• Title, Summary, Keyword: Energy Intake

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A Longitudinal Study on Energy, Protein, Lipid and Lactose Intakes of Breast-fed Infants of Lacto-ovo-vegetarian (채식 수유부의 수유기간별 영야의 에너지, 단백질, 지질, 락토오스 섭취량에 관한 연구)

  • 최경순
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.512-519
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    • 1997
  • To investigate the energy, protein, lipid, and lactose intakes of breast-fed infants of lacto-ove-vegetarians, 25 infants(13 boys, 10 girls) were examined on the 0.5th, 1st, 2nd, and 3nd months of lactation. The amount of breast milk intake was determined by a test-weighing method, and the energy content of protein, lipid, and lactose was calculated using the Atwater factor. Thedaily energy intake for boys averaged 316, 436, 447, and 431kcal and that of girls averaged 284, 399, 401, and 390kcal during lactation, respectively. Average energy intake of boys from milk from 2nd week to the 3rd month postpartum was significantly higher than that of girls(p<0.05), because milk intake volume of boys was much higher than that of girls. The protein intake of boys on 2nd week-3rd month averaged 7.33g/day and that of girls averaged 6.29g/day. The lipid intake of 2nd week, months averaged 21.8g/day and that of girls averaged 20.1g/day. The lactose intake of boys averaged 45.48g/day, while that of girls averaged 41.09g/day. The mean intake of protein and lactose in boys was significantly higher than that of girls.

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Comparison of Dietary Methods for the Determination of Energy Intake (열량섭취량 측정을 위한 식사섭취 조사방법의 비교)

  • 김석영
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.132-141
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    • 1991
  • The purpose of this study was to choose the assessment method of usual energy in take for epidemiological study. Energy intakes of 30 female college students estimated by frequency questionnaires and energy balance method were compared with that obtained by dietary record. The results are summarized as follows. Assessment of mean energy intakes by dietary record frequency questionnaires energy balance method were 156.2Kcal, 1517Kcal, 1878.0Kcal respectively. There was no significant difference between energy intake by dietary record and that by frequency questionnaire. Frequency questionnaire covers 4 weeks energy intake and it can be substituted for dietary record. Although energy intake by energy balance method was significantly different from that obtained by dietary record it shows high correlation with anthropometric and obesity indices and energy expenditure of the subjects.

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Correlation between High-Caffeine Energy Drink Intake and Mental Health in High School Students (고등학생의 고카페인 에너지 음료섭취와 정신건강의 상관성)

  • Park, Woong-Sub;Park, Sunu;Kim, Sang-A
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.132-139
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: In this study, we analyzed the correlation between high-caffeine energy drink intake and mental health in high school students. Methods: Analyses were conducted using the data of 27,097 responses from the 2015 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey of general high school students. Data were analyzed by logistic regression based on a complex sample design. Results: High-caffeine energy drink intake was positively correlated with the rates of smoking, alcohol consumption, violence, depression, and suicidal thoughts and negatively correlated with the sense of happiness. Conclusion: High-caffeine energy drink intake has a significant impact on the mental health of high school students. Therefore, in-depth research and policies on high-caffeine energy drink intake and the mental health of young individuals are required.

Analysis on Intake of Energy Drinks of High School Students in Gyeoungbuk Region (경북 지역 고등학생의 에너지 음료 섭취 실태 분석)

  • Lee, Su-Jin;Kim, Hyochung;Kim, Meera
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.924-932
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    • 2014
  • This study investigated intake of energy drinks, side effects and willingness to stop intake of 255 high school students in Gyeoungbuk region. The data were collected by the self-administered questionnaire. Frequency, t test, one-way ANOVA, Duncan's multiple range test, and ${\chi}^2$ test were conducted by SPSS Window V.21.0. About 78% of the respondents had experience of intake of energy drinks. The respondents were aware of energy drinks from 'advertisements on mass media (44.3%)', 'friends (32.2%)', and 'looking in stores (16.9%)'. The mean of the amount of energy drink intake per day was 30.62 mg. Forty-four percent of the respondents had energy drinks during an examination period, and 37% took it at home. The main reasons for intake of energy drinks were 'to fight off sleepiness', 'to recover from fatigue', and 'good taste' in order. Many respondents answered that energy drinks did not much help to increase concentration or learning ability. About 72% of the respondents experienced 'not feel sleepy' after having energy drinks. Half of the respondents experienced side effects such as palpitation, insomnia, and increase of urination. Most respondents had willingness to stop having energy drinks if it had bad effect on health.

