• Title, Summary, Keyword: Elevated Railway Station

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Analysis of Vibration Transfer Characteristics of Approach Bridges for an Elevated Railroad Station (철도선하역사 접속교량의 진동전달 특성 분석)

  • Choi, Sanghyun;Kim, Jin-Ho;Yoo, Yong;Kwon, Se-Gon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.2911-2916
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    • 2015
  • The elevated railway station, above which a train is passing, is vulnerable to noise and vibration compared to other station types. To better identify the vibration characteristics of the elevated railway station, the transferred vibration from approach bridges should be analyzed. In this paper, through experiments and simulations, the transfer characteristics of the vibration from approach bridges is analyzed. The study structure is Geomgok station and the anaylses are conducted using ABAQUS three dimensional numerical model. To identify the change in the transfer characteristics for various bearing types, the analyses are performed considering mechanical properties of bearing for railway bridges. The measurement is performed using the accelerometers attached to the approach bridges and the station structure along the passing path of trains.

The Reduction of Structure-borne Noise in an Elevated Station(Changdong Station) of Seoul Metro Line No. $1\sim4$ (서울메트로 $1\sim4$호선 고가역(창동역) 고체소음 저감 사례)

  • Kong, Sun-Yong;Oh, Hee-Wan;Kim, Sang-Jin
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.438-443
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    • 2007
  • In the recent railway construction, the concrete slab track is highlighted as the maintenance-free track and the main stream is moving from ballasted track to concrete slab track. However, in spite of many merits of concrete slab track, the higher noise generated from the concrete slab track is a troublesome question to solve and, by this reason, many studies on noise reduction of concrete slab track are carried out. The railway noise can be classified into the reflection noise emitted from wheel/rail contact and the structure-borne noise transmitted through railway structures. In this presentation, we would like to introduce an example of the successful reduction of structure-borne noise at track retrofitting to maintenance-free concrete slab track in elevated Changdong Station which was built with ballasted track on Rahmen structure.

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A Study of Noise Characteristics Induced by Slab Vibration for the Elevated Railway Station (선하역사의 슬래브 진동에 의한 소음방사 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jin-Ho;Jang, Dongdoo;Ji, Yong-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.3557-3566
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    • 2015
  • In the case of elevated railway station in which railway is connected with superstructure of station, vibration and noise level is relatively higher than those of general structure type station due to structural characteristic which transmits vibration directly. Therefore, characteristic understanding of structural vibration and accompanying structure cause noise and establishment of reduction plan through the results are in need. Test and analysis are performed in this research to consider correlativity between structural vibration and accompanying structure cause noise when external forces are applied on standard slab and floating slab which is able to isolate vibration. By producing and loading on standard and floating slab, vibration and noise response are measured while simulation using numerical analysis, finite element method and SEA method is performed. The results about structural dynamic behavior of slab, correlativity between structural vibration and noise, reduction performance of floating slab is deduced through the analysis of tests.

The plan of minimization to the station of monorail (경전철(모노레일) 정거장 규모 최소화 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn, Yong-Mo;Jeon, So-Young
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.45-49
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    • 2008
  • The monorail system as new transportation system mostly has being constructed as an elevated construction. In particular, in case of construction to elevated structure in the center of a city, it is important to decision for a monorail station to be considered the minimization. We must purchase the required lands prior to design the monorail stations because of separation of a platform and a waiting room. So We can exclude the problem that it have too close between a monorail station and the other building. Therefore the standard width and elevation of the monorail station shall be considered the efficient execution, economic and transportation. We have many thing to resolve as the plan of minimization to the station of monorail. But we know the ultimate in environmentally friendly transportation, of course, is our monorail system and we are positive as to a popular transportation craze.

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A study on the characteristics in the vicinity of the railway track (철도 선로 주변의 자연풍 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Hyeok-Bin;You, Won-Hee;Ha, Kang-Hee;Jeong, Myeong-Soo
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1152-1157
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    • 2007
  • Anemometers to examine the characteristics of the natural wind in the vicinity of the railway track has been installed in two spots, one at the Cheon-Asan station of the Seoul-Busan high-speed line, and the other at the Daechon station of the Changhang conventional railway line in 2006 to examine the characteristics of the natural wind around the railway track to estimate the actual wind speed acting on the train and to develop the wind gust model consisting with the Korean climate condition. The measured data shows that the instant wind velocity frequently exceeds the velocity of train speed restriction, 20m/s, and the actual wind velocities measured in the vicinity of the track are larger than the that measured by the Korean Meteorological Administration(KMA) because the anemometers are installed on the highly-elevated bridges.

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A Behavior Test on a Frictional-Wedge-Type Vibration Isolation Device for Vibration Reduction of a Railway Track (열차 진동 저감을 위한 마찰쐐기형 방진장치의 거동 시험)

  • Lee, Chanyoung;Choi, Sanghyun;Lee, Yooin;Kwon, Segon;Koh, Yongsung;Ji, Yongsoo
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.45-54
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    • 2015
  • In the case of railway facilities in cities such as a railway station or a bridge, the significance of design for reducing vibration and noise is getting more significant. The vibration control solution is in need especially for an elevated railway station to block vibration of a train and secondary noise effectively. Even though a vertical vibration isolation device is able to be applied effectively to railway facilities such as elevated railway stations which transfer vibration directly from a train to a structure, the development of the vertical device is much slower than a horizontal vibration isolation device. In this paper, a vibration isolation device using wedge type friction material which is currently developing to reduce train-induced vibration effectively is introduced and test results for verification of dynamic performance is also presented. The vibration test on a concrete structure equipped with the developed vibration isolation device is conducted through which the isolation performance and dynamic properties are verified and needs for improving the performance of the device is identified.

