• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ellagic

Search Result 79, Processing Time 0.042 seconds

Flavonoids inhibit the AU-rich element binding of HuC

  • Kwak, Ho-Joong;Jeong, Kyung-Chae;Chae, Min-Ju;Kim, Soo-Youl;Park, Woong-Yang
    • BMB Reports
    • /
    • v.42 no.1
    • /
    • pp.41-46
    • /
    • 2009
  • Post-transcriptional regulation of mRNA stability by Hu proteins is an important mechanism for tumorigenesis. We focused on the molecular interactions between the HuC protein and AU-rich elements (AREs) to find chemical inhibitors of RNA-protein interactions using RNA electrophoretic mobility shift assay with non-radioactive probes. Screening of 52 natural compounds identified 14 candidate compounds that displayed potent inhibitory activity. Six (quercetin, myricetin, (-)-epigallocatechin gallate, ellagic acid, (-)-epicatechin gallate, and rhamnetin) were categorized as phytochemicals, and their $IC_{50}$ values were low ($0.2-1.8\;{\mu}M$).

Antioxidant Effect of Juglans mandshurica Bark Gallotannins

  • Si, Chuan-Ling;Bae, Young-Soo
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
    • /
    • v.23 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-4
    • /
    • 2007
  • The bark of Juglans mandshurica Maxim. was collected, extracted with acetone-$H_2O$ (7:3, v/v), fractioned with n-hexane, $CH_2Cl_2$ and EtOAc, then each fraction was freeze-dried to give some powders. A portion of the EtOAc (28.4 g) fraction was chromatographed on a Sephadex LH-20 column eluting with a series of MeOH-$H_2O$ and EtOH-hexane mixture. Four gallotannins, gallic acid (1), ellagic acid (2), 1,2,4,6-tetra-O-galloyl-${\beta}$-D-glucose (3) and 1,2,3,4,6-penta-O-galloyl-${\beta}$-D-glucose (4), have been isolated from the EtOAc fraction Their structures were elucidated on the basis of chemical evidence and spectrometric analysis such as NMR and MS. The antioxidant activities on each fraction and the isolated gallotannins were evaluated by DPPH radical scavenging test.

  • PDF

An Ellagic Acid Rhamnoside from the Roots of Potentilla discolor with Protein Glycation and Rat Lens Aldose Reductase Inhibitory Activity

  • Jang, Dae-Sik;Yoo, Nam-Hee;Kim, Jong-Min;Lee, Yun-Mi;Yoo, Jeong-Lim;Kim, Young-Sook;Kim, Jin-Sook
    • Natural Product Sciences
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.160-163
    • /
    • 2007
  • Four glycosides, rosamultin (1), tetracentronside B (2), 4-O-methylellagic acid 3-O-${\alpha}$-$_L$-rhamnopyranoside (3), and vanillic acid 4-O-${\beta}$-$_L$-glucopyranoside (4), isolated from the roots extract of Potentilla discolor, were subjected to in vitro bioassays to evaluate the inhibitory activity on advanced glycation end products (AGEs) formation and rat lens aldose reductase (RLAR). Compound 3 exhibited a significant inhibitory activity against both AGEs formation and RLAR with IC$_{50}$ values of 79.5 and 8.03 ${\mu}$M, respectively. All the compounds (1-4) were isolated for the first time from this plant.

Antimicrobial activity and protective effect of Geranium thunbergii against oxidative DNA damage via antioxidant effect (현초의 항산화 활성에 의한 산화적 DNA 손상 보호효과 및 항균활성)

