• Title, Summary, Keyword: Eating Disorder

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The Therapeutic Implications of Alexithymia in Patients with Eating Disorders (식이장애 환자에서 나타나는 감정표현불능증의 치료적 함의)

  • Kim, Seung-Jun
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.54-60
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    • 2016
  • Alexithymia is characterized by difficulties identifying and describing feelings, impoverished fantasy life, and concrete and poorly introspective thinking. Alexithymic patients have been reported to show a stable deficit with regard to processing and regulating emotions. Eating disorders are characterized by a persistent disturbance of eating or eating-related behavior that significantly impairs physical health or psychosocial functioning. Like alexithymic patients, patients with eating disorders show the impaired capacity to process and regulate emotions. There is a robust body of literature showing patients with eating disorders are more alexithymic than healthy controls. Specifically, patients with eating disorders experience difficulties identifying and describing emotions. Childhood maltreatment can increase the risk for depression and alexithymia, which can in turn lead to disordered eating symptoms. Also, higher levels of alexithymia are correlated with a less favorable clinical outcome in patients with eating disorder. Therefore, treatments to help processing and regulating emotions of eating disorder patients with pronounced alexithymic traits may seem to lead to a higher possibility of recovery.

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The Effect of Adolescent Body-Related Variables, Self-Esteem on Eating Disorder Behavior (남.여 고등학생의 다이어트 행동에 미치는 요인에 대한 연구)

  • Chun, Chong-Gouk;Lee, Mi-Ok
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.1041-1050
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the variables which had effects on deit behavior of male and female high school students. The proposed variables are their body-related variables(body satisfaction, weight control experience, the degree of diet interest, and obesity) and self-esteem. The sample group used for the study consisted of 359 high school students(male=168, female=191). Measurement scales used for the study were those of body-related variables, self esteem and eating disorder behavior, and data analysis was performed using $X^2$, t-test, Pearson's correlation, regression analysis. The results are as follows. First, there is a significant difference between male and female high school students regarding their obesity perceived by themselves, body satisfaction, the degree of diet interest, weight control experience, and deit behavior. Second, In male students, diet behavior shows a positive correlation with the degree of diet interest, weight control experience, and body satisfaction, but shows a negative correlation with body satisfaction. In female students, diet behavior is positively correlated with the degree of diet interest, weight control experience, and obesity, but negatively correlated with body satisfaction and self-esteem. Third, in male students, the variables that showed a influence on diet behavior as an eating disorder are weight control experience, body satisfaction and obesity, in that the explanatory power of the variables is 51.7% with the highest mark on obesity. In female, the variables that showed a influence on diet behavior as an eating disorder are the degree of diet interest, weight control experience, body satisfaction and obesity, in that the explanatory power of the variables is 66.0%.

A Comparison of Dietary Habits, Weight Control Behaviors, Eating Disorder Risk, and Depression of Middle School Girls according to Various Stages of Dieting (다이어트 진행 중인 동료와 비교한 다이어트 경험 및 계획을 가진 여중생의 식습관, 체중조절행위, 심리적 섭식장애 위험 및 우울증상)

  • Jung, Aekyung;Ryu, Hyunsuk;Song, Kyunghee;Lee, Hongmie
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.178-187
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: This study was conducted to compare dietary habits, weight control behaviors, eating disorder risk and depression among middle school girls who were at various stages of dieting. Methods: Subjects were 391 girls attending a middle school in Kyeonggido, Korea. All the information was gathered by self-administered questionnaires. Eating disorder risk and depression were assessed using EAT-26 and PHQ-9, respectively. Data were compared among 4 groups; no interest in a diet (N=112), had experienced dieting (N=86), on diet currently (N=71), and plan to diet (N=122). Results: A higher number of students currently on diet tended to be unsatisfied with their own weight (p < 0.01), overestimated their weight (p < 0.05), and weighed own body frequently (p < 0.001), compared to those with only experienced dieting in the past or those who plan to diet, despite similar weights and body mass index. The students who experienced dieting in the past or those who plan to diet appeared to have several undesirable as well as desirable dietary habits and their risk of eating disorder was significantly more prevalent compared to those without an interest in dieting (p < 0.01), although significantly less prevalent compared to those currently on a diet. Conclusions: We conclude that unnecessary dieting is common among middle school girls and providing proper education with regard to healthy weights is needed to enhance their physical as well as psychological wellbeing.

