• Title, Summary, Keyword: Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy

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A Study on the Relationships between Time Perspective of College Students and Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy (창업교육이 대학생의 창업효능감과 시간관에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sang Pyo;Byun, Chyng Gyu;Ha, Hwan Ho
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.79-88
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    • 2017
  • Personal time perspective is a factor influencing motivation and goal-oriented behavior. The start-up process is a preparatory process for the future rather than the present. There will be a difference in entrepreneurial decision making depending on the level of time perspective. This study verified the relationship between individual 's time perspective and entrepreneurial self-efficacy. For this study, a survey was conducted with 190 students in college. To test the hypothesis, t-test, one-way analysis of variance and correlation analysis were used. The results of the study are as follows. First, we analyzed the difference of individual 's time by past-negative, past-positive, present-fatalistic, present-hedonistic, and future-oriented time. As a result of analysis, the more experience of entrepreneurship education, the higher the present-fatalistic, present-hedonistic, and future-oriented level. Second, the effect of individual's time perspective on entrepreneurial self-efficacy was analyzed. The past-negative and present-fatalistic level influenced negative on entrepreneurial self-efficacy. The present-hedonistic and future-oriented level influenced positive on entrepreneurial self-efficacy. Finally, based on the above results, academic significance, implications and limitations are suggested.

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A Comparative Study on the Influence of Personality Characteristics on Entrepreneurial Intention of University Students in Four Asian Countries (아시아 4개국 대학생들의 개인특성이 창업의도에 미치는 영향에 관한 비교 연구)

  • Cho, Young Jo;Ha, Kyu Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.51-64
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    • 2017
  • This Paper Aims to Provide Economic Implications to Activate College Start-ups by Performing an International Comparative Study on the Personality Characteristic Elements that Affect Entrepreneurial Intention of University Students. This Investigation Employed Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy, Entrepreneurial Preference, Desire of Achievement, and Fear of Failure as Personality Characteristic Factors. Furthermore, Social Perception was used as the Moderating Variable. The Result Shows that Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy and Entrepreneurial Preference had a Positive Effect, while fear of Failure had a Negative Effect on Entrepreneurial Intention. Moreover, Desire of Achievement did not have any Effects. The Analysis of Moderating Effect of Social Perception between Personality Characteristics and Entrepreneurial Intention Shows that the Moderating Effect did not Appear.

A Comparison of Determinant Factors of the Entrepreneurial Intention among Korean and Chinese Students (한국과 중국 대학생의 창업의지 결정요인 비교분석)

  • Lee, Ji Seok;Xu, Da Peng
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.65-81
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    • 2010
  • This paper examines factors like career orientation, social & cultural perception and self-efficacy that influence on entrepreneurial intention of college students, and also comparison of determinant factors of the entrepreneurial intention among Korean and Chinese students. First, in terms of technical competence orientation, security orientation, autonomy orientation, Korean students showed higher than Chinese students, while Korean students showed lower entrepreneurial creativity orientation. In terms of corporate image and entrepreneurial intention, Korean students showed lower than Chinese students. Second, entrepreneurial creativity orientation out of career orientation among Korean and Chinese Students had significant positive effects on entrepreneurial intention, while security orientation had marginally negative effects on entrepreneurial intention. Entrepreneurial self-efficacy and corporate image had the positive effects on entrepreneurial intention together. The Chinese students, however, had the positive effects in network environment for analysis in this study only.

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Determinants of Entrepreneurial Intentions: Individual Characteristics and Environmental Factors (창업 의지의 결정요인: 개인특성 및 환경요인)

  • Yoon, Bang-Seob
    • 한국산학경영학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.23-42
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    • 2004
  • This study examined individual characteristic factors and environmental factors as determinants of entrepreneurial intentions. As for individual characteristic factors, individuals' career orientations and entrepreneurial self-efficacy were examined. As for environmental factors, social supports and successful role models, labeled as personal environmental factors, were examined, and social perceptions for entrepreneurs, labeled as social environmental factors were also examined. Data were collected from undergraduates of business department, and graduates of the same department. The samples of 208 and 81 for each group were used for final analysis. Results showed that as a whole, career orientations affected entrepreneurial intentions. Specifically, entrepreneurial orientations had positive effects. and security orientations had marginally negative effects on entrepreneurial intentions, while, unexpectedly, autonomy orientations had no significant effects. Entrepreneurial self-efficacy had the strongest positive effects on entrepreneurial intentions. Social supports and successful role models, which were not identified as distinct variables by the respondents, were integrated as a new variable of 'network environments' for analysis in this study. Network environments positively affected on entrepreneurial intentions. Social perceptions for entrepreneurs, however, did not affect on entrepreneurial intentions. Based on the results of career orientations, self-efficacy, and network environment, the implications for activating entrepreneurship were discussed.

