• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ellagic

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Simultaneous Analysis of Phenolic Compounds in Geranium thunbergii Using UPLC (페놀성 화합물을 이용한 현지초의 UPLC 다성분 동시분석 개발)

  • Kim, Se-Gun;Lamichhane, Ramakanta;Lee, Kyung-Hee;Pandeya, Prakash Raj;Shim, Sang-Yeon;Jung, Hyun-Ju
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 2018
  • The aim of this study was to develop a UPLC method for simultaneous analysis of 8 phenolic compounds including gallic aicd (1), protocatechuic acid (2), methyl gallate (3), ellagic acid (4), kaempferol-3-arabinofranosyl-7-rhamnoside (5), kaempferitrin (6), afzelin (7) and kaempferol-7-rhamnoside (8) isolated from Geranium thunbergii which has been traditionally used as anti-diarrheal agent. The UPLC method was optimized and validated using Halo C18 column ($4.6{\times}100mm$, $2.7{\mu}m$) consisting of MeOH and 0.1% formic acid at 260 nm in 25 minutes. In quantitative analysis of 8 compounds in MeOH extract of G. thunbergii, contents of 4-6 were 12.39, 20.52 and 21.45 mg/g, respectively. These compounds were measured as major phenolic compounds in G. thunbergii and can be useful as marker compounds for its quality control. These results suggest that the UPLC method can be contributed as basic data for quality evaluation of herbal preparations.

Antioxidant activity of phalaenopsis Sogo Yukidian 'V3' plant parts

  • Truong, Ngoc Minh;Phung, Thi Tuyen;Do, Tan Khang;Nguyen, Van Quan;Pham, Thi Thu Ha;Nguyen, Thanh Quan;Andriana, Yusuf;Truong, Mai Van;Tran, Dang Xuan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.34-34
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    • 2017
  • Various extracts of roots, stems, and leaves of Phalaenopsis Sogo Yukidian 'V3' were evaluated for total phenolics, total flavonoids, and antioxidant capacity. The conjugate form of stem samples contained the highest total phenolics ($5.092{\pm}0.739mg$ gallic acid equivalent per g dry weight) and the highest total flavonoids ($2.218{\pm}0.021mg$ rutin equivalent per g dry weight) was found in the hexane extract of leaves. The ethyl acetate extract of roots showed the maximum antioxidant activity as compared to other extracts. Of which, the $IC_{50}$ value of this sample were 0.070 mg/mL and 0.450 mg/mL in the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging assay and reducing power, respectively, while the lipid peroxidation inhibition (LPI) value was as 94.2% by ${\beta}$-carotene bleaching method. Five phenolic compounds including caffeic acid, syringic acid, vanillin, ellagic acid, and cinnamic acid were quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). It is suggested that roots of the hybrid Phalaenopsis Sogo Yukidian 'V3' can be explodited as an effective source of antioxidants.

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Quality changes in Rubus coreanus Miquel during Frozen Storage (냉동 저장 중 복분자딸기(Rubus coreanus Miq.)의 품질 변화)

  • Youn, Aye-Ree;Kwon, Ki-Hyun;Kim, Byeong-Sam;Noh, Bong-Soo;Cha, Hwan-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.618-622
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    • 2009
  • Ripened Rubus coreanus Miquel harvested at Gochang was stored for 8 months at $-20{\pm}2^{\circ}C$, and quality changes were investigated at intervals of 2-3 months. Soluble solid concentration increased slightly, but acidity fell during frozen storage. The lightness (L value) and red color index (a value) of ripened R. coreanus Miquel decreased during storage. The vitamin C and ellagic acid contents were 30.79 mg/100 g and $155.12\;{\mu}g/100\;mg$ mg before storage, respectively, but fell to 17.03 mg/100g and $140.11\;{\mu}g/100\;mg$ after 8 months of storage. However, the total anthocyanin content was 39.45 mg/100 g before storage, and this remained unchanged from 2 to 8 months of storage.