Effects of Cellulase Supplementation on Nutrient Digestibility, Energy Utilization and Methane Emission by Boer Crossbred Goats

  • Wang, Lizhi;Xue, Bai
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.204-210
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    • 2016
  • This study examined the effect of supplementing exogenous cellulase on nutrient and energy utilization. Twelve desexed Boer crossbred goats were used in a replicated $3{\times}3$ Latin square design with 23-d periods. Dietary treatments were basal diet (control, no cellulase), basal diet plus 2 g unitary cellulase/kg of total mixed ration dry matter (DM), and basal diet plus 2 g compound cellulase/kg of total mixed ration DM. Three stages of feeding trials were used corresponding to the three treatments, each comprised 23 d, with the first 14 d as the preliminary period and the following 9 d as formal trial period for metabolism trial. Total collection of feces and urine were conducted from the 4th d of the formal trial, and gas exchange measures were determined in indirect respiratory chambers in the last 3 d of the formal trial. Results showed that cellulase addition had no effect (p>0.05) on nutrient digestibility. Dietary supplementation of cellulase did not affect (p>0.05) N intake and retention in goats. Gross energy (GE) intake, fecal energy and urinary energy excretion, heat production were not affected (p>0.05) by the cellulase supplementation. Total methane emission (g/d), $CH_4$ emission as a proportion of live weight or feed intake (DM, organic matter [OM], digestible DM or digestible OM), or $CH_4$ energy output ($CH_4$-E) as a proportion of energy intake (GE, digestible energy, or metabolizable energy), were similar (p>0.05) among treatments. There was a significant (p<0.001) relationship between $CH_4$ and live weight (y = 0.645x+0.2, $R^2$ = 0.54), $CH_4$ and DM intake (y = 16.7x+1.4, $R^2$ = 0.51), $CH_4$ and OM intake (y = 18.8x+1.3, $R^2$ = 0.51) and $CH_4$-E and GE intake. Results from this study revealed that dietary supplementation of cellulase may have no effect on nutrient digestibility, nitrogen retention, energy metabolism, and methane emission in goat.

A Survey of Nutritional Status on Inhabitant in a Isle by Area of Demilitarized Zone in Korea. -In Kyodong Island Area located at Kanghwa-Gun, Kyungki Province- (전방도서지역 주민의 여름철 식품 및 영양섭취 상태조사 -경기도 강화군 교동도를 중심으로-)

  • 장수경;이성동
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.13-24
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    • 1988
  • The survey was carried out to obtain some fundmental data to improve the dietary life and to establish the nutritonal education and policy on inhabitants limed in isle area near by demilitarized zone in Korea. For this, 33 families in the area of Kyodong island located at Kanghwa-Gun, Kyungki province were randomly selected. Trained surveyors visited each house to survey the food and nutritional status in summer during 3 days in August, 1987. The results are summarized as follows ; The number of foods they were taking totalled 17 categories and 134 kinds of which 104 kinds were vegetable foods. The average amount of food intake was 1465.3g per person per day, animal food occupied 9.6% only. The intake amount of fruit among vegetable foods, and fishes, shells, milk and eggs among animal foods was lower than the national average. Each proportion of carbohydrates fat and protein to the total energy intake was 70.4%, 9.7% and 19.9%. The foods they used to take a lot were rice, potatoes. cucumbers, cabbage KIMCHIE and YULMOO KIMCHIE in order of their intake amount. The energy intake was 3064 Kcal which is higher than nutritional requirements, and the energy ratio of cereals to the total energy in take is 76%. If the amount of fat intake is fixed to 20% of total energy intake, the amount of fat intake is 68g, but the actual amount of fat intake was only 33g. With an increase of total energy intake, supply of calcium and vitamin A should be increased much more.

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Effect of dietary net energy concentrations on growth performance and net energy intake of growing gilts

  • Lee, Gang Il;Kim, Jong Hyuk;Han, Gi Ppeum;Koo, Do Yoon;Choi, Hyeon Seok;Kil, Dong Yong
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.30 no.9
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    • pp.1314-1322
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    • 2017
  • Objective: This experiment investigated the effect of dietary net energy (NE) concentrations on growth performance and NE intake of growing gilts. Methods: Five diets were formulated to contain 9.6, 10.1, 10.6, 11.1, and 11.6 MJ NE/kg, respectively. A metabolism trial with 10 growing pigs (average body weight [BW] = $15.9{\pm}0.24kg$) was conducted to determine NE concentrations of 5 diets based on French and Dutch NE systems in a $5{\times}5$ replicated Latin square design. A growth trial also was performed with five dietary treatments and 12 replicates per treatment using 60 growing gilts (average BW = $15.9{\pm}0.55kg$) for 28 days. A regression analysis was performed to predict daily NE intake from the BW of growing gilts. Results: Increasing NE concentrations of diets did not influence average daily gain and average daily feed intake of growing gilts. There was a quadratic relationship (p = 0.01) between dietary NE concentrations and feed efficiency (G:F), although the difference in G:F among treatment means was relatively small. Regression analysis revealed that daily NE intake was linearly associated with the BW of growing gilts. The prediction equations for NE intake with the BW of growing gilts were: NE intake (MJ/d) = $1.442+(0.562{\times}BW,kg)$, $R^2=0.796$ when French NE system was used, whereas NE intake (MJ/d) = $1.533+(0.614{\times}BW,kg)$, $R^2=0.810$ when Dutch NE system was used. Conclusion: Increasing NE concentrations of diets from 9.6 to 11.6 MJ NE/kg have little impacts on growth performance of growing gilts. Daily NE intake can be predicted from the BW between 15 and 40 kg in growing gilts.

