• Title/Summary/Keyword: Entrepreneurial Opportunities

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A Conceptual Study on the Types of Entrepreneurial Opportunity and Laboratory Start-ups (창업 기회의 유형과 실험실 창업에 대한 개념적 연구)

  • Zho, Young Pil;Lee, Jong-Keon
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.47-57
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    • 2020
  • This study focuses on the proposition that the qualities and environmental conditions required for exploring entrepreneurial opportunities and realizing entrepreneurial opportunities depend on the types of entrepreneurial opportunities. In particular, this study aims to identify the type of entrepreneurial opportunities for laboratory start-ups, which have recently been gaining policy level attention. If the type of entrepreneurial opportunities for laboratory start-ups is identified as discriminative, appropriate start-up support policies and training programs can be established. For this study, eight major papers were identified among the papers of last 30 years related to the types of entrepreneurial opportunities. After, the classification attributes for each opportunity type were derived. Then, the existing theories of recognition, discovery and creative opportunities were organized, critically reviewed and reorganized. In addition, the substance of laboratory start-ups was verified according to the standardized classification attributes of the revised and reorganized opportunity types and newly classified as 'creative opportunity'. This study also presents networking capabilities and market orientation as examples of the capabilities needed for entrepreneurs of creative opportunity type. The implication of this study is that it makes it easy to discriminate ontological typology of entrepreneurial opportunity, derives important classification attributes, and that it organizes them conceptually. In addition, it critically reconstructs the problems of confusion in the existing typology, and based on this, the type of entrepreneurial opportunities for laboratory start-ups is determined as creative opportunity. These achievements can contribute to the improvement of start-up policies and start-up training programs according to the types of entrepreneurial opportunity and laboratory start-ups in the future, resulting in realization of actual results at the start-up sites.

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Where do Entrepreneurial Opportunities come from? Schumpeter's Idea and Stakeholder Theory Framework (창업 아이디어는 어디에서 오는가? 슘페터의 생각과 이해관계자 이론체계)

  • Lee, Ju-Heon
    • Korean Business Review
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.17-44
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    • 2010
  • Even though it is generally recognized that entrepreneurship is complex socio-economic phenomena and entrepreneurial opportunities can be created from economic, social, technological, political and legal forces, entrepreneurship has been discussed in very narrow economic terms and focusing on narrow economic relationships such as consumers, suppliers, owners and employee. However, recently, a lot of researchers talk about social entrepreneurship. How can we explain social entrepreneurs? In our paper, employing stakeholder theory, we try to offer more realistic model to understand entrepreneurial opportunities. We claim that entrepreneurial exploitations can be successful only when entrepreneurs can identify ex post stakeholder inefficiencies. Thus, our efforts focus on the question of where, when, and how stakeholder inefficiencies occur?

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Effects of Universities' Startup Support Programs on Entrepreneurial Intention of Undergraduate: Moderating Role of Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy (대학의 창업지원프로그램이 창업의도에 미치는 영향: 창업효능감의 조절효과)

  • Jung, Duk-Hwa
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.635-646
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    • 2018
  • This paper aims to examine structural relationship between startup programs aided by university what reflected in GEM(Global Entrepreneurship Monitor) model and was establishing entrepreneurial intention of current university students. Total of 364 suitable sample data were used to empirical analysis hypotheses. The results of the hypothesis test through analysis of the structural model are summarized as follows. First, among the factors of universities' startup support programs, entrepreneurial education, entrepreneurial consulting, R&D transfer, and entrepreneurial culture has a positive effect on recognition of entrepreneurial opportunities. Second, entrepreneurial education and entrepreneurial consulting has a positive influence on entrepreneurship. Third, the parameters of entrepreneurial opportunities and entrepreneurship positively influences on entrepreneurial intention. Therefore, University should support entrepreneurial education, R&D transfer, entrepreneurial consulting and makes entrepreneurial culture intensely for vitalizing university students entrepreneurial intention.