  • Kwon, Tae-Hyung;Lee, Su-Jin;Park, Jae-Ho;Kim, Taewan;Park, Jung-Ja;Park, Nyun-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
    • /
    • v.24 no.3
    • /
    • pp.325-333
    • /
    • 2017
  • This study aimed to investigate the various biological activities of Geranium thunbergii such as antimicrobial activity and protective effect against oxidative damage. To evaluate its antioxidant and antimicrobial activities, we first performed methanol extraction; this methanol extract was further partitioned using various solvents. And then, its antioxidant activity was measured using various assays including total phenolic content and protection against oxidative DNA damage, and antimicrobial activities were examined using minimum inhibiting concentration (MIC) test, and paper disc method. In addition, high-performance liquid chromatography was performed to analyze the major chemical components of ethyl acetate fraction. The G. thunbergii fraction with ethyl acetate exhibited higher antioxidant and antimicrobial activities than the other fractions. The results showed that G. thunbergii ethyl acetate fraction at $50{\mu}g/mL$ had strong DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities of 80.88% and 80.12%, respectively. In addition, the ethyl acetate fraction protected DNA from the oxidative damage induced by ferrous ion and hydroxyl radicals and showed high antimicrobial activity with diameter of inhibition zones ranging from 13.33 to 15.67 mm. High-performance liquid chromatography analysis revealed the major phenolic compounds of G. thunbergii to be ellagic acid and gallic acid. These results suggest that G. thunbergii might protect DNA against oxidative stress induced by reactive oxygen species and can be utilized as a natural source of antioxidant and antimicrobial agent in the food industry.

Influence of Abnormally Low Temperatures on Growth, Yield, and Biologically Active Compounds of Strawberry (이상 저온조건이 딸기의 생육, 수량 및 생리활성 성분에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Gyu-Bin;Choe, Yun-Ui;Park, Eun-Ji;Wang, Ziyu;Li, Mei;Li, Ke;Park, Young-Hoon;Choi, Young-Whan;Kang, Nam-Jun;Kang, Jum-Soon
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
    • /
    • v.26 no.3
    • /
    • pp.381-392
    • /
    • 2017
  • The present study aimed to investigate the effects of low temperature on the growth, yield, quality, and biologically active compounds of strawberry and obtain basic information for developing a technology for stable growth of strawberry in greenhouses. Growth of strawberry, including leaf number, area, and length, plant height, and dry weight was better at the optimum growth temperature of $20^{\circ}C$ than at a lower temperature of $15^{\circ}C$. At the low temperature of $15^{\circ}C$, the cultivar 'Maehyang' was more tolerant and displayed better growth rate than 'Seolhyang'. At $15^{\circ}C$, the fruit production per week and fruit weight was lower than that at $20^{\circ}C$. In contrast, fruit length and diameter were not significantly different between the two growth temperatures. Growth temperature also did not affect the fruit color index, Hunter L, a, b value, or fruit firmness. However, the sugar content of strawberries grown at $15^{\circ}C$ was higher by 0.8 and 1.5 Brix for 'Seolhyang' and 'Maehyang', respectively, than of those grown at $20^{\circ}C$. There was no difference in the content of fisetin, a biologically active compound, for 'Seolhyang' at both growth temperatures, however, the fisetin content of 'Maehyang' was higher at $20^{\circ}C$ than at $15^{\circ}C$. Cinchonine and ellagic acid content of 'Seolhyang' was higher at $20^{\circ}C$ than at $15^{\circ}C$, whereas that of 'Maehyang' was higher at $15^{\circ}C$ than at $20^{\circ}C$. Quercetin content showed no significant differences with respect to growth temperature, however, it tended to increase at $20^{\circ}C$. The cinnamic acid content of 'Seolhyang' was higher at $15^{\circ}C$ than at $20^{\circ}C$, whereas that of 'Maehyang' increased at $20^{\circ}C$. Collectively, the biologically active compounds of strawberry were affected by growth temperature. Moreover, the content of these compounds tended to increase at $20^{\circ}C$, the optimum growth temperature, rather than at the sub-optimal growth temperature of $15^{\circ}C$.

