• Title, Summary, Keyword: Emulsion stability

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Stability of Water-in-Oil Emulsion by Gelation;Application of Sun-Block Cream containing Titanium Dioxide($TiO_{2}$) (겔화에 의한 Water-in-Oil에멀젼의 안정성;이산화티타늄($TiO_{2}$)이 함유된 Sun-block Cream의 응용)

  • Kim, In-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.67-75
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    • 2000
  • Cosmetic industries have recently developed sun-block products, which are composed of W/O or O/W emulsion system. It was very difficult for waterproofing product to show the stability in W/O emulsion with $TiO_{2}$. To enhance the stability of W/O emulsion, it needs to be combined with the water and oil soluble components as the gelling agents. The emulsifiers used in W/O were 3.0% of cetyl dimethicone copolyol, 2.0% of sorbitan sesquioleate as the basic emulsifiers, and 0.6% of quaternium-18 bentonite and 1.5% of dextrin palmitate as stabilizer were used. The content of titanium dioxide was optimized up to 8.0%. Titanium dioxide was used as the UV scattering powder coated with $Al_{2}O_{3}$(UV-sperse T40/TN). The sunscreen cream prepared with W/O emulsion system by using QB and DP showed higher stability than that of W/O emulsion system by using each QB and DP. W/O emulsion from Formula 3 for passing one year was very durable more than F1 and F2. Within W/O emulsion by observing F1, F2 and F3 for one year, F3 was more excellent than F2 and F3 when they were observed at RT, $4^{\circ}C$, $40^{\circ}C$, because F3 used the mixed QB and DP in W/O emulsion. The zeta potential for F1, F2, and F3 after one year were 21, 30 and 43, respectively. From these result F3 was found best stable emulsion. The in-vitro SPF value for F3 was 35 for the initial product at room temperature and also, the in-vitro SPF values of F3 was 32 for after one year. Finally, the mean in-vivo SPF value of 10 volunteers for F3 was 27.3 by the Korea cosmetic association made the rules of SPF.

Improvement of Emulsion Stability of Food Proteins by Microbial Transglutaminase (미생물유래 transglutaminase를 이용한 식품단백질의 유화안정성 향상에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Deuk-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.164-170
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    • 2005
  • To improve functional properties of food proteins, homologous or heterologous ${\beta}-casein$ and 11S globulin(glycinin) from animal and vegetable proteins, respectively, were bio-hybridized using transglutaminase(MTGase). Susceptibility was confirmed by SDS-PAGE, particle size analyzed, and emulsion stability tested using Reddy and Fogler method, To determine how bio-hybridized protein influences emulsion stability, protein bound on oil droplet was investigated using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). formation of bio-hybridized protein band was detected among homologous and heterologous proteins, with heterologous protein forming weak band in oligomer form. Homologous ${\beta}-casein$ protein showed high emulsion stability, while homologous glycinin showed almost no stability. Stability of heterologous ${\beta}-casein$ and glycinin protein was higher than that of glycinin. SEM photographs showed even distribution of bio-hybridized proteins on oil droplet improved stability.

The Effect of Molecular Size and Degree of Phosphorylation on the Emulsion Stability of Microcrystalline Chitin (Chitin의 분자량과 Phosphorylation 정도가 Microcrystalline Chitin의 유화안정 능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Young-Chun;Im, Ji-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.1009-1013
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    • 1996
  • This study was carried to investigate the emulsion stability of microcrystalline chitins (MCC) prepared from chitins of different molecular sizes and different degrees of phosphorylation in a model fatty food system. Chitins of low, medium and high molecular size prepared from crabshells were phosphorylated to 30-50% to make MCC. MCC prepared from chitin of medium molecular size revealed a high emulsion stability. The best emulsion stability was observed in MCC prepared from medium size chitin with 40% phosphorylation (M-40-MCC). The fat binding capacity of MCC was not significantly different among the samples. MCC with 50% phosphorylation had more fat binding capacity, ranging from 650-690%. When 2.46% of M-40-MCC was applied to a coconutoil-water system as an emulsifier, emulsion separation was observed from 10 min after emulsification, indicating that it could not be used as a sole emulsifier. When 50% of emulsifier (Span-60 &Tween-60) in a liquid coffee creamer, selected as a model fatty foods, was replaced by M-40-MCC, emulsion stability was as good as control. Consistency of liquid creamer was decreased and L value increased as the amount of MCC repacement increased. A liquid creamer with 50% emulsifier replaced by MCC had sensory characteristics equivalent to control.

