• Title, Summary, Keyword: Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy

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The Effect of Entrepreneurship Education on Career Decision Self-Efficacy, Career Preparation Behavior and Entrepreneurial Career Intention : Moderating Effect of Entrepreneurship Education (대학 창업교육이 진로결정 자기효능감, 경력준비행동 및 기업가적 경력의도에 미치는 영향: 창업교육의 조절효과)

  • Jung, Kyung Hee;Sung, Chang Soo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.49-57
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of entrepreneurship education on the relationship between career decision self-efficacy and career preparation behavior and entrepreneurial career intention. Empirical study was conducted using survey questionnaires for university students and analyzed employing structural equation modelling techniques. The result of this study showed that career decision self-efficacy was positively related to entrepreneurial career intention on entrepreneurship education group. and the impact career decision self-efficacy on the career preparation behavior showed a positive effect on both groups whether entrepreneurship education group. and Career Preparation Behavior influence on the degree of entrepreneurial experience were more positive impact on entrepreneurship education groups. The mediating effect of career preparation behavior was significant on the relationship between tie strength of career decision self-efficacy and entrepreneurial career intention. the theoretical and practical implications of the findings were discussed and the directions for future research were suggested.

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The effect of entrepreneurial motivation on the entrepreneurial performance focusing on potential entrepreneurs and entrepreneurs: Mediating role of entrepreneurship (창업동기요인이 예비창업자와 기창업자의 창업성과에 미치는 영향 : 기업가정신의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Byeong-Gweon;Jeon, In-Oh
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.213-230
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    • 2014
  • Increasing unemployment rate and creation of new jobs are most important issues around the world recently. Then many developed countries, including Republic of Korea, establish and enforce a variety of start-up activation policies to increase employment rate and boom up the national economy. Establishing linkage of entrepreneurship motivation, entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial intention and firm performance, focusing on potential entrepreneurs and entrepreneur, it could provide personalized and targeted entrepreneurial policy programs to increase entrepreneurship, because entrepreneurship is the most important factor to activate startups. On this study, it established factors of entrepreneurial motivation on potential entrepreneurs and entrepreneurs, and analyzed the linkage of factors of entrepreneurial motivation, entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial intention(potential entrepreneurs) and firm performance(entrepreneurs). For analysis, this study conducted descriptive statistics, reliability analysis, factor analysis to verify validity, correlation analysis, and regression to analyze influence between factors. Potential entrepreneurs group has 202 samples, and findings show self-efficacy, social network, economic status and government policy influence on entrepreneurship positively. And self-efficacy, startup education, economic status and government policy have a positive effect on entrepreneurial intention, too. Entrepreneurs group has 212 samples, and findings show self-efficacy, social network and economic status influence on entrepreneurship. And each linkage has a positive effect, that self-efficacy - financial and non-financial performance, startup education - financial and technological performance, social network - financial performance, economic status - financial and non-financial performance, and government policy - financial and technological performance.

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A Study on the Mediating Effect of Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy on the Relationship between Entrepreneurship and Individual and Group Creativity of Corporate Organization Members (기업조직 구성원의 기업가정신과 개인 및 집단 창의성의 관계에서 기업가적 자기효능감의 매개효과에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Chan-sub;Noh, Yeon-Sook;Lee, Da-Jeong;Lee, Sun-Kyu
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.187-198
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    • 2020
  • This study focused on the importance of creativity in organizational environment recently, and empirically analyzes the process of entrepreneurship to improve organizational creativity through entrepreneurial self-efficacy and confirmed its effect. This study analyzed the relationship between the entrepreneurship and individual and group creativity. In particular, it examines the mediating effects of entrepreneurship and creativity. For this study, the research model and hypothesis were established based on the literature research, and 308 questionnaires were distributed and collected for manufacturing workers in Gyeongbuk. The results showed that entrepreneurship affects entrepreneurship self-efficacy and entrepreneurship self-efficacy affects individual and group creativity. The effects of entrepreneurship on entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial self-efficacy on individual and group creativity were examined. These findings can provide guidelines for corporate strategy development direction and organizational management.