Analysis of Dyes and Mordants of 16~17th Century Textiles Excavated from Daejeon (16~17세기 출토염직품의 염료와 매염제 분석)

  • Baek, Young-Mee;Kwon, Young-Suk;Goto-Doshida, Sumiko;Saito, Masako
    • Journal of Conservation Science
    • /
    • v.28 no.2
    • /
    • pp.119-129
    • /
    • 2012
  • Excavated textiles provide very important research data on the costume culture of the Joseon dynasty. In particular, dyed textiles are indispensable for textile conservation research and for restoration of remains as well as for general costume culture research. Unfortunately, a prolonged burial environment causes the colors to change and gradually fade after excavation. Therefore, it is very difficult to identify the original color. In this study, natural dyed samples of red, yellow, purple and blue were prepared and analyzed using HPLC-PDA. Dyes of colorants extracted from excavated textile remains were analyzed by HPLC. In addition, mordants were analyzed using (SEM-EDX) in order to estimate the original color. The 16~17th Century's three samples were analyzed, sample 1, and 2 from Eunjin Song's Song Mun-Chang excavated at the Songchon-dong in Daejeon, and sample 3 from Yeosan Song's Song, Hee-Jong excavated at the Mokdal-dong in Daejeon. From the HPLC results, alizarin, purpurin, and indigo were detected on sample 1, alizarin and purpurin on sample 2, ellagic acid and indigo on sample 3. Therefore they were dyed with madder and indigo (sample 1), madder (sample2), pomagranted and indigo (sample 3). Al mordant was identified on three samples.

Drying kinetics and optimization for thin-layer drying processes of raspberries (Rubus coreanus Miq.) using statistical models and response surface methodology (통계적 모델과 반응표면분석을 이용한 복분자의 건조조건 최적화 및 건조거동)

  • Teng, Hui;Lee, Won Young
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
    • /
    • v.22 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-11
    • /
    • 2015
  • Raspberries are a good resource of polyphenols and have a powerful antioxidant activity, but shelf life for raspberries is short which brings a lot of economic losses. In this study, we try to use cool-air ($20{\sim}40^{\circ}C$) or hot-air ($60{\sim}100^{\circ}C$) to produce semi-dried raspberries with extended shelf life, and to determine the best method for improving fruit quality by minimizing nutrient losses during drying processes. The effects of process variables (drying temperature and processing time) on the quality of final dried raspberries were investigated. Response surface methodology was employed to establish statistical models for simulating the drying processes, and the moisture residue content and the loss ratios of total phenolic content (TPC), vitamin C (VC), and ellagic acid (EA) that result from the drying processes of raspberries using either hot or cool-air were predicted. Superimposed contour plots have been successfully used in the determination of the optimum zone within the experimental region. Optimal conditions determined for achieving minimal losses of TPC, VC, and EA, and a final moisture residue of 45% using the hot-air drying process were a drying temperature of $65.75^{\circ}C$ and a processing time of 4.3 hr. While for the cool-air process, the optimal conditions predicted were $21.3^{\circ}C$ and 28.2 hr. Successful application of response surface methodology provided scientific reference for optimal conditions of semi-drying raspberries, minimizing nutrient losses and improving product quality.

A PROMISING NEW ANTI-WRINKLE INGREDIENT : Pericarpium castaneae extracts

  • Kim, Beom-Jun;Jo, Byoung-Kee;Kim, Jeong-Ha
    • Proceedings of the SCSK Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.57-64
    • /
    • 1999
  • Pericarpium castaneae extracts have variously potent activities, such as anti-oxidative activity and free radical scavenging activity. in vivo and in vivo studies both indicate that pericarpium castaneae extracts acts as a flee radical scavenger ($IC_{50}$/: 7.6$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml) stronger than gallic acid($IC_{50}$/: 12.5$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml) and ellagic acid($IC_{50}$/: 15$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml) which could prevent cutaneous UV damages and skin aging. The extracts showed a good effect as a anti-oxidant ($IC_{50}$/: 50$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml). It was shown that the appearance of wrinkle in human skin was reduced by topical application of pericarpium castaneae extracts. And the treatment of human skin with the extracts increased the elasticity and moisture of the skin. We investigated the effect of tile pericarpium castaneae extracts on production of extracellular matrix using cultured A431 fibroblast cells. The results indicated that the extracts had no detectable effect on collagen synthesis, But synthesis of cell adhesion protein was increased by the extracts. The results suggest that increase of cell adhesion protein synthesis by pericarpium castaneae extracts has closely related to reduction of wrinkle in skin.

