• Title, Summary, Keyword: Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy

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Effects of Agroculture-English Integrate Education Program on College Students' Agro-entrepreneurial intention - With a focus on G University Case

  • Shin, Yong-Wook
    • Journal of People, Plants, and Environment
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.301-315
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    • 2017
  • The Purpose of this study was to develop integrate education program and method for college students, We run English education program and Farming activities half and half; such as endangered plant surveys, gardening, mulching, visiting university attached farm, and local tourism farm for 4 weeks. The results of this study are as follows: First, Agro-entrepreneurial intention is more likely to be found in the English & Farming activity participants, and Male students than English&culture activity participants, and female students respectively. In the context of the effectiveness of the English Learning Program, students with poor English learning usefulness have strong desire to build up their own business, whereas those with higher English learning suitability are more likely to have a strong desire to start farming. In terms of entrepreneurship, the tendency toward entrepreneurship, risk sensitivity. and in terms of self - efficacy, The bigger the confidence, the greater the will to start an agricultural business. The results supported that The English education program with farming activities has a significant and positive influence on Agro-entrepreneurial intention in college students.

Impact Factors of KS-QFD Training Participants of 3 years over Startups on Transfer Intension (창업기업 QFD 교육 훈련 프로그램의 학습 전이의도에 관한 연구)

  • Hwangbo, Yu;Yang, Young-Seok;Kim, Myung-Seuk
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2017
  • This paper is brought to asses the training effect of KS-QFD boot camp for the companies in the early growth stage. In particular, the focus of research falls on measuring transfer intension of the participants from the early stage companies older than three years old, motivating effect of applying knowledges acquired from KS-QFD training camp into their real business case. KS-QFD program is presented to help company in the early stage companies over three years old of boosting up their sales volume more than 5 times than now for the next 18 months by this training. The training program of KS-QFD is ultimately to design more practical and helpful program to real business and spread out. The research establish model by setting the learner readiness and perceived content validity by doing training design as independent variables, self-efficacy of learner as mediating variable, and transfer intension as dependant variable. Research results shows the following outcomes. First, learner readiness does not have directly effect on transfer intension under keeping statistical significance. But as the parameter of self-efficacy, it has perfect mediating effect. Second, research proves that perceived content validity have directly impact on learning transfer intension of mediating by self-efficacy partially. This research contributes on proving that learning by doing KS-QFD boot camp enable the participants to build up their self-efficacy and lead to enhance transfer intension. In more steps, the research validates that KS-QFD training camp have delivered very practical and helpful on-site knowledge to the participants.

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An Analysis of Factors on College Students' Entrepreneurial Intentions: Focused on the Motivation and Intended Startup Time (대학생의 창업의지에 미치는 영향요인에 관한 연구: 창업동기 및 창업계획시기를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jong-woon
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.79-87
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    • 2014
  • This paper aims to identify determinants of entrepreneurial intentions among college students of a university in Daejeon. We have used a revised Entrepreneurial Intention Questionnaire including personal traits, demographic characteristics, the three factors of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), motivations to startup and planned startup time, and entrepreneurial intentions. The analysis shows that there are strongly significant and positive relationships between the three TPB factors and entrepreneurial intentions of college students. In addition, students' motivations to create a firm such as independence and self-achievement have a positive and significant effect on their entrepreneurial intentions, while the students who want to start their business right after their graduation have significantly higher entrepreneurial intentions than those who want to create a firm after doing a salaried job. Furthermore, students whose parents have created or operated a firm have no significant difference from others, and parents' startup business type are significantly different from their sons and daughters' interested areas of business.

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The Effects of Individual Characteristics and Entrepreneurship on Entrepreneurial Intentions: Moderating effect of Hofstede's Cultures Dimensions (개인 특성 및 기업가정신이 창업의도에 미치는 영향: 홉스테드 문화특성의 조절 효과를 중심으로)

  • Oh, Hae Dong;Choi, Jiyeon;Noh, Jeon Pyo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.35-48
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    • 2016
  • Individual characteristics and entrepreneurship are important factors to determine entrepreneurial intentions. Despite this, little attention has been given to external factors, which effects to venture start-up decision. This study examines the relationship between individual characteristics and entrepreneurship by moderating effect of Hofstede's cultures dimensions theory. For this, 244 copies of the questionnaire were empirically analyzed. According to the results of analysis, internal locus of control, self-efficacy were found to have positive effects on autonomy, innovativeness, pro-activeness. In addition, uncertainty avoidance of Hofstede's cultures dimensions theory were found the moderating effects on entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intentions. Therefore, this study suggests theoretical and practical implications, as below, according to the results. Firstly, pro-activeness take a important part on venture start-up. Thus, venture start-up institution and venture managers need to develop "venture education curriculum" that fostering the pro-activeness mind of entrepreneur. Secondly, In order to anticipate entrepreneurial intentions more precisely, analyzing the interaction between environmental variables and individual variables is desirable. Lastly, in the future study of entrepreneurship, the comprehensive analysis of correlation between the factors that including three factors of entrepreneurship is need to be conducted and more effective way of readdressing the entrepreneurship is necessary.

