• Title, Summary, Keyword: Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy

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An Exploratory Study on the Effects of Behavioral Characteristics and Networking Activity of Entrepreneurs of Venture Businesses upon Entrepreneurial Performance (신생벤처 창업가의 행동 특성과 네트워크 활동이 기업성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 탐색적 연구)

  • Chung, Dae-Yong;Roh, Kyoung-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.10 no.11
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    • pp.3354-3362
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    • 2009
  • Recently, the potential of advanced studies is being highlighted that the networking activity of entrepreneurs of venture businesses influences successful foundation. Given this background, this study intends to make an exploratory study on the influence of self-efficacy of the entrepreneur's cognitive characteristic and patience with ambiguity of the psychological characteristic upon networking activity, and the components of networking activity upon entrepreneurial performance. It was tested with sample of responses to the questionnaires for 156 entrepreneurs of venture businesses which are under 3 years since they were founded. Findings of this study are as follows: First, the entrepreneur's self-efficacy was shown to have a significant effect on networking and entrepreneurial performance. Second, patience with ambiguity was shown not to have a significant effect on networking and entrepreneurial performance. Third, networking was shown to have an effect on entrepreneurial performance, and among the components of networking activity, network frequency and reliability were shown to significantly influence entrepreneurial performance, while network range was shown not to have a significant effect on it. Therefore, for performance improvement of start-up enterprises, rather self-efficacy of the entrepreneur's cognitive characteristic than the psychological characteristic seems more important. Also, with a practical suggestion that for the networking activity of entrepreneurs of venture businesses, network frequency and reliability may have a more critical effect rather on entrepreneurial performance than network range, the limitation and direction of this study are presented.

The Impact of the Dark Triad of Personality on Nascent Entrepreneurship: A Study of College Students (부정적 성격변인 어둠의 3요소가 초기창업에 미치는 영향: 대학생 예비창업가를 중심으로)

  • An, Seung Kwon;Choi, Min Jung
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.139-154
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    • 2018
  • Government support for entrepreneurship has been very useful for many young people who start new ventures to chase their dreams. However, it has constantly been abused by unscrupulous people who intend to take advantage of monetary support. Why do some exploit it, while others make good use of it? It is important to examine the immoral personality traits in potential entrepreneurs, because entrepreneurship affects not only individuals, but also the entire society and country. This study investigates the relationship between negative personality traits and nascent entrepreneurship. Specifically, it examines the effects of the dark triad of personality - narcissism, Machiavellianism, and subclinical psychopathy - on entrepreneurial intention, self-efficacy, and productive and unproductive entrepreneurial motives. We conducted a questionnaire-based survey on university students who intend to start new ventures in the future, while pursuing entrepreneurship education. We analyzed a total of 265 responses. We found that narcissism is the only factor that has a positive influence on entrepreneurial intention. Narcissism has a positive effect on entrepreneurial self-efficacy, while psychopathy has a negative effect. We also found that narcissism has a positive influence on productive entrepreneurial motives, while Machiavellianism has a significant negative influence. Finally, we found that Machiavellianism and psychopathy have a positive impact on unproductive entrepreneurial motives.

The Study on the Women Entrepreneurs' Psychological, Environmental, Personal Factors Affecting on Entrepreneurial Motivation and Performance (여성창업가의 심리적, 환경적, 개인적 특성이 창업동기와 창업성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Hye Mi;Lee, Chang Young;Kim, Jin Soo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.45-60
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    • 2014
  • In recent year's we have seen that due to education and social position there has been a significant increase in the number of women engaging in entrepreneurial activities. Concurrently research into the activities of women currently engaged in entrepreneurial activities has increased. This research has focused on the individuals themselves, their motivations and the performance of their ventures but there is not enough systematic research on the subject. Therefore it is necessary expand the criteria of the current research to examine every aspect of how these emergent entrepreneurs operate and to provide others with the same goals the appropriate skills and knowledge needed to succeed. This study wants to identify and evaluate the psychological, environmental and personal characteristics that these women possess and to assess the impact these factors have on the level of their success. This study will focus on those women who were empirical in their methods as this lends itself better to a detailed systematic analysis. It will examine the concept of entrepreneurial self-efficacy with regard to how they searched, planned, marshaled and implemented steps to influence the environmental and personal factors that affected them. In addition the searching phase of entrepreneurial self-efficacy directly influences entrepreneurial motivation and thus performance. The results of this study will suggest that as Korean women's interest in entrepreneurship grows it will have wide reaching theoretical implications and affect the direction of the policy that supports it.