  • PDF

Study on components of Geranium sibiricum L. (Geranium sibiricum L.의 성분에 대하여)

  • 유경수
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
    • /
    • v.3 no.1
    • /
    • pp.23-25
    • /
    • 1957
  • The herb of Geranium sibirium L, a drug knwon as "Chui Sonni Poul" distributed widely, has been used as a folk-medicine for the treatment of diarrhea. The dried entire herb is boiled with methanol and methanol is distilled of from the filtered methanol extract under reduced pressure. Then the extract is boiled with water and filtered off. From the filtrate, the following substances are isolated and identified by treating with organic solvents as ether, ethyl acetate, and etc.: 1. Gallic acid: a colorless needle crystal which is soluble in alcohol and water. mp.235.deg. C, positive (dark blue) against the ferric chloride reagent. 0.76 percent of gallic acid is yielded from the herb. 2. Quercetin: a light yellow crystal. mp.194.deg. C. negative against the ferric chloride reagent. 3. Ellagic acid: a light yellow crystal which is insoluble in ehter and acetone and slightly soluble in alcohol. Positive (blue) against the ferric chloride reagent. The crystal obtained by recrystalisation from pyridine, does not melt by 360.deg. C. Represent a yield of 0.03 percent from the herb. 4. Crude tannin: a approximately 7.6 percent of crude tannin is yielded by treating with ethyl acetate. gallic acid and querceetin are yielded by hydrosis with dliute sulfuric acid. Based on the above results, the following suggestion could be recommendable; Geraed in the Japanese Pharmacoeia VI.acoeia VI.

  • PDF

NEW ANTI-AGING AND ANTI-WRINKLE COSMETIC INGREDIENT : INNER NUTSHELL OF CASTANEA MOLLISIMA BL (CHESTNUT)

  • Kim, Beom-Jun;Kim, Jeong-Ha;Kim, Hyun-Pyo;Heo, Moon-Young
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
    • /
    • v.24 no.3
    • /
    • pp.17-23
    • /
    • 1998
  • Inner nutshell of Castanea mollisima BL (chestnut) has been used as an anti-aging and anti-wrinkle agent from the ancient time in east Asia. In order to develop new anti-aging and anti-wrinkle, ethanolic extract of inner nutshell of Castanea mollisima BL (Cor-285) was prepared and various biological activities were evaluated. Cor-285 showed potent antioxidant activity, Especially, Cor-285 possessed potent free radical scavenging activity in vitro (IC50:7.6 g/ml) compared to gallic acid (IC50:12.5 g/ml), Cor-285 showed the preventive effect against UV-induced cytotoxicity of fibroblast at concentration of 25-250 g/ml. When Cor-285 was evaluated for its anti-allergic activity, it effectively inhibited histamine release from mast cells induced by compound 48/80 (86% inhibition at 10 mg/ml). The inhibitory activity was stronger than that of glycyrrhiznate. Cor-285 also showed in vivo inhibition against delayed hypersensitivity as well as croton-oil induced ear edema in mice when topically applied These results strongly suggest that Cor-285 may reduce immunoregulatory 1 inflammatory skin trouble. From the attempts to isolate the constituents, citropten (simple coumarin) and ellagic acid, a well known radical scavenger, were isolated. In a clinical trial of twenty healthy volunteers with aged skin,6 weeks application of Cor-285 (3% cream) decreased wrinkle about 26% and increased moisturizing 20% on the skin. All of these results indicate that Cor-285 may be an effective anti-aging and anti-wrinkle agent.

  • PDF