• Title, Summary, Keyword: Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy

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Structural relationship among Self-efficacy, Entrepreneurial Motivation and Entrepreneurial Intention in the Public sector (공기업 직원의 자기효능감, 창업동기, 창업의지 간의 구조 관계 분석)

  • Kim, Sung Hwan;Lee, Jong Hun
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.91-99
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the structural relationship among such variables as self-efficacy, entrepreneurial motivation and entrepreneurial intention in the public sector. In order to achieve the purpose, this study had specifically questions as follows: The first was to examine the effect of the self-efficacy on the entrepreneurial motivation in the public sector. The second was to examine the effect of the self-efficacy on the entrepreneurial intention in the public sector. The third was to examine the effect of the self-efficacy on the entrepreneurial intention according to the entrepreneurial motivation in the public sector. The fourth was to examine the effect of entrepreneurial motivation on the entrepreneurial intention in the public sector. A questionnaire was used as the research instrument. A total number of 257 employees in the public sector responded to questionnaire. In order to estimate the hypothesized structural equation model, the collected data were analyzed by AMOS 17.0, a statistical program for structural equation modeling. The major findings of this study were as follows; First, the self-efficacy was found to have a direct effect on the entrepreneurial motivation in the public sector. Second, the self-efficacy was not found to have a direct effect on the entrepreneurial intention in the public sector. Third, the indirect effect of the entrepreneurial motivation between the self-efficacy and the entrepreneurial intention proved positive in the public sector. Fourth, the entrepreneurial motivation was found to have a direct effect on the entrepreneurial intention in the public sector.

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The Impact of Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy on the Entrepreneurial Intention of University Students: The Moderating Effect of Regulatory Focus (대학생의 창업효능감이 창업의지에 미치는 영향: 조절초점의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Park, Jae Whan;Choi, Min Jung
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.9-19
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of entrepreneurial self-efficacy on entrepreneurial intention. Further, the paper aims to study the moderating effect of regulatory focus in the relationship between entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention. As per regulatory focus theory, individuals have different goal attainment approaches and underlying motivations; this posits two distinct orientations: promotion focus and prevention focus. Consequently, we hypothesize that the effect of entrepreneurial self-efficacy on entrepreneurial intention would differ depending on the individual's regulatory focus, either promotion or prevention. In order to test the hypotheses, we select a random sample of 494 entrepreneurship students at six universities across the country. The analysis includes a survey of 309 students. The results indicate that students' entrepreneurial self-efficacy has a positive effect on their intention to become entrepreneurs. Further, regulatory focus moderates the relationship between entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention. Specifically, the impact of entrepreneurial self-efficacy on entrepreneurial intention is greater in promotion-focused students than in prevention-focused students. The results highlight the need for education methodology that enhances students' entrepreneurial self-efficacy and specialized entrepreneurship education for prevention-focused students.

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The Effects of Entrepreneurs' Perceived Norm and Self-Efficacy on Entrepreneurial Intention : Focusing on the Mediated Effect of Entrepreneurial Resilience (창업가의 지각된 규범과 자기효능감이 창업의도에 미치는 영향 : 창업가적 탄력성의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Wan-Gi;Suh, Sang-Hyuk
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.1386-1410
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    • 2018
  • Entrepreneurial resilience is one of the core competencies that young entrepreneurs should own. However, compared to its importance, related studies about this topic are rare, especially in Korea. Therefore, this study, for empirical analysis, included resilience to the research model expanding existing research. The purpose of this study is to identify the direct effects of perceived norms of young entrepreneurs, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial resilience on entrepreneurial intentions, and to identify the mediated effects between perceived norm, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial intention. The data used in this research were collected through questionnaires from 443 potential young entrepreneurs. Our experimental result show that social norm and entrepreneurial self-efficacy were positively related to entrepreneurial resilience. Moreover, personal norm, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial resilience were statistically significant on intention of entrepreneurial. As a result of the indirect effect, entrepreneurial resilience mediates the relationship between social norms, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial intention. Finally, this research has significant meaning because it shows the importance of entrepreneurial resilience to entrepreneurial intention of young entrepreneurs. However, the limitation of this study relates to the restriction of sample in certain regions and universities.