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An Effect of Youth Entrepreneurship Education Program's Characteristics to Entrepreneurial Intention: Focused on the Mediating Effect of Entrepreneurship Recognition (청소년 창업교육 프로그램 특성이 창업의도에 미치는 영향: 창업인식 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Hye-Jin;Kim, Jin-Soo
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.13-23
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of Characteristics of Entrepreneurship Education Program on Perceived Feasibility, Entrepreneurship, Career Decision Self-Efficacy and Entrepreneurial intention. A total of 559 questionnaires were collected from students participating in the BizCool Camp, were classified as SPSS 21.0 And Amos 22.0. As a result of the hypothesis test, the Characteristics of Entrepreneurship Education Program(Entrepreneurship Education Expertise, Differentiation of Entrepreneurship Education) positively affect Perceived Feasibility and Entrepreneurship, and Perceived Feasibility and Entrepreneurship increase Entrepreneurial Intention through Career Decision Self-Efficacy. This study proves that Entrepreneurship Recognition should be formed in order for The Youth Entrepreneurship Education Program to be Startups.

Entrepreneurial intentions for University students Based on Theory of Planned Behaviors (대학생들의 경력개발과 관련된 계획된 행동들이 창업실행에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Junghee;Cho, Geon
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.111-118
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    • 2015
  • Students have chosen the various behaviors to prepare for the future during the university life. In general to be employed by someone and to create one's own business is likely to be regarded as difference ways. The objectives of this study is to find that whether student's planned behaviors such as albeit, internship, getting some certification are to be related with entrepreneurial intention, and entrepreneurial intention has positive relation with entrepreneurial decision makings based on theory of Planned behaviors through empirical study. In order for that, this study sets four research hypothesis. In the empirical findings, 3 research hypothesis except H2 (subjective norms have positive relations with entrepreneurial intention) are accepted in statistically. Considering research findings, students' planned behaviors, such as albeit, internship, getting some certifications to have been regards as far away from entrepreneurship have positive relation with entrepreneurial intention and implementation. Entrepreneurship education and knowledge regarding start-ups given by Universities or private institutions should provide information to create imagination new venture business with spontaneity instead of giving intented contents concerning entrepreneurship when taking into consideration of result of hypothesis 2. In order words, entrepreneurship education to provide the self-efficacy is the right track for students.

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The Effects of Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy on Entrepreneurship of University Students: Moderating Effects of Entrepreneurial Education and Career Uncertainty (예비창업자의 창업효능감과 기업가정신의 관계: 창업교육 및 진로불확실성의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Park, JaeChun;Kim, JuSeob
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.27-38
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    • 2019
  • Recently, domestic universities have emphasized career path to start-up through entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE) and entrepreneurship. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of ESE on entrepreneurship of university students. Also we examine the moderating effects of entrepreneurial education and career uncertainty between ESE and entrepreneurship. Research sample consisted of 236 university students in Cheonan city. The results of this research is as follows: First, ESE showed a positive effects on entrepreneurship. Second, the moderating effect of entrepreneurial education was significant on the relationship between ESE and entrepreneurship. In other words, university students with a higher entrepreneurial education showed higher entrepreneurship when ESE was lower. But students with a lower entrepreneurial education showed higher entrepreneurship when ESE was higher. Finally, the interaction effects of career uncertainty was confirmed in relationship between ESE and entrepreneurship. In other words, university students with a higher career uncertainty showed higher entrepreneurship when ESE was higher. But students with a lower career uncertainty showed higher entrepreneurship when ESE was lower. In order to improve the entrepreneurship of the pre-founders, it is necessary to strengthen the behavior control of university students by enhancing the ESE. Also, the improvement of entrepreneurship of pre-founders should strengthen the ESE of university students, and should complement systematic and effective entrepreneurship education. In particular, we should provide the stability for career decision by eliminating uncertainty about the career path of university students.