Effects of Universities' Startup Support Programs on Entrepreneurial Intention of Undergraduate: Moderating Role of Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy (대학의 창업지원프로그램이 창업의도에 미치는 영향: 창업효능감의 조절효과)

  • Jung, Duk-Hwa
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.635-646
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    • 2018
  • This paper aims to examine structural relationship between startup programs aided by university what reflected in GEM(Global Entrepreneurship Monitor) model and was establishing entrepreneurial intention of current university students. Total of 364 suitable sample data were used to empirical analysis hypotheses. The results of the hypothesis test through analysis of the structural model are summarized as follows. First, among the factors of universities' startup support programs, entrepreneurial education, entrepreneurial consulting, R&D transfer, and entrepreneurial culture has a positive effect on recognition of entrepreneurial opportunities. Second, entrepreneurial education and entrepreneurial consulting has a positive influence on entrepreneurship. Third, the parameters of entrepreneurial opportunities and entrepreneurship positively influences on entrepreneurial intention. Therefore, University should support entrepreneurial education, R&D transfer, entrepreneurial consulting and makes entrepreneurial culture intensely for vitalizing university students entrepreneurial intention.

Relationship Among Self-Determination, Entrepreneurship and Entrepreneurial Intention of University Students in Korea (예비창업자의 자기결정성이 기업가정신과 창업의지에 미치는 영향: 창업교육의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Sung Hwan;Bok, Kyoung Soo;Park, Jae Choon
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.15-26
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    • 2015
  • Overall, college students tend to be immersed in the relatively safe employment, such as civil servants or public sector than start one's own business due to the lack of entrepreneurial spirit which made the great success in order to take the risk and innovative challenge. In this study, relationship between pre-founder of college students' self-determination, entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial intentions are to be determined. As a result, the implications were derived in order to make pre-founder various ways of career decision beside employment. Therefore start-up training courses was verified by moderating effects. The results are first, high self-determination(Autonomy, Efficacy) of the pre-founder made positive impact on entrepreneurial intention. Second, high self-determination(Autonomy, Efficacy) of the pre-founder made positive impact on entrepreneurship. Third, entrepreneurship of the pre-founder made positive impact on entrepreneurial intention. Fourth, entrepreneurship was carried out a full mediating role in the relationship between self-determination and entrepreneurial intention. Finally, Pre-founder group who have taken entrepreneurship education have showed a positive relationship between high self-determination(Autonomy, Competence, Relationship) and entrepreneurial intention. Based on these results, especially pre-founders, in order to improve the willingness of university students entrepreneurship, highly motivated intrinsic motivation is needed to ensure the student's self-determination in University education. It looks that can be achieved through the strengthening of entrepreneurship education for autonomy, competence, efficacy improvement.

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Effect of Entrepreneurial Competencies on Entrepreneurial Intention : IT Competency, Creativity Competency, Social Competency, Market Perception Competency (대학생의 창업역량과 창업의도의 관계: IT 역량, 창의성 역량, 사회적 역량, 시장인지 역량)

  • Choi, Dae Soo;Sung, Chang Soo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.101-109
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    • 2017
  • Needs for economic growth and employment creation has led to develop many policies for entrepreneurship in Korea, Which focused on entrepreneurial education. This study focuses on the relationship between entrepreneurial competencies and entrepreneurial intention. So we investigated the degree of competence and entrepreneurial intention in university students with a survey. The results are as follows: First, IT Planning Competencies (ITPC) influence self-efficacy & entrepreneurial intention. but IT Development Competencies (ITDC) do not influence directly on entrepreneurial intention. Second, Creativity Competencies (CC) and Market Perception Competencies (MPC) influence self-efficacy & entrepreneurial intention. but Social Competencies(SC) do not influence directly on entrepreneurial intention. Finally ITPC, CC, MPC affected entrepreneurial intention by mediating self-efficacy. As a result, It is important not to have IT Development Competencies but to hold IT Planning Competencies for the establishment of entrepreneurial intentions. IT Planning Competencies (ITPC) influence entrepreneurial attitude and intention. but IT Development Competencies (ITDC) do not influence directly on entrepreneurial intention. So, we need to develop good contents related to the IT Planning Capabilities, Creativity and Market Perception when organizing training programs in start-up course.

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The Effects of Entrepreneurship Education, Individual Environmental Factor and Individual Trait on University Student's Career Decision Self-efficacy (창업교육과 개인적 환경요인 및 개인적 특성이 대학생의 진로결정 자기효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Kyung-Hee;Sung, Chang-Soo
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.179-187
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of entrepreneurship education and individual environmental factor on university student's career decision self-efficacy. A total of 346 university students responded to the survey and the data was analyzed using SPSS 18.0. To test the hypotheses of this study, correlation analysis and regression analysis were conducted. The results of this study showed that entrepreneurship education, role model, family entrepreneurial experience and career preparation behavior were positively related to career decision self-efficacy. While gender were not positively related to career decision self-efficacy. This study reconfirms the importance and change of recognition of university entrepreneurship education for enhancing decision-making self-efficacy as well as the importance of career preparation behavior, role model and family entrepreneurial experience that have a significant effect on career decision of university students.

