• Title, Summary, Keyword: Emulsion stability

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Solubility, Emulsion Capacity, and Emulsion Stability of Protein Recovered from Red Crab Processing Water (홍게 가공회수 단백질의 용해도, 유화력 및 안정성)

  • Kim, Yong-Jin;Sin, Tae-Seon;O, Hun-Il
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.319-324
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    • 1996
  • The functional properties of protein recovered from red crab (Chitinonecetes opiiie) processing in water (RCP) were examined and compared with those of soybean protein isolate at pH 2~10 in water and NaCl solu5ion. The solubilities of RCP and SPI were miniumu at pH 4, the isoelectric point and increased significantly at lower or higher than pH 4. Solubilities in NaCl solution for both proteins decreased with incr NaCl concentration increase at all pH ranges. Emulsion capacity for both proteins was also minimum at pH 4 and increased as protein concentration increased from 2 to 6%. Emulsion capacity of RCP was higher than these of SPI at pH 6∼10 and all protein concentrations. Emulsion stability showed a similar trend to that of emulsion capacity. RCP had higher oft absorption capacity and lower water absorption capacity than SPI.

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The Effect of Vinegar Concentration the Emulsion Stability of Mayonnaise Dressing (식초 첨가량에 따른 마요네즈 드레싱의 유화 안정성)

  • 양신철;한정열
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.295-308
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    • 2002
  • The effect of vinegar concentration (+30%, 0% and -30%) on the emulsion stability of mayonnaise dressing was studied by the measurement of theological test and sensory evaluation. The emulsion stability of mayonnaise dressing increased with increase in vinegar concentration. The results of steady shear theological test indicated that C sample of the highest vinegar concentration (+30%) exhibited higher emulsion stability than other samples. The dynamic shear datas were similar to steady shear theological data. The mayonnaise dressing samples showed time dependence, which was quantitatively described by the Weltman model. Parameters A and B indicated that the structure of C sample exhibited more stable than that of A (-30%) and B (0%) samples. The amount of oil separation was less than that of A and B samples. The results of sensory evaluation were similar to those of theological and emulsion tests.

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Emulsion Properties of Casein-Alginate Mixtures (카제인-알긴산 혼합물의 유화특성)

  • 황재관;최문정;김종태
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.1102-1108
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    • 1997
  • Proteins and polysaccharides confer distinct functional properties in food systems. This research was attempted to improve emulsion properties of casein by protein-polysaccharide conjugation, in which alginates with various molecular weights were employed as polysaccharide sources. Casein-alginate mixtures were conjugated by the amino-carbonyl or Maillard reaction at 6$0^{\circ}C$ and 79% relative humidity. The resulting casein-alginate conjugates were tested for their emulsion activity and emulsion stabilizing properties. In general, the emulsion stability of casein-alginate mixture greatly increased due to the amino-carbonyl reaction between casein and alginates, whose magnitude depended on the molecular weight of alginate, weight ratio of casein to alginate and incubation time. It was also found that thermal stability and pH stability were markedly improved by the casein-alginate conjugation.

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Preparation and Evaluation of Vitamine A palmitate Dry Emulsion (비타민 A 팔미틴산 건조 유제의 제조 및 평가)

  • Lee, Jong-Pyo;Han, Kun
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.259-266
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    • 2000
  • Vitamin A palmitate, an oily drug which has low chemical stability and is poorly absorbed in the intestine, was formulated into a novel powdered dosage form. This is designated as a redispersible dry emulsion by freeze-drying technique. Before preparing a dry emulsion, vitamin A palmitate oil in solid in water (O/S/W) emulsion with soybean oil and coconut oil using Aerosil 200 as an emulsion stabilizer and polyoxyethylene-polyoxypropylene-blockcopolymer (Pluronic F68) as a surfactant was prepared. The resultants of the stability tests indicated that vitamin A palmitate O/S/W emulsion was improved on increasing the oil content of the formulation. The resultant dry emulsion particles have a good stabilities and free flow properties and readily released the oily droplets to form stable emulsions on rehydration. The drug releasing property from the resultant dry emulsion particles was dependent on factors such as amount of oily carrier(soybean oil) and surfactant(Pluronic F68) formulated. Above 80% of vitamin A palmitate content was released from the dry emulsion for 1 hour. It was deduced that vitamin A palmitate dry emulsion was definitely suitable for oral administration, since small droplets of vitamine A palmitate from the dry emulsion may alter the drug absorption profile resulting in bioavailability enhancement.

