• Title, Summary, Keyword: Elderly Participating in Life Sports

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A Study on Relationship Between Instructor's Image Perceived by Elderly Participating in Life Sports and Participation Motive (생활체육 참여 노인이 인식하는 지도자의 이미지와 참여동기의 관계)

  • Son, Ji-Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.371-380
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    • 2019
  • To identify the relationship between instructor's image and participation motive, this study conducted a research on 293 elderlies over 65 at 6 sports centers located in Seoul, Gyeonggi, and Incheon regions. The research results were as follows. First, in the image of instructor based on demographic characteristic, gender showed significant difference with instructor's talent while gender showed significant difference with instructor's talent, instructing image, and living image. Also, the sports type had significant difference with all subfactors of instructor image. Secondly, in the participation motive based on the demographic characteristic, gender showed significant difference with internal motive while age and sports type demonstrated significant difference with all subfactors of participation motive. third, the instructor image had significant influence on both internal and external motive. While instructing image and human relationship image had significant difference in internal motive, the external motive showed significant difference with instructor talent, living image, and human relationship image. thus, the research result showed that instructor's image is a significant variable which enhances elderly's motive for participating in life sports.

Effect of Perceived Health Status on Resilience of Life of Elderly People Participating in Physical Activity (신체활동에 참여하는 노인의 지각된 건강상태가 회복탄력성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Dae-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.318-327
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of perceived health status on resilience of life of elderly people participating in physical activity. Total of 282, elderly people participated in this study. Data ware analyzed by descriptive statistical analysis, reliability analysis, exploratory factor analysis, correlation analysis, and multiple regression with SPSS 18.0 ver. program. The results were as following. It was found that sub-factors of perceived health status such as a health care factor, current health factor and future health factor significantly affected resilience of life.

Effect of a Yoga-based Exercise Program on Psychological, Physiological Factors and Physical Fitness in Elderly Women (요가운동이 여성노인의 심리적, 생리적 변화 및 운동능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yi-Soon;Kwak, Yi-Sub;Cho, Bong-Soo
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.584-588
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    • 2006
  • Physical activity has been effective in enhancing quality of life and physical fitness of older adults over relatively short periods of time. However, little is known about the Yoga-based exercise program on physiological changes and physical fitness with psychological variables in elderly women. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Yoga- based exercise program on physiological, psychological factors and physical fitness in elderly women. Forty-four elders were recruited from the public health center. They were divided into exercise training group(n=22) and control group(n=22). The training group participating in 10 weeks of Yoga-based exercise program. Data was analyzed with descriptive statistics, the chi-square test, Fisher's Extract test, and ANCOVA to evaluate body fat, spine ROM, blood pressure, cholesterol, depression, life satisfaction, ADL and physical fitness. There was a significant improvement in blood pressure, total cholesterol, precent of body fat, physiological function, depression, life satisfaction, ADL and physical fitness in the exercise training group than that of the control group. From the results, Yoga-based interventions designed to improve various variables were equally acceptable to elderly women.

Relationship among Life Meaning, Optimism and Happiness in Elderly Women Participants of Physical Activity (여가-신체활동 참여 여성노인의 삶의 의미, 낙관성 및 행복의 관계)

  • Song, Hae-Ryong;Kim, Chan-Won;Kim, Won-Je
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.304-314
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to examine relationship among life meaning, optimism and happiness in elderly women participants of physical activity. Data are from elderly women in more than 60 years old who participate in sports activity as part of leisure activity while actually living in Seoul of South Korea. Total of 211, Sample are allowed to be responded to questionnaire contents with self-administration method by utilizing convenience sampling method out of non-probability sampling. To process the data, this study conducted exploratory/confirmatory factor analysis, correlation analysis, reliability analysis and structure model analysis with SPSS 11.5 and AMOS 6.0 programs. The presence of meaning, which forms meaning of life, are indicated to have statistically significant positive influence upon optimism. And optimism are indicated to have statistically significant positive influence upon positive emotion, which forms happiness. optimism in elderly adults of participating in physical activity has negative influence upon negative emotion.

The Structural Relationship among Physical Self-Efficacy, Depression and Ego Integrity (여가스포츠 참여노인의 신체적 자기효능감, 우울감 및 자아통합감의 구조적 관계)

  • Seo, Myung-Geun;Min, Wang-Sik;Kim, Woo-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.408-417
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    • 2017
  • The objective of this study is to examine the structural relations between physical self-efficacy, depression, and ego-integrity among the elderly (60 years and older) currently participating in leisure sports. In addition, since the variables affecting ego integrity are presented in a multidimensional manner, it is very important to examine the cause and effect of the variables from an integrated perspective. To achieve this objective, 427 senior citizens attending the leisure sports program of a seniors center were assigned as the research subjects. For the structural equation modeling performed in the study, confirmatory factor analysis and reliability analysis were conducted for each variable, and direct, indirect, and total effects were estimated. The model fit is based on TLI, CFI, and RMSEA, and both the fit of the measurement model and the fit of the research model satisfy the criterion. The results of the analysis are as follows. First, in the results of verifying the validity and reliability of the questionnaire, all the variables of physical self-efficacy, depression, and ego-integrity were suitable. Second, the perceived physical ability had positive effects on depression, current life satisfaction, wise life, and attitude toward life, whereas the physical self-expression confidence had positive effects on current life satisfaction and attitude toward life, but negative effects on acceptance of the past life. Lastly, depression had negative effects on current life satisfaction. The results showed that the elderly identified the integrated relationship of physical self - efficacy, depression, and self-integration.

Effect of Aerobic Exercise Program Participation on the Dementia-related Factor and Cognitive Function in Elderly Women with Dementia (유산소운동프로그램 참여가 경증치매 여성 노인의 치매관련 인자 및 인지기능에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Jin Hyup
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.227-234
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    • 2019
  • This study aimed to investigate the effects of participating in an aerobic exercise program three days a week and 50 minutes a day on dementia related factors and cognitive function in elderly women with mild dementia. For this, among 17 elderly women aged 65 and above, 10 elderly women were randomly assigned to the experimental group and 7 elderly wonmen to the control group. As a result of comparative analysis, conclusions were drawn as follows: There was a significant difference (p<.05) in the DHEA-s change between the two groups according to whether or not the aerobic exercise program was performed. Changes in cognitive function did not show any significant difference in the interaction effects of group, period, period${\times}$group. These results suggest that the aerobic exercise program did not show statistically significant effects on the dementia related factors and cognitive function changes of the elderly women with mild dementia. The reason for this is that the followings should be analyzed in more detail, but the lack of control on the daily life (diet) of the study subjects, which was considered as a limitation in this study, seems to be the biggest cause. Based on the results of this study, we hope that this study will be used as a basic data for improving the quality of dementia.