The Study of the Weight Control Experiences, Body Image Perception and Eating Disorder Status of High School Students in Yantai City, Shandong Province, China (중국 산동성 연태시 고등학생들의 체중조절 경험과 체형인식 및 섭식장애 실태)

  • Yu, Wen Jing;Ryu, Ho Kyung
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.447-456
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to find out the weight control experiences, body image perception and eating disorder status of high school students in Yantai City, Shandong Province, China. The subjects of the study were 457 high school students in Yantai City. The results were as follows. The ratio of underweight and overweight and obesity of the subjects were 20.0% and 12.6% respectively. And 35% of the subjects had weight control experiences. There were significant differences according to the students' gender, location and BMI. In body image perception, the subjects who were normal and underweight overestimated their body figure, and the subjects who were overweight and obese underestimated their body figure. The girls wanted to have extremely skinny figure than standard figure and the degree of dissatisfactions with their figure was high. In the case of overweight and obese students, it showed a high degree of dissatisfaction of their body image. The ratio of the eating disorder group and eating disorder risk group were 7% and 19.3%, Compared to the students in rural areas, downtown students had significantly higher ratio of eating disorder. In conclusion, the education of healthy body weight and body image is necessary to the students in Yantai City, China. Especially the female students who live in downtown are considered to be the most important subjects of nutrition education.

Analysis of Path Model Based on Objectification Theory for College Women's Eating Disorder Symptomatology (대상화이론에 근거한 여대생의 섭식장애증상 경로모형 분석)

  • Lee, Eun-Joo
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.78-86
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was to examine the fitness of a path model based on the objectification theory and to expand it by including the new variables to explain eating disorder symptomatology (EDS). Methods: The subjects consisted of 444 college women. Data was collected through self-report questionnaires that measured self-objectification (SO), social physique anxiety (SPA) and EDS as the original variables in the objectification theory, and influence of mass media (IMM) and sex-role attitude (SRA) as the new variables. Data was analyzed by SPSS/WIN 12.0 and Amos 5.0 programs. Results: IMM and SRA showed direct effect on SO. IMM had direct and indirect effect on SPA and EDS. SRA had direct and indirect effect on EDS, but only indirect effect on SPA. SO and SPA influenced EDS directly, and SO influenced indirectly EDS. Conclusion: Path analyses indicated support for the original theory and the expanded theory. It is necessary for repeated studies including various age groups of women to clarify the applicability of the objectification theory to Korean women's eating disorders. And it were recommended that we should promote womens' criticism of the image and message about the perfect female body presented in the mass media, and to highlight the relationship of gender equality to women's eating disorders in health education.

A Study for the Relationship between the BMI and the Eating Disorder, Nutritional Knowledge among Female Middle School Girls in Won Ju Province (원주지역 여중생들의 BMI와 이상식이습관, 영양지식과의 관련성)