Peroxynitrite scavengers from Phellinus linteus

  • Jeong, Da-Mi;Jung, Hyun-Ah;Kang, Hye-Sook;Choi, Jae-Sue
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2008
  • Peroxynitrite ($(ONOO^-)$ is a cytotoxic species formed from nitric oxide and superoxide anion, which are highly implicated in the pathogenesis of oxidative stress-mediated diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the scavenging effects of Phellinus linteus on authentic $ONOO^-$, and further phytochemical studies are planned that will attempt to identify the active principles. From the active EtOAc fraction, a mixture of fungisterol and 5-dihydroergosterol (1), a mixture of betulin and 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid bis (2-methyl heptyl) ester (2), protocatechualdehyde (3), protocatechuic acid (4), cirsiumaldehyde (5), hispidin (6), caffeic acid (7), phelligridin D (8), uracil (9), gallic acid (10), 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (11), ferulic acid (12), 2,3-dihydroxybenzaldehyde (13), arbutin (14), isoferulic acid (15), guanosine (16), and ellagic acid (17) were isolated, and their structures were characterized based on spectroscopic data. All compounds except 3, 6, 7 and 16 were isolated for the first time from P. linteus. Compounds 3, 4, 6-8, 10-15, and 17 showed potent scavenging activity on $ONOO^-$, with $IC_{50}$ values of $2.06\;{\pm}\;0.10$, $3.45\;{\pm}\;0.57$, $0.71\;{\pm}\;0.05$, $2.78\;{\pm}\;0.36$, $5.42\;{\pm}\;0.26$, $1.13\;{\pm}\;0.02$, $1.82\;{\pm}\;0.17$, $0.91\;{\pm}\;0.19$, $1.59\;{\pm}\;0.09$, $1.88\;{\pm}\;0.07$, $1.22\;{\pm}\;0.37$, and $2.01\;{\pm}\;0.02\;{\mu}M$, respectively, as compared to the positive control, DL-penicillamine, with an $IC_{50}$ value of $5.04\;{\pm}\;0.06\;{\mu}M$.

Terpenoids and Phenolics from Geum japonicum (뱀무로부터 테르페노이드 및 페놀성 성분의 분리)

  • Yean, Min-Hye;Kim, Ju-Sun;Hyun, Yu-Jae;Hyun, Jin-Won;Bae, Ki-Hwan;Kang, Sam-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.107-121
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    • 2012
  • Twenty-five compounds were isolated from the methanolic extract of Geum japonicum (Rosaceae), and their structures were identified as eleven triterpenoids [ursolic acid 3-acetate (2), cecropiacic acid 3-methyl ester (3), pomolic acid 3-acetate (5), ursonic acid (6), ursolic acid (7), pomolic acid (8), corosolic acid (9), euscaphic acid (11), arjunic acid (16), tormentic acid (18), 23-hydroxytormentic acid (21)], two saponins [rosamultin (22) and kaji-ichigoside $F_1$ (23)], two megastigmanes [blumenol A (14) and (+)-dehydrovomifoliol (15)], three flavonoids [apigenin (13), isoquercitrin (17) and tiliroside (24)], two ellagic acid derivatives [3,3'-di-O-methylellagic acid (12) and ducheside B (25)] and five others [eugenol (1), emodin (4), vanillic acid (10), gallic aldehyde (19), salidroside (20)]. The chemical structures of these compounds were identified on the basis of spectroscopic methods and comparison with literature values. This is the first report of the eleven compounds, 2~6, 10, 15, 16, 20, 23, and 25 from the genus Geum, as well as the first report of apigenin (13) and 3,3'-di-O-methylellagic acid (12) from G. japonicum. The antioxidant properties of 22 isolates (1~11, 14, 16~25) were evaluated by the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) radical scavenging using 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCF-DA) assay. Among them, isoquercitrin (17) showed significant scavenging activity, and gallic aldehyde (19) and ducheside B (25) showed weak scavenging activity.

