• 제목, 요약, 키워드: English medium instruction

검색결과 17건 처리시간 0.033초

Direct Instruction and Use of Online English Writing Software on EMI Class-Takers' Self-Efficacy

  • Murdoch, Yvette Denise;Kang, Alin
    • International Journal of Contents
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.97-106
    • /
    • 2019
  • EMI (English as a Medium of Instruction) classes are now accepted policy at Korean universities, yet students often struggle with required academic English writings. The present study examined an EMI class that used direct instruction and access to online assistive English writing software. From preliminary analysis, 26 students expressed interest in how an EMI academic writing class could facilitate improved English writing skills. Study participants completed a survey on self-efficacy and learning needs and assignments for an EMI academic writing class. To establish inter-rater reliability, three trained raters assessed the written essays of students prior to and after instructional intervention. Fleiss' Kappas statistics showed moderate reliability. Students' opinions on the use of online software were also analysed. Paired t-test was run on the quality of students' pre- and post-instruction assignments, and there was significant difference in the rated scores. Self-efficacy was found to have moderate positive association with improved post-essay writing scores.

English Medium Instruction in Higher Education: Does It Promote Cultural Correction or Cultural Continuity?

  • Kim, Young-Mi
    • 영어어문교육
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.109-136
    • /
    • 2009
  • This study investigates English medium instruction (EMI) in an institution of higher education in Seoul, Korea to see whether this course creates cultural correction (reproduction of inequitable relations of power in EMI settings) or cultural continuity (opportunities for transporting students into a third space and enabling them to explore cultural diversity and to create new knowledge for themselves). A single site where EMI is carried out, a class on fairy tales and child education taught by a native English speaking professor, was chosen because it was hypothesized that the professor would display some of her unconscious dominant cultural orientation. The results of the study show that there more cases of cultural correction than there were of cultural continuity. Cases of cultural correction included lack of knowledge about the local context, fixing Korean classroom discourse as if it were American classroom discourse, and reproducing orientalism in the local educational setting. Cases of cultural continuity included using comparison to consider the cultural reality of the milieu, creating new knowledge for the local milieu, and learning as a dynamic ongoing process. Implications of this research are discussed including the important realization that EMI should be managed by subject specialists who are trained in language education and have knowledge of the students' needs and discourse in the L1 and in the local context.

  • PDF

국내 대학의 영어강의 사례 연구 : EAP과정의 중요성을 중심으로 (A study on English-medium instruction programs in Korean universities: Based on the importance of English for academic purposes programs)

  • 김태호
    • 비교문화연구
    • /
    • v.53
    • /
    • pp.251-277
    • /
    • 2018
  • 본 연구의 목적은 국내 대학에서 개설되는 영어강의를 참관하고, 교수자와 학습자를 대상으로 영어강의에 대한 인터뷰를 통해 국내 대학에서 개설되는 영어강의의 문제가 무엇인지, 영어강의의 효과를 높이기 위한 방안이 무엇인지 고찰하는 것이다. 본 연구의 목적을 위해 우선 일부 강좌만 영어강의로 개설하는 부산 소재 국립대학과 전체 강좌를 영어강의로 개설하는 울산 소재 국립대학의 영어강의를 구분하여 조사하고, 이를 전체 강좌를 영어강의로 개설하는 일본 대학의 경우와 비교 분석하였다. 영어강의에 대한 정확한 분석을 위해 동일한 방식으로 강의를 참관하고 분석하였으며, 해당 강의의 교수자와 학습자들을 대상으로 영어강의에 대한 인식을 확인하는 심층인터뷰를 진행하였다. 연구 결과에 따르면 국내 두 대학에서 개설되는 영어강의의 효과를 높이기 위해 학습자의 영어구사력을 영어강의 수강에 충분한 수준으로 높이고, 학습자간 영어구사력의 편차를 최소한으로 줄이는 것이 가장 필요하다는 것을 확인하였다. 이에 본 연구에서는 영어학습자의 영어구사력을 높이는 방안으로 영어강의 수강을 위한 학문목적 대학영어교육(EAP) 과정이 필요하다고 주장하였다.

