• Title, Summary, Keyword: Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy

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The Influences of Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy, Work Value, and Entrepreneurial Service on the Entrepreneurial Intention of Coffee Shop Founders (창업자기능감, 일가치 및 창업지원서비스가 창업의도에 미치는 영향 - 커피전문점 창업을 중심으로 -)

  • Koo, Ji-Eun;Chun, Byung-Gil
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2015
  • This study was performed to empirically verify how the degree of entrepreneurial self-efficacy, the degree of work value which each founder gains from starting a shop, and the degree of usefulness perception of the entrepreneurial service given by the public sector influence founder's entrepreneurial intentions. The degree of entrepreneurial self-efficacy and internal work value was found to influence entrepreneurial intentions. In addition, would-be coffee shop founders' usefulness perception of entrepreneurial service had an impact on entrepreneurial intention. The results of this study could allow a wider understaning of what factors influence entrepreneurial intentions of a coffee shop founder and the importance of governmental support(education, funding, skills, and management).

A Study on Effect of Social support on Baby boomer's Entrepreneurial Opportunity Competence: Focusing on Mediating Effect of Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy (사회적지지가 베이비부머의 창업기회역량에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 창업자기효능감의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Sang Soo;Lim, Wang Kyu
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.101-115
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzed the effects of social support on entrepreneurial opportunity competence for Baby boomer (born in 1955-1963), focusing on mediating effect of entrepreneurial self-efficacy. The governmental start-up policy and entrepreneurship education are mostly conducted for the college students and young generation mainly through such programs as the youth start-up school. In addition, studies on the effects of social support and institutional support on the entrepreneurial intention of young generation entrepreneurs are being actively pursued. Meanwhile, the study for baby boomers is on the welfare side mainly. Although they are starting to make their living-based business without prior careful preparation for their livelihood after retirement, while there is little study on the effect of social support for this baby boomer on entrepreneurial opportunity competence needed for opportunistic entrepreneurship. Therefore, in this study, in order to investigate the effect of social support on Baby boomer's entrepreneurial opportunity competence, an empirical analysis of the 387 questionnaires collected by the baby boomers living in Seoul and Gyeonggi provinces were conducted. As a result of analysis, First, Social support has a significant effect on both Opportunity recognition and Opportunity assessment of entrepreneurial opportunity competence. Second, In the effects of social support on self-efficacy were found to be significant in Emotional and Instrument support only on Self-confidence, In Emotional support and Feedback support only on Self-regulated efficacy & Emotional support and Instrument support only on Goal challenge were found to be a significant effect. Third, Self-regulated efficacy and Goal challenge in the Entrepreneurial self-efficacy on Entrepreneurial opportunity recognition were found to be a significant effect. All Self-confidence, Self-regulated efficacy & Goal challenge in the Entrepreneurial self-efficacy on Entrepreneurial opportunity assessment were found to be a significant effect. Fourth, Indirect effect of social support on entrepreneurial opportunity competence mediated by Entrepreneurial self-efficacy was found to be partially significant.

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The Impact of Service quality in Entrepreneurial education on the Self-efficacy, the Achievement need and the Satisfaction of Entrepreneurial Education : Focusing on the Entrepreneurial Education of Internet Shopping Mall (창업교육 서비스 품질이 자기효능감, 기대 성취욕구 및 교육만족도에 미치는 영향 : 인터넷 쇼핑몰 창업교육을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jeongin;Lee, Ilhan
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.21-31
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to explore the relationships among service quality, self-efficacy, achievement need, and satisfaction in internet shopping mall entrepreneurial education. In this research, service quality consists of four factors including curriculum(lecturer expertise, distinction, and diversity of curricula), type(theory-oriented and practice-oriented), and administration(operation, facility and networking). First, this study investigated how service quality affected both self-efficacy and achievement need, second analyzed how both self-efficacy and achievement need influenced the satisfaction in internet shopping mall entrepreneurial education. The data were obtained from a questionnaire handed out to a random sample of 129 individuals that Cafe 24 in progress in the shopping mall entrepreneurial education. With the information obtained, and after the scales validation process, a structural equation analysis has been conducted. The analysis results indicate that service quality affects both self-efficacy and achievement need. According to the analysis, first, expertise, distinction and operation affect self-efficacy, second both expertise and operation affect achievement need. In addition, the results show that self-efficacy and achievement need influenced the satisfaction of entrepreneurial education. Finally, based in the findings of this study, theoretical contribution and managerial implications are discussed.