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Influential Factors of Social Entrepreneurial Intention in Bangladesh

  • AKHTER, Ayeasha;HOSSAIN, Md. Uzzal;ASHEQ, Ahmed Al
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.7 no.8
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    • pp.645-651
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    • 2020
  • The concept of social entrepreneurship (SE) is gaining attention in developing economies for the purpose of greater societal welfare maximization. Still, findings in the field of SE studies have been riddled with conflicting results and counterstatement. Also, the determinants of developing SE are not robustly investigated in developing economies like Bangladesh. This context has mobilized the authors of this current study to focus on determining student's intention to pursue SE as their career choice. Hence, the study aims to examine the predictive determinants of social entrepreneurial intentions (SEI) among Bangladeshi students. The study has investigated the influence of entrepreneurial self-efficacy, social support, prior experience, and educational support on SEI. The survey was conducted from a public university of Bangladesh, and 231 students participated in the study. Questionnaire items under each construct variable have been adopted from pre-tested research studies. Five-point Likert scale questionnaire was applied to measure the variables. SPSS version 23.0 has been used for statistical analysis through which correlation and multiple regression analysis were conducted to measure the impact of the independent variables on SEI. Results exhibited that self-efficacy, social support, and educational support positively and significantly predicted SEI, while prior experience does not influence SEI.

The Study of the Effects of College Student's Creativity and Self-efficacy on Entrepreneurial Intention (대학생의 개인 창의성과 자기효능감이 창업의지에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Hyun Kyoung;Lee, Il Han
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.111-120
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to research the effect of college student's creativity and self-efficacy on entrepreneurial intention. The creativity was comprised of fluency, originality, flexibility, logicality, risk-taking, and openness. The data was collected through a survey using college students as objects and 265 copies of the questionnaires were eventually. The study result was as follows. First, originality and risk-taking of the creativity appeared to have a positive effect (+) on entrepreneurial intention. On the other hand, fluency, flexibility, logicality and openness of the creativity appeared to have no effect on entrepreneurial intention. Secondly, self-efficacy appeared to have a positive effect (+) on entrepreneurial intention. The academic implications of this study were: first, under the situation of which the studies about creativity on entrepreneurship are rather inadequate, this study is carried out with respect to influential factor of creativity in regard to entrepreneurial intention, second, obtained the result that the effect of which creativity has on entrepreneurial intention varied for each characteristic of creativity. In practise, this study implies that entrepreneurial intention can be increased through practical and systematic entrepreneurship education designed for increasing creativity and self-efficacy.

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A Study on the Effects of Creativity Competency Education on Self-Efficacy and Entrepreneurial Intention: The Moderating Role of Social Support through Parent Cooperation (창의성역량 교육이 자기효능감과 창업의지에 미치는 영향: 부모협력을 통한 사회적지지의 조절효과 중심으로)

  • Ahn, Tae-Uk;Lee, II-Han;Park, Jae-Whan
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.25-39
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    • 2017
  • The role of traditional universities has been emphasized as a career path to advance into society. Recently, it has become a new paradigm of university education by emphasizing entrepreneurship as a career aspect. While entrepreneurship education is constantly expanding for college students, relatively few young people choose to start their own business. Despite the fact that the government is continuing to expand the university's entrepreneurship education, there are very few achievements that lead to actual entrepreneurship and student start-up There is still a lack of research on ways to cultivate creative talents and increase practical entrepreneurial intention. The results of this study are as follows: First, the effects of creativity competency education on self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention were analyzed. The effect of self-efficacy on the entrepreneurial intention. Finally This study examined the effects of social support (parent support) between self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention. This study used 393 samples in August 2016 for university students who received entrepreneurship education. The results showed that the ability of communicative communication and creative problem solving had a positive effect on self-efficacy. On the other hand, innovative work behavior abilities did not directly affect self-efficacy. In addition, creative problem solving ability and innovative work behavior ability had a positive effect on the entrepreneurial intention. On the other hand, the ability to communicate in a collaborative manner has no direct effect on the entrepreneurial intention. In addition, self-efficacy has a positive effect on the entrepreneurial intention. Finally, the adjustment effect of social support (parent support) between self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention has no effect. The implications of this study are empirically verified the effectiveness of creativity capacity through entrepreneurship education and the result of meaningful research that the social support through cooperation of parents is indispensable in order to increase the actual starting will of college students. Therefore, universities need to establish entrepreneurship education programs for their parents in order to increase the willingness of college students to start-up. This study can be used as a meaningful basic data for establishing policy for student start - up and suggesting the right direction of entrepreneurship education.

