• Title, Summary, Keyword: Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy

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An Empirical Study of Students' Start-Up Activities: Integrated Approach of Student-Focused Cognitive Model and Supportive Activities of University (대학생 창업활동에 대한 실증적 연구 : 대학생 중심의 인지적 모델과 대학지원의 통합적 접근)

  • Chang, Sooduck;Lee, Jaehoon
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.65-76
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    • 2014
  • The basic purpose of this study is to examine the relationship among entrepreneurial intention, university supports for startup, and startup activities of university students. For the study, we identified the influence factors of students' startup intention based on reviewing preceding studies and examined how these factors affect their intention of new venture startup. In addition, this study attempted to examine how these factors that can have a significant impact on entrepreneurial intention affect startup activities and analyzed how entrepreneurial intention would mediate the relationship between these influence factors and startup activities. A total of 769 students who chosen by random were surveyed and all questionnaires were sent by mail to the universities that entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial programs were selected as the forerunners from the government. As a result, this study revealed that student's psychological traits such as entrepreneurial self-efficacy and risk-taking have significant effect on the intention of startup. And student's exposure to the role models and various entrepreneurial experiences such as entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial student's club in the university has significantly positive influence on the intention of startup. This study also found that the effects of these explanatory variables of this research on startup activities have been partially mediated by entrepreneurial intention. The entrepreneurial intention was also proven to have a significant effect on startup activities. Finally, the extent to which university supports activities for students' startup moderated the relationship between entrepreneurial intention and university students' startup activities. We believe that these results of this study contribute to the understanding of the entrepreneurship process both theoretical and practical perspectives.

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A Study on Effect of the Entrepreneurship on Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy and Entrepreneurial Intention: Focusing on Mediating Effect of Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy (기업가정신이 창업효능감 및 창업의도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 - 진로결정 자기효능감의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Youn, Ji-Su;Hyun, Byung-hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • pp.687-711
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    • 2017
  • 본 연구는 기업가정신이 창업효능감 및 창업의도에 미치는 영향 관계를 규명하고 양자 관계에서 진로결정 자기효능감의 매개효과를 분석하여 시사점을 제공하는 것이다. 선행연구들을 바탕으로 한 실증분석 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 첫째, 기업가정신은 진로결정 자기효능감에 정(+)의 유의미한 영향을 미치는 것으로 분석되었다. 둘째, 기업가정신은 창업효능감에 정(+)의 유의미한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 기업가정신은 창업의도에 정(+)의 유의미한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 넷째, 기업가정신과 창업효능감 및 창업의도 관계에서 진로결정 자기효능감의 매개효과 분석결과 모두 정(+)의 유의미한 매개효과를 보이는 것으로 분석되어 가설 모두 채택되었다.

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The Study on the College Students' Career Reasons Affecting on Self-efficacy and Entrepreneurial Intention (대학생의 직업선택 동기가 창업에 대한 자아효능감과 창업의지에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Woo Jin
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.113-124
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    • 2013
  • The government strives to create venture ecosystem for realizing creative economy, at the same time, the Mistry of Education is spending huge resources and efforts to spread entrepreneurship education to universities in Korea. Since entrepreneurship education gives motivation to individuals and creates market innovation and these connect to the growth of national economy through increased efficiency, entrepreneurship education is becoming increasingly more important for realizing creative economy. Based on the importance, entrepreneurship education in the universities is now spreading rapidly. However, college students' entrepreneurial intention has still not been improved comparing to spreading entrepreneurship education. To overcome the poor improvement, entrepreneurship education needs to be driven more systematic direction through the study on the effect of students' motivation and environment. In this study, entrepreneurship as a part of careers perspectives, is analyzed on students' career reasons with entrepreneurial intention. For this study, 918 surveys was collected from 7 universities having entrepreneurship courses in Seoul and Gyeonggi regions in 2012 and analyzed 858 surveys in order to prove the hypothesis. The results disclosed the relationship between students' career reasons and entrepreneurial self-efficacy and intention. Motivation factors of self-realization, innovation and role model have positive effect on entrepreneurial self-efficacy following by increased entrepreneurial intention, unlike the common notion financial success and independence factors are not significant with entrepreneurial intention of students. Based on these results having meaningful implication to Korea entrepreneurship education, this study is expected to have contribution to the successful promoting the creative economy realization of our government.

