• Title, Summary, Keyword: Electrical acupuncture

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Influence of Acupuncture Stimulation on Electrical Resistance under Adiaphoresis Induced by Regional Anaesthesia (국소마취에 의한 발한 억제 상태에서 침자극이 인체 전기 저항에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Kyung-Mo
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.130-138
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    • 2000
  • Objectives : When sweating factor is excluded, to know the influence of acupuncture stimulation on electrical resistance. Methods : Regional anaesthesia(Lidocane 2%, 1ml, Subcutaneous injection) is applied to measured regions, 4cm round area including left Neiguan P6. So we can make adiaphoresis. Before and after acupucnture stimulation to Laogong P8, we measured the electrical resistance of anesthetized left Neiguan P6, anesthetized non-acupoint, normal left Ximen P4, and normal right Neiguan P6. For measurment, we use the 1.2V, DC system that has 100$k{\Omega}$ internal resistance Results : Under the adiaphoresis, Acupuncture stimulation makes the significant decrease of electrical resistance. In normal regions, so does it. Conclusions : When the acupuncture stimulation is applied to human boby, the decrease of electrical resistance is due not only to sweat secretion but also to other internal resistance.

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A new opinion about the electrical peculiarity of meridian and acupoint (경혈 및 경락의 전기적 특성에 관한 또 다른 이해)

  • Ahn, Seong-Hun
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.33-41
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to understand electro-physiological peculiarity in meridian and acupoints, and understand acupuncture therapy mechanism as an electro-physiological viewpoints. Methods : I reviewed the articles on the electro-physiological peculiarity of the meridian and acupoints Results and Conclusions : It has been reported that meridian and acupoints have high-electrical conductivity and row-electrical resistance. On this scientific basis, to understand the mechanism of acupuncture therapy, I made some hypotheses. At first, there is electro-property in meridian and acupoint. The second, energy flowing in meridian is related with electro-property. The third, there is electronic interaction between practitioner of acupuncture therapy and patient receiving acupuncture therapy. The forth, acupuncture effects which may be expressed by the electro-charge capacity is transfered between practitioner and patient via acupuncture. Electro-charge induced via acupuncture in practitioner may be an important factor that initiate the electro-charge changes in meridian and acupoint of patient.

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The Effect of Electrical Acupuncture of High and Low Frequencies on Glucose, Immunoglobulin G and Cholesterol in Diabetic Rats (고빈도 및 저빈도 전침이 당뇨쥐의 혈당과 면역글로불린 G 및 콜레스테롤 농도에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Mi-Hee;Kim, Eun-Young;Rho, Min-Hee;Kim, Jai-Young
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.37-43
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    • 2007
  • Electrical acupuncture has been shown to induce hypoglycemic effect in streptozotocin diabetic rats. The Zusanli acupoints have been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine to relieve symptoms of diabetes mellitus. But, the effects of electrical acupuncture stimulation of different frequencies are still unclear. We designed an experiment to investigate the effect of electrical acupuncture of high (100 Hz) and low (2 Hz) frequencies on Zusanli acupoint for 15 minutes in streptozotocin diabetic rats. They were divided into 4 groups, high frequency electrical acupuncture (HFEA group, n=5), low frequency electrical acupuncture (LFEA group, n=5), without any treatment (control group, n=5) and normal group (n=5). After 2 weeks of treatment, the HFEA and LFEA groups had a significantly decreased glucose concentration in serum in comparison to the control group. Additionally, the HFEA group had a significantly decreased glucose concentration in serum compared with the LFEA group. Both the HFEA and LFEA groups had a significantly decreased Immunoglobulin G concentration in serum compared with control group. The LFEA and control groups had a significantly increased cholesterol concentration in serum compared with the normal group, but the HFEA did not have a significantly increased cholesterol concentration. Thus we suggest that electrical acupuncture stimulation at the Zusanli acupoints is effective on hypoglycemic effect and immune function. Overall, the therapeutic effects of electrical acupuncture at 100 Hz was better than effects at 2 Hz.

