2011
  • Objectives In the current study, we quantitatively estimated changes in appetite and eating behavior of bipolar disorder patients during the pharmacotherapy. We also investigated their contribution to the weight gain and their association with specific food-craving characteristics of the patients. Methods Subjects included forty-one bipolar disorder patients and fifty-six controls. Currently sustained natures of food craving were assessed using the General-Food Craving Questionnaire-Trait (G-FCQ-T) and changes in appetite and eating behavior were measured using the Drug-Related Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DR-EBQ). Results Compared to the control group, the patients' group showed significantly higher body mass index (t=2.028, p=0.045). The patients' group had significantly higher 'Preoccupation with food' factor score of G-FCQ-T (p=0.016) than that of the control group. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that only 'preoccupation with food' factor independently predicted psychotropic medication-induced appetite change. Conclusions Appetite change while receiving psychotropic medication seems to be related to the weight-gain and associated with craving natures of 'preoccupation with food' in bipolar disorder. Appetite and/or eating behavioral changes measured by G-FCQ-T and DR-EBQ could be regarded as an important mediating factor in future studies exploring biological mechanisms of weight gain related with pharmacotherapy for bipolar disorder.

Parental Behavior Influence on the Onset and Severity of Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa (부모의 양육태도가 섭식장애의 발병과 심각도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jung Eun;Lee, Jung-Hyun;Jung, Young-Chul;Park, Jun Young;Kee, Namkoong;Park, Dong Wha;Kim, Kyung Ran
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.3-11
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    • 2015
  • Objectives:To determine the influence of parental behaviors on the onset and severity of eating disorders, this study compared aspects of perceived parental styles, according to eating disorder subtypes and age at onset in Korean women with eating disorders. Methods:One hundred and sixty-seven patients with eating disorders[Anorexia Nervosa (AN), N=49; Bulimia Nervosa(BN), N=118] were recruited for this study. Perceived parent behaviors were assessed with Parental Behavior Inventory(PBI) self-rating scale. The study subjects also completed the Eating Disorder Inventory -2 (EDI-2) to assess the severity of eating disorder symptoms. Results:In anorexia nervosa, early onset group(<16 years) reported low paternal affection and high paternal rational expression, low maternal interference than group with age at onset over 16 years. The severity of eating disorder symptoms was negatively associated with mother affection and rational expression in two subtypes of eating disorder(AN and BN). On stepwise regression analysis, paternal affection and maternal over-protection were associated with age of onset only in AN group and maternal affection was associated with the severity of symptoms in both groups of eating disorder. Conclusions:Considering the role of family function and perceived parental styles could help improve the management of eating disorders. These results emphasize the importance of fathers' role in the eating disorder on the age of onset, a relatively unexplored area of eating disorder research. Also, we investigated the importance of mothers' affection on the severity of symptoms.

Gender Differences in Eating Disorders and Risk Factors in Upper Primary School Children (성별에 따른 학령기 후기 아동의 섭식장애 관련 요인)

  • Moon, So-Hyun
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.361-369
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine gender differences in eating disorders and in several risk factors; body dissatisfaction, perfectionism, self-esteem, and depression. Method: The data were collected from 423 students in grades 5 or 6 (230 male and 193 female) in this cross-sectional study. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression were used with the SPSS/PC ver 12.0 program. Results: Girls experienced more symptoms of eating disorders, body dissatisfaction, and depression than boys. There were also gender differences in risk factors. For girls, depression, socially-prescribed perfectionism, and body dissatisfaction were related to eating disorder behaviors, whereas for boys, depression, self-oriented perfectionism, body dissatisfaction, and self-esteem were related to eating disorder behaviors. Conclusions: The results of the present study indicate that risk factors for eating disorders for boys and girls may be different, and these differences have implications for understanding the etiology of eating disorders and should be considered in planning possible nursing interventions.

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Body Image Perception, Eating Disorder Risk, and Depression Level according to Dieting Experience of Female High School Students in Seoul (서울지역 일부 여고생의 다이어트 경험에 따른 체중조절 행동, 섭식장애 위험도 및 우울정도의 비교)

  • Min, Jisun;Song, Kyunghee;Lee, Hongmie
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.241-250
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted in order to compare weight control behaviors, eating disorder risk, and depression in female adolescents according to dieting experience during the last year. The subjects were 707 students attending a girls' high school in Seoul, and all the information was collected by self-administered questionnaire. Eating disorder risk and depression were determined by using EAT-26 (Eating Attitude Test-26) and PHQ-9 (Patient Health Questionnaire-9), respectively. Data were compared between subjects with experience of dieting (320) and those without (387). More of the subjects with dieting experience were unsatisfied with their own body weights (76.9% vs. 44.2%, P<0.01) and weighed themselves frequently (P<0.01) compared to those without diet experience. EAT-26 ($11.63{\pm}8.3$ vs. $5.99{\pm}4.7$, P<0.01) and PHQ-9 scores ($7.05{\pm}4.6$ vs. $6.00{\pm}4.4$, P<0.01) were higher in subjects with dieting experience compared to their counterparts. Therefore, we concluded that dieting is associated with several undesirable psychological aspects such as eating disorder risk and depression in adolescent girls, and thus providing proper education is urgently needed to emphasizing importance of healthy weight and the danger of unnecessary dieting.

The Role of Uncontrolled Eating and Screen Time in the Link of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder with Weight in Late Childhood

  • Ahn, Joung-Sook;Min, Seongho;Kim, Min-Hyuk
    • Psychiatry investigation
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.808-816
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    • 2017
  • Objective The aim of this study was to examine the mediating roles of uncontrolled eating and sedentary behaviours in the link of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and weight. Methods A total of 352 children in fifth and sixth grade participated in the present study by completing the self-rated Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire and Children of Alcoholics Screening Test during regular classes. An additional questionnaire completed by their parents provided information about the children's ADHD and emotional symptoms, sedentary behaviour based on screen time, and parental variables. The questionnaires were surveyed within one week after their schools' annual physical check-up. Results Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that uncontrolled eating was complete mediator in association between ADHD symptoms and body mass index (BMI) for boys, incomplete mediator for girls. However, screen time had no significant effect on the ADHD symptoms-BMI link for both gender. Conclusion The findings of this study suggest that gender specific intervention programs may be need to help eating behaviour in children with ADHD and overweight.