The Impact of Worker's Entrepreneurship and Personal Characteristics on Entrepreneurial Intention: Moderating Effect of Social Network (직장인의 기업가 정신과 개인적 특성이 창업의도에 미치는 영향: 사회적 네트워크의 조절 효과)

  • Chang, Yu-Jin;Lee, Byung-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.497-511
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of entrepreneurship and personal characteristics on entrepreneurial intention and to analyze what factors influence the entrepreneurial intention through the moderating effects of social networks. So, the survey was conducted on 374 employees in their 30s or older. Descriptive statistics were used to understand the actual state of entrepreneurial intentions, and exploratory factor analysis was conducted to analyze the validity. In addition, a correlation analysis was conducted to identify relationships with variables, finally, a hierarchical regression analysis was performed to identify the effect of moderating social networks in entrepreneurship and personal characteristics. The study found that, firstly, Entrepreneurship was positively correlated with extroversion, achievement desire, self-efficacy, social network, entrepreneurial intention, and negatively correlated with introversion. Second, The extroversion of personal characteristics showed positive correlations with achievement desire, self-efficacy, social network, and entrepreneurial intention and negatively correlated with introversion. Introversion has a negative correlation with achievement desire, self-efficacy, social network, and entrepreneurial intention, and self-efficacy has a positive correlation with social network and entrepreneurship. Third, social networks have been shown to moderate the relationship between personal characteristics and entrepreneurial intention. Reflecting the results from this study, we expect that those preparing for future start-ups will be a meaningful reference to validate their capabilities and start them.

The Effects of Serial Entrepreneurs' Failure Attribution on Subsequent Venture: Moderating Effect of Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy and Resilience (창업가의 실패 귀인 지향성이 재창업에 미치는 영향: 기업가적 자기 효능감과 회복 탄력성의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Jongseon;Kim, Nami
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.13-26
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    • 2019
  • There is a growing interest in the entrepreneurial activity that has long been considered essential for sustainable economic development and value creating. Although it is strongly encouraged by focusing on the positive aspects of venturing, less has been paid attention to entrepreneurial failure, which is the biggest cause of hesitation in starting a business. The uncertain and risky nature of entrepreneurship implies a considerable possibility of failure. Even if it fails, the experience and knowledge of entrepreneurs acquired through entrepreneurship indeed offers valuable lessons for the re-venturing, which can serve as an important social asset that should not be lost. It has been argued that re-entering the same industry for the subsequent venture maximizes the learning effect through utilizing potential benefits from industry-specific knowledge. Although the re-startup after entrepreneurial failure is a very important topic in the studies on serial entrepreneurs, there is a paucity of systematic empirical investigation. This study responds to calls for more research on the re-startup after entrepreneurial failure, and specifically complements existing studies on serial entrepreneurs. Focusing on the entrepreneurs' attribution for the failure, we conducted an empirical analysis of how this affects the re-startup process. Moreover, we also examined the moderating effects of entrepreneurial self-efficacy and resilience. For the analyses, we surveyed the entrepreneurs who tried to re-start the subsequent business after the entrepreneurial failure through the "Revitalization Center for Strained Entrepreneur". The results found that failed entrepreneurs who blamed internal factors for their previous venture failures were likely to keep the same industry for their subsequent business. In addition, the positive effect of internal attribution on maintaining the same industry for the re-startup was found to be stronger when entrepreneurial self-efficacy and resilience were high.

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The Effect of Role Model on Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy and Entrepreneurial Intention: Focused on Korean and Chinese University Students (창업역할모델이 창업자기효능감과 창업의도에 미치는 영향: 한국과 중국대학생들을 중심으로)

  • Yang, Jun-Hwan
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.211-220
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    • 2019
  • Role model has received remarkable attentions in entrepreneurship literature over long time but majority of studies were conducted in western context. As an explorative study, this paper attempted to replicate the effect of role model in eastern context based on the discussions in the literature, using total 440 samples made of Korean and Chinese university students. This study examined the impact and effectiveness of role model on promoting entrepreneurship of university students, considering the main stream of entrepreneurship study has been concentrated on the effect of entrepreneurial education. Our findings presented that role model had a positive impact on both entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention of Korean and Chinese university students. Also, entrepreneurial self-efficacy had a significant and positive relationship with entrepreneurial intention of university students. The result of this study implies that role model need to be factored into entrepreneurship education curriculum in order to make it more effective and powerful promotional and educational tool for young university students. Theoretical and practical implications were presented based on the findings of this study.

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