  • Oh, Hae-Sook;Won, Hyang-Rye;Rhie, Seung-Gyo
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.97-105
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    • 2007
  • This study was carried out to find the relationship between the eating disorder associated with BMI(body mass index) and nutrition knowledge by surveying 476 middle school girl students in Won Ju, Gang-Won Province, South Korea. BMI is a standard suggested for oriental people and it was differentiated into the underweight, the normal weight and the overweight. To determine the eating disorder, EAT-26(Eating Attitude Test-26) was used and in order to find out the level of nutrition knowledge DGE (Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Ernahrung) was used after some modifications and supplementations. And the results are as follows; 1) Out of the students surveyed, 22% are in underweight group, 64% are in normal weight group and just 12% are in overweight group. Except the students in underweight group, most of the surveyed students wish to lower the weight below normal weight. 2) Relationship was found between BMI and EAT-26 score that is related with eating disorder behavior, Total score was higher in overweight group than in underweight and normal weight group (P<0.001). When the score for individual question about eating disorder is considered in detail, the score for the questions preoccupied with the weight reduction was higher in overweight group than in underweight and normal weight group(P<0.001). For the questions about bulimia there was no difference according to BMI, however, for the questions about restraining food intake the score was high in overweight group(P<0.001). 3) The score of nutrition knowledge in line with BMI was different. It was found that the total score and the score for the questions about fat, calorie requirement, and calorie content in food were different. The total score showed the highest in overweight group in comparison with the ones in underweight and normal weight group. (P<0.05). Out of maccronutrient like carbohydrate, fat and protein, only the fat showed significant difference according to BMI and it was lower in overweight group than in underweight and normal weight group.(P<0.05) Out of the questions about calorie requirement, significant difference was found in the score for the questions about calorie requirement and calorie content in food. It was lower in overweight group than in underweight and normal weight group (p<0.05).

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A Study on Eating Disorder, Depression and Body Dissatisfaction of Middle Aged Women (중년여성의 신체불만족, 우울과 섭식장애에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Myung-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.570-582
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between eating disorders, depression, and body dissatisfaction of middle aged women. Data was collected from June 1 to June 30, 1999 by means of a structured questionnaire. The subjects for this study were 99 middle aged women between the ages of 35 and 59, recruited from Seoul, Kyungido. The instruments were the BDI(Beck Depression Inventory) developed by Beck(1973), Eating Disorder Inventory(1997) developed by Garner & Garfinkel, Halm, Falk& Schwartz, Shin Mi Young. The instruments were the Body Dissatisfaction(1997) developed by Garner, Olstead & Polivy, Han osoo, yoo hee jung, shin Mi Young. The data was analyzed by the SPSS/PC program using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficient. The results of this study are as follows 1. The mean body weight and height of the subjects were 57.49kg, 158.62cm. 2. Depending upon BMI, the obesity subjects were 18.2% and the rest(81.8%) were under weight or normal. More than 70% of the normal weight subjects(71 subjects) perceived their weight as overweight. 3. The total mean scores of anorexia nervosa were higher than bulimia nervosa. The total mean scores of eating disorders was 2.13. 4. The total mean scores of depression was 1.50. 5. The total mean scores of body dissatisfaction was 3.30. 6. There was a positive correlation between depression and eating disorders(r=.267, p<0.01)and, between body dissatisfaction and eating disorders(r=.273, p<0.01).There was not a significant correlation between depression and body dissatisfaction. According to the present study eating disorders in middle aged women developed because of the tendency to have negative perceptions of their bodies.

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Body Mass Index, Self-recognized Body-type, Eating Habits, and Eating Disorders of College Students (일부 대학생의 인식체형, 식행동, 체질량지수 및 섭식장애 경향)