A Study on the Effect of Entrepreneurial Mentoring on Entrepreneurial Intention: Mediating Effects of Social Support and Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy (창업멘토링이 창업의도에 미치는 영향 연구: 사회적지지, 창업자기효능감의 매개효과)

  • Cho, Han Jun;Choi, Dea Soo;Sung, Chang Soo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.81-96
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of entrepreneurial mentoring as an effective support method to increase the awareness and entrepreneurial intention of university students. Therefore, the mediating effect of social support and entrepreneurial self-efficacy was demonstrated in the relationship between entrepreneurial mentoring and entrepreneurial intention. As a result of the analysis, the positive role of entrepreneurial mentoring was confirmed as an influencing factor to increase the intention of young prospective entrepreneurs to set up and increase their expectations for social support. Specifically, entrepreneurial mentoring had a significant positive effect on entrepreneurial intention, social support, and entrepreneurial self-efficacy. Social support had a significant positive effect on entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention, respectively, and partially mediated the relationship between entrepreneurial mentoring and entrepreneurial intention. Entrepreneurial self-efficacy had a positive effect on entrepreneurial intention, and entrepreneurial self-efficacy fully mediated between entrepreneurial mentoring and entrepreneurial intention. Through this study, it was proved that entrepreneurial mentoring is an important factor that positively influences entrepreneurial intention, social support, and entrepreneurial self-efficacy. In addition, by identifying the effect of social support on entrepreneurial self-efficacy, it was confirmed that the individual's self-confidence and efficacy increased when they recognized the belief or utilization of social support. Finally, by confirming that entrepreneurial mentoring has a positive effect on social support and that social support mediates between entrepreneurial mentoring and entrepreneurial intention, the entrepreneurial mentoring program raises the entrepreneurial intention to start a business and helps founders to social support. It has been confirmed that it can be used as a way to raise the awareness and effect of startup supporting policy in practice as well.

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The Moderating Effects of Core-Self Evaluation on the Relationship Between Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy and Entrepreneurial Intention, Job-Seeking Stress (대학생의 창업효능감과 창업의도 및 취업스트레스 관계에서 핵심자기평가의 조절효과 연구)

  • Hyun, Sun Hae;Seo, Moon Kyo;Kwon, In Su
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.39-49
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    • 2016
  • As university students' job seeking stress and entrepreneurial intentions increase, the importance of variable research that can be applied to both concepts. However, recent studies researchers looked at only the influence variables in each concept. So they thought about the difference between entrepreneurship and employment. To solve these problems in this study was to verify the moderating effects of core-self evaluation in the relationship between entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention, job-seeking stress of university students. The data of 349 university students in korea were collected for the study. The collected data were analyzed with multi-regression modeling. All data collected from the survey were analyzed using with SPSS 21.0 The findings of the study were as follows. First, results showed that entrepreneurial self-efficacy affect entrepreneurial intention directly. Second, core-self evaluation affect job-seeking stress of university students. Finally, it was also found that there was moderating effect of core-self evaluation in relationship between entrepreneurial self-efficacy and job-seeking stress of university students. On the other hand it was found there was no moderating effect of core-self evaluation in relationship between entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention. Based on what has been learned through the analyses, The results of this study suggest that an educational system and institutional are needed to increase entrepreneurial efficacy. And It can be seen that the recognition of core self-evaluation is effective for the job seeking stress. Also, the implications and the limitations of the study were presented including some directions for future studies.

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A Study on Effect of the University Student's Entrepreneurship on Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy and Entrepreneurial Intention : Focusing on Mediating Effect of Opportunity Recognition (대학생의 기업가정신이 창업효능감 및 창업의지에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 -창업기회인식의 매개 효과를 중심으로-)

  • Kang, Jae-Hac;Yang, Dong-Woo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.493-507
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    • 2016
  • The aim of this study was to re-verify the importance of opportunity recognition as a mediating factor and add the entrepreneurial self-efficacy, which is recognized as another key factor that triggers start-up activities with the entrepreneurial intention, as a dependent variable. For this reason, in this study, 373 university students in Seoul, Gyeonggi-do Province, Inchon, were surveyed and analyzed empirically. The results of the study was as follows. First, the entrepreneurship partially affects the entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention. Second, the mediating effect of opportunity recognition between the entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial self-efficacy, and between entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intention was verified.

Effect of Entrepreneurial Education on Entrepreneurial Intention of University Students : Focused on mediating effect of self-efficacy and Entrepreneurial motivation (기업가정신교육이 대학생들의 창업의도에 미치는 영향 - 자기효능감과 창업동기의 매개효과를 중심으로 -)

  • Yang, Jun Hwan
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.65-77
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    • 2014
  • A consistent agreement has been made among researchers with regards to entrepreneurship as a critical determinant in fostering and promoting start-up new businesses. Many prior studies claim that entrepreneurial education plays a significant role in facilitating and enforcing entrepreneurship among people, and consequently it leads to active creation of new businesses. This study examines practical effectiveness of entrepreneurial education being provided by universities for university students. The findings of the study are summarized as followings. The effect of entrepreneurial education was significantly influencing on entrepreneurial intention of university students. It also turned out entrepreneurial education delivered a significant effect on forming both entrepreneurial motivation and self-efficacy of university students. Mediating effect was appeared partially over the path between entrepreneurial education and entrepreneurial intention by self-efficacy and entrepreneurial motivation. Discussion and practical implication on the findings are addressed and provided.

