• Title, Summary, Keyword: Emamectin benzoate

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Establishment of Pre-Harvest Residue Limit (PHRL) of Emamectin benzoate during Cultivation of Amaranth (생산단계 비름 중 Emamectin benzoate의 잔류허용기준 설정)

  • Kim, Kyung Jin;Kim, Da Som;Heo, Seong Jin;Ham, Hun Ju;Hur, Jang Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.77-83
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    • 2013
  • This study was performed to investigate pre-harvest residue limit (PHRL) in amaranth, to estimate biological half-life of emamectin benzoate and identify the characteristics of the residue. Pesticides of standard and double appplication rate, were sprayed once on amaranth at 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 10, 14 days before harvest. Amaranth sample was extracted with acetonitrile and partitioned with dichloromethane, and pesticide residues were determined with LC/MS/MS. The limit of detection of emamectin benzoate was 0.01 mg/kg. Recoveries of emamectin benzoate ($B_{1a}$, $B_{1b}$) at two fortification levels of 0.1 and 0.5 mg/kg, $B_{1a}$ were $93.3{\pm}0.7%$ and $93.2{\pm}7.7%$, $B_{1b}$ were $106.6{\pm}1.9%$ and $80.5{\pm}6.6%$, respectively. The biological half-lives of emamectin benzoate were about 2.0 days at standard application rate and 1.7 days at double application rate, respectively. The PHRL of emamectin benzoate were recommended as 0.84 mg/kg for 10 days before harvest.

Changes of Feeding Behavior of Sweetpotato Whitefly, Bemisia tabaci Correlated with the Residual Effect of Emamectin benzoate and Pyridaben (Emamectin benzoate와 Pyridaben의 잔효성에 따른 담배가루이의 섭식행동 변화)

  • Kwon, Yun-Hee;Yang, Jeong-Oh;Oh, Jeong-Hoon;Noh, Doo-Jin;Yoon, Chang-Mann;Kim, Gil-Hah
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.397-402
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    • 2008
  • This study was performed to investigate the correlation between changes of feeding behavior of Bemisia tabaci and residual effect of two insecticides, emamectin benzoate and pyridaben, using EPG technique. Waveforms such as non-probe time and total duration of phloem phase of B. tabaci were recorded during three hours using EPG. Relationship between non-probe time and the change of residual effect of two insecticides correlated with more pyridaben than emamectin benzoate. In the relationship between phloem phase time and those of residual effect, emamectin benzoate was more correlated than pyridaben. These results show that the change of feeding behavior of B. tabaci is correlated with the change of residual effect of two insecticides.

Activity and control effects of insecticides to American serpentine leafminer, Liriomyza trifolii(Diptera: Agromyzidae) (아메리카잎굴파리 (Liriomyza trifolii)에 대한 살충활성과 방제효과)

  • Kim, Gil-Hah;Lee, Young-Su;Park, Sun-Young;Park, Yong-Seong;Kim, Jeong-Wha
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.46-54
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    • 2001
  • These studies were carried out to investigate the toxicities of 33 registered insecticide to the American serpentine leafminer, Liriomyza trifolii. Insecticidal activities were evaluated by testing systemic action and residual effect in the laboratory, and control efficacy and phytotoxicity in the greenhouse. All insecticides used in this study did not effect on the egg of L. trifolii, although spinosad showed 70% of egg-hatch suppression. For L. trifolii larvae ($2{\sim}3$ instar), the insecticides with over 95% of insecticidal activity were abamectin, cartap, cyromazine, emamectin benzoate, diflubenzuron + chlorpyrifos. The Insecticide what showed over 90% of insecticidal activity or neonate larvae were abamectin, cartap, emamectin benzoate, diflubenzuron + chlorpyrifos and milbemectin. Only cartap + buprofezin showed over 95% insecticidal activity against L. trifolii pupae. Almost insecticides used in this study little or not effected on the adult of L. trifolii. Emamectin benzoate and milbemectin showed moderate foliar systemic effects on eggs of L. trifolii (53.3, 47.9%, respectively). However, other insecticides showed little systemic effect. For larvae and adults, all insecticides showed low systemic effects. Insecticides with over 90% residual effect for 10 days were abamectin, emamectin benzoate and milbemectin (91.4, 90.4, 91.9%, respectively). In the control efficacy test on L. trifolii 90% of control values were obtained at 14th day after treatment of the insecticides including abamectin, cyromazine, emamectin benzoate and milbemectin. Cartap and cartap + buprofezin showed slight phytotoxicity on kidney bean leaf, however, other insecticides showed no phytotoxic effects. These results indicate that abamectin, emamectin benzoate and milbemectin can be used for tile control of L. trifolii in field.