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Studies on the Formation of Liquid Crystal and the Stability in W/O Emulsion Systems using Beeswax and Silicone Surfactant (Beeswax와 실리콘계 계면활성제를 사용한 W/O유화계에서 액정의 형성 및 안정도에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Moon-Jae;Lee, Young-Moo;Jin, Byung-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.279-288
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    • 2004
  • Liquid crystal (LC) system was introduced into W/O emulsion in order to enhance the stability and moisturizing effect. The LC system, composed of beeswax, surfactant, and water was formed on the surface of emulsion droplet, which was investigated through a polarized microscope. The phenomenon that the viscosity in W/O emulsion system is decreased with time, was reduced by the formation of LC with the addition of beeswax. Centrifugal separation test showed that the stability of emulsion system was increased with the addition of beeswax to 3%. The color change of vitamin C was delayed in LC emulsion systems, which indicates stabilization effect against the oxidation of vitamin C. Evaporation rate in W/O emulsion was retarded by LC, so that high moisturizing effect is expected in W/O LC system.

Effects of the Types and Concentrations of Sugars on the Physicochemical and Sensory Characteristics of Soy Milks during Storage (당의 종류와 농도가 두유의 저장 중 물리화학적 및 관능적 성질에 미치는 영향)

  • 이정은;이숙영
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.70-77
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    • 1997
  • This study was performed to examine the changes in pH, viscosity, emulsion capacity, emulsion stability, and sensory characteristics during 21 day storage of soy milks prepared by the addition of the different kinds(glucose, fructose, sucrose) and concentrations (5%, 7%, 10%) of sugars. The pH values of all sugar added samples and control were 7.19∼7.40, which belong to the range of good suspension stability. The viscosity values of all sugar added samples were higher than that of control, and those of 7% and 10% fructose added groups and 5% sucrose added group increased during storage. While the emulsion capacity values of all sugar added samples were significantly higher than that of control, those of 7% sugar added groups were the highest. During storage, the emulsion capacity decreased rapidly during the first 7 days, but after then decreased gradually. The emulsion stability values of all sugar added samples were higher than that of control, especially those of all fructose added samples were the highest. The emulsion stability of all sugar added samples increased during the first 7 days, but after then decreased. Sensory evaluations, the scores of sweet taste, roasted nutty taste, color, overall quality of fructose added samples were the highest. According to the above results, the emulsion capacity of 7% sugar added samples were the highest, and emulsion stability and all sensory characteristics of fructose added samples were the best. Therefore, it was thought to be the most desirable to prepare soy milks by the addition of 7% fructose.

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Development of W/O/W Multiple Emulsion Formulation Containing Burkholderia gladioli

  • KIM, HWA-JIN;CHO, YOUNG-HEE;BAE, EUN-KYUNG;SHIN, TAEK-SU;CHOI, SUNG-WON;CHOI, KEE-HYUN;PARK, JI-YONG
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.29-34
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    • 2005
  • W/O/W (water-in-oil-in-water) type multiple emulsion was applied to improve the storage stability of an antagonistic microorganism, Burkholderia gladioli. Encapsulation of microorganism into a W/O/W emulsion was conducted by using a two-step emulsification method. W/O/W emulsion was prepared by the incorporation of B. gladioli into rapeseed oil and the addition of polyglycerin polyriconolate (PGPR) and castor oil polyoxyethylene (COG 25) as the primary and secondary emulsifier, respectively. Microcrystalline cellulose was used as an emulsion stabilizer. To evaluate the usefulness of W/O/W emulsion formulation as a microbial pesticide for controlling the bacterial wilt pathogen (Ralstonia solanacearum), the storage stability and antagonistic activity of emulsion formulation were tested in vitro. The storage stability test revealed that the viability of formulated cells in emulsion was higher than that of unformulated cells in culture broth. At $4^{\circ}C$, the viabilities of formulated cells and unformulated cells at the end of 20 weeks decreased to about 2 and 5 log cycles, respectively. At $37^{\circ}C$, the viability of formulated cells decreased to only 2 log cycles at the end of storage. On the other hand, the viable cells in culture broth were not detected after 13 weeks. In activity test, formulated cells in emulsion were more effective in inhibiting the growth of pathogen than unformulated cells in culture broth. Unformulated cells completely lost their antagonistic activity during storage under similar conditions. The W/O/W multiple emulsion formulation was shown to be useful as the novel liquid formulation for biological control.