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The Multi-path Mediated Effect of Resilience and Entrepreneurship on the Relationship between Learned Helplessness and Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy (예비창업가의 학습된 무력감과 창업효능감의 관계에서 회복탄력성과 기업가정신의 다중매개역할)

  • Park, Jae Chun
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.77-90
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    • 2019
  • This study aims to analyze multi-path mediating effect of resilience and entrepreneurship on the relationship between learned helplessness ann entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE). Research sample consisted of 154 university students in Gyeonggi-Do. The results of this research is as follows: First, learned helplessness showed a negative effects on entrepreneurship and ESE. Second, resilience showed a positive effects on entrepreneurship and ESE. Third, the mediating effect of resilience was significant on the relationship between learned helplessness and ESE. Fourth, entrepreneurship turned out to mediate on the relationship between learned helplessness and ESE. Finally, resilience and entrepreneurship had shown multi-path mediating effects on the relationship between learned helplessness and ESE (learned helplessness→resilience→entrepreneurship→ESE). In particular, this study conclude with implications for future research, limitations of this research, and practical application.

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Exploring the Link between Intrapreneurship and Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy (사내기업가활동이 창업효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Iljoo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.165-180
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    • 2019
  • Recently, the Korean government announced that it would focus on fostering intrapreneurship and corporate spin-off. The government encourages intrapreneurship because it ultimately seeks to develop industries and markets, grow innovative companies, and job creation. In particular, the government believes that enhancing intrapreneurship will reduce the personal fear of failures, expand open innovation by utilizing resources within existing companies related to innovation creation, and lead to new start-ups. Accordingly, this research reviewed the previous studies on corporate entrepreneurship activities and entrepreneurial self-efficacy and briefly looked at the status of global intrapreneurship activities. Based on the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Adult Population Survey data in 2015, this study conducted a logistic regression analysis with the data of 27 OECD member countries' and Korean respondents. The finding confirms that the personal experience of intrapreneurship could be positively associated with entrepreneurial self-efficacy of the person. Therefore, it seems to be worth for the Korean government considering policies that support intrapreneurship as part of the start-up policy.

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Examining the Formation of Entrepreneurial Activities through Cognitive Approach (기업가적 활동 형성에 미치는 영향요인: 인지론적 접근)

  • Lee, Chaewon
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.65-74
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    • 2017
  • There have been questions how entrepreneurs think, act and why individuals become entrepreneurs. The trait-based explanation of entrepreneurial activities has been main stream. However, the trait-based theory has been criticized because it assumes that entrepreneurial traits are inherited, stable and enduring over time. This research accepts the cognitive theory to see how entrepreneurs learn or accept others' values, how entrepreneurial perceptions of opportunity impact entrepreneurial actions and how individuals acquire the social legitimation of the formation of entrepreneurial activities. In order to capture the attitudes, activities and motivations of people who are involved in entrepreneurial activities, the author uses the GEM Korea 2016 data. The data from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor(GEM) has been well known for the data to capture individuals early-stage entrepreneurial activities. This paper used the sample from the APS(Adult Population Survey) of the GEM which was completed by a representative sample of two thousand adults in Korea by the qualified survey vendor, with strict procedures and oversight by the GEM central data team. The hypotheses are tested with logit regression analysis to estimate the probability of the influence of perceptual variables such as individual perception in social learning, the opportunity recognition in the environment, and social legitimation in the entrepreneurial activities. Based on the results, individuals tend to have high entrepreneurial activities if individuals have high self-efficacy. Also, the existence of role models around the entrepreneurs encourages the individuals involve in entrepreneurial activities more however the perception of opportunity in the environment is not strongly associated with entrepreneurial activities. The media exposure of successful entrepreneurs is more important than others' perception of entrepreneurs on the desirable career option or respect from communities. This paper can contribute to the cognitive processes, particular perception about oneself, as well as perception which is impacted by a community or a society.