Assessment of Energy Intake and Energy Expenditure in Obese Elementary Students (비만 초등학생의 에너지 섭취량 및 에너지 소비량 평가)

  • Choi, Mi-Kyeong;Jun, Ye-Sook
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.192-197
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the energy intake and energy expenditure of obese children. The body weight and height were measured, and the daily energy intake and activity pattern assessed for one day, using the 24 hour recall method and interviews in 83 elementary school children (59 boys and 24 girls). The average age, height, weight, ideal body weight and obesity index in boys and girls were 11.8 years, 144.8 cm, 54.2 kg, 39.9 kg and 35.9% and 11.5 years, 140.8 cm, 48.9 kg, 36.9 kg and 33.7%, respectively. The mean daily energy intakes of boys and girls were 1,670.5 and 1,656.5 kcal; these being 76.4 and 88.5% of estimated energy requirement for Koreans, respectively. The energy intake ratio from carbohydrates, proteins and fats in boys and girls were 61.5:14.7:23.6 and 62.0:14.7:23.7, respectively. The resting energy expenditure, as estimated by the Harris-Benedict, WHO/NAO/FAO and Korean DRI formulae in boys and girls were 1,452.7, 1,239.2 and 1,629.2 kcal and 1,323.9, 1,156.0 and 1,252.4 kcal, respectively. The activity coefficient for both the boys and girls was 1.39. The daily energy expenditure of boys (1,990.7 kcal) was significantly higher than that of girls (1712.1 kcal). No significant correlations were found between the obesity index, energy intake and energy expenditure. These results suggested that a nutrition and exercise program is required to increase the energy expenditure of elementary school children. Further research will be needed to assess multiple dietary factors and dove]lop a standard method for assessing the energy expenditure of obese children.

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Association between Nutrients Intake and Nutritional Status in Young Men

  • Kim, Bo-Young;Cho, Youn-Ok
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.83-88
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    • 2000
  • The association between nutrient intake and nutritional status was investigated with anthropometric measurements, body composition and blood biochemical indices in 56 healthy young men fed balanced diet for two years. Compared with Korean recommended dietary allowances (Korean RDA), all nutrient intakes were adequate. Height and body weight were significantly (p < .01 - p < .05) positively correlated to the intakes of energy, protein, sodium, potassium vitamin A and vitamin $B_1$. The lean weight was significantly (p < .001 - p < .05) correlated to the intake of energy, protein, sodium, potassium, vitamin A, vitamin B$_1$. niacin and vitamin C. The skinfold thickness of triceps and suprailiac was significantly (p < .01 - p < .05) correlated to the intake of energy, sodium, potassium, but that of thigh was not correlated. The significant correlations neither between nutrient intake and blood biochemical indices nor between nutrient intake and blood pressure were shown. These results suggest that nutritional status as anthropometric indices and body composition is associated with nutrient intake in young healthy adults on balanced diet, however, the nutritional status as blood biochemical indices of active people is neither endangered nor improved in comparison with less active ones.

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A Longitudinal Study on Energy, Protein, Fat and Lactose Intakes of Breast-Fed Infants (모유영양아의 수유기간별 에너지, 단백질, 지질과 유당 섭취량)

  • 김을상;이종숙
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.35 no.7
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    • pp.771-778
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the contents of protein, fat, lactose and energy in the human milk and the intake of human milk and those nutrients in breast-fed infants from 16 lactating women in Seoul area during the first 5 months postpartum. Daily human milk intake was determined by test-weighing method and the milk from 16 mothers was analyzed for protein (semimicro Kjeldahl, N $\times$ 6.38), fat (milk checker), lactose (HPLC). Energy was calculated by Atwater and milk factor. The mean intake of human milk to the 5th month of lactation was 668 $\pm$ 186 $m\ell$/day. Mean protein contents of the human milk at 0.5, 12, 3, 4 and 5 months postpartum showed 1.48, 1.35, 1.17, 1.11, 1.15 and 1.10 g/100 $m\ell$ respectively. Lipid and lactose contents of the human milk during the first S months postpartum averaged 3.38 g/100 $m\ell$ and 6.79 g/100 $m\ell$. Energy contents at 0.5, 12, 3, 4 and 5 months postpartum showed 64.2, 66.1, 68.3, 60.1, 58.9 and 61.2 g/100 $m\ell$ respectively. Protein intake of infants from the human milk was 8.22 g/day which was 54.8% of Korean RDA. Lipid and lactose intake of infants were 23.0 and 45.6 g/day. Energy intake of infants was 422.3 kcal/day which was 84.4% of Korean RDA. Total energy content was almost same value regardless of Atwater or milk factor but the energy ratio was some different. Protein and solid contents decreased the course of lactation but lactose content was less changed. These results suggest that more research were required for the RDA.