• Title, Summary, Keyword: Emotional Regulation Ability

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The Effect of Mothers' Reactions to Children's Negative Emotions on the Children's Social Power: The Mediating Effect of Children's Emotional Regulation Ability (유아의 부정적 정서표현에 대한 어머니의 반응이 유아의 사회적 힘에 미치는 영향: 유아의 정서조절 능력의 매개효과)

  • Han, Sae-Young;Cho, In-Young;Han, Ah-Reum
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2019
  • Objective: This study examined the effects of mothers' reactions to children's negative emotions on the children's social power through children's emotional regulation ability. Methods: A total of 339 four-year and five- year old preschoolers, and their mother and teachers in Seoul and Gyeongi participated in the study. Data were analyzed by path analysis using AMOS 21.0 program. Results: The results were as follows: First, mothers' reactions to children's negative emotions were significantly related to children's emotional regulation ability and social power. Also, children's emotional regulation ability was significantly associated with children's social power. Second, mothers' reactions to children's negative emotions had indirect effects on social power - prosocial leadership and social dominance-through children's emotional regulation ability. Conclusion/Implications: The results of this study revealed the mediating role of children's emotional regulation ability between mothers' reactions to children's negative emotions and children's social power. Also, these findings will be helpful in order to understand children's social power and to develop parent education programs.

The Effect of Frontline Employees' Experienced Customer Incivility on Service Performance (고객접점직원의 고객무례경험이 서비스 성과에 미치는 효과: 감정소진과 정서조절역량의 역할을 중심으로)

  • KIM, Minsung;HUR, Won-Moo;KIM, Byung-Soo
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.107-118
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    • 2019
  • Purpose - The present study examines the effect of service employees' experienced customer incivility through their emotional exhaustion. We identified service employees' emotion regulation ability as a boundary condition (i.e., moderating variable) that decreased the positive relationship between service employees' experienced customer incivility and their emotional exhaustion. Furthermore, we also investigated the negative relationship between service employees' experienced customer incivility and their service performance via emotional exhaustion. Research design, data, and methodology - Drawing on AET (affective event theory) and COR (conservation of resources) theory, we developed three research hypotheses (i.e., mediation, moderation, and moderated mediation). Online panel survey data from 552 frontline employees at several service organizations (e.g., department stores, retail stores, hotels, restaurants, airlines, banking, insurance company, and etc) in South Korea were examined. To assess two types of validity (i.e., convergent and discriminant validity) and reliability of measurement model, we employed the CFA (confirmatory factor analysis) using M-plus 8.2 software. Internal consistency also was tested by Cronbach' α. In addition, we employed the SPSS PROCESS MACRO 2.16, which was recommended by Hayes (2013, 2015), to estimate mediation, moderation, and moderated mediation effects. Results - As predicted, the negative relationship between service employees' experienced customer incivility and their service performance was mediated by emotional exhaustion. Furthermore, service employees' emotion regulation ability also played a significant moderating role of the relationship between service employees' experienced customer incivility and emotional exhaustion, such that this relationship was less pronounced when service employees had a high level of their emotion regulation ability than when thir emotion regulation ability was low. Service employees' emotion regulation ability further moderated this mediation effect of service employees' experienced customer incivility on service performance through emotional exhaustion. These findings have theoretical implications for employees' experienced customer incivility and emotion regulation ability research and provide managerial implications for practitioners. Conclusions - This study empirically elaborated the previous model of service employees' experienced customer incivility and personal resource (e.g., emotion regulation ability) literature by presenting the findings that service employees' experienced customer incivility influences their service performance via emotional exhaustion and that emotion regulation ability effectively reduces this negative effect.

