• Title, Summary, Keyword: Emergency Nurses

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An Ethnography on Daily Lives of Nurses in Emergency Departments (응급실 간호사의 일상에 대한 문화기술지)

  • Ha, Jae-Hyun;Park, Hyoung-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.448-459
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This ethnographic study was conducted to explore and understand the meaning of the daily life of nurses in emergency departments. Objectives for this study were to identify and describe the true nature of emergency room nurses' daily experience and create a theoretical model based on the findings. Methods: Data were collected through in-depth interviews and participants observation. These data were recorded and transcribed verbatim with consent of the informants, 10 nurses who had cared for patients in emergency rooms. Data were collected between November 2013 and October 2014. Interviews continued until no new information could be identified from transcripts. Data were analyzed using the taxonomic analysis method developed by Spradley. Results: Based on the data acquired from interviews, nurses' cultural domains were classified as 'extensity of emergency room nurses', 'temporality of emergency room nurses', 'relationships among emergency room nurses' and 'becoming an emergency room nurses'. Conclusion: The daily culture of emergency room nurses could be summarized as 'busy daily life amidst confusion'. However, many nurses boosted their self-esteem by taking care of patients' collaboration with fellow nurses. In other words, nurses in emergency room forms a dynamic culture and pursue professionalism, rather than a simple chaotic daily life culture.

Factors influencing burnout of health care provider in emergency medical center - Focused on nurses - (응급의료센터에 근무하는 보건의료인의 소진에영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Choi, Yeon-Sook;Choi, Yeon-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.91-102
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    • 2012
  • Purpose : This study was designed to identify factors influencing burnout of nurses in emergency medical center. Methods : Data were collected by questionnaires from 178 emergency room nurses randomly selected from 6 general hospitals in two metropolitan cities. Measures were burnout, QEC, depression, decision latitude and job demand. Data were analysed using frequencies, means, standard deviation, t-test or one way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients and multiple regression with SPSS/win 18.0 version. Results : The mean score for burnout in emergency room nurses was 2.59 out of possible 4. There were significant differences in burnout according to exercise, leisure, position, job demand and depression. Burnout correlated negatively with exercise and leisure, and positively with job demand and depression. Factors influencing burnout in emergency room nurses were identified as exercise(${\beta}$=-.399, p<.001), leisure(${\beta}$=-.354, p<.001), job demand(${\beta}$=.301, p=.006) and depression(${\beta}$=.189, p=.021). These factors explained 49.8% of burnout reported by emergency room nurses. Conclusion : The result indicate which factors are major factors influencing burnout in emergency room nurses in general hospitals. Therefore, these factors may serve as predictors of burnout in emergency room nurses.

Effects of Perception of Death and Spiritual Well-Being on Quality of Life among Nurses in Emergency Room (응급실 간호사의 죽음에 대한 인식, 영적안녕이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Bae, Seon-Joo;Sung, Mi Hae
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.129-137
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors determining the quality of life in nurses in emergency rooms. Methods: Subjects were 131 nurses working in emergency rooms in B metropolitan city, Y and J city. Data were collected from June 5 to July 10, 2015 using structured self-report questionnaires. Data were analyzed using t-test, one-way ANOVA, $Scheff{\acute{e}}$ test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. Results: Existential well-being (${\beta}$=.59) of nurses in emergency rooms and gender (${\beta}$=.19) were found to be significant predictors of quality of life in nurses in emergency rooms. Conclusion: The results suggest that it is needed to improve existential well-being of nurses in emergency rooms. Ultimately, holistic spiritual program for nurses should be developed the quality of life in nurses in emergency rooms.

Night shift preparation, performance, and perception: are there differences between emergency medicine nurses, residents, and faculty?