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Case Report of Radial Nerve palsy patients treated with acupuncture and Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (침(鍼)과 Neuromuscular Electrical Simulation으로 치료한 요골신경마비에 대한 증례보고)

  • Hwang, Wook;Kim, Jeung-shin;Bae, Ki-tae;Nam, Sang-soo;Kim, Yong-suk
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.249-257
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    • 2004
  • Objective : Radial nerve palsy is characterized by palsy or paralysis of extensors of the wrist and digits, as well as the forearm supinators. Very proximal lesions also may affect the triceps. Numbness occurs on the dorsoradial aspect of the hand and the dorsal aspect of the radial 3 and 1/2 digits. We observed 7 patients with radial nerve palsy, the results are as follows. Methods & Results : All patients were treated by the same method and treatment was performed by acupuncture and Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation. the electrode were placed unilaterally on the motor points of forearm. As the result, symptoms are improved remarkably. Conclusions : Patients were treated for 5.4 weeks, 14.7 times(average). The grade was that 6 cases were good and 1 case was excellent.

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Electric Corrosion of STS304 Acupuncture Needles Used for Electroacupuncture (STS304 스테인리스 강선 호침에서 전침 자극 후 침체에 나타나는 전기적 부식 연구)

  • Hwang, Hye-Suk;Koo, Sung-Tae;Ryu, Yeon-Hee;Jeong, Sang-Yong;Kim, Yu-Sung;Lee, Ji-Eun;Han, Kyung-Ju;Choi, Sun-Mi
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.105-111
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : The electroacupuncture(EA) was often used in Oriental medicine clinic and basic researches. However, there have been neither any national standard of acupuncture needles in Korea nor many studies about the property of acupuncture needles for applying electrical stimulations. Therefore we investigated the electrical corrosion property of acupuncture needles used for EA stimulation in clinic. Methods : We observed the occurrence of electrical corrosion like changes in the surface of acupuncture needles after EA stimulation with various parameters(electrical stimulation intensity, treatment duration, diameter of needle) under a light microscope. We performed EA stimulation on Baekhoe($GV_{20}$) or Joksamli($ST_{36}$) of rats with intensity of 0.025, 0.05, 0.075, 0.1, 0.25 or 0.5mA at a 10Hz frequency. Results : The electrical corrosion-like changes were found on the surface of needles when the EA stimulation was given over 0.05mA of intensity. When electrical stimulation was treated for 10min, the electrical corrosion-like changes were low, but the electrical corrosion-like changes gradually increased by the treatment duration(20, 30min). We also found that acupuncture needles of 0.2mm diameter were produced more extensive electrical corrosion-like changes than acupuncture needles of 0.3 or 0.4mm diameter by electrical stimulation. Conclusions: These results suggested that EA stimulation could produce electrical corrosion-like changes of acupuncture needles through intensity of current, duration of electric stimulation and/or diameter of needle.

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Electrical Detection of Ear Acupuncture Points and Musculoskeletal Pain (경혈탐측기에 반응한 이혈(耳穴)과 신체 동통 부위와의 관계 연구)

  • Kang, Mun-Su;Park, Hyun-Chul;Kim, Lak-Hyung;Yu, Jeong-Suk;Song, Beom-Yong
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.187-193
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : The objectives of this study were to investigate the relationship between electrical detection of ear acupuncture points and musculoskeletal pain. Methods : 18 adults who have musculoskeletal pain without trauma factorsparticipated in this study. They answered the questionnaire and their ear acupuncture points were examined with electrical detectors. We analyzed the relationship between electrical detection of ear acupuncture points and musculoskeletal pain with concordance rate and validity. Results : Total concordance rates of the head region was 68.00%(questionnaire) 32.08%(investigation), that of vertebral region was 67.86%, 59.38%, that of both upper limbs was 86.67%, 39.69%, and that of both lower limbs was 50.00%, 23.46%. The true positive rate was 0.704, the true negative rate was 0.492, the false positive rate was 0.508, and the false negative rate was 0.296 in the validity test. In the head, two concordance rates of the temporal and occipital regions were relatively higher than those of the parietal and frontal regions. In the vertebral region, two concordance rates of the cervical and lumbar regions were relatively higher than those of the thoracic and sacrum regions. In the upper limb, two concordance rates of the shoulder and shoulder joints were relatively higher than those of the others. In the lower limb, concordance rates of investigation were relatively low at all areas. The right lower limb was relatively higher than the left in concordance rates of the questionnaire. Conclusions : The results suggest that electrical detection of ear acupuncture points can be used in the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal pain.

