• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ecklonia stolonifera

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Algal Flora and Ecklonia stolonifera Okamura (Laminariaceae) Population of Youngdo in Busan, Korea (부산 영도의 해조상과 곰피(Ecklonia stolonifera Okamura) 군락)

  • Choi, Chang-Geun
    • ALGAE
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.313-318
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    • 2007
  • Studies have been made of the species composition and community structure of benthic marine algae at intertidal zone and subtidal zone of Youngdo at Busan. In this area, a total of 69 marine algal species including 10 Chlorophyta, 17 Phaeophyta and 42 Rhodophyta was identified. Dominant species in coverage were Enteromorpha linza, Ulva pertusa, Gelidium divaricatum, Hildenbrandtia rubra and Chondrus ocellatus throughout the year. Enteromorpha linza, Ulva pertusa, Porphyra yezoensis, Gelidium divaricatum, Corallina pilulifera, Grateloupia elliptica and Chondrus ocellatus vertically distributed in intertidal zone, while Ecklonia stolonifera, Gelidium amansii, Prionitis cornea, Gracilaria textorii, Acrosorium polyneurum and Phycodrys fimbriata in subtidal zone. The vertical distribution of subtidal zone were characterized by Ecklonia stolonifera at 1 to 5 m depths. During a year, biomass and length of Ecklonia stolonifera gradually decreased from March to January, but increased from February. Zoosporangial sori were observed from September to December. In conclusion, number of species in this area was remarkably reduced as compared to the previous data at Busan and it’s vicinity.

Health beneficial effects of brown algae ecklonia stolonifera in liver (갈조류 곰피(Ecklonia stolonifera)의 간 건강기능성)

  • Yu, Seungmin;Kim, Wooki
    • Food Science and Industry
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.334-342
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    • 2018
  • People in Korea, a peninsular, have acquired a variety of marine food resources including seaweeds. Ecklonia stolonifera, a brown algae, is commonly dwelling in Korean coasts and their cultivation methods were developed for a mass-production. Recently, studies have revealed that Ecklonia stolonifera is a promising material for the development of health functional foods. In an effort to carefully review the current understating in the effects and mechanisms of Ecklonia stolonifera on liver functions by deduction from relevant literatures, the effective components were identified as phlorotannins, including dieckol, eckstolonol, eckol, phlorofucofuroeckol A, and phlorosterol. Their aiding action on the hepatic functions is categorized as follows. A) Regulation of oxidative stress by anti-oxidant capacity, B) Protection of hepatocytes from toxins, C) Prevention of alcoholic fatty liver and fibrogenesis, D) Regulation of chronic disease by improvement of inflammatory responses and lipid metabolisms, and E) indirect benefit conferred by a personal total wellness.

Elucidation of Anti-Tumor Initiator and Promoter Derived from Seaweed-4: Desmutagenic Principles of Ecklonia stolonifera Extracts against Carcinogenic Heterocyclic Amines (해조류 중의 Anti-Tumor Initiator 및 Promoter의 해석-4: 발암성 Heterocyclic Amine에 대한 곰피 추출물 중의 돌연변이원성 억제인자)

  • 김선봉;박영범;안종관;유승재;박덕천;김인수;박영호
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.537-542
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    • 1998
  • The present study was performed to elucidate desmutagenic principles from Ecklonia stolonifera extracts against 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b] pyridine(PhIP) and 2-amino-3,8-dime-thylimidazo[4,5-f]duinoxaline(MeIQx) with Salmonella/mammalian-microsome mutagenicity test. Alginate, phenols, chlorophyll and carotenoids from Ecklonia stolonifera were extracted and their desmutagenicities were assayed. Alginate hydroysates showed desmutagenic activities against PhIP and MeIQx at high level dose. Phenol fractions and bromophenol showed desmutagenic activity of about MeIQx at high level dose. Phenol fractions and bromophenol showed desmutagenic activity of about 90% per 0.5mg against PhIP and MeIQx. Chlorophyllin among chlorophyll derivatives exhibited remarkable desmutagenic activities of 92.9% and 82.7% at 20uM against PhIP and MeIQx, respectively. Carotenoids, such as lutein and $\alpha$-cryptoxanthin isolated from Ecklonia stolonifera exerted also high desmutagenic activity. Major desmutagenic substances from Ecklonia stolonifera are considered to be chlorophyllin, phenols, lutein, $\alpha$-cryptoxanthin and low molecular alginates.