Vibration Reduction Effect and Structural Behavior Analysis for Column Member Reinforced with Vibration Non-transmissible Material (진동절연재로 보강된 기둥부재의 진동저감효과 및 구조적 거동분석)

  • Kim, Jin-Ho;Yi, Na-Hyun;Hur, Jin-Ho;Kim, Hee-Kyu
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.94-103
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    • 2016
  • For elevated railway station on which track is connected with superstructure of station, structural vibration level and structure-borne-noise level has exceeded the reference level due to structural characteristics which transmits vibration directly. Therefore, existing elevated railway station is in need of economical and effective vibration reduction method which enable train service without interruption. In this study, structural vibration non-transmissible system which is applied to vibroisolating material for column member is developed to reduce vibration. That system is cut covering material of the column section using water-jet method and is installed with vibroisolating material on cut section. To verify vibration reduction effect and structural performance for structural vibration non-transmissible system, impact hammer test and cyclic lateral load test are performed for 1/4 scale test specimens. It is observed that natural period which means vibration response characteristics is shifted, and damping ratio is increased about 15~30% which means that system is effective to reduce structural vibration through vibration test. Also load-displacement relation and stiffness change rate of the columns are examined, and it is shown that ductility and energy dissipation capacity is increased. From test results, it is found that vibration non-transmissible system which is applied to column member enable to maintains structural function.

Analysis of Performance Tests and Friction Characteristics of a Friction Type Isolator Considering Train Load Conditions (열차 하중조건을 고려한 마찰형 방진장치 성능시험 및 마찰특성 분석)

  • Koh, Yong-Sung;Lee, Chan-Young;Ji, Yong-Soo;Kim, Jae-Wang
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.694-702
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    • 2017
  • In the case of an elevated railway station, structure borne noise and vibration due to structural limitations allow the load and vibration from railway vehicles to be directly transmitted to the station structure, resulting in an increase in the number of civil complaints from customers and staff of the station. The floating slab track system, which is well known as one of the solutions for reducing the noise and vibration from elevated railway stations, usually contains rubber mounts or rubber pads under the railway slab which act as a damper. These types of device have the disadvantage that is difficult to predetermine the exact stiffness and damping ratio under the nonlinear loads resulting from train services. In this study, an isolator with a friction type of wedge is introduced, which can be applied to floating slab track systems and to be designed with precisely the required stiffness. Furthermore, a comparative analysis of the stiffness between the designed and experimental values is carried out, while the damping ratio, which is closely related to the friction wedge blocks, is deduced according to the train load condition. The performance tests of the isolator were conducted in accordance with the DIN 45673-7 standard which includes both static and dynamic load tests. The load conditions for the performance tests are designed to conform to the DIN standard related to the weight of the train and rail track, in order to perform vertical and horizontal load tests, so as to ensure the secure structural safety of the railway. Also, by checking the change aspect of the friction coefficients of the friction elements according to the loading rate, the vibration reduction performance of the friction type isolator with variable loading rate conditions is examined.

A Study on Noise Characteristics in the Running Train of the Urban Railway (도시철도 영업운행열차 내 소음에 관한 고찰)

  • Kim, Hyo-San;Lee, Chang-Hun;Kim, Gwang-Eun;Lee, Gyu-Chon;Park, Jin-Dong
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.93-99
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    • 2008
  • The SeoulMerto, operating subway line No.$1{\sim}4$, was constructed in the metropolitan Seoul with the highest population. When it was built, the design was challenged to sharp curved tracks considering the protection of buildings, cultural assets, the connection to ground roads and rivers as well as to elevated railway in some parts. Lots of residential apartments and business complex have gradually increased in the area around subway stations and railway lines according to the urban development. Consequently, Requirements of better quality of life and comfortable environment caused the citizen complain for the noise. It has become one of serious social issues. In this paper, Noise level was analyzed using noise map measured in the running train of all routes. The analysis on the noise level was conducted according to railway type, track components type, seasonal type, retirement degree of the vehicle and subway station. Especially, Noise characteristics were analyzed by noise level data measured in the inside and outside of the train with geometry types of the concrete track. This study will contribute fundamental data for the "The Development of Sound-Absorbing Block on Concrete Track" promoted on The National R&D Project.

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Evaluation of Dynamic Stability of Precast Floating Slab Track with Vehicle-Track Interaction Analysis (차량-궤도 상호작용 해석을 통한 사전 제작형 플로팅 슬래브 궤도의 동적 안정성 검토)

  • Jang, Dongdoo;Kim, Jin-Ho;Kwon, Se-Gon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.562-568
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    • 2017
  • A precast floating slab track with a 5m slab panel and installed with isolators is proposed to solve the noise and vibration problem at existing elevated railway stations. Thus, the construction can be carried out rapidly without interrupting the train operation. However, dynamic instability problems may be caused by repeated discontinuities in track due to the short slab panel length and excessive rail displacement due to the inherent operation mechanism of a floating system in reducing the vibration. Furthermore, the difference of the supporting stiffness at the transition between the floating track and ballast track may raise problems. In this study, the assessment factors to evaluate the dynamic stability of the precast floating slab track are presented and assessed with the vehicle-track interaction analysis. Through the analysis, all values relevant to the stability at the floating track section are found to be acceptable, and the slab panels at the transition section are designed to satisfy the stability.