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SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP INTENTIONS AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN UZBEKISTAN: A CASE OF TSUE

  • Lee, Chaewon;Khabibullo, Jurakulov
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.191-197
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of the study is to identify social entrepreneurship intentions among university students in Uzbekistan focusing on the Tashkent State University of Economics(TSEU) as a study area. A 47 item questionnaire was distributed to 371 students of TSUE students in Uzbekistan by using convenience sample method. From a total of the 371 respondents, 278 (74.93%) were male, 93 (25.07%) were females and the average age of the respondents was approximately 22 years. The result indicates that the model in this study accounts for 67,7% of the variance in interpreting the social entrepreneurship intention. This study makes a contribution to the social entrepreneurship research area by including factors such as risk taking propensity, internal locus of control, moral obligation, self-efficacy and empathy as antecedents of the theory of planned behavior that also explains social entrepreneurial intention formation.

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The Influence of Social Network and Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy on Entrepreneurial Intention and goal Achievement (사회적 네트워크와 기업가적 자아 효능감이 창업의도 및 목표달성에 미치는 영향)

  • Chung, Dae-Yong;Park, Kyung-Im
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.721-724
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    • 2010
  • 경제 불황으로 기업들의 구조조정이 가시화되면서 고용 축소와 청년실업이 늘어나면서 창업이나 경영을 통해 경제적 독립과 자아실현을 이루려는 창업가들이 점차 증가하고 있으며, 그에 따른 학계 연구의 필요성도 대두되고 있다. 본 연구는 이러한 연구 필요성에 따라 창업의도에 결정요인으로서 사회적 네트워크와 자아 효능감을 개인특성요인의 핵심변수로 설정하여 창업활동과 창업목표달성에 미치는 영향을 중심으로 살펴보았다. 본 연구를 위해 국내 창업가를 대상으로 208부를 분석에 이용하였다. 가설검증 결과, 사회적 네트워크의 강한 유대가 창업의도에 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났으며, 창업활동에는 약한 유대가 영향을 나타나는 것으로 분석되었으며, Podolny와 Baron(1997) 네트워크의 특성에 따라 네트워크 강도의 효과가 달라질 수 있다는 주장과 일치하는 것을 발견 할 수 있었다. 또한 자아효능감은 창업활동보다 창업의도에 더 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 연구결과를 통해 목표달성을 분석한 결과 창업의도보다 창업활동이 목표달성에 더 유의 한 영향을 미치는 것을 알 수 있었다.

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Effects of Entrepreneur Characteristics on Self-efficacy and Business Performance : Focused on Moderating Effects of Entrepreneurship Education and Experience in Business before Starting a Business (창업자 특성이 자기효능감과 창업성과에 미치는 영향 : 창업 전 실무경험과 창업교육의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Chun-Hee;Chun, Dal-Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.223-233
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    • 2020
  • In academia, lots of startup-related research are conducted to improve startup performance. Most of them are concerned with entrepreneur characteristics, capabilities, and entrepreneurship. In particular, self-efficacy of enterpreneur is emphasized to improve startup performance in addition to entrepreneurial capabilities. Thus, the main research objectives of this study are as follows. First, the impact of entrepreneur characteristics is investigated on self-efficacy and startup performance. Second, the moderating effects of business experience prior to startup and entrepreneurship education are analyzed between entrepreneur characteristics and self-efficacy. Finally, managerial strategies are suggested to maximize startup performance via self-efficacy. 274 samples were collected from independent startups. The proposed research model and 17 hypotheses were verified with structural equation modeling techenique. The empirical findings are as follows. First, psychological characteristics such as achievement desire and risk tolerance positively influenced on self-efficacy. Second, business experience prior to startup showed significant moderating effects on self-efficacy with technological and marketing capabilities. and entrepreneurship education. Third, entrepreneurship education showed significant moderating effects on self-efficacy with achievement desire, risk tolerance, technological and marketing capabilities.