  • Richards, John R.;Stayton, Taylor L.;Wells, Jason A.;Parikh, Aman K.;Laurin, Erik G.
    • Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.240-248
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    • 2018
  • Objective Determine differences between faculty, residents, and nurses regarding night shift preparation, performance, recovery, and perception of emotional and physical health effects. Methods Survey study performed at an urban university medical center emergency department with an accredited residency program in emergency medicine. Results Forty-seven faculty, 37 residents, and 90 nurses completed the survey. There was no difference in use of physical sleep aids between groups, except nurses utilized blackout curtains more (69%) than residents (60%) and faculty (45%). Bedroom temperature preference was similar. The routine use of pharmacologic sleep aids differed: nurses and residents (both 38%) compared to faculty (13%). Residents routinely used melatonin more (79%) than did faculty (33%) and nurses (38%). Faculty preferred not to eat (45%), whereas residents (24%) preferred a full meal. The majority (>72%) in all groups drank coffee before their night shift and reported feeling tired despite their routine, with 4:00 a.m. as median nadir. Faculty reported a higher rate (41%) of falling asleep while driving compared to residents (14%) and nurses (32%), but the accident rate (3% to 6%) did not differ significantly. All had similar opinions regarding night shift-associated health effects. However, faculty reported lower level of satisfaction working night shifts, whereas nurses agreed less than the other groups regarding increased risk of drug and alcohol dependence. Conclusion Faculty, residents, and nurses shared many characteristics. Faculty tended to not use pharmacologic sleep aids, not eat before their shift, fall asleep at a higher rate while driving home, and enjoy night shift work less.

Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA) to Improve Emergency Care for Novice Nurses (신규간호사의 응급간호 역량 강화를 위한 중요도 - 실행도 분석)

  • Park, Hayoung;Kim, Yoojin;Chu, Sang Hui
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.155-165
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: Although emergency care is one of the most important capabilities for novice nurses, many novice nurses have shown difficulty in emergency care in the clinical field. The purpose of this study was to provide evidence data for the future development of educational programs by analyzing the priorities in emergency care of novice nurses using the Importance-Performance Analysis. Methods: This study was designed as a descriptive survey. The participants were 197 novice nurses who worked in general hospitals from August 1 to 31, 2018. The questionnaire consisted of 'common emergency care', 'cardiovascular emergency care', 'nervous system emergency care', 'respiratory system emergency care', 'communication and teamwork competency'. Results: As a result of this study, 'communication and teamwork' among emergency cares was evaluated as the most important capability in the clinical field. In the Importance-Performance Analysis, a total of 12 items were included in the quadrant A, including 5 items related to 'cardiovascular emergency care', 4 items to 'respiratory system emergency care', 2 items to 'nervous system emergency care' and 1 item to 'common emergency care'. The results showed a need for intensive improvement in items included in quadrant A which are the high importance low performance items. Conclusion: In order to improve the emergency care of novice nurses, a variety of emergency care education programs on the nervous system and respiratory system care should be implemented as well as cardiovascular emergency care education.

Impact of Response to Violence and Resilience to Burnout in Emergency Department Nurses (응급실 간호사의 폭력경험에 대한 반응, 회복탄력성이 소진에 미치는 영향)

  • Hwang, Su Yeon;Han, Ji Young
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.303-312
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between response to violence, resilience and burnout and to investigate the factors that affect burnout in emergency room nurses. Methods: Data from 237 nurses in 15 emergency rooms were collected using a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS 23.0, and the analyses included descriptive statistics, t-test, Mann-Whitney test, ANOVA, Kruskall Wallis test, Pearson correlation, and hierarchical multiple regression. Results: Burnout was positively correlated with response to violence and negatively correlated with resilience in emergency room nurses. Response to violence (${\beta}=.466$, p<.001), resilience (${\beta}=-.308$, p<.001), and religion (${\beta}=-.131$, p=.011) were significant predictors of burnout, and they explained 39.9% of emergency room nurses' burnout. Conclusion: Response to violence and resilience were identified as significant factors affecting burnout in emergency room nurses. Therefore, it is necessary to develop strategies to cope effectively with violence and to develop programs that can strengthen resilience.

Performance of Preventive Actions to be Exposed to Infection in Emergency Nurses and its Influencing Factors (응급실 간호사의 감염노출 예방행위 수행정도와 영향요인)

  • Ahn, Jin Seon;Kim, Yeon Ha;Kim, Minju
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.40-47
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing on performance of preventive actions to be exposed to infection in emergency nurses. Methods: Participants were 200 emergency nurses working in a regional emergency medical center, 4 local emergency medical centers, and 5 local emergency medical facilities in B city. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, independent t-test, ANOVA, Scheff$\acute{e}$'s test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression analysis using SPSS/WIN 21.0 programs. Results: There was no difference in performance of preventive actions to be exposed to infection by socio-demographic and job-related characteristics. The results of stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that levels of perception of preventive actions to be exposed to infection (${\beta}$=.40, p<.001) and protective environment on exposure to infection (${\beta}$=.22, p<.001) were significantly associated with performance of preventive actions, explaining 26.3% of the variance. Conclusion: In conclusion, improving performance of preventive actions to be exposed to infection is important to protect emergency nurses from exposure to infection. Thus, efforts to enhance protective environment on exposure to infection and to improve perceptions of preventive actions to be exposed to infection are necessary to improve the performance of preventive actions in emergency nurses.

