• Title, Summary, Keyword: Empirical Study

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Application of Empirical Research Methods in Information Systems Research: Gaining Lessons Through Evaluation (경영정보학 연구에 나타난 실증적 연구방법 적용상의 문제: 평가를 통해 얻은 교훈)

  • Kang, Shin-Cheol;Lee, Zoon-Ky;Choi, Jeong-Il
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.1-25
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    • 2006
  • Application of appropriate research methods has assumed an important role in knowledge accumulation endeavors in the scientific research community. The current study reported here summarizes how we used the empirical methods in IS research, what we need to improve in using empirical study as research methodology through the set of comprehensive research guideline. From the survey and review of seminal and classical research guidelines, we developed our own 28 checklist for research design, statistical analysis, and conclusion, which can be commonly applied to all articles that employ inferential statistical methods in IS research. Then, we critically evaluated the usage of empirical research methods in major IS journals by using the checklist, with the goal of improving the quality of academic papers. In this study, we scrutinized four major IS journals which published empirical papers from 1991 to 2000: MIS Quarterly, Journal of MIS, Information Systems Research, and Decision Sciences. As a result of intensive evaluation work, we could highlight many areas that are lagging and call for greater attention with regard to the proper usage of empirical study in IS research. The research findings in this study can be referred as checklist and guideline when IS researcher applies the empirical method.

A Study for Predicting Building Energy Use with Regression Analysis (회귀분석에 의한 건물에너지 사용량 예측기법에 관한 연구)

  • 이승복
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.12 no.12
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    • pp.1090-1097
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    • 2000
  • Predicting building energy use can be useful to evaluate its energy performance. This study proposed empirical approach for predicting building energy use with regression analysis. For the empirical analysis, simple regression models were developed based on the historical energy consumption data as a function of daily outside temperature, the predicting equations were derived for different operational modes and day types, then the equations were applied for predicting energy use in a building. BY selecting a real building as a case study, the feasibilities of the empirical approach for predicting building energy use were examined. The results showed that empirical approach with regression analysis was fairly reliable by demonstrating prediction accuracy of $pm10%$ compared with the actual energy consumption data. It was also verified that the prediction by regression models could be simple and fairly accurate. Thus, it is anticipated that the empirical approach will be useful and reliable tool for many purposes: retrofit savings analysis by estimating energy usage in an existing building or the diagnosis of the building operational problems with real time analysis.

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Theoretical Backgrounds of Basin Concentration Time and Storage Coefficient and Their Empirical Formula (유역 집중시간 및 저류상수의 이론적 배경과 경험식)

  • Lee, Jiho;Yoo, Chulsang;Sin, Jiye
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.155-169
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    • 2013
  • This study proposes proper forms of empirical formulas for the concentration time and storage coefficient based on their theoretical backgrounds and evaluates several existing empirical formulas by comparing them with the formula proposed in this study. Additionally, empirical formulas for the concentration time and storage coefficient of the Chungju Dam basin were derived using the forms proposed by considering their theoretical backgrounds, and compared with exiting empirical formulas. The results derived are summarized as follows. (1) The concentration time of a basin is proportional to the square of the main channel length, but inversely proportional to the channel slope, as the flood flow is generally turbulent. (2) The storage coefficient is proportional to the concentration time. (3) The comparison results with existing empirical formulas for the concentration time indicates that the empirical formulas like the Kirpich, Kraven (I), Kraven (II), California DoT, Kerby, SCS, and Morgali & Linsley are in line with the form proposed in this study. Among existing empirical formulas for the storage coefficient, the Clak, Russell, Sabol and Jung are found to be well matched to this study. (4) The application results to Chungju Dam basin indicates that among empirical formulas for the concentration time, the Jung, Yoon, Kraven (I), and Kraven (II) show relatively similar results to the observed in this study, but the Rziha shows abnormal results. Among the empirical formulas for the storage coefficient, the Yoon and Hong, Jung, Lee, and Yoon show somewhat reasonable results, but the Sabol shows abnormal results. In conclusion, the empirical formulas for the concentration time and storage coefficient developed in Korea are found to reflect the basin characteristics of Korea better.

R&D Investments and Ownership Structure (R&D 투자와 소유구조)

  • Cho Shin;Yoon Choong-Han
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.1199-1224
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    • 2005
  • This study analyzes various factors affecting a firm's investments, focusing on both a firm's ownership structure and CEO's incentives. While previous empirical works focus on various financial data in order to test the Schumpeterian Hypotheses, this paper is using various ownership structure data as well as financial data. Empirical results show that the greater a firm's CEO has the company's own stock, the less he spends in R&D investments. The main empirical results of this study is in line with past empirical studies on various markets outside of Korea.

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Empirical Bayes Confidence Intervals of the Burr Type XII Failure Model

  • Choi, Dal-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.155-162
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    • 1999
  • This paper is concerned with the empirical Bayes estimation of one of the two shape parameters(${\theta}$) in the Burr(${\beta},\;{\theta}$) type XII failure model based on type-II censored data. We obtain the bootstrap empirical Bayes confidence intervals of ${\theta}$ by the parametric bootstrap introduced by Laird and Louis(1987). The comparisons among the bootstrap and the naive empirical Bayes confidence intervals through Monte Carlo study are also presented.