Influence of Personal Characteristics and Background Characteristics on Entrepreneurship and Perceived Business Performance in Entrepreneurs as Independent Business Owners of Network Marketing (네트워크 마케팅 독립사업자 창업가의 개인 특성, 배경 특성이 기업가정신과 인지된 경영성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoon, Hae Sook;Song, In Bang;Kim, Yeon Jong
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.233-244
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to improve awareness of network marketing business in South Korea, which takes a quite negative view of network marketing, to raise awareness of "starting up a business" as independent business owners, to assist them in building their own subjecthood in network business and entrepreneurial identity, and ultimately to give some suggestions on how to improve their self-directed entrepreneurial competency and the quality of their business management. To make an empirical analysis of 121 independent business owners of Korean native network marketing, the personal and background variables of the entrepreneurs were selected as independent variables, and entrepreneurship was selected as a mediator variable. The selected dependent variables were financial and non-financial business performances. A multiple regression analysis was conducted by inputting the variables. The findings of the study were as follows: It produced an effect of more financial performance when the innovation of the independent business owners of network marketing was better, and this innovation was possible to have only when they improved in entrepreneurial efficacy and locus of control. In contrast, only authenticity had an effect on boosting non-financial business performance among the factors of entrepreneurship. To have authenticity, it's necessary to strengthen achievement needs and awareness of locus of control among the personal characteristics of the independent business owners of network marketing. Among the factors of entrepreneurship, there was better authenticity when their personal networks were broader among their background characteristics. In addition, self-efficacy that was one of personal characteristics made a direct contribution to the enhancement of non-financial performance. As a result, independent business owners of network marketing are required to hold a strong belief in their own business, to be active in business activities and to have a high efficacy as spontaneous principal agents, and they also are required to have more adventurous, planned, active and propulsive achievement needs that enable them to attain the goals of their business and keep moving forward. Besides, they should foster their locus-of-control competency that is to control, endure and be responsible for a variety of phenomena or incidents that they face, and there will be better financial performance or non-financial performance only when they demonstrate their self-belief and confidence and when they have faith in and conviction about themselves. For independent business owners of network marketing, a consumer-centered thinking that entails authenticity and trustworthiness and touches the hearts of customers is a more effective marketing strategy than an egocentric thinking as sellers when they approach customers. And they are expected to make progress in terms of the quality of business management when their business attachment or enthusiasm is great enough to match their own efficacy with entrepreneurial identity or strike a balance between them.

The relationship between positive psychological capital and entrepreneurial intention among middle-aged and elderly individuals: Mediation of Risk Sensitivity and Moderating Effects of Asset Status (중·고령자의 긍정심리자본이 창업의지에 미치는 영향: 위험 감수성의 매개 및 자산상태의 조절 효과)

  • Choi, Ju-Choel
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.233-245
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    • 2020
  • This study aims to investigate the relationship between positive psychological capital and entrepreneurial intention among middle-aged and elderly individuals who are interested in starting their own business by focusing on the mediating effect of risk sensitivity and the moderating effect of asset status. To accomplish the study's objective, a questionnaire was administered to approximately 250 middle-aged and elderly people working in Seoul from December 1 to December 31, 2019. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS 26.0. Specifically, frequency analysis and descriptive statistics were conducted, and reliability of the constructs was assessed. Factor analysis was used to measure the goodness of fit of the model developed. Finally, a structural equation model was established, and analysis was conducted on the test of the hypotheses about the mediating, moderating, and adjusting effects using the AMOS statistical package. The results revealed that positive psychological capital had a positive impact on risk sensitivity, and the path analysis of self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention as well as resilience and entrepreneurial intention showed results of 0.042 and 0.026, respectively, supporting mediating effects. In the causal relationship between positive psychological capital and entrepreneurial intention, asset status acted as a moderator given that the chi square difference between the models was 7.096. Thus, the findings provide implications for comprehensive training programs to boost positive psychological capital and asset status in middle-aged and elderly individuals who are preparing to establish their own business. Further studies are needed to cover broader geographic areas and compare/analyze other variables associated with business startups.

Moderating Effects of 3 years over Startup QFD Training Participants' Characteristics on Transfer Intension (창업기업 QFD 교육 훈련 학습자 특성이 학습 전이의도에 미치는 조절 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, Bo-Yun;Yang, Young-Seok;Kim, Myung-Seuk
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.35-48
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    • 2018
  • This study aims to assess the training effect of QFD(Quality Functional Deployment) program for 3 years over startups, adopted from the conventional QFD widely used in the large companies to break up to a sluggish sales and growth, for employees working in startup whether the participants in startup and venture company taking this lessons into their real tasks or not. In particular, the focus of this study falls on figuring out whether individual characteristics of the participants play a role in moderating effect over transfer intension factors and its link path structure. The research results drive out two significant findings. First, in terms of relationship between the influence of transfer intension by self-efficacy and the validity of training content with the learner's readiness, the moderating effect of demographic features of the participants is effective partially by the sex and fully by their working position, but not statistically significant by age, education, and the prior startup career. This research deliver the following significant implication that the active participation of CEO level, decision-maker guarantee the higher performance of the training program like QFD program, more stresses falling on practical implementation in real business rather than just ending up with career training. This study gives significant policy implication to quasi-government organization running all public startup training projects.