The Relationship Between Young Children's Temperament and Emotional Regulation: The Mediating Role of Parenting Sense of Competence (유아의 기질과 정서조절능력 간의 관계: 어머니 양육효능감의 매개적 역할)

  • Park, Yun jeong;Choi, Mi-kyung
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.47-68
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    • 2019
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between young children's temperament, emotional regulation ability and mother's parenting sense of competence. Methods: The participants were comprised of 315 young children who attend a kindergarten or day care center and their mothers from Seoul, Inchon, and Gyeonggi-do Province. They completed questionnaires on temperament, emotion regulation ability, and parenting sense of competence. The data were analyzed by frequency analysis, Cronbach's ${\alpha}$, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis. Results: It was observed that young children's regularity/adaptability was positively correlated with sense of competence as a parent and young children's emotional regulation. Young children's regularity/adaptability was negatively correlated with dissatisfaction as a parent and young children's emotional instability/negativity. Sense of competence as a parent was positively correlated with young children's emotional regulation and negatively correlated with young children's emotional instability/negativity. In addition, it was further found that the mother's parenting sense of competence tended to play a perfectly/partially mediating role between young children's temperament and young children's emotional regulation ability respectively. Conclusion/Implications: These results clearly indicated that parenting sense of competence plays a crucial role between young children's temperament and emotional regulation.

The Relationship among Child's Language Ability, Emotional Regulation and Peer Victimization: The Moderating and Mediating Role of Teacher-Child Conflict Relationship (유아의 언어능력, 정서조절이 또래괴롭힘 피해에 미치는 영향: 교사-유아 갈등 관계의 조절 및 매개 효과)

  • LEE, Won-Mi;KWON, Yeon-Hee
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.1252-1264
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    • 2015
  • This study examined the moderating and mediating effects of teacher-child conflict relationship among child's language ability, emotional regulation and peer victimization. The participants were 152 children(77 boys, 75 girls) and 14 preschool teachers. The teachers completed rating scales to measure the child's emotional regulation, peer victimization and teacher-child relationship. Child's language ability was assessed by researcher using PRES(Preschool Receptive-Expressive Language Scale). The collected data were analyzed using Pearson correlations and hierarchical multiple regressions. Results showed that peer victimization was related to child's language ability, emotional regulation and teacher-child relationship. Hierarchical aggression analysis indicated that the interaction of child's receptive language ability and teacher-child conflict relationship predicated peer victimization. Child's language ability, whose demonstrated a lower teacher-child conflict relationship, was significantly with peer victimization. In addition, the association between a child's emotional regulation and peer victimization was partially mediated by teacher-child conflict relationship.

The Influence of Maternal Love Withdrawal, Preschoolers' Emotional Regulation, Verbal Ability on Relational Aggression (어머니의 애정철회, 유아의 정서조절 및 언어능력이 유아의 관계적 공격성에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Yoo-Lim
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.48 no.7
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of the present study was to examine whether relational aggression was distinct from physical aggression in young children. Moreover, the association between emotional regulation, verbal ability, maternal love withdrawal and relational aggression were investigated. Participants were 3 year old 356 children recruited from middle income families. Children's verbal ability was assessed by interview and teachers' measurement of emotional regulation and relational aggression. The results presented that confirmatory factor analysis confirmed a 2-factor model. Emotional regulation, verbal ability, and maternal love withdrawal were significant predictors of relational aggression.

The Effect of Maternal Attitude Toward Child's Emotional Expressiveness, Young Child's Attachment Stability, and Emotional Regulation Ability on Young Child's Problematic Behaviors (어머니의 정서표현수용태도 및 유아의 애착안정성과 정서조절능력이 문제행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Seon Ok;Shim, Mi Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the influences of maternal attitude toward child emotional expressiveness, young child attachment stability, and emotion regulation ability on problematic behaviors. The participants of this study consisted of 279 children (age 5), and their mothers, and 48 teachers. Methods: The data was analyzed by means of t -test, Pearson correlation, confirmatory factor analysis, and SEM analyses. Results and Conclusion: The major findings were as follows. First, higher maternal attitude toward child emotional expressiveness was associated with better child attachment stability. Second, higher child attachment stability was associated with better child emotion regulation at home and lower problematic behavior. Third, higher child emotion regulation at home and in the classroom was associated with lower problematic behavior. Fourth, maternal attitudes toward child emotional expressiveness directly impacted levels of problematic behavior. Fifth, child emotional regulation fully mediated the effect of attachment stability on problematic behavior.