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The Effect of Entrepreneurship Education on Opportunity Recognition and Evaluation: A Focus on Small Business Entrepreneurs (창업교육이 기회인식 및 평가에 미치는 영향: 소상공인을 중심으로)

  • Choi, Minjung;Park, Jaewhan
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.135-146
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    • 2017
  • Entrepreneurship based on valuable opportunities has a positive effect on long-term economic growth. This study examines the entrepreneurship education offered to small business entrepreneurs from the perspective of opportunity-driven entrepreneurship in order to suggest improvements and future direction for small business entrepreneurship education. Also, we tried to investigate entrepreneurial behaviors related to opportunity development more effectively by considering entrepreneurial self-efficacy and regulatory focus that play a crucial role in opportunity development process as mediating variables. Conducted was an online survey of small business owners nationwide who have completed entrepreneurship education provided by the government, and 345 online survey data were used for empirical analysis. The results show that entrepreneurship education for small business entrepreneurs positively influences entrepreneurial self-efficacy. Entrepreneurial self-efficacy is positively related to both opportunity recognition and evaluation as well as the promotion and prevention focus. Entrepreneurship education, which includes theoretically and practically oriented courses, has a positive impact on both the promotion and prevention focus. The promotion focus of small business entrepreneurs was found to have a positive effect on opportunity recognition, but not on opportunity evaluation. Also, the preventive focus of small business entrepreneurs does not have a significant effect on both opportunity recognition and evaluation. The current entrepreneurship education for small business entrepreneurs does not have a significant impact on their opportunity recognition and evaluation. These results suggest that the current entrepreneurship education for small business entrepreneurs needs improvements to promote opportunity-driven entrepreneurship.

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An Empirical Study on Factors Affecting Educational Performance in Entrepreneurship Education -Focused on Short Program of Local Government- (단기 창업교육프로그램 교육성과 영향요인에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Jae-Whan;Choi, Myeong-Gil;Kim, Yong-Tae
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.1085-1094
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    • 2010
  • In these day, the recession of economics and cutting-off jobs makes increases of start-up business. The unprepared start-up business which lacks sufficient information and knowledge should fall. For successful start-up business, the effective education program should be necessary. This study reviews factors such as learning motivation, entrepreneurial intention, education satisfaction, self-efficacy affecting the performance of short-term education program. This study establishes hypothesis and verifies them. To verify the hypothesis, this study explores factors affecting the performance of short-term entrepreneurial education program through utilizing factor analysis, and structural equation modeling. We suggest that the results of the study could be utilized as followings; First the results of study could be used to establish policy which improves the performance of short-term entrepreneurial education program. Second, the identified factors help educator to established the curriculum of the short-term entrepreneurial education program. Third, the identified factors could be established as criteria to recruit the applicants who wants to received short-term entrepreneurial education program.

