• Title, Summary, Keyword: Empty freight car distribution

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A Study on the Efficiency of Logistics Systems through the Operation of a Freight Car Sharing Information System among Companies (화물차 공유를 통한 물류효율화 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Byeong-Chan
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.197-205
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    • 2014
  • This study set out to develop a logistics rationalization model to reduce logistics costs including return route costs by using open information systems that overcame the limitations of the old closed logistics systems by the corporations and applying the principle of freight car sharing among them. In recent years, information infrastructure that can be easily shared by many such as information networks, however, One of the causes of rising logistics costs is high empty transfer rates on return routes after goods are transported from the distribution center of each company to consumption sites, It is propose to promote logistic efficiency and innovation. The study especially identified a logistics rationalization plan by examining and analyzing the stages of transportation on the circulation route of a distribution system from the distribution center of a corporation to consumption sites and the empty transfer rates and their current state.

Effect of the Brake Shoe on the Brake Force of the Freight Car (화차용 브레이크 슈의 제동에 미치는 영향)

  • 최경진;이동형
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.125-130
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    • 2001
  • It is vary importance that stopping distance for the freight train and need to design parameter of the brake force and friction coefficient. Acoording to the brake force between shoe and wheel less than the adhesion between wheel and rail. Because of vary difference between empty and weight car of 0∼500kN, this solution was made to application for variable loaded brake system. When the V=110km/h. the emergency stopping distance of freight train is about 700m, so this study was considered on the two condition, one of the increse brake force and to be different of the increse friction coefficient on the brake shoe. It was useful increse friction coefficient. Result of study, analyze effect of the brake shoe on the brake force of the freight car and high friction coefficient were proposed. To do this, ${\mu}$=0.155${\pm}$10% when S=600m on the V=110km/h of the train, 2 groove of friction surface on the temperature distribution were considered.

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Development of an Optimization Model and Algorithm Based on Transportation Problem with Additional Constraints (추가 제약을 갖는 수송문제를 활용한 공화차 배분 최적화 모형 및 해법 개발)

  • Park, Bum Hwan;Kim, Young-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.833-843
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    • 2016
  • Recently, in the field of rail freight transportation, the number of trains dedicated for shippers has been increasing. These dedicated trains, which run on the basis of a contract with shippers, had been restricted to the transportation of containers, or so called block trains. Nowadays, such commodities have extended to cement, hard coal, etc. Most full freight cars are transported by dedicated trains. But, for empty car distribution, the efficiency still remains questionable because the distribution plan is manually developed by dispatchers. In this study, we investigated distribution models delineated in the KTOCS system which was developed by KORAIL as well as mathematical models considered in the state-of-the-art. The models are based on optimization models, especially the network flow model. Here we suggest a new optimization model with a framework of the column generation approach. The master problem can be formulated into a transportation problem with additional constraints. The master problem is improved by adding a new edge between the supply node and the demand node; this edge can be found using a simple shorted path in the time-space network. Finally, we applied our algorithm to the Korean freight train network and were able to find the total number of empty car kilometers decreased.