The Mediating Effect of Cognitive Flexibility in the Relationship between Emotional Clarity and Emotion Regulation: Comparison of Self-Reported and Task Measurement of Cognitive Flexibility (정서인식명확성과 정서조절의 관계에서 인지적 융통성의 매개효과: 인지적 융통성의 자기보고측정과 과제측정 비교를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Soomin;Hyun, Myoung-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Stress Research
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.159-165
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    • 2018
  • Background: This study investigates the function of cognitive flexibility in the relationship between emotional clarity and emotion regulation and examines the differential effect between belief and ability for cognitive flexibility on them. Methods: The 151 participants respond to the questionnaires measuring emotional clarity, emotion regulation, and cognitive flexibility, which is also measured by task reflecting on real ability. Results: Data from this study show that self-reported cognitive flexibility mediates the effect of emotional clarity on emotion regulation. Cognitive flexibility measured by task has no mediating effect on them. Conclusions: These results suggest the cognitive flexibility play a role in the mechanism linking emotional clarity to emotion regulation and belief of own's ability to cope flexibly is more important than real ability. Finally, this paper includes implications, limitations, and suggestions for the future study.

Comparative Study of Abused Children and General Children's Emotional Intelligence and Emotion Regulation (학대받은 아동과 일반 아동의 정서지능과 정서조절 비교연구)

  • Choi, Ji-Kyung;Han, You-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.49-62
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the emotional ability between abused children and general children by comparing their emotional intelligence and emotional control. Participants were 17 abused children who had been separated from their abusers and 17 general children, all elementary school students. The answers to the questionnaire items on emotional intelligence and situations of emotional motivation were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U as a study tool. The results of this study were as follows: First, the difference of emotional intelligence between abused children and general children was statistically significant. Abused children received lower scores than general children when it came to their emotional recognition, emotional expression, empathy, and emotional regulation as a subordinate scope of emotional intelligence. Second, the difference of emotional regulation strategy between abused children and general children was statistically significant. Abused children presented negative responses and less frequently used positive strategy, inhibitory avoidance strategy and alternative strategy than general children. Third, the difference of emotional regulation motivation between abused children and general children was statistically significant. Abused children presented less prosocial motivation, motivation of self-preservation and normative motivation than general children.

Convergence study of the factors affecting positive psychology capital among nursing students (간호대학생의 긍정심리자본에 대한 융합적 영향요인)

  • Lee, So-Young;Lee, Kyung-hee
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.269-279
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    • 2018
  • This study aimed to investigate the relationship among positive psychology capital, social support and emotion regulation ability of nursing college students and to examine the effect of social support and emotion regulation ability on positive psychology capital. 157 nursing college students were participated in the study. Data were collected by structured questionnaire and analyzed by SPSS / Win 21.0 program. The results showed that the level of positive psychology capital among nursing college students was above middle level(3.68/5), and there was a significant positive correlation among positive psychology capital and social support and emotional regulation ability. The results showed that factors affecting positive psychological capital were gender (${\beta}=-.11$), teaching relationship (${\beta}=.16$), evaluation support (${\beta}=.40$) and self emotion regulation (${\beta}=.39$). The overall explanatory power of the model was 68%, and by emotional self control of the emotion regulation ability explanatory power of the positive psychological capital was 9%. In order to enhance positive psychology capital of nursing college students, it is an effective strategy to develop and provide an emotional regulation program.

Emotional Intelligence in Children's Textbooks of the Chosun Dynasty (조선시대 아동용 교재들 속에 나타난 정서지능)

  • Woo, Nam Hee
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.3-14
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    • 1999
  • Seven textbooks for children used in homes and schools (sudangs) of the Chosun dynasty were examined to investigate how they taught emotional intelligence in traditional Korean society. The contents of the books were analyzed according to the 4 abilities of emotional intelligence described by Salovey and Mayer (1966): (1) perception, appraisal, and expression of emotion, (2) emotion's facilitation of thinking, (3) understanding and analyzing emotions, and (4) regulation of emotion to promote emotional and intellectual growth. The analysis showed that most of the books valued emotional intelligence and taught children how they perceive, appraise, and express emotions. The emotional ability to facilitate thinking was also emphasized, whereas the ability to understand and analyze emotions was seldom mentioned. It was also found that the regulation of emotion was emphasized; that is, children were educated to control and depress their emotions rather than to express them naturally.

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