Factors Affecting Entrepreneurial Decision of Nascent Entrepreneurs Belonging Generation Y in Vietnam

  • NGUYEN, Xuan Truong
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.7 no.8
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    • pp.407-417
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    • 2020
  • Entrepreneurship has become an important topic for governments to shape and influence the quantity and quality of entrepreneurship and improve policy toward the entrepreneurial economy. This study investigates the factors affecting the entrepreneurial decision of nascent entrepreneurs belonging to Generation Y in Vietnam. A mixed-method including both qualitative and quantitative methodologies was utilized. A focus group was carried out with 11 participants for exploring, reviewing, and testing content validity of constructs and measurement items. The conceptual model and hypotheses were developed using data collected by a questionnaire survey. The cross-sectional survey method was applied. A sample of 221 respondents was constituted, by both electronic and paper surveys with non-probability and convenience sampling techniques. SmartPLS 3 software was employed to analyze the data collected. The results show that nine factors were affecting the entrepreneurial decision of nascent entrepreneurs belonging to Generation Y in Vietnam, including entrepreneurial education, family background, entrepreneurial ecosystem, perceived behavioral control, social valuation, perceived opportunity, attitude, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial intention. The findings show the importance of entrepreneurial education, social value, and ecosystems. Therefore, in order to promote successful entrepreneurship, it is necessary to strengthen entrepreneurship education and have a strategy for the improvement of the entrepreneurship ecosystem.

The Effects of Cognitive Bias on Entrepreneurial Opportunity Evaluations through Perceived Risks in Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy (창업가의 인지편향이 지각된 위험과 조절된 창업효능감에 따라 창업기회평가에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Daeyop;Park, Jaehwan
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.95-112
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    • 2020
  • This paper is to investigate how cognitive bias of college students and entrepreneurs relates to perceived risks and entrepreneurial opportunities that represent uncertainty, and how various cognitive bias and entrepreneurial efficacy In the same way. The purpose of this study is to find improvement points of entrepreneurship education for college students and to suggest problems and improvement possibilities in the decision making process of current entrepreneurs. This empirical study is a necessary to improve the decision-making of individuals who want to start a business at the time when various attempts are made to activate the start-up business and increase the sustainability of the existing SME management. And understanding of the difference in opportunity evaluation, and suggests that it is necessary to provide good opportunities together with the upbringing of entrepreneurs. In order to achieve the purpose of the study, questionnaires were conducted for college students and entrepreneurs. A total of 363 questionnaire data were obtained and demonstrated through structural equation modeling. This study confirms that there is some relationship between perceived risk and cognitive bias. Overconfidence and control illusions among cognitive bias have a significant relationship between perceived risk and wealth. Especially, it is confirmed that control illusion of college students has a significant relationship with perceived risk. Second, cognitive bias demonstrated some significant relationship with opportunity evaluation. Although we did not find evidence that excess self-confidence is related to opportunity evaluation, we have verified that control illusions and current status bias are related to opportunity evaluation. Control illusions were significant in both college students and entrepreneurs. Third, perceived risk has a negative relationship with opportunity evaluation. All students, regardless of whether they are college students or entrepreneurs, judge opportunities positively if they perceive low risk. Fourth, it can be seen from the college students 'group that entrepreneurial efficacy has a moderating effect between perceived risk and opportunity evaluation, but no significant results were found in the entrepreneurs' group. Fifth, the college students and entrepreneurs have different cognitive bias, and they have proved that there is a different relationship between entrepreneurial opportunity evaluation and perceived risk. On the whole, there are various cognitive biases that are caused by time pressure or stress on college students and entrepreneurs who have to make judgments in uncertain opportunities, and in this respect, they can improve their judgment in the future. At the same time, university students can have a positive view of new opportunities based on high entrepreneurial efficacy, but if they fully understand the intrinsic risks of entrepreneurship through entrepreneurial education and fully understand the cognitive bias present in direct entrepreneurial experience, You will get a better opportunity assessment. This study has limitations in that it is based on the fact that university students and entrepreneurs are integrated, and that the survey respondents are selected by the limited random sampling method. It is necessary to conduct more systematic research based on more faithful data in the absence of the accumulation of entrepreneurial research data. Second, the translation tools used in the previous studies were translated and the meaning of the measurement tools might not be conveyed due to language differences. Therefore, it is necessary to construct a more precise scale for the accuracy of the study. Finally, complementary research should be done to identify what competitive opportunities are and what opportunities are appropriate for entrepreneurs.

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