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Experimental Design in Laboratory for Ecological Restoration in the Slag Dumping Area

  • Kim, Jin-Man;Kwak, Seck-Nam
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.18 no.10
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    • pp.1065-1070
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    • 2009
  • Experimental design for ecological restoration approach was investigated from the P' company's slag dumping area with higher pH value. The degree of pH recovery was measured by the injection of carbon dioxide from the LNG exhaust gas, and the residual carbon, for example, calcium and carbonate which can be controlled by artificial seaweed beds. The degree of adaptability from 3 algaes (Undaria pinnatifida, Sargassum horneri and Ecklonia stolonifera) and uptake nutrient function of Ecklonia stolonifera chosen in the first treatment were measured in the laboratory to determine the transplanting algae in artificial seaweed beds. The higher value of pH was decreased to 7.0~8.5 by injection of LNG exhaust gas with flow rate $20\;m^3/min$. In the experiment design at laboratory, the upper part of frond of Undaria pinnatifida and Sargassum horneri began to decay, and the color changed after 10 days. However, those of Ecklonia stolonifera were after 14~20 days. The uptake rate of nutrient from Ecklonia stolonifera was higher than those of other algaes, and those was similar pattern in the control (e.g. seawater); The DIN concentration uptake of Ecklonia stolonifera was $1.88\;{\mu}g/L/hr$ avg. in leachate, but $2.19\;{\mu}g/L/hr$ avg. in seawater. However, the ${PO_4}^3$-P concentration uptake was $0.18\;{\mu}g/L/hr$ avg. in leachate, but $0.31\;{\mu}g/L/hr$ avg. in seawater. These result indicated Ecklonia stolonifera uptaked these nutrients in the leachate as well as in seawater, and it may suggested for this species to transplant for constructing artificial seaweed beds.

The Antioxidant Activity of Ecklonia stolonifera

  • Lee, Ji-Hyeon;Park, Jong-Cheol;Choi, Jae-Sue
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.223-227
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    • 1996
  • The antioxidant activity of Ecklonia stolonifera was determined by measuring lipid peroxide produced when a mouse liver homogenate was exposed to the air at $37^{\circ}C$ using 2-thiobarbituric acid (TBA) and the radical scavenging effect on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical. The methanol extract of Ecklonia stolonifera showed strong antioxidant activity. And the methanol extract was fractionated with several solvents. With regard their fractions, the antioxidative activity were in the order of ethyl acetate>dichloromethane insoluble intermediated phase>dichloromethane>n-butanol>water fraction. The ethyl acetate soluble fraction exhibiting the strongest antioxidant activity was further purified by repeated silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography. Antioxidant phloroglucinol was isolated and identified by$ ^1H-NMR\; and\; ^{13}C-NMR$. Its antioxidant activity was simlilar to that of L-ascorbic acid.

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Preventive Effect of Ecklonia Stolonifera on the Frequency of Benzo(a)pyrene-Induced Chromosomal Aberrations

  • Lee, Ji-Hyeon;Hye- Young Oh;Park, Jae-Sue
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.64-68
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    • 1996
  • Chromosomal aberration tests in vitro using Chinese hamster lung(CHL) cells were carried out to evaluate the possible role of the MeOH extract of Ecklonia stolonifera in modulating the chromosomal damage induced by Mitomycin C(MMC) and Benzo(a)pyrene(B(a)P), respectively. The MeOH extract of Ecklonia stolonifera(260$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml) reduced significantly the incidence of chromosomal aberration induced by treatment with B(a)P by 80%. The suppressive effect was much stronger than that of $\beta$-carotene, which is well known antimu-tagen. However, there was no marked decrease in the chromosomal aberration induced by MMC. In the tests involving chromosomal aberration induced by the treatment of the MeOH extract of Exklonia stlolnifera alone, there was no significant increase in comparison with the negative control. The results would seem to indicate that. at least under the conditions examined, the MeOH extract of Ecklonis stolonifera decreased the chromosomal aberrations induced by B(a)P in the CHL cells, but had little effect on the chromosomal aberration induced by MMC.