  • Rhie, Seung Gyo;Song, Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.495-508
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to recognize the need for diet and nutrition education to correct body-shape and eating habits that lead to eating disorders in college students. The relationship between diet and obesity was confirmed. Approximately 405 (male 46.4%, female 53.6%) students were evaluated by questionnaire in September 2014. The statistical program SAS (ver. 4.3) was used to evaluate the Chi-squared, F and T-value. The correlation between eating disorder risk and eating habits was evaluated by Pearson's correlation. Body type recognition was classified into nine steps up the body fatty (9) to skinny (1) to show their body. Eating disorder risk (KEAT-26) was composed of F1 (attachment factors for weight loss), F2 (attachment factors for binge eating, and food), and F3 (adjustment factor to eating their will. The risk of eating disorders in male 73.4% of low risk, in female 61.3% (p<0.05). According to body mass index, underweight groups recognized in the normal weight (53.7%), normal weight group was in overweight (29.1%) (p<0.001). According to body-type, the overweight group had a higher risk of eating disorders (68.2%). The KEAT-26 showed that the overweight and obese group were high-risk in F1 & F2, while the underweight group was high-risk in F3 (p<0.001). Recognized overweight showed the dangers of eating disorders, proper recognition of body-type and body mass index required. Tendency to seek a balanced diet was associated with eating disorders, no-imposed adequate diet for nutritional education would be made. Proper nutrition education for males is needed depending on the increased incidence of male eating disorders.

Comparisons of Dietary Habits and Eating Disorder by Obesity Index on One of Middle School Girls in Incheon (인천지역 일부 여중생의 비만도에 따른 섭식장애경향과 식습관의 비교)

  • Lee, Hyo-Jung;Rhie, Seung-Gyo;Won, Hyang-Rye
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.157-169
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    • 2008
  • On the general trends of weight control for slimness, this study surveyed and compared eating attitude influenced by eating disorder, eating habits, and nutrition knowledge by obesity index in middle school girls. The purpose of this study was to investigate the eating disorders and eating habits, and analyzed these data by degree of obesity. This will provide basic information of nutrition education for adolescents who need to have proper body shape and dieting habits. This survey was conducted to one of girls' middle school in Incheon and all the data was analysed by SAS(Statistical Analysis System) program. The average height, weight and PIBW were 158.7cm, 48.2kg, and 93.9% in students. However, 50.8% of students were underweight or severely underweight. Most of female students perceived that they were normal or overweight even though they had underweight or normal. There was a significant difference in experience and intention of weight control by degree of obesity. In the overweight group, EAT-26 score tendency was high, especially preoccupation with losing weight(factor 1). It shows that obesity index had meaningful correlation with EAT-26 score and factor1. In dietary habit, overweight group showed more irregular meals tendency, and overeat frequently. On the other hand, this group had lower frequency and of smaller amount snacks. The intake frequency of meals and snacks showed in the affirmative way regardless of degree of obesity. The average score for nutrition knowledge about calorie and weight control was low. Correct answer rates were increased in higher overweight group. In conclusion, teenage girls who concerned too much about their slim body image need to be educated about accuracy concept of the body image. Also, practical and systematic nutrition education should be done for the correct nutrition knowledge and its application ability of individuals.

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Self-esteem and anxiety of obese children (비만 초등학생들의 자아존중감 및 불안에 대한 고찰)

  • Cho, Yu-Jeong;Kim, Eun-Joo;Cho, Jae-Heung;Jung, Won-Seok;Song, Mi-Yeon
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.27-39
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    • 2010
  • Objectives This study was performed to figure out relations of self-esteem, anxiety and the other factors related with obesity in obese children. Methods Forty-two children(21 boys and 21 girls) those who were diagnosed obesity have been recruited. To assess psychological factors, Self-esteem inventory(SEI), Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale(RCMAS), International Physical Activity Questionnaires(IPAQ), Korean Eating Attitudes Test(KEAT-26) and Children's Depression Inventory(CDI) were administered. Behavioral characteristics were also analyzed. Results Self-esteem(SEI) had significant positive relationship with physical activity(IPAQ) and sleeping time. Self-esteem had significant negative relationship with anxiety(RCMAS), eating disorder(KEAT-26) and watching TV time. Anxiety had significant positive relationship with eating disorder(KEAT-26) and watching TV time, and negative relationship with physical activity(IPAQ) and sleeping time. All of participants seemed to be having depressive tendency. Conclusion Self-esteem and anxiety were significantly related. And eating disorder, physical activity, sleeping time and watching tv also affected to the self-esteem and anxiety of obese children.