• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ego-Identity

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The Family System Types of Circumplex Model and Ego Identity Development in Adolescence (복합순환모델에 의한 가족체계유형과 청년기 자아정체감발달과의 관계)

  • 박장희;정옥분
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.40 no.10
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    • pp.49-63
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the family system types of circumplex model and ego identity development in adolescence. The subjects of this study were 115 middle school students, 116 high school students, and 120 college students in Seoul. The types of family system were assessed by FACES II and the ego identity of adolescents was assessed by Ego Identity Scale. The major findings of this study were as follows : A significant difference among family system types was found with the adolescents of‘balanced families’reporting higher ego identity than the other three family system types. College students reported the highest ego identity, followed by high school students, and middle school students. Females demonstrated higher ego identity than males.

A Study on Ego-Identity and Adjustment in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 자아정체감과 적응에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Myeong-Hwa;Han, Sung-Suk
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.289-301
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was to examine the ego-identity of nursing students and their adjustment to home and university in an effort to identify the correlation of their ego-identity to their adjustability and lay the foundation for providing better personality education to them. Method: The subjects in this study were 400 nursing students at H and S universities in south Chungcheong province. The instruments used in this study were Park A-cheong(2003)'s Korean-version Ego-Identity Inventory and Jeong Jonggweon(1998)'s Home and School Adjustment Inventory. For data analysis, SPSS/PC+ Package was used, and statistical data on frequency and percentage were obtained. Besides, t-test, one-way ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficient were employed. Result: The findings of the study were as follows: The nursing students investigated got a 3.46 and 3.53 in ego-identity and family life adjustment respectively out of possible five points, which were both above the average. Their score in school adjustment was 2.89, which wasn't high. As for connections between general characteristics and ego-identity, their academic school year, their type of residence, presence or absence of parents and their birth order made no statistically significant differences to their ego-identity. But as to motivation of choosing nursing, the students who chose their major at their own option were the best in that regard. Their adjustment to family life made no significant differences, and regarding school adjustment, ego-identity was better among those who lived in a lodging house or dormitory(F=4.01, p<.05) and who chose their major at their own option(F=4.88, p<.01). In addition, those with better ego-identity were better adjusted to home and school. Conclusion: As the above-mentioned findings suggested that nursing educators should teach students by mapping out specific plans to enhance the ego-identity of students and facilitate their school adjustment, and full-fledged nurses should be produced by teaching students to build the right work ethics and become qualified as a professional.

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Relationship of Family Strengths, Family Function, Ego-Identity and Depression in Adolescence (청소년이 지각한 가족 건강성, 가족 기능, 자아정체감과 우울과의 관계)

  • Bae, Kyung-Eui;Kim, Eun-Ha
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.357-366
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to survey and examine the relationship of family strengths, family function, ego-identity and depression in adolescence in Busan, and to provide basic data for a health promoting intervention to improve their family health. Method: Data were collected from four colleges in Busan and, 680 students were enrolled in the study. Descriptive statistics, t-test or ANOVA with Scheffe's test and Pearson's correlation coefficients were used to analyze the data. Results: The mean score for family strengths was 3.58, family function 4.31, ego-identity 55.4 and depression 17.9. The scores for family strengths differed significantly according to subjective social economic state and father's job, parent's religion, parent's marital status and family composition. The scores for family function differed significantly according to parent's religion, parent's marital status and subjective social economic state. The scores for ego-identity differed according to mother's education level, parent's religion, parent's marital status and family composition. There were a positive correlations between family strengths and family function, between family strengths and ego-identity, between family function and ego-identity. There were negative correlations between family strengths and depression, between family function and depression, between ego-identity and depression. Conclusion: In order to promote ego-identity and to decrease depression in adolescence, it is necessary to develop supporting interventions to develop family strengths.

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The Effects of Ego-Identity and Crisis on Quality of Life in Midlife Married Women (중년기 기혼여성의 자아정체감 및 위기감이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • 김경신;김정란
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.105-120
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze on effects of midlife ego-identity and crisis on quality of life in married women. The data were obtained through 394 midwife married women who live in Kwangju and Chonnam. The results were as follows. (1) The mean scores of ego-identity and quality of life were higher than the medium point. The mean scores of crisis was a little lower than the medium. (2) The ego-identity was significantly influenced by religion, health condition, social intimacy, marital relations, and parent-child relations. The crisis was influenced significantly by income, health condition, marital relations, and ego-identity. And the quality of life was influenced significantly by religion, health condition, marital relations, parent-child relations, and crisis. (3) On the result of path analysis, religion, health condition, marital relations, parent-child relations, and crisis directly influenced the Quality of life. Besides, income, social intimacy, and ego-identity indirectly affected the quality of life.

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Ego-Identity of School-Aged Children: Effects of Level of Income and Perceived Parental Behaviors (가정의 소득수준과 지각된 부모의 양육행동 및 학령기 아동의 자아정체감간의 관계)

  • 이강이
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.40 no.10
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    • pp.65-76
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study win to examine the relation between level of income, perceived parental behaviors, and ego-identity of school-aged children. The subjects were 356 children in the 6th grade selected from six elementary schools in Seoul and Keunggi-Do. The subjects were asked to complete the questionnaire on ego-identity and perceived parental behaviors. The data was analyzed by Mean, SD, Cronbach's α, Pearson's correlation and Multiple Regression. The major findings were as follows : 1. The level of income(antecedent variable) was significantly related with perceived parental behavior(mediator) and ego-identity of school-aged children(dependent variable). 2. The effects of level of income on ego-identity of school-aged children became lower after control of the effects of perceived parental behaviors. In other words, perceived parental behaviors partially mediated the effects of level of income on ego-identity of school-aged children.