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Electrical Quality Changes of Low Frequency Level Following Acupuncture at So-Chung(HT9) in Humans (소충(少衝) 자침(刺針) 후 혈위(穴位)에 나타난 저주파수 대역의 전기적 특성 변화(變化))

  • Koo, Sung-Tae;Kim, Jae-Woo;Bang, Seok-Won;Kim, Kyung-Sik;Sohn, In-Chul
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.202-216
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    • 2001
  • Subject : After acupuncture at So-Chung(HT9) in humans(n=4) we intend to know the differents of acupuncture at acupuncture and non-acupuncture on the electrical frequency change and signal transmission along the meridian with different acupuncture manipulation method. Met6ods : The etectrical signal on the heart merdian acupuncture point, So-Bu(HT8), Shin-Moon(HT7) and So-Hae(HT3), and control non acupuncture points was measured by electrodes biopack instrument. Acupuncture needles(diameter: 0.25mm, length:30mm) were used for acupuncture. The frequency was recorded before, during and after needling the So-chung. Results : After acupuncture the components between 2 and 5Hz frequency level were decreased comparing with that of pre-acupuncture state. Time-delayed correlation coefficient was increased every 10 seconds. It imply that the signal may be transferred. These effects did not appear at non acupuncture point and also did not arise when there was no ki(氣) feeling. These results suggest that acupuncture stimulation is similar to 2~5Hz frequency electric acupuncture. and ki feeling and manipulation which can induce ki feeling is very important in acupuncture clinic.

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The Effect of Needle Electrode Electrical Stimulation on the Change of neuronal Nitric Oxide Synthase Immunoreactive Cells in the periaqueductal area of the Rat (침전극 저주파 자극이 흰쥐 중뇌수도주위 회색질의 nNOS 면역반응세포 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Su-Han;Kim, Ji-Sung;Song, Chi-Won
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.193-198
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    • 2003
  • Acupuncture has been used as a clinical treatment in Oriental medicine for various diseases. In the present study was carried out to investigate the effects of acupuncture and electrical stimulation on the change neuronal nitric oxide synthase(nNOS) immunoreactive cells in the periaqueductal gray(PAG) area of the male SD rats. Enhanced expression of nNOS was detected in the dorsolateral-PAG(DL-PAG) area of rat with stress by fixed body, and acupuncture and needle electrode electrical stimulation groups at Hapgok like acupoint decreased the stress-induced enhancement in the expression of nNOS. The present results demonstrate that acupuncture and needle electrode electrical stimulation is effective in the modulation of expression of nNOS in the DL-PAG area under stress conditions.

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A Curious Oversight in Acupuncture Research

  • Kovich, Fletcher
    • Journal of Acupuncture & Meridian Studies
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.411-415
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    • 2017
  • Common phenomena central to acupuncture have been overlooked by previous hypotheses on how acupuncture works, with the result that the hypotheses are unable to account for acupuncture's effects. This article describes the main features overlooked and suggests how these might be investigated in future acupuncture research.

The Effects of Ohyaksungi-san(Wuyaoshunqi-san) and Electrical Acupuncture on Nerve Regeneration after Crush Injury in Rat Sciatic Nerve (흰쥐 좌골신경 압좌 손상 후 오약순기산 및 전침이 신경손상의 회복에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Mi-Sung;Shin, Mi-Suk;An, Hye-Lim
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.25-37
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : Ohyaksungi-san(Wuyaoshunqi-san) has been used for many years as a treatment for sciatica in oriental medicine. And electrical acupuncture also has been used as a treatment for sciatica in recent study. By the way, it is hard to find the study that apply two treatments in the same time. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of Ohyaksungi-san(Wuyaoshunqi-san) and electrical acupuncture on nerve regeneration after crush injury in rat sciatic nerve in the same time. Methods : This study was designed with 4 subgroups to evaluate the effects of Ohyaksungi-san(Wuyaoshunqi-san) and electrical acupuncture on nerve regeneration. As control groups, group I has not been treated during 3 weeks after crush injury in rat sciatic nerve. Group II has been treated Ohyaksungi-san(Wuyaoshunqi-san), Group III has been treated electrical acupuncture, and Group IV has been treated both during 3 weeks. This study has been estimated sciatic function index and change of GAP-43 immunoreactivity about sciatic nerve regeneration. Results : 1. The test for nerve regeneration had significantly good result of sciatic function index in the experimental groups as compared with control groups(p<.05). Especially, Group IV has the greatest result of sciatic function index. 2. GAP-43, the marker of nerve regeneration, more increased in the experimental groups as compared with control groups. Especially, Group IV has the greatest result of GAP-43. Conclusions : Ohyaksungi-san(Wuyaoshunqi-san) and electrical acupuncture have good effects on nerve regeneration after crush injury in rat sciatic nerve.