Effects of Emulsion Mapping in Different Parts of Pork and Beef (우육 및 돈육 부위에 따라 고기 유화물의 유화맵에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Yun-Sang;Jeong, Tae-Jun;Hwang, Ko-Eun;Kim, Hyun-Wook;Kim, Cheon-Jei;Sung, Jung-Min;Oh, Nam-Su;Kim, Young-Boong
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.241-247
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    • 2015
  • This study was conducted in order to evaluate emulsion mapping between emulsion stability and moisture content, cooking yield, hardness, protein solubility, apparent viscosity, and overall acceptability of pork or beef emulsion batters. The pork and beef emulsion batters were added to different parts of the meat. The formulations indicating low emulsion stability and high cooking yield were T1 (pork shoulder), T2 (pork ham), and T5 (beef tenderloin) treatments. Low stability, low hardness and protein solubility were also T1 (pork shoulder), T2 (pork ham), and T5 (beef tenderloin) treatments. The Pearson's correlation coefficients show that emulsion stability is negatively correlated with cooking yield (p<0.05), with a value of -0.90, and positively correlated with hardness (p<0.05), and protein solubility (p<0.01) with values of 0.65 and 0.59, respectively. This approach has been found to be particularly useful for highlighting differences among the emulsified properties in emulsion meat products. Therefore, the results obtained with emulsion mapping are useful in the making of new emulsified meat products of the desired quality.

Parenteral Docetaxel Emulsion System and Its Stability

  • Kim, Hyun-Jo
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.13-18
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    • 2009
  • Docetaxel is an anticancer agent with low aqueous solubility. More extensive clinical use of this drug is somewhat delayed due to lack of appropriate delivery vehicles. An attempt was made to adopt an o/w emulsion as the drug carrier which incorporated docetaxel in the propyleneglycerol stabilized by a mixed-emulsifier system. A suitable formulation was found in this study: 10 mg/mL docetaxel, 10% (w/v) oil blend, 4% (w/v) PG, 3% (w/v) Solutol HS 15 in 2.25% (w/v) glycerol solution. The formulated emulsion has very good stability when stored at $40^{\cird}C$, and the docetaxel containment efficiency can be maintained above 95% and the mean emulsion diameter around $10{\mu}m$ for at least 3 months. The formulated emulsion is a promising carrier for docetaxel and other lipophilic drugs.

STUDY ON THE STABILITY OF O/W AND MLV EMULSION CONTAINING DIHYDROXYACETONE

  • Joo, Yong-Joon;Han, Yeoung-Jun;Joo, Yong-Ho;Jeon, Young-Hwan
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.123-128
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    • 1998
  • Dihydroxyacetone (DHA) has been used as a self tanning agent and many emulsion formulations containing DHA have been studied. In an emulsion, many factors which have negative effect on DHP and the resultant DHA decomposition can destabilize the emulsion base. In this study, two kinds of emulsion with 5% DHA were prepared, O/W type emulsion and Multilamellavesicle (MLV) type emulsion to compare the stabilization effects of both emulsions on the DHA. The OHA concentration was analyzed quantitatively by high performance liquid Chromatography (HPLC), also the pH and viscosity of both emulsions were measured for stability. This process was carried out over 4 months. For HPLC, a bondaclone $C_{18}$ column with a mobile phase of distilled water and UV detector were used. The results of these experiment showed that DHA is more stable in an MLV emulsion than it is in an O/W type emulsion.

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