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A Comparison Study on Functional Properties of Mungbean Protein and Chemically Modified Mungbean Protein (분리 녹두 단백질과 이를 화학적으로 수식화한 단백질간의 식품학적 기능성 비교)

  • Sohn, Kyung-Hee;Min, Sung-Hee;Park, Hyun-Kyung;Park, Jin
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.53-59
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    • 1991
  • This study was carried out in order to investigate the change of protein functionalities such as foaming and emulsifying properties by succinylation of protein isolates. Succinylated and unsuccinylated munghean protein isolates were tested for finding out the effects of pH, heat treatment and sodium chloride concentration on the solubility, emulsion capacity, emulsion stability, foaming capacity, and foam stability. The results are summarized as follows: 1. Succinylation enhanced the solubility of MPI except at pH 4.5. When heated, succinylation greatly increased the solubility of succinylated MPI above $60^{\circ}C$. With the addition of NaCl, succinylation increased the solubility of MPI at acidic condition. 2. Emulsion capacity of succinylated MPI showed the lowest value at pH 7 and higher values at acidic and alkaine condition. when succinylated MPI was heated, emulsion capacity showed the highest at $80^{\circ}C$. With NaCl was added, emulsion capacity of succinylated MPI lincreased at pH 7, 9 or 11 decreased at pH 3 except addition of 1.0M NaCl. 3. Emulsion stability of MPI and succinylated MPI showed the highest at pH 4.5. Succinylation enhanced the emulsion stability of MPI at acidic condition. 4. The foaming capacity of MPI was increased at pH 3, 7 or 9 by succinylation. 5. When heated, foam stability of MPI and succinylated MPI showed the highest at pH 4.5 and at pH 11, respectively. When heated, both proteins showed the highest stability at $100^{\circ}C$.

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Recent Emulsion Technology in Cosmetics (화장품용 유화 제조기술 최근동향)

  • Hwang, So-Ra;Nam, Jin-Oh;Lee, Byung-Jin;Song, Woo-Ho;Lee, Chang-Soo
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.207-214
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    • 2012
  • Emulsions are mixture of immiscible liquids in which one is dispersed in all over the other. They have been applied to many applications including cosmetics, foods, drug delivery system (DDS), fine chemicals, and chemical separations. Especially, emulsion technology is one of the most useful technique to formulate cosmetics such as eye cream, foundation, and foam cleansing. In general, the emulsions can be generated by mechanical agitation of two immiscible fluids. However, the emulsions obtained by conventional method have limited in stability, monodispersity, and complicate process. We describe here preparation techniques of representative cosmetic emulsions such as liposome, liquid crystal emulsion, nanoemulsion, multiple emulsion, and pickering emulsion. Furthermore, various factors which can control the physical properties of each cosmetic emulsions are briefly discussed.

Emulsion Properties of Small Red Bean Protein Isolates (분리 팥 단백질의 유화특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hyon-Jung;Sohn, Kyung-Hee;Park, Hyun-Kyung
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.9-14
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    • 1990
  • The emlsifying properties of small red bean protein isoates were evaluated through their emulsion capacity and stability of the resulting emulsions. The influence of pH, Sodium Chloride and heat treatment on the efficiency of small red bean protein isolates as emulsifying agents was studied. The surface hydrophobicity (So) of small red bean protein islates also examined. The results were obtained as follows; 1. The emusion capacity of small red bean protein isolates was high at pH 11, low at pH 3 and decreased by heat treament. With addition of NaCl, emulsion capacity decreased steadily and showed lowest value when 0.2M NaCl was added. 2. The emulsion stability at pH 4.5 and heat treatment over $60^{\circ}C$ decreased emulsion stability at pH 4.5. When NaCl was added, emulsion stability was generally increased. 3. The surface hydrophobicity of small red bean protein isolates showed the highest value at pH 3 and lowest at pH 11 and increased as the heating temperature increased When 0.2 M NaCl was added, surface hydrophobicity also increased at pH 4.5.

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The Stability of Emulsions Formed by Phase Inversion with Variation of HLB of Surfactant (HLB 변화와 전상유화에 의해 형성된 에멀젼의 안정성)

  • Park, Soo-Nam;Yang, Hee-Jung;Kim, Jae-Hyun;Cho, Wan-Goo
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.117-123
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    • 2009
  • Caprylic/Capric triglyceride-in-water emulsions stabilized by Nikkol HCO-60 and HCO-10 were prepared using emulsion inversion point method at different HLB values. Emulsions with various droplet sizes were formed, and emulsion inversion point was detected by electrical conductivity. The change in emulsion droplet sizes and long term stability were monitored using laser scattering method and visual method. The droplet sizes and stability of emulsions were affected by HLB of surfactant. At emulsion inversion point, the water volume fraction increased as the HLB of surfactants decreased. According to our analysis, this resulted from a tendency of forming the W/O (water-in-oil) emulsion as the HLB of surfactants was decreased. The emulsion inversion point was clearly detected by the microscope and the electric conductivity meter. Nanometer-sized emulsion was obtained at the optimum HLB by using emulsion inversion point method. The main pattern of instability of emulsions in HLB 12 and 13 systems was Ostwald ripening. However, The patterns of instability of emulsions below 11 of HLB systems were Ostwald ripening and coalescence. All emulsions produced with surfactants in the range of HLB 8-13, creaming caused by density difference between water phase and oil phase.