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The Influence of Entrepreneurial Supporting Policy and Entrepreneurship on Entrepreneurial Intention in the fusion of industries -Considering the moderating effect of the business failure burden and self-efficacy- (융복합 산업 분야에서의 창업지원정책 및 기업가 정신이 창업의지에 미치는 영향 -사업실패 부담감과 자기효능감의 조절효과를 고려하여-)

  • Kwon, Myung-Kyu;Yang, Hae-Sool
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.21-37
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of study was to examine the entrepreneurial supporting policy and the entrepreneurship which can affect the entrepreneurial intention, and to prove the moderating effect of the business failure burden and the self-efficacy on the relationship of the entrepreneurial supporting policy, entrepreneurship and the entrepreneurial intention through the empirical study in the fusion of industries. We used data from 321 survey participants by using structured questionnaires, excluding dishonest respondents, and statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS 18.0 statistic package. We used hierarchical regression technique to prove our hypothesis. The results showed that education and marketing support which are part of the entrepreneurial supporting policy in the fusion of industries will have positive influence on innovativeness, pro-activeness and risk acceptability which are part of entrepreneurship. It has been reported that only funding support has positive influence on entrepreneurship pro-activeness. The results also indicated that the entrepreneurial supporting policy will have positive influence on the entrepreneurial intention, but business failure burden and self-efficacy will have no moderating effect in the relation between the entrepreneurial supporting policy and the entrepreneurship. The theoretical and practical implications of the findings were discussed and the directions for future research were presented.

Determinants of Entrepreneurial Intentions : Individual Characteristics and Environmental Factors (창업 의지의 결정요인: 개인특성 및 환경요인)

  • Yoon, Bang-Seob
    • Korean Business Review
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.89-110
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    • 2004
  • This study examined individual characteristic factors and environmental factors as determinants of entrepreneurial intentions. As for individual characteristic factors, individuals' career orientations and entrepreneurial self-efficacy were examined. As for environmental factors, social supports and successful role models, classified as personal environmental factors, were examined, and social perceptions for entrepreneurs, classified as social environmental factors were also examined. Data were collected from undergraduates of business department, and graduates of the same department. The samples of 208 and 81 for each group were used for final analysis. Results showed that as a whole, career orientations affected entrepreneurial intentions. Specifically, entrepreneurial orientations had positive effects, and security orientations had marginally negative effects on entrepreneurial intentions, while, unexpectedly, autonomy orientations had no significant effects. Entrepreneurial self-efficacy had the strongest positive effects on entrepreneurial intentions. Social supports and successful role models, which were not identified as distinct variables by the respondents, were integrated as a new variable of 'network environments' for analysis in this study. Network environments positively affected on entrepreneurial intentions. Social perceptions for entrepreneurs, however, did not affect on entrepreneurial intentions. Based on the results of career orientations, self-efficacy, and network environment, the implications for activating entrepreneurship were discussed.

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Entrepreneurial·Job Search Education's Effects on the Antecedents of University Students' Entrepreneurial·Job Search Intention (창업·취업교육이 대학생의 창업·취업의도 영향요인에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Sungwoo;Kang, Minhyung
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.47-59
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    • 2016
  • This paper explores antecedents of entrepreneurial and job search intentions based on the theory of planned behavior. Additionally, it examines the impact of entrepreneurship and job search education on these antecedents of entrepreneurial and job search intentions. The research model has been validated by analyzing 1,432 responses from undergraduate students in South Korea. The results of analysis provide several findings: First, entrepreneurship attitude, entrepreneurship subjective norm, and entrepreneurship self efficacy showed significant positive effects on entrepreneurial intention, but their effects on job search intention were insignificant. Second, while job search attitude showed significant positive effects on both intentions, job search subjective norm showed a significant effect only on job search intention, and job search self efficacy showed a significant effect only on entrepreneurial intention. Third, entrepreneurship education increased all the antecedents of entrepreneurial intention, and reduced job search attitude. These results imply that entrepreneurship and job search education should be managed comprehensively, considering their cross-effects on the antecedents of entrepreneurial and job search intentions.