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The Influence of North Korean Refugees' Individual Characteristics and Entrepreneurial Motives on Entrepreneurial Intention (북한이탈주민의 창업 개인특성과 창업동기가 창업의지에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Nam Tae;Lee, Bo Young
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.67-75
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    • 2016
  • The financial difficulties which North Korean refugees encounter during the process of transition into South Korean society is due to their low income and insufficient expertise. Hence this research was conducted for the purpose of improving the policy and system to support North Korean refugees' starting of businesses. As a result, the self-efficacy, which is one of the individual characteristics, influences the motivation for starting business. In addition, it has been revealed that the motives and education on starting business also influence the motivation for starting business. By observing regulation effect of social adaptation, it has been found out that the interaction between the personal characteristics such as risk-taking attribute and the previous experience of starting business, along with interaction effect on social adaptation and motives and social adaptation, is statically influencing as well. On the basis of results, to efficiently support North Korean refugees' starting business, it is necessary to conduct education on starting business to boost their self-efficacy and the support must be executed based on their levels of motives, risk-taking attribute and social adaptation.

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A Study on the Effect of ADHD-like Behavior and Schema of Youth Generation on the Entrepreneurial Orientation and Entrepreneurial Intention (청년세대의 주의력결핍성향(ADHD성향)과 스키마(Schema)가 기업가지향성과 창업의도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Su;Jeong, Hoi-Do
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.635-648
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    • 2019
  • Many studies of entrepreneurship have focused on positive characteristics such as self-efficacy and self-leadership. However, recent studies are being conducted to find out effects of negative characteristics on entrepreneurship, such as ADHD-like behavior. This study investigated the impact of ADHD-like behavior on Entrepreneurial Orientation(EO) and Entrepreneurial Intention(EI). In addition, this study investigated the impact of schema related to opportunity recognition and entrepreneurial alertness on EO and EI. Data were collected from youth generation in Korea through online survey. The results show that the ADHD isn't significant for both risk-taking and innovativeness, but it has negative impact on pro-activeness. On the other hand, Schema has positive impact on all EO and EO has positive impact on EI. As a results, The higher ADHD-like behavior, the lower pro-activeness. Therefore ADHD-like behavior could lower EI through pro-activeness. However, Schema has positive impact on all EO, which has positive impact on EI.

A Study on the Impact of Military Service Experience on their Entrepreneurial Intention (군복무 경험 특성이 창업의도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, soo-sung;Kim, do-hyeon
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.141-157
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to verify the effects of personal characteristics and military service experience on their entrepreneurial intention. Hypotheses were developed based on extant literature and tested using the data collected by surveys to retiring officers and NCOs. The conclusions drawn from the analysis were as follows. First, the major factors affecting the voluntary self-employment intention are role model, perceived desirability, and working environment. Second, the biggest difficulty in preparing to start a self-employed business is the lack of founding capital and entrepreneurial information. Third, the respondents believe that military career is not helpful in starting a business. Fourth, there were many negative perceptions that the education and training from the military does not help the self-employment. As a result, it is believed that improvement of entrepreneurial education in the military and expansion of entrepreneurial education during service are required. Especially, the education focusing on self-employed entrepreneurship should be improved. It is recommendable that the entrepreneurial education now being carried out by the Military Outplacement Training Institute should be extended not only during the outplacement period but also the normal service period, thereby increasing the intention of the military official.

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Entrepreneurship Education and Entrepreneurial Intention: Fear to Start-up and Start-up Communities in Class (기업가 정신 교육과 창업 의도: 창업 실패에 대한 두려움, 창업 동아리를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Taekyung
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.95-104
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    • 2019
  • Fear to start-up failures has been known to have a negative impact on entrepreneurial intention. This is one of the reasons why the government adopts a policy to help university students overcome their fear of start-ups. Setting educational goals to foster innovative and progressive entrepreneurs, universities have been conducting entrepreneurship education, but it is hard to say that constructive results have been achieved so far. Rather than adopting the practice of optional entrepreneurship education, there is a need to have all university freshmen mandatorily take the course of entrepreneurship education. This study aims to uncover the impact of more aggressive entrepreneurship education position in the university by analyzing empirical data. The relationship between an entrepreneurship level and entrepreneurial intention was tested, and start-up fear was also considered. In the research model, self-leadership and self-efficacy were included as regressors to entrepreneurship levels. Especially, this study tested moderate effects of start-up community during the course. The results from the sample of 2,500 freshmen indicate that entrepreneurship level is significantly improved by taking the course; however, fear to start-up failures remains still. In addition, empirical findings show that putting start-up communities in the entrepreneurship education helps students by moderating self-leadership and self-efficacy. This study extends our knowledge of entrepreneurship education in university by analyzing university freshmen data empirically.

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