• Title, Summary, Keyword: End frame

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A Study on the Front Windows Frame of Maeng's House (맹씨행단 대청 전면창호에 관한 연구)

  • 곽동엽
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.171-180
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    • 1995
  • This paper tries to define the characteristics of windows frame built in the end of Koryu dynasty to the early period of Chosun dynasty. The windows frame is found both in temples and in Maeng's house. It is thus proved that the frame was a general one prevailed in that time without regard to function and region. And it proves to be the original form of windows frame of temples and houses in the middle or the end of Chosun dynasty.

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Integrity evaluation of the welded structure bogie for the railway freight car (철도화차용 용접구조대차의 건전성평가에 관한 연구)

  • Hong J.S.;Ham Y.S.;Chung H.C.;Paik Y.N.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.361-364
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    • 2005
  • Some bogie frames manufactured in 1999, 2000 year have the fatal problem. Three or four years later, the cracked end beam among them have discovered in 2002, 2003 year. The crack situation of the end beam have a bad effect on brake system. In that case, the cars would be in danger of derailment. To improve the end beam, a research of covering the whole field of welded type bogie frame was started. Main line real tests were performed at Young-Dong line. The stress of main positions for bogie frame was measured. Also up-down direction and left-right direction vibration acceleration of the bogie frame were measured. At this time the tests were performed for the three types bogie. The test result concludes that the crack cause of the end beam is not brake load but vibration at running mainly. It is estimated that the life of the improved car which end beam reinforced is safe within the car permitted life(25 years). The improvement methods of the end beam are presented by construction modification, parts modification. The integrity evaluation is inspected by analysis the real line test results, the improvement methods of the end beam.

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Moment-Rotation Relation of Steel Connections with Fixed-End Restraint (단부구속도에 따른 철골 접합부의 모멘트-회전각 관계에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn, Hyung-Joon;Kim, Keon-Ok
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.219-223
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    • 2002
  • The actual behavior of joint is traditionally disregarded in steel frame design. In fact, the structural analysis of steel frames is generally carried out by assuming that joints fulfil the ideal condition of either a hinge or a fixed-end restraints. In this way, calculations are made somewhat simpler, but the structural model is not able to reflect the actual structural response. Therefore, steel frame classification system for estimation or analysis about behavior of steel frame should be established, and range that each connections belongs should be divided definitely. This research presents realistic and practical moment-rotation relation through investigation and analysis of steel frame beam-to-column classification system.

Vibration characteristics test of two types bogie frame of a freight car on Kyeungbu line (경부선을 주행하는 두 종류의 화차 대차프레임의 진동특성시험 및 진동증가 원인파악에 관한 연구)

  • 홍재성;함영삼;백영남;오택열
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1323-1326
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    • 2004
  • A bogie frame of welded type have some problems. Some end beam has cracked. The cracks have profound influence on the safe freight service. The bogie consists of a frame, suspensions, brakes and wheel sets. Various analyses including a numerical simulation using a finite element method, a static load test, a fatigue test, and running test should be carried out to design the bogie. However cracks have been found at some end beams of the bogies mounted on the freight cars running with the high speed. The cracks of the end beam results in deterioration of the brake performance and the running safety. Numerical simulations and dynamic tests are carried out to figure out the causes of cracks in the existing bogie, and the vibrational characteristics of the improved bogie are compared with those of the conventional one. In this reports, the vibration characteristics were dealed with the most pressing matters for the solution of the end beam crack.

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Evaluation of static and fatigue strength for end trailer bogie (단부객차대차의 정적강도 및 피로강도 평가)

  • Cho, Woo-Kang;Han, Sung-Wook;Song, Si-Yeop;Park, Guen-Soo;Park, Hyung-Soon
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.155-161
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    • 2007
  • A bogie frame is typical safty part of railway vehicle. Main performance of a bogie frame is to support a car body and passenger weight and transfer traction and braking force. This paper is to evaluate the static strength and fatigue strength for the end trailer bogie with UIC 615-4 code. Therefore stress analysis of the end trailer bogie frame has been performed for various loading condition according to the UIC 615-4 code and haigh diagram is used for evaluation of fatigue strength. By the results of these analysis, static and fatigue strength of the end trailer bogie is satisfied with a applied criterion.

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An Analysis on the Effect of Extended Frames to the End-to-end Performance (대형 프레임이 종단 간 전송 성능에 미치는 영향 분석)

  • Jo Jinyong;Kwak Jaiseung;Byeon Okhwan
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartC
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    • v.11C no.6
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    • pp.787-798
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    • 2004
  • High performance net재rking is one of key factors to provide support for data intensive applications in the Internet. Extended frame size has a major impact on end to-end performance with increasing effective TCP throughput and decreasing system overhead. Most of the research about extended frames has focused on local area network performance and the impact that extended frame size has on the system elements including memory, network interface card and so forth. In the paper, we analyse the effects of the extended frames to the other traffic flows sharing Internet paths for the wide area performance of TCP by conducting various network simulations. Results show that securing available bandwidth in no loss and low delay networks is indispensable to exploit the efficiency of extended frames.

