• Title, Summary, Keyword: Engineering Ethics

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A Study on the Concept of Digital Environmental Rights and Reinforcement of Information Subject (디지털 환경권 개념 정립과 정보교과 교육 강화에 대한 연구)

  • Yoo, Jiyeon
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.189-199
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    • 2020
  • This study aims to emphasize the necessity of strengthening the information subject through the introduction of a new concept of rights called 'digital environmental rights' and proposes an improvement in the educational composition model of the information culture section in the information subject. Through the introduction of the concept of digital environmental rights, we intend to provide a logical basis for making the information subject a required subject. In addition, we intend to enhance the competencies required for living in a digital environment by improving the structure of the information culture section in the information subject. As a study on this, the logic of the concept of rights required in the digital environment is analyzed and the concept of digital environmental rights applied to it is established. Furthermore, by analyzing relevant curricula in major countries, including the United States, Australia, and Japan, which provide the main basis for digital environmental rights, an improvement plan for the educational composition in the information and culture education sector is formulated. The results of the study are as follows: First, digital environment rights are 'rights to enjoy a pleasant and safe digital environment'. Second, the components of digital environmental rights include rights for the environment (cyberethics), rights of the environment (cybersafety), and rights about the environment (cybersecurity). Third, in the major countries studied various educational structures are being implemented with regard to information-related education contents on the digital citizenship, code ethics, and new technology security.

An Empirical Study on the Effect of Market and Technology Orientation on the Innovation Performance of Global Firms (글로벌 기업의 시장지향성과 기술지향성이 기술혁신성과에 미치는 영향의 실증연구)

  • Hwang, Sang Don;Lee, Seong Hwan;Lee, Woon Seek
    • International Area Studies Review
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.145-166
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    • 2018
  • This study is due to global competition, the wall between regions is disappearing, customer needs are diversified, and market and technology are rapidly changing. Future growth engines, the importance of convergence capabilities for industrial competitiveness is being emphasized more. Therefore, companies should seek innovative means to increase the efficiency of the company by establishing optimized global management environment and establishing direction and strategy for utilization of convergence technology by improving industrial competitiveness. Firms must adopt and utilize related new technologies by strengthening their convergence capabilities through dynamic capabilities that are internal resource bases for new product development and process innovation. Globalize markets and technologies can expect higher innovation performance when aligning strategic direction with formalized technology competencies held by the firm and incorporating the convergence capabilities needed for technological innovation into processes. The study focuses on the effects of market and technology orientation on technological innovation performance, whether dynamic and convergence capabilities affect technological innovation performance, and dynamic and convergence capabilities to mediate between market and technology orientation. For the study, we surveyed 51.4% of global and multinational corporations that are internationally active or headquartered overseas. Based on the previous studies, hypotheses were established and the collected data were analyzed through utilization path analysis and Sobel test.

Retrospect and Prospect of Medical Law 20th Anniversary (Medical Criminal Law) (의료법학 20주년 회고와 전망(의료형법 분야))

  • Ha, Tae Hoon
    • The Korean Society of Law and Medicine
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.47-79
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    • 2019
  • The Korean Society of Law and Medicine has faithfully played the role of professional academic organizations last 20 years in terms of academic activities, accumulated achievements, diversity, professionalism, and influence on academic circles. The Korean Society of Law and Medicine and the Journal of Medical Law serve as a platform for academic information and exchange of opinions on medical law. Medical law began in the midst of increasing conflicts and disputes caused by medical malpractice and the enactment and legal coercion of medical care as pressure on medical workers. It tried to find a way to coexist with each other through the encounter and convergence of medicine and law. Medical criminal law extends from traditional crimes in the realm of life and body protection to bioethics violations caused by the development of biomedical technology, corruption and economic crime in the medical field. Medical law has evolved into a comprehensive legal area dealing with legal issues raised in medical treatment, healthcare, bioethics, and life sciences technology. On the legal side, medical law is not independent legal areas. It is overlapping with traditional law areas such as civil law, administrative law, criminal law, social law, civil and criminal procedure law. However, it is now established as a convergence study in medicine, bioethics, life science, as well as in various fields of law. It has become an area where collaboration is needed with the field of law, medicine, ethics, sociology and economics. Medical criminal law has undergone a dynamic development over the last two decades. The development of medicine and medical technology provides new and innovative methods of diagnosis and treatment. The achievements and risks of revolutionary developments in biotechnology, genetic engineering and medicine coexist. While there is a dazzling achievement that mankind has hoped for: combating disease and improving health, it also creates unwanted side effects and risks to humans. There is a need to reconsider ethical and legal principles. The discovery and development of patient identity and autonomy has changed the medical doctor-patient relationship. Furthermore, it was complicated by the triangle relationship of patients, medical doctors and insurance. Legal matters are also complicated. This is why the necessity of legislation is emerging. Criminal punishment provisions are also required. The Medical Law and Biomedical Law are systematically and coherently deformed as mosaic-based legislation that takes place whenever there are social issues, citizens' needs, and medical organizations' interests, rather than sufficient enactment and revision procedures. It needs a complete overhaul, and this is possible through interdisciplinary collaboration which is the strength of The Korean Society of Law and Medicine.