영화를 이용한 비평적 문화교육 연구 (A study on the effective cultural instruction based on the critical approach through film)

  • 양미란;방영주
    • 영어어문교육
    • /
    • v.17 no.4
    • /
    • pp.313-337
    • /
    • 2011
  • The purpose of the study is to investigate the effectiveness of the cultural instruction based on the critical pedagogy through film. The participants were 21 college students enrolling 'Understanding American/British culture'class and the class was 15 week long. During class, they discussed and selected the cultural topics related to the movies, complete the research papers, and then gave presentations. The students' portfolio, which consists of the goal statements, research papers, and the reflective journals, was analyzed to investigate the effectiveness of the instruction. The results showed that the instruction was effective in five aspects. They are, 1)accumulation of the cultural knowledge, 2)better understanding of the target culture and its people, 3)acquisition of the critical perspectives toward the target and their own cultures, 4)teaching method, and 5)increase of the motivation for studying other cultures. The study suggested that the instruction should be applied to English-medium class with more advanced students.

  • PDF

공학 분야에서의 영어 강의(English Medium Instruction)에 대한 기초 연구 (Instructor Beliefs and Attitudes about English Medium Instruction: Report of Questionaire Study)

  • 강소연;박혜선
    • 공학교육연구
    • /
    • v.7 no.1
    • /
    • pp.87-96
    • /
    • 2004
  • 영어가 세계적인 공용어로 인식 되어감에 따라 특히 공학과목의 영어 강의가 전 세계적으로 확산되고 있다. 영어강의의 효과를 극대화하기 위해서는 교수 및 학생의 영어능력과 강의를 지원해주는 시스템이 모두 중요하지만 현실적으로는 이에 대한 별도의 지원이 거의 없는 현실이다. 본 연구는 Y 대학교 공과대학에서 전공과목의 영어강의를 하고 있는 교수들의 영어강의에 대한 지각성향과 개선방향에 대한 의견을 조사를 하였다. 교수들은 자신의 전공영어능력에 대해 긍정적인 평가를 하였으나 영어강의에 대해 스트레스를 가지고 있었다. 무엇보다 학생들의 영어강의에 대한 준비의 부족이 효과적인 영어강의의 방해요인으로 생각하고 있어서 이에 대한 학교당국의 지원이 무엇보다 필요하다고 인식하고 있다.

전공 영어강의 만족도 및 학습효과 인식에 영향을 미치는 변인에 관한 연구 (Variables Affecting on Learners' Satisfaction and Effects of EMI)

  • 진성희;김학일
    • 공학교육연구
    • /
    • v.16 no.3
    • /
    • pp.10-19
    • /
    • 2013
  • Recently, Korean universities have increased the number of English Medium Instruction (EMI) lectures in order to allow students to gain both specialized knowledge and enhanced English ability. Previous researches on effective EMI lectures have focused on exploring the effects of learners' cognitive and affective characteristics on learning outcomes. Whereas the input variables of learning have been investigated as predicting variables of effects in EMI lectures, there has been a few research for investigating process variables to yield learning outcomes. The purpose of this study is to analyze the structural relationships among variables affecting on learner satisfaction and effects. The participants are 209 engineering students from various majors. Independent variables are defined as English motivation, English competency, and English confidence, a mediated variable is Cognitive engagement, and dependent variables are Learning satisfaction and Educational effect perception. The results show that the relationships are statistically significant: learners' English competency & English confidence ${\rightarrow}$ Cognitive engagement ${\rightarrow}$ Learning satisfaction ${\rightarrow}$ Educational effect perception. Especially, the structural model confirms that the effect of learners' English confidence on Learning satisfaction and Educational effect perception is mediated by the level of learners' Cognitive engagement. Further, the implication for effective EMI lectures is discussed based on the observed research results.

English as an Instructional Medium in Korean Higher Education: Focusing on the Perspectives of Professors

  • Choi, Soo Joung
    • 영어어문교육
    • /
    • v.18 no.3
    • /
    • pp.25-51
    • /
    • 2012
  • The study explores the way professors working in a private university in Korea perceive the recent English-medium instruction (EMI) frenzy in Korean higher education (HE) and the way they respond to its manifestation at their institution. Working within a qualitative research paradigm (Merriam, 2009), I gathered data primarily via one-time semi-structured interviews with ten participants who have offered or are offering EMI at the time of data collection and used a qualitative data analysis method. The findings illustrate that the professors view external factors residing outside individual universities, such as the college rankings and the university evaluation parameters, as the principal drive behind the current EMI boom in Korean tertiary education. Acknowledging the importance of strengthening the international competitive edge of Korean HE in the global era, the professors perceive the EMI policy positively expecting it to be beneficial for both students and institutions. They, however, problematize the blind acceptance of EMI policy and externally forced EMI expansion movement in Korean HE, which they believe will lower the standard of the academic experience of students. Experiencing first-hand the inadequate manifestation of the EMI policy at their university, the professors claim that a systematic long-term implementation plan and context-suitable approaches should be taken at both the national and institutional level for successful future EMI implementation and expansion efforts.