Study on the Effects of Houttuynia Cordata Extracts on Emulsions (어성초 추출물이 에멀젼에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Chan-Ik
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.145-149
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : Since cosmetics have been one of the help of life, unlike medicine, natural products have been used for cosmetics, generally giving the image of safety and relief compared to synthetic products. Among them, Houttuynia cordata has been known as a useful herbal medicine with antibiotic, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative activities. In this study, we were to use Houttuynia cordata extract on formulation of cosmetic emulsions. Methods : The effects of Houttuynia cordata extract on emulsion stability and viscoelastic properties of emulsion were measured using turbiscan and rheometer. And we assessed the anti-oxidative and antibiotic activities of Houttuynia cordata extract. Results : 1. The results of this investigation for emulsion stability showed that the stability emulsion containing Houttuynia cordata extract was decreased depending on concentration of Houttuynia cordata extract. 2. Super oxide dismutase activity was strongly dependents on concentration of Houttuynia cordata extract. 3. Houttuynia cordata extract showed good anti-microbial activity against Staphylococcus aureus. Conclusions : Houttuynia cordata extract can be effectively used in cosmetic emulsions when the relation between natural product extracts and formulation of cosmetics is elucidated.

A Comparison Study on Functional Properties of Peanut Protein and Chemically Modified Peanut Protein (분리 땅콩 단백질과 화학적으로 수식화한 단백질간의 식품학적 특성 비교)

  • Sohn, Kyung-Hee;Min, Sung-Hee;Park, Hyun-Kyung;Park, Jin
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.97-104
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    • 1991
  • This study was carried out in order to study the protein functionality such as foaming and emulsifying properties by succinylation of peanut protein isolates. Succinylated and unsuccinylated peanut protein isolate was tested for to find out the effect of pH, heat treatment and sodium chloride concentration on the solubility, foam expansion, foam stability, emulsion capacity and emulsion stability. The results are summarized as follows; 1. Succinylation enhanced the solubility of peanut protein isotate (PPI). The solubility of succinylated PPI markedly increased at pH 4.5. When the protein solutions was heated, the solubility of succinylated PPI greatly increased than PPI at pH 3. With addition of NaCl, solubility of succinylated PPI increased at pH 7 and pH 9. 2. The foam expansion of PPI and succinylated PPI on pH was no difference between both proteins. Addition of NaCl and heat treatment caused steeply increased in foam expansion at pH 3. 3. The foam stability of PPI and succinylated PPI showed the lowest value at pH 4.5. When PPI and succinylated PPI was heated, foam stability of two proteins incensed at pH 3 and showed similar aspects between PPI and succinylated PPI. However, at pH 9 stability of succinylated PPI decreased by heat treatment over $60^{\circ}C$. 4. Emulsion capacity of succinylated PPI on pH was markedly increased and showed the highest value at pH 11. At pH 4.5 which is isoelectric point of PPI, emulsion capacity of PPI by succinylation improved than that of PPI. When succinylated PPI was heated, emulsion capacity was greatly increased at pH 2 and pH 7. With NaCl was added, emulsion capacity of succinylated PPI increased than that of PPI. 5. Emulsion stability of PPI and succinylated PPI was affected by pH and showed its highest value at pH 11. At pH 4.5, emulsion stability of succinylated PPI increased than that of PPI. Addition of NaCl and heat treatment caused slightly increased in emulsion stability of succinylated PPI.

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Effect of PVP on the Physical Stability of O/W Emulsion (O/W 유제의 물리적 안정성에 대한 PVP의 영향)

  • Oh, In-Joon;Lee, Mi-Young;Lee, Jeong-Min;Lee, Yong-Bok;Shin, Sang-Chul;Choi, Bo-Guil;Kim, Chong-Kook
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.287-293
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    • 1997
  • To make a stable o/w emulsion, the effects of egg lecithin as an emulsifier and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as an auxiliary emulsifier on the physical stability of emulsion were investigated. The oil-in-water emulsion system was manufactured by microfluidizer and evaluated the physical stability. Average particle size and size distribution of emulsion was measured by dynamic light scattering analyzer and interfacial tension was measured. From the interfacial tension tested, critical micelle concentration of the egg lecithin was 0.1 %w/v and optimal concentration for the preparation of emulsion was 1.0 %w/v. The mean particle size was about $0.2\;{\mu}m$ which was suitable for injections. The short-term accelerated stability studies were conducted by centrifugation, freeze-thaw method and shaking of the emulsion samples. The addition of PVP was caused the reduction in the particle size and improved the physical stability of emulsion. These results suggested that a mixed interfacial film comprising the egg lecithin and PVP was formed at the o/w interface and it was effective in preventing phase separation under thermic or mechanical stress. We used antineoplaston A10 (A10) as a model drug which is peptide and amino acid derivative having a action to the living organism against the development of neoplastic growth by a nonimmunological progress. It has a poor solubility in water and there may be a difficulty in formulation of A10. Emulsion formulation study about A10 was performed. Solubility of A10 in emulsion was about five times as high as that in water. From the results of solubility and partition coefficient, almost A10 molecules in o/w emulsion exist in the interface between oil and water.

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