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Selection of Trunk Injection Pesticides for Preventive of Pine Wilt Disease, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus on Japanese Black Pine (Pinus thunbergii) (곰솔(Pinus thunbergii)에서 소나무재선충병 예방을 위한 나무주사용 약제선발)

  • Lee, Sang-Myeong;Kim, Dong-Soo;Lee, Sang-Gil;Park, Nam-Chang;Lee, Dong-Woon
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.267-274
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    • 2009
  • This study was carried out to select effective preventive pesticides against pine wilt disease caused by pinewood nematode (PWN), Bursaphelenchus xylophilus on trunk injection. 1,000 fold aquatic solution of abamectin 1.8% EC and emamectin benzoate 2.15% EC were lower mortality (7.3% and 8.3% respectively) against PWN on 1 day after treatment. However effects of abamectin 1.8% EC, emamectin benzoate 2.15% EC, fosthiazate 30% SL and fenitrothion 30% SL were inhibited the reproduction of PWN over 99.6% in Botrytis cineria media. Effect of trunk injection of abamectin 1.8% EC and emamectin benzoate 2.15% EC at the rate of $10\;m{\ell}$ per 10 cm in diameter of breast height (DBH) on mortality of Japanese black pine, Pinus thungergii by inoculated PWN was 0% and 3.3%, respectively at the applied year however when injection of fosthiazate 30% SL were treated with the rate of $5\;m{\ell}$ per 10 cm tree DBH, mortality of tree was 63.3%. Abamectin 1.8% EC and emamectin benzoate 2.15% EC was showed high preventive efficacy representing >90% against PWN at the following year. PWN preventing efficacy of trunk injection was lower in naturally occurred area (mortality of pine tree in control was 11.7% at the first year) of PWN than artificially infected site (mortality of pine tree in control was >76.7% at the first year), PWN preventing efficacy of trunk injection of abamectin 1.8% EC and emamectin benzoate 2.15% EC at the rate of $10\;m{\ell}$ per 10 cm in DBH was 91.5% and 82.9%, respectively, at the applied year and 89.5% and 82.6% respectively at the following year in PWN naturally occurred site. Control efficacy by trunk injection of abamectin 1.8% EC and emamectin benzoate 2.15% EC was more higher in 10 fold dilution with 10 fold high amount of aquatic solution than no dilution with 10 fold less amount of aquatic solution. The preventive effect of trunk injection of abamectin 1.8% EC and emamectin benzoate 2.15% EC at the rate of $5\;m{\ell}$ per 10 cm in DBH was showed 100% at the applied year in PWN inoculated tree.

Effect of Antibiotics Insecticides on Survival and Reproduction of the Serpentine Leafminer, Liriomyza trifolii (아메리카잎굴파리에 대한 항생제 살충제의 생존과 생식에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jeong-Eun;Seo, Dong-Kyu;Kim, Gil-Hah
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.329-334
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    • 2006
  • Susceptibility of American serpentine leafminer, Liriomyza trifolii, to four insecticides (abamectin, ememectin benzoate, spinosad and milbemectin) was tested in the laboratory. All insecticides showed high mortality on the egg and larval stage, but on pupa and adult. Oviposition was 100% suppressed by abamectin, emamectin benzoate and spinosad, and 85% by milbemectin. The three insecticides except milbemectin inhibited greatly the feeding activity of adults. Adult longevity was reduced (0.8-1.4 days) by the tree insecticides except milbemectin, in comparison with 5.5 days in control. Abamectin, emamectin benzoate and spinosad were effective on oviposition until 7 days after treatment, but milbemetin was not.