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Inducing the Regeneration and Maturation of Free-living Gametophytes of Ecklonia stolonifera Okamura (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) (대형갈조류 곰피 (Ecklonia stolonifera Okamura) 유리배우체의 재생 및 성숙 유도)

  • Hwang, Eun-Kyoung;Gong, Yong-Gun;Ha, Dong-Soo;Park, Chan-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.231-238
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    • 2010
  • The Induction of regeneration and maturation in the free-living gametophytes of Ecklonia stolonifera Okamura was studied at four temperatures (5, 10, 15, and $20^{\circ}C$), four levels of irradiance (5, 10, 20, and 40 ${\mu}mol\;m^{-2}s^{-1}$) and three photoperiods (14:10, 12:12, and 10:14 h L:D). Female gametophyte fragments were maintained in active regeneration without reaching sexual maturity under $5{\sim}10^{\circ}C$, 10 ${\mu}mol\;m^{-2}s^{-1}$, 10:14 h (L:D), whereas the conditions for male gametophytes were slightly different at $20^{\circ}C$, 40 ${\mu}mol\;m^{-2}s^{-1}$, 10:14 h (L:D). The sexual maturation of female and male gametophytes was facilitated at $15^{\circ}C$, 20 ${\mu}mol\;m^{-2}s^{-1}$, 14:10 h (L:D). These results provide basic information for controlling the regeneration and maturation of the free-living gametophytes for artificial seed production of E. stolonifera.

Impact of Ecklonia stolonifera extract on in vitro ruminal fermentation characteristics, methanogenesis, and microbial populations

  • Lee, Shin Ja;Jeong, Jin Suk;Shin, Nyeon Hak;Lee, Su Kyoung;Kim, Hyun Sang;Eom, Jun Sik;Lee, Sung Sill
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.32 no.12
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    • pp.1864-1872
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    • 2019
  • Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of Ecklonia stolonifera (E. stolonifera) extract addition on in vitro ruminal fermentation characteristics, methanogenesis and microbial populations. Methods: One cannulated Holstein cow ($450{\pm}30kg$) consuming timothy hay and a commercial concentrate (60:40, w/w) twice daily (09:00 and 17:00) at 2% of body weight with free access to water and mineral block were used as rumen fluid donors. In vitro fermentation experiment, with timothy hay as substrate, was conducted for up to 72 h, with E. stolonifera extract added to achieve final concentration 1%, 3%, and 5% on timothy hay basis. Results: Administration of E. stolonifera extract to a ruminant fluid-artificial saliva mixture in vitro increased the total gas production. Unexpectedly, E. stolonifera extracts appeared to increase both methane emissions and hydrogen production, which is contrasts with previous observations with brown algae extracts used under in vitro fermentation conditions. Interestingly, real-time polymerase chain reaction indicated that as compared with the untreated control the ciliate-associated methanogen and Fibrobacter succinogenes populations decreased, whereas the Ruminococcus flavefaciens population increased as a result of E. stolonifera extract supplementation. Conclusion: E. stolonifera showed no detrimental effect on rumen fermentation characteristics and microbial population. Through these results E. stolonifera has potential as a viable feed supplement to ruminants.

A new phlorotannin from the brown alga Ecklonia stolonifera

  • Kang, Hye-Sook;Chung, Hae-Young;Jung, Jee-Hyung;Son, Byeng-Wha;Choi, Jae-Sue
    • Proceedings of the PSK Conference
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    • pp.265.3-266
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    • 2003
  • Ecklonia stolonifera Okamura is a member of the family Laminariaceae, belonging to the order Laminariales. Previously we reported that the methanolic extract of the brown alga E stolonifera exerts antioxidative activity on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical. In the course of a continuous study on the active principles of this alga, a new phlorotannin, named eckstolonol (2), was isolated along with the four known phlorotannins i.e. (omitted)

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Inhibitory Phlorotannins from the Edible Brown Alga Ecklonia stolonifera on Total Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) Generation

  • Kang, Hye-Sook;Chung, Hae-Young;Kim, Ji-Young;Son, Byeng-Wha;Jung, Hyun-Ah;Choi, Jae-Sue
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.194-198
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    • 2004
  • Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in the pathogenesis of many human degenerative diseases such as cancer, aging, arteriosclerosis, and rheumatism. Much attention has been focused on the development of safe and effective antioxidants. To discover sources of antioxidative activity in marine algae, extracts from 17 kinds of seaweed were screened for their inhibitory effect on total ROS generation in kidney homogenate using 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA). ROS inhibition was seen in three species: UIva pertusa, Symphyocladia latiuscula, and Ecklonia stolonifera. At a final concentration of 25 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL, U. pertusa inhibited 85.65$\pm$20.28% of total ROS generation, S. latiscula caused 50.63$\pm$0.09% inhibitory, and the Ecklonia species was 44.30$\pm$7.33% inhibition. E. stolonifera OKAMURA (Lam-inariaceae), which belongs to the brown algae, has been further investigated because it is commonly used as a foodstuff in Korea. Five compounds, phloroglucinol (1), eckstolonol (2), eckol (3), phlorofucofuroeckol A (4), and dieckol (5), isolated from the ethyl acetate soluble fraction of the methanolic extrclct of E. stolonifera inhibited total ROS generation.