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RESIDUAL EMPIRICAL PROCESS FOR DIFFUSION PROCESSES

  • Lee, Sang-Yeol;Wee, In-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.683-693
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, we study the asymptotic behavior of the residual empirical process from diffusion processes. For this task, adopting the discrete sampling scheme as in Florens-Zmirou [9], we calculate the residuals and construct the residual empirical process. It is shown that the residual empirical process converges weakly to a Brownian bridge.

Amplification based on shear wave velocity for seismic zonation: comparison of empirical relations and site response results for shallow engineering bedrock sites

  • Anbazhagan, P.;Aditya, Parihar;Rashmi, H.N.
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.189-206
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    • 2011
  • Amplification based on empirical relations is widely used for seismic microzonation of urban centers. Amplifications are used to represent the site effects of a particular soil column. Many empirical correlations are available to estimate the amplification of seismic waves. These correlations are based on the ratio of shear wave velocity of foundation/rock to soil velocity or 30 m equivalent shear wave velocity ($Vs^{30}$) and are developed considering deep soil data. The aim of this work is to examine the applicability of available amplification relations in the literature for shallow engineering bedrock sites by carrying out site response studies. Shear wave velocity of thirteen sites having shallow engineering bedrock have been selected for the study. In these locations, the depth of engineering bedrock (> 760 ${\pm}$ 60 m/s) is matched with the drilled bore hole. Shear wave velocity (SWV) has been measured using Multichannel Analysis of Surface Wave survey. These sites are classified according to the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) classification system. Amplifications for an earthquake are arrived for these sites using empirical relations and measured SWV data. Site response analysis has been carried out in SHAKE using SWV and using synthetic and real earthquake data. Amplification from site response analysis and empirical relations are compared. Study shows that the amplification arrived using empirical relations does not match with the site response amplification. Site response amplification is much more than empirical values for same shear wave velocity.

A Study on the Review and Implication of Accounting Education Research in America (미국 회계교육연구의 동향 및 함의)

  • Roh Hyun-Sub
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.5
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    • pp.161-184
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    • 2000
  • Accounting education research addresses a wide range of topics related to students, educational processes, educational outcomes, faculty, administrative structures, and the programs and constituents of accounting education. This study examines accounting education researches for the purpose of identifying changes in this research literature and opportunities for enhancing its development. The total number of accounting articles published each year has increased. More significant is the increase in the portion of articles based on empirical research and the decrease in the portion of non-empirical articles. And the empirical studies were classified by type of study, by type of statistics used in the study, and by whether the study referred to other accounting or non-accounting literature. These analysis suggests a number of opportunities for the development of future accounting education research: (1) review relevant non-accounting literature, (2) seek empirical tests of fundamental relationships, (3) design multi-institutional and longitudinal tests, (4) provide for aptitude-treatment interactions, and (5) focus on educational outcomes.

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A Study on the Development of Empirical Research Areas and Curriculum Model on Family Businesses (가족기업 실증연구 영역 및 교과모형 개발에 관한 연구)

  • 김지희;문숙재
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.123-140
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    • 2001
  • This paper proposes empirical research areas and a curriculum model that outlines the core concepts of major research topic and educational programs of family business. The purpose of this study was two fold: First, to develop the conceptual and empirical research model of family business. For this purpose, this study examined five conceptual issues - ethical, theoretical, management, historical, environmental - in the development of family business research areas. Based on these five conceptual issues, this study developed an empirical research model of family business. Second was to develop the curriculum model of family business at the university level. This curriculum was developed in terms on the family system. business system, and ownership system of family business. This study will be useful in developing more professional curriculum and educational programs to help educator and professional advisors assist family businesses.

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An Economic Modeling Study of Helicobacter pylori Eradication: Comparison of Dual Priming Oligonucleotide-Based Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction and Empirical Treatment

  • Gweon, Tae-Geun;Kim, Joon Sung;Kim, Byung-Wook
    • Gut and Liver
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.648-654
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    • 2018
  • Background/Aims: Dual priming oligonucleotide-based multiplex polymerase chain reaction (DPO-based PCR) can detect the presence of clarithromycin resistance without culture. The aim of this study was to investigate the cost-effectiveness of DPO-based PCR for Helicobacter pylori eradication. Methods: From 2015 to 2016, medical records of patients who received H. pylori eradication therapy were analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups: tailored group patients who were treated based on DPO-based PCR and empirical group patients. Eradication rate and medical cost, including diagnostic tests, eradication regimens, and $^{13}C$-urea breath tests, were compared between the two groups. Cost for one successful eradication was calculated in each group. The expected cost of eradication for empirical treatment was investigated by varying the treatment duration and eradication rate. Results: A total of 527 patients were analyzed (tailored group 208, empirical group 319). The eradication success rate of the first-line therapy was higher in the tailored group compared to that in the empirical group (91.8% vs 72.1%, p<0.01). The total medical cost for each group was $114.8{\pm}14.1U.S.$ dollars (USD) and $85.8{\pm}24.4USD$, respectively (p<0.01). The total medical costs for each ultimately successful eradication in the tailored group and in the empirical group were 120.0 USD and 92.4 USD, respectively. The economic modeling expected cost of a successful eradication after a 7- or 14-day empirical treatment was 93.8 to 111.4 USD and 126.3 to 149.9 USD, respectively. Conclusions: Based on economic modeling, the cost for a successful eradication using DPO-based PCR would be similar or superior to the expected cost of a successful eradication with a 14-day empirical treatment when the first-line eradication rate is ${\leq}80%$.