Toxicity of several insecticides to Dichromothrips smithi Zimmermann(Thysanoptera : Thripidae) (난총채벌레의 살충제 감수성)

  • Ahn, Ki-Su;Lee, Ki-Yeol;Kang, Hyu-Jung;Park, Sung-Kyu;Kim, Gil-Hah
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.244-249
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    • 2002
  • This study was carried out to investigate the toxicities of 22 insecticides to Dichromothrips smithi. Insecticidal activity was evaluated by testing systemic action and residual effect in laboratory. All insecticides used in this study did not affect on the egg of D. smithi, although organophosphates such as fenitrothion, fenthion, methidathion, phenthoate, and phenthoate+ethofenprox suppressed the egg hatchability completely. On D. smithi larva fenitrothion, fenthion, methidathion, phenthoate, ethofenprox, thiamethoxam, abamectin, chlorfenapyr, emamectin benzoate, fipronil, spinosad, and phenthoate+ethofenprox showed 100% insecticidal activity. On D. smithi adult fenitrothion, fenthion, methidathion, phenthoate, ethofenprox, abamectin, emamectin benzoate, fipronil, spinosad, and phenthoate+ethofenprox showed 100% insecticidal activity. Root-uptake systemic effects of phenthoate on the larva of D. smithi was 43.3%. Whereas, systemic effect of other insecticides was less than 20%. Insecticide with more than 80% residual effect for 7 days after treatment were fenitrothion, fenthion, methidathion, phenthoate, ethofenprox, emamectin benzoate, fipronil, spinosad, and phenthoate.

Possibility of simultaneous control of pine wilt disease and Thecodiplosis japonensis and or Matsucoccus thunbergianae on black pine (Pinus thunbergii) by abamectin and emamectin benzoate (곰솔(Pinus thunbergii)에서 Abamectin과 Emamectin benzoate를 이용한 소나무재선충과 솔잎흑파리 밑 솔껍질깍지벌레의 동시방제 가능성)

  • Lee, Sang-Myeong;Kim, Dong-Soo;Kim, Chul-Su;Choo, Ho-Yul;Lee, Dong-Woon
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.363-367
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    • 2008
  • Abamectin 1.8% EC and emamectin benzoate 2.15% were evaluated the simultaneous control effect of both insect pests on black pine (Pinus thunbergii) against Thecodiplosis japonensis and Matsucoccus thunbergianae. Abamectin 1.8% EC was highly effective against T. japonensis and M thunbergianae, however, emamectin benzoate was highly effective against only M. thunbergianae when abamectin and emamectin benzoate were applied through trunk injection against T. japonensis and M thunbergianae at the rate of 1 ml per cm in diameter of breast height. The rate of gall formation of T. japonensis was 0% at the applied year, but 85% at the following year. However, the rate of gall formation was over 90% at the treatment of emamectin benzoate showing no difference compared with control. Abamectin 1.8% EC and emamectin benzoate 2.15% showed high control efficacy representing 89.1% and 91.4% against M. thunbergiana, respectively.