HPLC analysis of Phenolic Substances and Anti-Alzheimer's Activity of Korean Quercus Species

  • Nugroho, Agung;Song, Byong-Min;Seong, Su Hui;Choi, Jae Sue;Choi, Jongwon;Choi, Ji-Yeon;Park, Hee-Juhn
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.299-306
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    • 2016
  • This study aimed to establish the quantitative method to analyze the content of peroxynitrite-scavengers belonging to polyphenols in six Korean Quercus species (Quercus mongolica, Q. dentata, Q. acutissima, Q. alienta, Q. serrata, and Q. variabilis) by HPLC. The twelve peroxynitrite-scavengers, flavanols (catechins: (+)-catechin, (-)-epicatechin, and (-)-epigallocatechin), flavonols (kaempferol and quercetin), flavonol glycosides (astragalin, quercitrin, and isoquercitrin), flavonol acylated glycosides (astragalin 6''-gallate and isoquercitrin 6''-gallate), gallic acid and its dimer (ellagic acid) were analyzed by HPLC. Further, anti-Alzheimer's activity was assayed in a passive avoidance testusing mice by measuring the retention latency (sec), the concentration of acetylcholine (ACh), and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity. Simultaneous analysis of the extracts of the six Quercus leaves was achieved on a Capcell C18 column ($5{\mu}m$, $250mm{\times}4.6mm\;i.d.$) with a gradient elution of 0.05% HAc and 0.05% HAc in $CH_3CN$. In the extract of Q. mongolica leaves, the content of gallic acid (32.53 mg/g), (+)-catechin (28.78 mg/g), (-)-epicatehin (22.03 mg/g), astragalin 6''-gallate (20.94 mg/g), and isoquercitrin 6''-gallate (44.11 mg/g) and peroxynitrite-scavenging activity ($IC_{50}$, $0.831{\mu}g/ml$) were high. This extract delayed the retention latency and inhibited acetylcholinesterase activity in scopolamine-induced memory impairment of mice, suggesting that it has anti-Alzheimer's activity.

Anti-atopic Effects of Castanea crenata Inner Shell Extracts Fermented by Lactobacillus bifermentans (Lactobacillus bifermentans로 발효한 율피의 항아토피 효과)

  • Kim, Bae Jin;Son, Woo Rim;Choi, Mi Ok;Jo, Seung Kyeung;Jung, Hee Kyoung;Lee, Jin Tae;Kim, Hak Yoon;Kwoen, Dae Jun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.42 no.9
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    • pp.1378-1386
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    • 2013
  • Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common skin disease characterized by chronic and relapsing inflammatory dermatitis with immunological disturbances. In spite of the continuous increase in the incidence of AD, it is regrettable that till date there is no effective treatment to treat the same. Therefore, the present study was designed to examine the possible anti-atopic effects of Castanea crenata inner shell extracts fermented by Lactobacillus bifermentans (FCS) in 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) induced AD in NC/Nga mice. Based on the results of HPLC analysis, we found that FCS contains anti-inflammatory factors such as gallic acid (10.18 mg/g) and ellagic acid (2.14 mg/g). The groups that we have used in this study included 0.1%, 1%, 5% fermented Castanea crenata inner shell extracts (FCS 0.1, FCS 1, FCS 5), 1,3-butylene glycol treated control (AD), and normal mice. After topical FCS treatment, we observed that the clinical severity score for AD was lower in both the FCS 1 and FCS 5 groups than the AD group. We also proved beyond doubt that there was improvement of melanin, erythema and skin moisture indices in the FCS 5 group. Spleen index and gene expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-$1{\beta}$ and TNF-${\alpha}$ were significantly decreased in the FCS 5 group compared to the AD group (P<0.05). Further, we also found that the level of serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) in the FCS-treated group was decreased in a concentration-dependent manner. The results of our study suggest that FCS can be effectively used as a cosmeceutical ingredient for both the prevention and improvement of AD.