The relationships of the adolescent with parents and grandparents and their effects on the adolescent's ego identity (부모 및 조모와의 관계가 청소년의 자아정체감에 미치는 영향 -동거와 비동거 가족의 비교-)

  • 백문화
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.219-236
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of the study are to investigate the effects of the bond between grandmother and grandchild and the degree of cohesion between child in adolescence and their parents on adolescent's ego identity. The major findings are as follows. First, a level of adolesent's ego identity is moderate on the whole. Not only the degree of the cohesion between children in adolescence and parent is high, but also the bond between children in adolescence and grandmother is high. Second, adolescent's ego identity is associated with cohesion with their parent. The research also shows that adolescent's ego identity is influenced by the relationship between grandchild and grandmother. Finally, the important factors on ego identity of the adolescent who are living with their grandmothers are the degree of the cohesion with father, grandmother-parent relationships, the degree of the cohesion with mother, and occupational status of mother. Those who are not living with grandmothers, the degree of the cohesion with their mothers and the bonds with grandmothers have significant influences on adolescent's ego identity.

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Ego-identity and Psyco-social Adjustments of Institutionalized Children and Adolescents (시설 아동의 자아정체감과 심리.사회적 적응: 학령기 아동과 청소년을 중심으로)

  • 유안진;민하영;권기남
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.135-149
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate depression and school adjustment of institutionalized children and adolescents according to their ego-identity, gender, grade(age), relationship with parents before entering the institution, cause of entering the institution, duration of entering the institution, parents'visiting, psychological environment of institution. The subjects were 121 5th and 6th graders(59 boys and 62 girls), 135 middle school (58 boys and 77 girls), and 85 high school students (44 boys and 41 girls), who were institutionalized in Seoul. The data were analyzed by t-test, one-way and two-way ANOVA, Scheffe'test, and multiple regression analysis. The major findings of this study were as follows: 1) Depression and school adjustment of institutionalized children and adolescents were different according to their ego-identity, relationship with parents before entering the institution and psychological environment of institution. And school adjustment of institutionalized children and adolescents were different according to grade(age). 2) In regression analysis models, ego-identity and cause of entering the institution were significant predictors of depression, and ego-identity more predicted to depression than cause of entering the institution. And ego-identity and age(grade) were significant predictors of school adjustment, and ego-identity predicted to school adjustment as well as grade(age).

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Relationship of Adolescent Ego-Identity and Adaptability to Family and School Life (청소년(靑少年)의 자아정체감(自我正體感) 발달(發達)과 가정생활(家庭生活) 및 학교생활(學校生活) 적응(適應)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) - 제주시(濟州市) 고등학생(高等學生)을 대상으로 -)

  • Hyun, Hee Soon;Kim, Yang Soon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.249-262
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    • 1999
  • This study investigated relationships of adolescent ego-identity and adaptability to family and school life by socio-demographic variables. 761 questionnaires completed by 11th grade students in Cheju City comprised the data. Reliability of the questionnaire was examined by Cronbach a. The data were analyzed with the SAS program including descriptive statistics, t-test, and one-way ANOVA. Results showed that (1) adolescents living with their parents adapted better to family life than those who lived separately. Those who shared problems with others adapted to school life better than those who didn't. (2) The ego-identity of boys was higher than girls on seven variables. (3) Ego-identity was higher among those who shared their problems. Those living with parents were higher on "general ego-identity," "worth," "social adaptability", and "self-acceptance." Adolescents with higher ego-identity adapted better to family and school life. (4) Father's career was related to "general ego-identity," "values," "social acceptance," and "peculiartity." Higher family income was related to higher ego-identity. Mother's employment was related only to school life. (5) Father's education was related to adaptation both to family and school life.

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A Study on the Factors Influencing Ego-identity Formation of Female High School Students (여고생의 자아정체감 형성에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Nam, Hyun-A;Cho, Eun-young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.107-115
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study is a descriptive survey which attempts to understand family strength, parenting attitude, and the ego-identity perceived by female high school students and identify the factors influencing ego-identity of the students. Methods: Data collection was carried out through a questionnaire survey of 186 female high school students. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test. ANOVA, correlation analysis, and multi-variate regression analysis while using SPSS 23.0 program. Results: Family strength and the ego-identity perceived by female high school students were at a mid-level, with an average of 207.76 and 149.72 points, respectively. Parenting attitude showed scores higher than the mid-level, recording 90.36 points in average. As a result of analyzing the correlation between the factors, the higher family strength and the ego-identity of female high school students were, the better were the patenting attitudes of perceived parents. Besides, family health, parenting attitude, and family form (nuclear family) were found to be the factors influencing ego-identity formation of female high school students with the explanatory power being 25.5% in total. Conclusion: Developing intervention programs which take into account family strength is considered necessary to help the youth form positive ego- identity.

Ego-Identity of Women Seeking Double Eyelid Operation (쌍꺼풀성형술을 원하는 여성의 자아주체성)

  • Choi, Young;Lee, Mi-Suk;Lee, Moo-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.80-87
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    • 1994
  • Objective : Cosmetic surgery, as a psychosocial intervention, is unique in that its foundation rests solely on the individual motivations, internal or external, of the patient We investigated the ego-identity in women who seek double eyelid operation, to understand one aspect of internal motivation for cosmetic surgery. Methods : Subjects of this study were 47 young women, visited to plastic surgery clinics in Kwangju from June 1993 to October 1993, and 58 women who did not want double eyelid operation were chosen as controls. Each subject's ego-identity was scored using Dignan's ego-identity scale. Results : The total and stability subscale's scores of ego-identity of double eyelid operation group were significantly lower than those of control group. Conclusion : More psychosocial research on the ego-identify of patients seeking double eyelid operation is required to understand the psychological motives for requesting surgery.

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