Insecticide susceptibilities of rose field-collected populations of western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis in Korea (지역별 장미재배지에서 채집된 꽃노랑총채벌레의 살충제 감수성)

  • Yu, Jeong-Soo;Kim, Ju-Il;Kim, Gil-Hah
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.80-86
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    • 2002
  • The activities against Frankliniella occidentalis adults collected at rose greenhouse of 40 commerical insecticides were investigated. Among them 9 insecticides showed over 80% mortality to the adults; chlorfenapyr, chlorpyrifos- methyl, emamectin benzoate, fenthion, fipronil, phenthoate, spinosad, chlorpyrifos+diflubenzuron and furathiocarb+diflubenzuron. Susceptibility of field populations collected from greenhouse rose at 5 locations in 2001 was evaluated against the 9 insecticides selected. There was considerable difference in susceptibility depending on the treated insecticides and the regions from which the populations were collected. Goyang and Gimhae populations showed lower $LC_{50}$(ppm) values then Imsil, Jincheon and Gaangjin populations to all the tested insecticides. The adults of all field populations showed lower $LC_{50}$ values less than 1 ppm to emamectin benzoate, fipronil and spinosad. From these results, we could recommend 5 insecticides, such as emamectin benzoate, fipronil, spinosad, chlorpyrifos+diflubenzuron and furathiocarb+diflubenzuron as effective ones to control the Frankliniella occidentalis field populations.

Insecticidal Activity and Effect on Biological Characteristic of 16 Insecticides Against Phthorimaea Operculella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) (감자뿔나방에 대한 16종 살충제의 살충활성과 생물적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • An, Jeong-Jin;Park, Jun-Won;Kim, Ju-Il;Kim, Hyun Kyung;Koo, Hyun-Na;Kim, Gil-Hah
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.363-370
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    • 2013
  • Susceptibility of each developmental stage of Phthorimaea operculella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) were investigated using 16 insecticides which are available in the market in Korea. For the eggs and pupae, only spinosad showed a 71.1% inhibition rate for egg hatchability and a 66.7% inhibition rate for emergence. For the 3rd instar larvae, the feeding toxicities were over 90% for fenitrothion ($LC_{50}$ 336.6 ppm), esfenvalerate ($LC_{50}$ 8.6 ppm), ethofenprox ($LC_{50}$ 35.7 ppm), and emamectin benzoate ($LC_{50}$ 0.05 ppm). Furthermore, the contact toxicities were over 90% for esfenvalerate ($LC_{50}$ 0.87 ppm), ethofenprox ($LC_{50}$ 16.5 ppm), emamectin benzoate ($LC_{50}$ 0.53 ppm), and spinosad ($LC_{50}$ 2.48 ppm) at the recommended concentrations. Deltamethrin and spinosad yielded 100% mortality for adult P. operculella 48 h after treatment. The adult female fecundity was inhibited by deltamethrin, esfenvalerate, emamectin benzoate, spinosad and dinotefuran, which were significantly different from the control. The adult longevities (7.3-8.3 days) were reduced by approximately 1-2 days compared with the control (9.3 day). The emamectin benzoate maintained 100% insecticidal activity 14 days after treatment and ethofenprox maintained over 90% activity 7 days after treatment.

Determination of Emamectin Benzoate in Eel, Halibut, and Shrimp Using QuEChERS-EDTA and LC-MRM

  • Cho, Ha Ra;Kim, Dong Yoon;Lee, Hyo Chun;Han, Sang Beom;Shin, Ho-Chul;Choi, Yong Seok
    • Mass Spectrometry Letters
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.100-104
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    • 2018
  • As a part of efforts to establish the positive list system (PLS) in South Korea, a method to determine residual emamectin benzoate (EB) in various aquatic products using QuEChERS-EDTA and LC-MRM was developed. The developed method was validated in the aspects of specificity, linearity (correlation coefficient of at least 0.996), sensitivity (the limit of detection and the lower limit of quantitation ${\leq}5ng/g$), recovery (the recovery range of 87.4 and 96.2), and precision (the relative standard deviation of recovery between 0.9 and 13.5). Additionally, the validated method was successfully applied for monitoring EB contamination in eel, halibut, and shrimp collected from local food markets. To our knowledge, the present method is the first one to determine residual EB in various aquatic products at the level satisfying the PLS and could contribute to the establishment of the PLS in South Korea.