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The Impact of Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy on the Entrepreneurial Intention of Preliminary Social Entrepreneurs and General Entrepreneurs: The Moderating Effect of Social Support (사회적기업 및 일반기업 예비 창업가의 창업효능감이 창업의도에 미치는 영향: 사회적 지지의 조절효과)

  • Cho, Young bohk;Son, Jin Hyun;Jung, Ki Bum;Lee, Na Young
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.89-104
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the relation between entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention, and analyze how social support gained through social relations influences on the relation between entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention. This study outcome is as in the following. First, both general corporate and preliminary social entrepreneur are to examine that entrepreneurial self-efficacy positively influences the entrepreneurial intention. Second, in the case of the social support, it didn't influence on preliminary general corporate. And only feedback support and instrument support are related to influence on preliminary social entrepreneur among social supports. This study shall have a significance in using the result of previous studies that entrepreneurial self-efficacy influences on entrepreneurial intention by looking into moderating effect of social support, classifying general corporate and preliminary social entrepreneur who have the entrepreneurial intention.

Self-Efficacy as Moderator in Entrepreneurship Education and Entrepreneurial Intention: Comparison between Korean and Chinese University Students (한·중 대학생들의 자기효능감 조절효과분석: 기업가정신교육과 창업의도 관계에서)

  • Yang, Jun Hwan
    • The Journal of Small Business Innovation
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.17-35
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    • 2016
  • Understanding key factors that affect entrepreneurial intention of university students is important to establish effective pedagogy for educating potential entrepreneurs. This cross-cultural study examines the direct effects of entrepreneurship education and self-efficacy on entrepreneurial intention of university students, and further examined how self-efficacy interacts with an entrepreneurship education in promoting entrepreneurial intention of Korean and Chinese university students. Empirical findings of this study suggest that entrepreneurship education and self-efficacy affect significantly entrepreneurial intention of university students in both countries. The proposed moderation effect of self-efficacy was supported for Korea but not China. The implications of the study were discussed and presented in terms of theoretical and practical aspects.

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A Study on Effect of the Entrepreneurship on Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy and Entrepreneurial Intention -Focusing on Mediating Effect of Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy- (기업가정신이 창업효능감 및 창업의도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 -진로결정 자기효능감의 매개효과를 중심으로-)

  • Youn, Ji-Su;Hyun, Byung-Hwan
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.171-186
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of entrepreneurship on entrepreneurial efficacy and entrepreneurial intention, and to provide implications for analyzing mediating effects of career decision self-efficacy in bilateral relations. The data were collected from entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship students, and, and 220 students were surveyed. For the empirical analysis, frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability verification, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis were performed using SPSSWIN 21.0. The specific analysis results are as follows. First, in the relationship between entrepreneurship and career decision-making self-efficacy, entrepreneurship has a significant effect on career decision-making self-efficacy. Second, in the relationship between entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship efficacy, and intention of entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship has significant influence on entrepreneurship efficacy and entrepreneurship intention. Third, the mediating effect analysis of career decision self-efficacy in the relationship between entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial efficacy, and entrepreneurship intention showed that all mediated effects were significant. The results of this study should be achieved through a convergence curriculum in which entrepreneurship education and career education can be considered at the entrepreneurial education stage in order to enhance entrepreneurship and intention to influence entrepreneurship and career choice. Practical implications were suggested for more effective education.

Effect of Perceived Relational Supports on Entrepreneurial Motivation of Korean and Chinese University Students: Focused on mediating role of self-efficacy (지각된 관계적 지원이 한·중 대학생의 기업가적 동기에 미치는 영향: 자기효능감의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Yang, Jun Hwan
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2015
  • Strong ties such as family members, relatives and close friends have been widely acknowledged as a vital factor when a potential entrepreneur attempts to initiate entrepreneurial activity. Recent theoretical arguments focus that family social capital, a form of social capital, that is embedded in family relationships can contribute to venture creation as well as to the development of competitive advantage for established firms. Meantime, there have been arguments that the most dominant single entrepreneurial ethnic group in the world is the Chinese people, while the People's Republic of China is widely recognized as fast growing economic power that is driven by entrepreneurial ventures in a large scale. This study tests the effect of perceived relational supports typically being provided by family members, close relatives and friends on forming self-efficacy and entrepreneurial motivation of university students by using samples collected from 4 Korean Universities(Wonkwang, Baekseok, Soongsil and Dankook university) and Guangzhou University in China. The mediating of self-efficacy was also tested to gain better understanding of the role of the variable. The results of the study suggest that 1) both self-efficacy and entrepreneurial motivation are influenced positively by the perceived relational supports, 2) self-efficacy of university students affects their entrepreneurial motivation positively, 3) self-efficacy is appeared to be mediated partially for China in between perceived relational supports and entrepreneurial motivation, but the same variable is exhibited a full mediation in the same path of the research model for Korea, which was a distinction between the students of two countries in this study. Discussion and practical implication on the results are provided.

