• Title, Summary, Keyword: Electrochemical measurements

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Electrical Recognition of Label-Free Oligonucleotides upon Streptavidin-Modified Electrode Surfaces

  • Park, Jong-Wan;Jung, Ho-Sub;Lee, Hea-Yeon;Kawai, Tomoji
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.505-509
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    • 2005
  • For the purpose of developing a direct label-free electrochemical detection system, we have systematically investigated the electrochemical signatures of each step in the preparation procedure, from a bare gold electrode to the hybridization of label-free complementary DNA, for the streptavidin-modified electrode. For the purpose of this investigation, we obtained the following pertinent data; cyclic voltammogram measurements, electrochemical impedance spectra and square wave voltammogram measurements, in $Fe(CN)_6^{3-}/Fe(CN)_6^{4-}$ solution (which was utilized as the electron transfer redox mediator). The oligonucleotide molecules on the streptavidin-modified electrodes exhibited intrinsic redox activity in the ferrocyanide-mediated electrochemical measurements. Furthermore, the investigation of electrochemical electron transfer, according to the sequence of oligonucleotide molecules, was also undertaken. This work demonstrates that direct label-free oligonucleotide electrical recognition, based on biofunctional streptavidin-modified gold electrodes, could lead to the development of a new biosensor protocol for the expansion of rapid, cost-effective detection systems.

Monitoring the Degradation Process of Inconel 600 and its Aluminide Coatings under Molten Sulfate Film with Thermal Cycles by Electrochemical Measurements

  • Take, S.;Yoshinaga, S.;Yanagita, M.;Itoi, Y.
    • Corrosion Science and Technology
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.259-264
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    • 2016
  • With a specially designed electrochemical cell, the changes in impedance behavior for Inconel 600 and aluminide diffusion coatings under molten sulfate film with thermal cycles (from $800^{\circ}C$ to $350^{\circ}C$) were monitored with electrochemical impedance measurements. It was found that corrosion resistance for both materials increased with lower temperatures. At the same time, the state of molten salt was also monitored successfully by measuring the changes in impedance at high frequency, which generally represents the resistance of molten salt itself. After two thermal cycles, both Inconel 600 and aluminide diffusion coatings showed excellent corrosion resistance. The results from SEM observation and EDS analysis correlated well with the results obtained by electrochemical impedance measurements. It is concluded that electrochemical impedance is very useful for monitoring the corrosion resistance of materials under molten salt film conditions even with thermal cycles.

Electrochemical Approach on the Corrosion During the Cavitation of Additive Manufactured Commercially Pure Titanium (적층가공 방식으로 제조된 CP-Ti의 캐비테이션 중 부식에 대한 전기화학적 접근)

  • Kim, K.T.;Chang, H.Y.;Kim, Y.S.
    • Corrosion Science and Technology
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.310-316
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    • 2018
  • The effect of passive film on corrosion of metals and alloys in a static corrosive environment has been studied by many researchers and is well known, however few studies have been conducted on the electrochemical measurement of metals and alloys during cavitation corrosion conditions, and there are no test standards for electrochemical measurements 'During cavitation' conditions. This study used commercially additive manufactured(AM) pure titanium in tests of anodic polarization, corrosion potential measurements, AC impedance measurements, and repassivation. Tests were performed in 3.5% NaCl solution under three conditions, 'No cavitation', 'After cavitation', and 'During cavitation' condition. When cavitation corrosion occurred, the passive current density was greatly increased, the corrosion potential largely lowered, and the passive film revealed a small polarization resistance. The current fluctuation by the passivation and repassivation phenomena was measured first, and this behavior was repeatedly generated at a very high speed. The electrochemical corrosion mechanism that occurred during cavitation corrosion was based on result of the electrochemical properties 'No cavitation', 'After cavitation', and 'During cavitation' conditions.

A Study on the Electrochemical Hydrogenation Reaction Mechanism of the Laves Phase Hydrogen Storage Alloys (Laves phase계 수소저장합금의 전기화학적 수소화 반응 매카니즘에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Ji-Youl;Kim, Chan-Jung;Kim, Dai-Ryong
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.31-41
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    • 1997
  • In order to investigate the mechanism of electrochemical hydrogenation reaction on Zr-based Laves phase hydrogen storage alloy electrodes, electrochemical charge/discharge characteristics, potentiostatic/dynamic polarizations and electrocehmical impedance spectroscopy(EIS) of Zr-Ti-Mn-Ni and Zr-Ti-Mn-Ni-M(M=Fe, Co, Al) alloys were examined. Electrochemical discharge capacities of the alloys were quite different with gas charge capacities. Therefore, it was considered that discharge capacities of the alloys depend on electrochemical kinetic factors rather then thermodynamic ones. Discharge efficiencies were increased linearly with exchange current densities. The results of potentiostatic/dynamic polarization measurements showed that electrochemical charge and discharge reaction of Zr-based Laves phase hydrogen storage alloys is controlled by charge transfer process at the electrode surface. The EIS measurements also confirmed this result.