Satisfaction Gaps among Physicians, Nurses, and Patient Family in the Emergency Department (응급실 서비스 만족도에 대한 환자 가족의 평가와 의료진의 인식 차이)

  • Kang, Kyunghee
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.145-151
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    • 2013
  • Background: The objective of this study was to explore patient family's evaluation of emergency department (ED) service satisfaction and to compare these with ED staff perception of patient family's evaluation. Methods: Based on two surveys of the National Emergency Medical Center: the 2008 National Survey for Recognition and Satisfaction towards Emergency Medical Services and the 2008 Opinion Survey of Emergency Medical Service Providers, satisfaction gaps among physicians, nurses, and patient family were evaluated by Kruskal-Wallis tests and Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney tests. Furthermore, the factors associated with satisfaction of emergency medical service were identified by ordinal logistic regression models. Results: There were statistically significant gaps among physicians, nurses, and patient family in overall satisfaction with ED visit, length of stay in ED, enough explanation, physicians/nurses kindness, and ED facilities. Age and income in the patient family model, the number of beds in hospital, job satisfaction and year of service in the physicians model, and the number of beds in hospital, job satisfaction and the number of patients per duty hour in the nurses model were statistically significant factors associated with evaluation/ perception of ED service satisfaction. Conclusion: Patient satisfaction is an important indicator of the quality of care and service delivery in the ED. To improve and understand satisfaction in ED service, a dyadic view of the evaluation of service quality and satisfaction-that is, from the perspectives of both the patient and the emergency medical service providers-should be concerned.

Influence of Resilience and Anger Expression Style on Nursing Work Performance in Emergency Nurses (응급실 간호사의 회복탄력성, 분노표현양식이 간호업무성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Insun;Lee, Sujung;Song, Ahrang;Kim, Youngji
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.247-256
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study aimed to identify the influence of nurses' resilience and anger expression styles on their nursing work performance in emergency departments. Methods: The study included 107 nurses from 5 hospitals in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do who consented to participate. Data ware collected from March to April 2016. Multiple regression analysis was used to identify factors influencing nurses' performance. Results: Nurses' performance was higher when resilience was high and anger expression was low. The result of the multiple regression indicated that present working years in the emergency room, work satisfaction, anger expression, anger control, and resilience predicted 39.4% (F=7.27, p<.001) of the nursing performance of hospital nurses in emergency departments. The most powerful predictor was resilience (${\beta}=.45$, p<.001), followed by anger-out (${\beta}=-.25$, p=.006). Conclusion: This study showed that the most influential variables of work performance in emergency nurses ware resilience and anger expression. To enhance the nursing performance of hospital nurses in emergency departments, it is necessary to develop and implement mentorship programs that enhance resilience and educational programs that help them manage their anger.

Job Stress, Fatigue, Job Satisfaction and Commitment to Organization in Emergency Department Nurses (응급실 간호사의 직무 스트레스, 피로, 직무 만족 및 조직 몰입)

  • Oh, Myung Ok;Sung, Mi Hae;Kim, Yang Won
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.215-227
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This research was done to identify relationships among job stress, fatigue, job satisfaction, and commitment to organization in emergency department nurses. Methods: Research participants were 513 nurses who worked in the emergency department of 17 tertiary centers and 28 secondary hospitals. Data collection for this descriptive correlational study was done from May to July 2010 using self report questionnaires, and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient with the SAS 9.2 program. Results: There were statistically significant differences in organizational commitment according to age, religion, total clinical experience, emergency department experience, current position, frequency of night shift, average sleep hours, wage level, numbers of beds in unit, and reason for working. A positive correlation was found between job stress and fatigue, and between job satisfaction and commitment to organization for the emergency department nurses and a negative correlation between job stress and Job satisfaction, and fatigue and Job satisfaction. Conclusion: Results of this research indicate that job stress in emergency department nurses was the principal variable affecting job satisfaction and commitment to organization along with fatigue. Appropriate stress management strategies based on identification of job stress for these nurses should lead to development of improved management of nursing manpower and a reduction in stress.