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Effects on Entrepreneurial Intention by Start-up Environment and Self-efficacy Mediated by Fear of Business Failure (창업 환경 및 인식이 사업실패부담감을 매개로 창업의지에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Sang-Hoon;Ha, Kyu-Soo
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.8
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    • pp.143-157
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is firstly, to find out the factors of entrepreneurial intention in potential entrepreneurs, and secondly to examine the relationship between objective start-up environment and subjective recognition of start-up environment, and entrepreneurial intention. For this study, investigation has been done to find out if fear of business failure, that is notoriously high among Koreans, acts as an influential factor between objective start-up environment/subjective recognition of start-up environment and entrepreneurial intention. The data is collected from 335 respondents comprised of college students and adults who are interested in starting their own businesses. The results of this study are as follows : (1) Objective start-up environment and subjective recognition of start-up environment, which is self-efficacy, have a positive effect on entrepreneurial intention. (2) Fear of business failure mediates the relationship between objective start-up environment/subjective recognition of start-up environment, and entrepreneurial intention (3) Child-care system, as an explain variable in the objective start-up environment in this study, is an important factor in the process of entrepreneurial commitment.

A Study of Entrepreneurship Education on Entrepreneurial Orientation of Korean and Chinese University Students: Focused on Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy as Mediator (기업가정신교육이 한·중대학생들의 기업가적 지향성에 미치는 영향: 자기효능감의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Yang, Jun Hwan
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.233-242
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    • 2020
  • This empirical study was designed to identify the key factors that affect entrepreneurial orientation of university students. An exploratory model was suggested to verify the relationship among the research variables including entrepreneurship education, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial orientation(Innovativeness, Proactiveness, Risk-Taking Propensity) in order to attain the purpose of the study. This paper also aimed at investigating the possible difference between Korea and China in entrepreneurial process within this research framework. Total 440 university students participated in this study from both countries; Korea(n=224) and China(n=216). The hierarchical multiple regression was employed for estimating technique by using IBM SPSS statistics Version 23. The findings showed that entrepreneurship education works as a key predictor of entrepreneurial orien- tation and entrepreneurial self-efficacy as well. Also, entrepreneurial self-efficacy has a positive and significant mediating effect and goes on to further impact entrepreneurial orientation. So, entrepreneurship education should be enhanced extensively in order to promote entrepreneurship of young people. The theoretical and practical implication were presented.

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A Study on the Effect of Social Support on Entrepreneurial Intentions and Entrepreneurial Behaviors: Mediating Effects of Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy and Entrepreneurial Intentions (사회적 지지가 창업의도 및 창업행동에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 창업자기효능감과 창업의도의 매개효과)

  • OK, Jun Woo;Hyun, Byung Hwan;Chang, Eun Sil;Yang, Jae Min
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.151-165
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    • 2020
  • Recently, the government has been spending a large amount of money to support start-ups with its major policies aimed at economic growth and job creation under the keynote of innovative growth. Nevertheless, the Global Entrepreneurship Development Institute (GEDI) gave a very low assessment of the social and cultural support areas of Korea's start-up ecosystem in the 2018 Global Entrepreneurship Index (GEI), indicating that unlike the government's interest, our perception of start-ups has not been positive. This study surveyed 300 prospective entrepreneurs and entrepreneurs. In addition, this study empirically analyzes how social support of those around them is related to their entrepreneurial intentions and behaviors. As a result, it was not possible to confirm whether social support affects entrepreneurial intentions, but social support had positive influences on entrepreneurial behaviors. In addition, social support was found to have positive influences on entrepreneurial behaviors with dual mediation of entrepreneurial self-dfficacy and entrepreneurial intentions. Therefore, it was confirmed that social support is a factor that influences entrepreneurial behaviors and that entrepreneurial self-efficacy has important parametric effects. The findings of this study suggest that the government and entrepreneurship support agencies need to reflect programs in start-up support poject to promote social support for start-ups and to enhance entrepreneurial self-efficacy.

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