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Benchmarking of Zinc Coatings for Corrosion Protection: A Detailed Characterization of Corrosion and Electrochemical Properties of Zinc Coatings

  • Wijesinghe, Sudesh L;Zixi, Tan
    • Corrosion Science and Technology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.38-47
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    • 2017
  • Due to various types of Zn coatings for many decades for various applications, it is imperative to study and compare their corrosion resistance properties of some of these. Here, we introduce a systematic methodology for evaluation and validation of corrosion protection properties of metallic coatings. According to this methodology, samples are were exposed in an advanced cyclic corrosion test chamber according to ISO 14993, and removed at the end of each withdrawal for respective corrosion and electrochemical characterization to evaluate both barrier and galvanic protection properties. Corrosion protection properties of coatings were evaluated by visual examination according to ISO 10289, mass loss and subsequent corrosion rate measurements, electrochemical properties, and advanced electrochemical scanning techniques. In this study, corrosion protection properties of a commercial zinc rich coating (ZRC) on AISI 1020 mild steel substrates were evaluated and benchmarked against hot dip galvanized (HDG). Results were correlated, and corrosion protection capabilities of the two coatings were compared. The zinc rich coating performed better than hot dip galvanized coating in terms of overall corrosion protection properties, according to the exposure and experimental conditions used in this study. It proved to be a suitable candidate to replace hot dip galvanized coatings for desired applications.

Use of High-Temperature Gas-Tight Electrochemical

  • Park, Jong-Hee;Beihai Ma;Park, Eun-Tae
    • The Korean Journal of Ceramics
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.103-113
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    • 1998
  • By using a gas-tight electrochemical cell, we can perform high-temperature coulometric titration and measure electronic transport properties to determine the elecronic defect structure of metal oxides. This technique reduces the time and expense required for conventional thermogravimetric measurements. The components of the gas-tight coulometric titration cell are an oxygen sensor, Pt/yttria stabilitized zirconia(YSZ)/Pt, and an encapsulated metal oxide sample. Based on cell design, both transport and thermodynamic measurements can be performed over a wide range of oxygen partial pressure ($pO_2=10^{-35}$ to 1 atm). This paper describes the high-temperature gas-tight electrochemical cells used to determine electronic defect structures and transport properties for pure and doped-oxide systems, such as YSZ, doped and pure ceria $(Ca-CeO_2 \;and\; CeO_2)$, copper oxides and copper-oxide-based ceramic superconductors, transition metal oxides, $SrFeCo_{0.5}O_x,\; and \;BaTiO_2$.

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Cycling Performance of Supercapacitors Assembled with Polypyrrole/Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube/Conductive Carbon Composite Electrodes

  • Paul, Santhosh;Kim, Jae-Hong;Kim, Dong-Won
    • Journal of Electrochemical Science and Technology
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.91-96
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    • 2011
  • Polypyrrole (PPy)/multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)/conductive carbon (CC) composites are synthesized by the chemical oxidative polymerization method. The morphology analysis of the composite materials indicates uniform coating of PPy over MWCNTs and conductive carbon. The electrochemical performances of PPy/MWCNT/CC composites with different compositions are evaluated in order to optimize the composition of the composite electrode. Galvanostatic chargedischarge measurements and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy studies prove the excellent cycling stability of the PPy/MWCNT/CC composite electrodes.

A Facile Electrochemical Fabrication of Reduced Graphene Oxide-Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode for Simultaneous Detection of Dopamine, Ascorbic Acid, and Uric Acid

  • Yu, Joonhee;Kim, Tae Hyun
    • Journal of Electrochemical Science and Technology
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.274-281
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    • 2017
  • This paper describes the simple fabrication of an electrode modified with electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) for the simultaneous electrocatalytic detection of dopamine (DA), ascorbic acid (AA), and uric acid (UA). ERGO was formed on a glassy carbon (GC) electrode by the reduction of graphene oxide (GO) using linear sweep voltammetry. The ERGO/GC electrode was formed by subjecting a GO solution ($1mg\;mL^{-1}$ in 0.25 M NaCl) to a linear scan from 0 V to -1.4 V at a scan rate of $20mVs^{-1}$. The ERGO/GC electrode was characterized by Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, contact angle measurements, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and cyclic voltammetry. The electrochemical performance of the ERGO/GC electrode with respect to the detection of DA, AA, and UA in 0.1 M PBS (pH 7.4) was investigated by differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) and amperometry. The ERGO/GC electrode exhibited three well-separated voltammetric peaks and increased oxidation currents during the DPV measurements, thus allowing for the simultaneous and individual detection of DA, AA, and UA. The detection limits for DA, AA, and UA were found to be 0.46, 77, and $0.31{\mu}M$ respectively, using the amperometric i-t curve technique, with the S/N ratio being 3.

Probing of Electrochemical Reactions for Battery Applications by Atomic Force Microscopy

  • Kim, Yun-Seok
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.98.2-98.2
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    • 2013
  • Electrochemical phenomena underpin a broad spectrum of energy, chemical, and information technologies such as resistive memories and secondary batteries. The optimization of functionalities in these devices requires understanding electrochemical mechanisms on the nanoscale. Even though the nanoscale electrochemical phenomena have been studied by electron microscopies, these methods are limited for analyzing dynamic electrochemical behavior and there is still lack of information on the nanoscale electrochemical mechanisms. The alternative way can be an atomic force microscopy (AFM) because AFM allows nanoscale measurements and, furthermore, electrochemical reaction can be controlled by an application of electric field through AFM tip. Here, I will summarize recent studies to probe nanoscale electrochemical reaction in battery applications by AFM. In particular, we have recently developed electromechanical based AFM techniques for exploring reversible and irreversible electrochemical phenomena on the nanoscale. The present work suggests new strategies to explore fundamental electrochemical mechanisms using the AFM approach and eventually will provide a powerful paradigm for probing spatially resolved electrochemical information for energy applications.

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