A Study on Influence of Entrepreneur Behavior Characteristics on Business Performance According to the Entrepreneurial Support System (창업지원제도가 1인창업자의 행동특성에 따라 창업기업 경영성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Chang Bong;Lee, Seung Hyun
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.41-54
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to find out how the support system of the government and the local governments for enhancing the success rate of the startup firms affected the performance of the enterprises according to the behavior characteristics of the founders. It is divided entrepreneurial support system into entrepreneurial policy support such as entrepreneurial education, mentoring and consulting, and funding of startup support such as policy fund and R & D fund, distinguished the behavior of founder into behaviors for discovery of entrepreneurial opportunities and behaviors for exploiting entrepreneurial opportunities. In order to analyze whether it affects the corporate management performance, a research model was created based on the previous research and hypotheses were set up, and the hypotheses were verified based on this questionnaire. The results of this study are as follows: First, it is found that the support for entrepreneurial policy has a positive effect on the behavior characteristics of entrepreneur. Second, it is found that the startup support such as policy fund affects the behavioral characteristics for finding the opportunity of the founder, but it does not affect the behavioral characteristics for the opportunity exploit. Third, it was found that the behavior characteristics of entrepreneur founding opportunity and exploition of entrepreneurial opportunity influenced the performance of the company. According to the this study, the following conclusion were obtained, First, it is necessary to apply different policies according to the stage of growth of startup companies. Second, startup companies grow through the stages of development of new technologies and ideas, commercialization, and marketing, at each stage, entrepreneur must overcome the so-called Death Valley, which requires funding.

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A Theoretical Study on the Relationship Between the Limited Attention of the Entrepreneur and the Growth Rates of Entrepreneurial Firms (벤처경영자의 제한적 주의력과 벤처기업의 성장성에 관한 이론적 연구)

  • Lee, Ju-Heon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.221-226
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    • 2005
  • Gifford(1992, 1993, 1997, 1998)는 제한적 주의력(limited attention)의 관점에서 벤처경영자, R&D 관리자, 혁신자, 벤처 캐피탈의 의사결정을 연구하였다. 창업경영자 (entrepreneurs)는 기술 개발, 제품디자인 개발, 원자재 확보, 제품 생산, 유통채널 확보, 가격정책 결정, 판매촉진 및 마케팅정책 결정 등의 다양한 경영활동을 수행하고 끊임없이 창업기회(entrepreneurial opportunities)를 추구하는 사람이다. Gifford 는 벤처 경영자를 창업기회와 다양한 경영활동의 포트폴리오(portfolio)를 수행하고 관리하는 대리인으로 간주한 '마술사 모형(Juggler model)' 을 제시하고 이익극대화의 관점에서 대리인의 의사결정을 분석하였다. 그녀는 모형을 통하여 특정시점을 지난 기존 메뉴를 포기 하고 새로운 창업기회를 평가하는 '포기정책(discard policy)' 과 아울러 기존 메뉴를 관리한 이후 새로운 창업기회를 평가하는 '연령검사(age inspection)' 를 동시에 사용한다는 결과를 도출하였다. 본 논문은 Gifford의 마술사 모형(Juggler model)을 수정, 발전시켜 창업경영자의 의사결정을 분석하였다. Gifford의 모형은 성장하지 않는 창업기회의 포트폴리오 결정에 대한 모형이기 때문에 창업기회의 성장성이 벤처경영자의 의사결정에 어떤 영향을 미치는가에 대한 논의가 전혀 없었다. 본 논문에서는 창업경영자를 기업가적 활동을 수행하는 사람으로 정의하고 벤처경영자의 의사결정을 분석하였다. 성장률이 큰 기업에서 기업가적 활동을 수행할 때 창업경영자가 창출하는 기업의 현재가치는 크게 증가하게 되는 반면 성장률이 떨어지는 기업에서 기업가적 활동을 수행할때 창업경영자가 창출하는 기업의 현재가치는 크게 감소하게 된다. 또, 창업경영자는 성장률이 큰기업을 선택하면 관리횟수가 줄어들게 되고 이익의 감소 없이 빠르게 수확할 수가 있다. 국가의 정책과 제도가 창업경영자를 보다 성 장률이 높은 기업에서 기업가활동을 하게 한다면 국가경제의 성장속도는 빨라지게 될 것이다.