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Impact of Startup Support Program on Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy, Opportunity Recognition·Startup Intention of Undergraduate Students (대학생 창업지원프로그램이 창업효능감, 기회인식, 창업의지에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jung Ran;Chang, Gyoo Soon
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.43-60
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to inform the university stakeholder and startup policy makers about the current status of startup support programs and to identify criteria that could impact the startup effectively among various support program. The purpose of this study is to categorize the startup support programs into three different types. These types are startup education support, startup activity and commercialization support the startup Intention of university students was analyzed using survey and interview during the these programs. In addition, the impact on startup intention was empirical analyzed utilizing entrepreneurial self-efficacy and opportunity recognition support programs. Research results show that, Firstly, startup activity support program had impacted on both entrepreneurial self-efficacy and opportunity recognition. Commercialization support had impacted entrepreneurial self-efficacy. However, startup education support program had no impact on entrepreneurial self-efficacy and opportunity recognition. secondly, entrepreneurial self-efficacy and opportunity Recognition have influence on startup intention. Thirdly, startup activity support had influenced on startup intention. Finally, startup activity support and startup intention strongly influenced entrepreneurial self-efficacy. Also, commercialization and startup intention strongly influenced opportunity recognition. Other factors only influenced partially. Startup support program shall seek various solutions to improve quality to increase startup intention based on the research results. Also, high quality educational program shall be offered to improve entrepreneurial self-efficacy and opportunity recognition, while promoting startup activity and commercialization support emphasized. Try to realize a strategic development for activation of startup business.

The Influence of Senior's Technical Stress and Self­-Efficacy on Entrepreneurial Intentions : Including Mediating Effects of the Resilience (시니어의 기술 스트레스와 자기효능감이 창업의지에 미치는 영향 : 회복탄력성의 매개효과를 포함하여)

  • Chang, Soo-jin
    • Journal of Venture Innovation
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.93-118
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    • 2019
  • This study empirical analysed how senior's technical stress and self-efficacy affected entrepreneurial intentions and whether resilience functioned as a mediating effects between them. 207 data were collected from the field survey questionnaires administered to a convenience sample of senior men and women aged 40 and over who had entrepreneurial intentions. For hypothesis testing, the IBM SPSS Statistics 24.0 was used. Frequency analysis, exploratory factor analysis, correlation analysis, and hierarchical regression analysis were conducted. Empirical studies showed as follows. First, technical stress affected senior's entrepreneurial intentions. Second, self-efficacy turned out to affect senior's entrepreneurial intentions. Third, resilience came out to have a partial-mediating effects between technical stress and the senior's entrepreneurial intentions as well as between self-efficacy and the senior's entrepreneurial intentions. These research outcomes supported the preceding studies that self-efficacy played key roles in maximizing senior's entrepreneurial intentions and demonstrated the importance of self-efficacy as an independent variable for seniors to promote entrepreneurial activities with an intention of starting a new business. Furthermore, the technical stress newly introduced as an independent variable was found to be the next most important factor after the self-efficacy. The study also confirmed that the resilience has been doing an partial-mediating effects. However, it appeared that the technical stress affected the will of start-up, but it appeared to be a positive relationship. For generalization of this finding, further studies are required.

The Influences of Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy, Work Value, and Entrepreneurial Service on the Entrepreneurial Intention of Coffee Shop Founders (창업자기능감, 일가치 및 창업지원서비스가 창업의도에 미치는 영향 - 커피전문점 창업을 중심으로 -)

  • Koo, Ji-Eun;Chun, Byung-Gil
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2015
  • This study was performed to empirically verify how the degree of entrepreneurial self-efficacy, the degree of work value which each founder gains from starting a shop, and the degree of usefulness perception of the entrepreneurial service given by the public sector influence founder's entrepreneurial intentions. The degree of entrepreneurial self-efficacy and internal work value was found to influence entrepreneurial intentions. In addition, would-be coffee shop founders' usefulness perception of entrepreneurial service had an impact on entrepreneurial intention. The results of this study could allow a wider understaning of what factors influence entrepreneurial intentions of a coffee shop founder and the importance of governmental support(education, funding, skills, and management).