Comparison of Bioactive Compounds Contents in Different Fruit Tissues of June-bearing Strawberry Cultivars (일계성 딸기 과실의 부위에 따른 바이오 활성 화합물 함량 비교)

  • Kim, Sung-Kyeom;Bae, Ro-Na;Hwang, Hyun-Seung;Kim, Moo-Jung;Sung, Hye-Ryeong;Chun, Chang-Hoo
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.948-953
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    • 2010
  • We evaluated the bioactive compounds including carbohydrates (CH), organic acids (OA), ascorbic acid (AA), anthocyanin (AC), and ellagic acid (EA) in the achenes, epidermis, and flesh of fully ripe strawberry fruits of the 'Maehyang', 'Seolhyang', 'Keumhyang', 'Akiheme', and 'Red pearl' cultivars. The total contents of CH, OA, AA, and AC were significantly greater in the epidermis than in other tissues, while the EA content was significantly greater in the achenes than in other tissues. The AA content of the epidermis ranged from $49.1-69.2mg{\cdot}100g^{-1}$ FW and was significantly greater than the content of the flesh, while AA was not detected in the achenes of any of the tested strawberry cultivars. The AA contents of the epidermis and flesh of the 'Maehyang' were 69.2 and $42.2mg{\cdot}100g^{-1}$ FW, respectively, and were greater than those of the other cultivars. The AC contents in the epidermis and achenes of the 'Keumhyang' were $74.0mg{\cdot}100g^{-1}$ FW and $36.7mg{\cdot}100g^{-1}$ DW, respectively, greater than those of the other cultivars. The EA content of the achenes of the 'Seolhyang' was $215.5mg{\cdot}100g^{-1}$ DW, significantly greater than those of the other cultivars. Results indicate that the antioxidant levels and other chemical compounds of strawberry fruits vary significantly among different fruit tissues. Our results also suggest that the recently introduced Korean 'Maehyang', 'Seolhyang', and 'Keumhyang' contain higher levels of antioxidants than other major June-bearing strawberry cultivars. These cultivars are feasible selections for both growers and consumers.

Pomegranate Extract Improves Menopausal Syndrome in Ovariectomized Rats (난소 적출 동물모델에서 고흥산 석류 농축액의 갱년기 증상 개선 효과)

  • Wee, Ji-Hyang;Jung, Hyun Jung;Jung, Kyung Ok;Sung, Hea Mi;Shin, Yu-Rim;Park, Ju-Hyun;Seo, Hyeon-Young;Lim, Jung-Min;Chae, Han-Jeong;Lee, Ki Yung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.506-515
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    • 2015
  • In this study, the effect of Goheung pomegranate extract on postmenopausal syndrome was evaluated both in vitro and in vivo in ovariectomized Sprague-Dawly (SD) rats. Sixty female SD rats were divided into six groups: sham, sham operation and distilled water; OVX, ovariectomized and distilled water; PE1, ovariectomized and pomegranate concentrate (0.75 mL/twice/d); PE2, ovariectomized and pomegranate concentrate (1.5 mL/twice/d); PE3, ovariectomized and pomegranate concentrate (2.2 mL/twice/d); and CE, ovariectomized and commercial pomegranate concentrate (2.2 mL/twice/d). Percent bone volume (bone volume/tissue volume) and trabecular thickness (Tb.Th) improved in a dose-independent manner in PE1, 2, and 3. Especially, bone mineral density was significantly improved in PE3 (P<0.05) compared to OVX. Pomegranate extract reduced body weight and visceral fat mass. High density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level slightly increased in a dose-independent manner in the experimental group. In addition, HDL-C/total cholesterol level of PE3 significantly increased (P<0.05) compared with OVX. These results show that pomegranate concentrate improved blood lipid levels and bone metabolism in ovariectomized rats. Therefore, Goheung pomegranate concentrates are expected to improve cardiovascular and bone-related diseases in menopausal women.