Coupled testing-modeling approach to ultimate state computation of steel structure with connections for statics and dynamics

  • Imamovic, Ismar;Ibrahimbegovic, Adnan;Mesic, Esad
    • Coupled systems mechanics
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.555-581
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    • 2018
  • The moment-resistant steel frames are frequently used as a load-bearing structure of buildings. Global response of a moment-resistant frame structure strongly depends on connections behavior, which can significantly influence the response and load-bearing capacity of a steel frame structure. The analysis of a steel frame with included joints behavior is the main focus of this work. In particular, we analyze the behavior of two connection types through experimental tests, and we propose numerical beam model capable of representing connection behavior. The six experimental tests, under monotonic and cyclic loading, are performed for two different types of structural connections: end plate connection with an extended plate and end plate connection. The proposed damage-plasticity model of Reissner beam is able to capture both hardening and softening response under monotonic and cyclic loading. This model has 18 constitutive parameters, whose identification requires an elaborate procedure, which we illustrate in this work. We also present appropriate loading program and arrangement of measuring equipment, which is crucial for successful identification of constitutive parameters. Finally, throughout several practical examples, we illustrate that the steel structure connections are very important for correct prediction of the global steel frame structure response.

A Study on the Improvement of Real-Time Traffic QoS using the Delay Guarantee Queue Service Discipline of End-to-End (종단간 지연 큐 서비스 방식을 이용한 실시간 트래픽 QoS 개선에 관한 연구)

  • 김광준;나상동
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.236-247
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    • 2002
  • We propose a cell-multiplexing scheme for the real-time communication service in ATM network and a new service discipline guarantee end-to-end delay based on pseudo-isochronous cell switching. The proposed scheme consists of two level frame hierarchy, upper and lower frame, which is used to assign the bandwidth and to guarantee the requested delay bound, respectively. Since the Proposed algorithm employs two level frame hierarchy, it can overcome the coupling problem which is inherent to the framing strategy It can be comparatively reduce the complexity, and still guarantee the diverse delay bounds of end-to-end. Besides, it consists of two components, traffic controller and scheduller, as the imput traffic description model and regulates the input traffic specification. The function of the traffic controller is to shape real -time traffic to have the same input pattern at every switch along the path. The end-to-end delay is bounded by the scheduller which can limit the delay variation without using per-session jitter controllers, and therefore it can decrease the required buffer size. The proposed algorithm can support the QoS's of non-real time traffic as well as those of real time traffic.

Dynamic Multi-frame Transmission Technology Using the WiMedia MAC for Multi-hop N-screen Services

  • Hur, Kyeong
    • Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.21-25
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    • 2016
  • N-screen is a promising technology to improve support for multimedia multicasting, content sharing, content mobility, media scalability, and seamless mobility. In this paper, the WiMedia distributed-MAC (D-MAC) protocol is adopted for development of a seamless N-screen wireless service. Furthermore, to provide a multi-hop, one source multi-use N-screen service through point to point streaming in a seamless D-MAC protocol, a dynamic multi-frame transmission technology is proposed. In this technology, a dynamic time slot allocation scheme and a multi-hop resource reservation scheme are combined. In the proposed dynamic time slot allocation scheme, two thresholds, a hard threshold and a soft threshold, are included to satisfy the power consumption and delay requirements. A multi-frame DRP reservation scheme is proposed to minimize end-to-end delay during the multi-hop transmissions between N-screen devices. The proposed dynamic multi-frame transmission scheme enhances N-screen performance in terms of the multi-hop link establishment success rate and link establishment time compared to the conventional WiMedia D-MAC system.

A Study Vibration Characteristic of Railway Freight Car's End Beam for Taebaek Line (태백선을 주행하는 화차 엔드빔의 진동특성에 관한 연구)

  • 함영삼;문경호;홍재성;이동형;서정원
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.378-383
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    • 2004
  • Bogie is the connection device between carbody and wheel. It is the core part that exert a important effect on the passenger safety and running safety. Bogie largely consist of bogie frame, suspension, brake, wheel set. Static and Dynamic load have acted on it complexly. So when the bogie is designed, finite element method, static load test, fatigue test running test should be considered. Some bogie frame of high speed railway freight car have the problem. It's end beam was cracked. The crack of the end beam have a bad effect on brake system. ROTEM co. made an improved end beam and applied one set to freight car. this report showed the vibration characteristic which was compared conventional bogie to improved bogie for running safety.

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