  • PDF

글로벌 공학인재 양성을 위한 영어강의의 역할과 과제 (The Role and Task of English Medium Instruction(EMI) for Educating Global Engineers)

  • 한경희;허준행;윤일구
    • 공학교육연구
    • /
    • v.13 no.3
    • /
    • pp.53-60
    • /
    • 2010
  • 이 연구는 최근 급증하고 있는 공과대학 영어강의가 글로벌 인재 양성에 기여하려는 본래의 목적을 실현하기 위해 어떤 방식으로 추진되어야 할지를 탐구하고 있다. 21세기 사회에서 공과대학 학생들은 다양한 언어와 문화적 차이, 서로 다른 동료와 일하기 위한 전략을 개발할 필요가 있다. 단순히 영어강의를 제공한다고 해서 학생들의 글로벌 능력이 향상되는 것은 아니다. 이 연구는 사례 분석에 기초하여 서로 다른 문화와 의사소통과정에 대한 이해를 요구하는 글로벌 공학교육의 맥락에 영어강의를 위치시켜야 한다는 점을 강조한다. 그리고 영어강의를 개선하기 위한 몇 가지 방안을 제시하고 있다.

  • PDF

영어교과에서의 전략 지도(Strategy Instruction)의 효과: 메타분석 (Effects of Strategy Instruction in English Language Teaching: A Meta-analysis)

  • 이제영
    • 한국콘텐츠학회논문지
    • /
    • v.18 no.10
    • /
    • pp.298-305
    • /
    • 2018
  • 본 연구는 영어 교과에서의 전략 지도의 효과를 메타분석을 통해 종합하여 살펴보는 것을 목적으로 한다. 이를 위해 총 46개 연구에 포함된 55개의 개별 연구 사례를 선정하여 메타분석을 실시하였고, 전략 지도에 대한 평균 효과크기를 산출하여 전략 지도가 영어 능력과 정의적 영역 등 영어 학습에 미치는 효과를 살펴보았다. 또한 연구대상, 처치 기간을 포함한 조절변인과 영어능력, 정의적 영역 등의 종속변인을 설정하여 변인별로 평균 효과크기에 통계적으로 유의한 차이가 있는지 검증하였다. 분석 결과 전략 지도의 중간 효과보다 조금 큰 수준을 나타내었으며(d=.536, p=.000), 조절변인과 종속변인별로 산출한 평균 효과크기 사이에는 통계적으로 유의한 수준의 차이가 없었다. 마지막으로 연구 결과를 근거로 영어교육 분야에서의 전략 지도와 관련한 후속 연구를 위한 제언을 논의하였다.

영어활용능력, 영어학습동기, 영어성취욕구, 영어자신감이 영어강의 만족도 및 효과인식에 미치는 영향 (Effects of English Competence, Motivation, Achievement, and Self-Confidence on Learners' Satisfaction and Effects of EMI)

  • 진성희;신수봉
    • 공학교육연구
    • /
    • v.14 no.6
    • /
    • pp.16-23
    • /
    • 2011
  • As a basic study on an effective operation of EMIs (English Medium Instructions) gradually expanded by social needs, the research analyses the effects of English competence, motivation, achievement, and self-confidence on learners' satisfaction and cognition of effects of EMI. Sixty-seven students (55 male and 12 female students) of the department of Civil Engineering in University A participated in the research. First, the analysis results indicate that participants evaluated their own English competence and self-confidence below average but evaluated English motivation and achievement above average. Second, participants' satisfaction with EMI was above average but they cognized its effects below average. Third, English motivation and self-confidence influenced on learners' satisfaction and cognition of effects of EMI in a meaningful way. Especially, English self-confidence influenced relatively more on the two dependent variables. Based on those result, the implications were suggested.