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Relationship between Entrepreneurial Education and Entrepreneurial Opportunity Recognition: Focused on the Entrepreneurship Major College Students (앙트러프러너십 교육과 창업기회인식 역량과의 관계: 숙명여대 앙트러프러너십 전공 사례를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Woo Jin;Son, Jong Seo;Oh, Hyemi
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.71-83
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    • 2018
  • Recently, there are many efforts to define the field of entrepreneurship as an area of independent study. According to Shane & Venkataraman, the study of entrepreneurship is moving toward understanding the combination of entrepreneurial individual and valuable opportunity in becoming entrepreneurs. In Korea, entrepreneurship education is spreading widely on the basis of universities and in 2010 the entrepreneurship major was created in Sookmyung Women's University for the first time in Korea. The results of this study are as follows. First, there are many research about examining the relationship between entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurship intention. Nevertheless, there are lack of the study focusing on the opportunity recognition which many scholars have recognized as the independent study field of entrepreneurship domain. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine the effect of satisfaction of entrepreneurship major education on entrepreneurial opportunity recognition and to examine the mediating effect of entrepreneurial opportunity recognition according to educational commitment. The questionnaires were carried out for 3 weeks to entrepreneurship major students in Sookmyung Woment's University. A total of 84 surveys were collected and statistically analyzed by the R program. As a result of the analysis, it was found that the satisfaction of education positively influences the recognition of entrepreneurial opportunities. Commitment also has a full mediating effect on the recognition of entrepreneurial opportunities. The results of this analysis confirm that the ability to recognize entrepreneurial opportunity is developed by entrepreneurship education, and during the study students' commitment has an important role in the relationship between educational satisfaction and entrepreneurial opportunity recognition. The results were verified through empirical analysis. Satisfaction with entrepreneurship education and awareness of entrepreneurship opportunities through entrepreneurship can be anticipated as entrepreneurship activities in the future.

A Study on the Influence of Entrepreneurial Attitude of University Students on Entrepreneurial Potential (대학생의 기업가적 태도가 창업잠재성에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Son, Jongseo;Kim, Jinsoo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.123-141
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    • 2021
  • This research examined the relationship between entrepreneurial attitude and entrepreneurial opportunity recognition and university students' entrepreneurial potential in the entrepreneurship of university students. Accordingly, this research confirmed the significant influence between the awareness formation of entrepreneurial opportunities and the attitude toward entrepreneurial, which affect the improvement of the entrepreneurial potential of university students, and analyzed the influence relationship between the variables according to the start-up education and the role model. The results of the study are summarized as follows. First, creativity, leadership, and individual control have a significant effect on information search. Insight and achievement have no statistically significant effect on information search. Second, creativity, leadership, and insight were found to have a significant effect on the information combination, and the sense of achievement and individual control did not significantly affect the information combination statistically. Third, creativity, leadership, and individual control have a significant effect on opportunity capture. Insight and achievement have no statistically significant effect on opportunity capture. Fourth, information seeking and opportunity capture have a significant effect on perceived entrepreneurship prospects, and information combination has no significant effect on statistically recognized entrepreneurship prospects. This research examined the effects of the entrepreneurship education and role model of university students, which are the subjects of entrepreneurship education activities supported by universities and governments, and suggested implications related to the entrepreneurial potential of university students who did not entrepreneurship immediately because the perceived desire for and the perceived feasibility of entrepreneurship are formed.

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Machine Learning for Predicting Entrepreneurial Innovativeness (기계학습을 이용한 기업가적 혁신성 예측 모델에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Doo Hee;Yun, Jin Seop;Yang, Sung Min
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.73-86
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    • 2021
  • The primary purpose of this paper is to explore the advanced models that predict entrepreneurial innovativeness most accurately. For the first time in the field of entrepreneurship research, it presents a model that predicts entrepreneurial innovativeness based on machine learning corresponding to data scientific approaches. It uses 22,099 the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) data from 62 countries to build predictive models. Based on the data set consisting of 27 explanatory variables, it builds predictive models that are traditional statistical methods such as multiple regression analysis and machine learning models such as regression tree, random forest, XG boost, and artificial neural networks. Then, it compares the performance of each model. It uses indicators such as root mean square error (RMSE), mean analysis error (MAE) and correlation to evaluate the performance of the model. The analysis of result is that all five machine learning models perform better than traditional methods, while the best predictive performance model was XG boost. In predicting it through XG boost, the variables with high contribution are entrepreneurial opportunities and cross-term variables of market expansion, which indicates that the type of entrepreneur who wants to acquire opportunities in new markets exhibits high innovativeness.

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The Effects of Cognitive Bias on Entrepreneurial Opportunity Evaluations through Perceived Risks in Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy (창업가의 인지편향이 지각된 위험과 조절된 창업효능감에 따라 창업기회평가에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Daeyop;Park, Jaehwan
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.95-112
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    • 2020
  • This paper is to investigate how cognitive bias of college students and entrepreneurs relates to perceived risks and entrepreneurial opportunities that represent uncertainty, and how various cognitive bias and entrepreneurial efficacy In the same way. The purpose of this study is to find improvement points of entrepreneurship education for college students and to suggest problems and improvement possibilities in the decision making process of current entrepreneurs. This empirical study is a necessary to improve the decision-making of individuals who want to start a business at the time when various attempts are made to activate the start-up business and increase the sustainability of the existing SME management. And understanding of the difference in opportunity evaluation, and suggests that it is necessary to provide good opportunities together with the upbringing of entrepreneurs. In order to achieve the purpose of the study, questionnaires were conducted for college students and entrepreneurs. A total of 363 questionnaire data were obtained and demonstrated through structural equation modeling. This study confirms that there is some relationship between perceived risk and cognitive bias. Overconfidence and control illusions among cognitive bias have a significant relationship between perceived risk and wealth. Especially, it is confirmed that control illusion of college students has a significant relationship with perceived risk. Second, cognitive bias demonstrated some significant relationship with opportunity evaluation. Although we did not find evidence that excess self-confidence is related to opportunity evaluation, we have verified that control illusions and current status bias are related to opportunity evaluation. Control illusions were significant in both college students and entrepreneurs. Third, perceived risk has a negative relationship with opportunity evaluation. All students, regardless of whether they are college students or entrepreneurs, judge opportunities positively if they perceive low risk. Fourth, it can be seen from the college students 'group that entrepreneurial efficacy has a moderating effect between perceived risk and opportunity evaluation, but no significant results were found in the entrepreneurs' group. Fifth, the college students and entrepreneurs have different cognitive bias, and they have proved that there is a different relationship between entrepreneurial opportunity evaluation and perceived risk. On the whole, there are various cognitive biases that are caused by time pressure or stress on college students and entrepreneurs who have to make judgments in uncertain opportunities, and in this respect, they can improve their judgment in the future. At the same time, university students can have a positive view of new opportunities based on high entrepreneurial efficacy, but if they fully understand the intrinsic risks of entrepreneurship through entrepreneurial education and fully understand the cognitive bias present in direct entrepreneurial experience, You will get a better opportunity assessment. This study has limitations in that it is based on the fact that university students and entrepreneurs are integrated, and that the survey respondents are selected by the limited random sampling method. It is necessary to conduct more systematic research based on more faithful data in the absence of the accumulation of entrepreneurial research data. Second, the translation tools used in the previous studies were translated and the meaning of the measurement tools might not be conveyed due to language differences. Therefore, it is necessary to construct a more precise scale for the accuracy of the study. Finally, complementary research should be done to identify what competitive opportunities are and what opportunities are appropriate for entrepreneurs.

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